2nd Month Pregnancy - Symptoms, Baby Development, Tips And Body Changes

2nd Month Pregnancy

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By now you may have realized that being pregnant is different from any other experience you may have had in your life. Not only does the body change, but the mind and the spirit also undergo a transformation. So how does it feel to be two months pregnant? How does your baby look like in month 2? Read further to know more:

Symptoms Of 2nd Month Pregnancy:

Your body undergoes many changes to accommodate a growing baby, but, none of them is obvious. In fact, you will experience all the changes that you experienced last month along with some new ones as well. Most of these symptoms are normal:

  • Morning Sickness/Nausea:

Nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP) are common symptoms of pregnancy and affect around 85% of women. The term morning sickness is however misleading because the symptoms persist throughout the day. They begin around the first week and continue through the 2nd or 3rd month of pregnancy. Although nausea has zero impact on your health or the baby’s health, in the long run, it can affect your life. Some women are unable to concentrate and forced to take time off work. Some women feel depressed while some find the condition affecting their relationship with their partners. But the condition is also associated with positive outcomes. For instance, studies reveal an association between nausea and vomiting and decreased instances of miscarriage. Speak to your doctor if the nausea is severe or if you do not feel like eating at all. Usually, symptoms are related to your heightened sense of smell- so avoid food and smells that make you feel queasy. Make sure that you eat on time, because, hunger also makes you want to throw up. Sniff a lime or another citrus fruit. Ginger also prevents nausea and vomiting.

  • Increased Mood Swings:

If you are two months pregnant and experiencing mood swings, you are not alone. Pregnancy hormones often make women crazy. Sometimes, you may be full of zing and zest, and sometimes, lifting a finger becomes a chore. On some days, you are cheery and chirpy, but on some you are the quintessential gloomy belle. You may question your abilities about being a parent or be overwhelmed by the financial responsibilities. Nobody knows for sure why women behave the way they do during pregnancy, but a lot has to do with hormones estrogen and progesterone. They affect the level of brain chemicals that regulate mood. The best way to manage a mood swing is to sleep-it-off. With plenty of rest and a proper diet, most mood swings should be under control. But contact the doctor immediately, if your thoughts lead to self-harm or if they last for more than two weeks.

  • Increasing Urge To Pee:

Your visits to the washroom are now more frequent than ever. Frequent urination during early pregnancy is related to hormones. After the embryo plants itself on the uterus, your body produces the human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) hormone that triggers an increase in urination. Unfortunately, the condition will last until the end of your pregnancy (the reasons may vary though. It is important to stay hydrated, so do not cut back on fluids. But cut down your fluid intake before going to bed. Similarly, coffee, tea, and other caffeinated drinks increase your urge to pee.

  • Fuller Breasts:

Don’t be surprised if your bra suddenly seems a tad too tight. As the hormones estrogen and progesterone prepare your body for motherhood, they lead to a buildup of fat. They also become tender and sensitive to touch. A good quality cotton bra should help to ease soreness.

  • Food Cravings:

Hormonal changes coupled with a nutritional deficiency can lead to crazy food cravings. From cigarette ash to king-sized sliders, the list of food cravings can go from bizarre to ridiculous. As long as it doesn’t harm you, it is alright to indulge in them. And whenever possible, think about healthy alternatives.

Body Changes:

The symptoms that you experienced last month will continue this month as well. It isn’t an exaggeration to say that hormones have almost taken over your body. Besides progesterone and estrogen, it also produces a hormone hCG. Together, they ensure that your baby survives the initial stages of pregnancy. While estrogen and progesterone help to maintain the pregnancy, hCG ensures that the body does not treat your baby as an intruder. Besides the earlier mentioned changes, your body experiences some new symptoms like vaginal discharge and bloating. To avoid constipation drink plenty of water and eat high-fiber food.

Common Concerns:

Throughout the nine months of your pregnancy, you may experience several problems. While most of them are harmless, some might demand immediate attention. Here’s a list of common concerns during the second month:

  • Varicose Veins:

An increase in blood volume and elevated hormone levels often bloat your veins during pregnancy. The enlarged veins are red or blue in color and appear twisted. They’re swollen and are visible above the skin. You may have a genetic predisposition to this condition if someone in the family has varicose veins. Ideally, varicose veins during pregnancy last until three months after delivery. But the problem gets worse with successive pregnancies. Varicose veins are often confused for spider veins. They look similar, but in the later condition, veins are smaller and aren’t as swollen. Some common symptoms of varicose veins include an aching pain that gets worse after sitting or standing for a long time, swelling, skin darkening, etc. If you have varicose veins, avoid standing or sitting for long hours and get regular exercises. Wearing compression socks also helps to alleviate pain. Sleep sideways whenever possible to take pressure off your legs and allow for normal blood flow. Inform the doctor if none of these techniques work- she may suggest further treatment (1).

  • Heartburn And Indigestion:

Heartburn and indigestion are a common problem during pregnancy. A full stomach, acidic taste in the mouth, or a burning sensation in the chest and throat are some symptoms. Your hormones are to be blamed for this as well. Large amounts of progesterone and estrogen produced in the body cause the muscle tissues around the gastrointestinal tract (GI) to relax. Thus, food moves slowly through the system causing indigestion (heartburn is a symptom of indigestion), and bloating. No doubt, they’re uncomfortable, but they’re beneficial for the baby. Slow movement allows better absorption of nutrients to be in the bloodstream, which in turn reaches the baby through the placenta. Heartburn also occurs when the ring of muscles separating the GI tract from the stomach relax allowing food and digestive acids to back up from the stomach into the esophagus. These acids irritate the esophageal lining causing heartburn. Certain kinds of food trigger heartburns-common among them are spicy food, fried and fatty food, processed meat, chocolate, and coffee. To avoid an acid-reflux, keep these food triggers off your diet. Chew properly and eat your meals slowly- this way air does not enter the belly and your stomach doesn’t have to work hard digesting the food. Rather than eating three square meals a day, divide them into six mini-meals to be eaten throughout the day.

  • Bleeding:

Spotting or vaginal bleeding can occur throughout the pregnancy for various reasons. Bleeding occurs early on in your pregnancy when the embryo implants itself in the uterus wall. In the later stages, these may be caused by hormones. Normal secretions are usually clear but sometimes tinged with blood, mucus like and odorless. Contact the doctor if you experience severe bleeding (with or without abdominal cramps), or if the discharge is thick and smells odd. These signals could indicate an infection or serve a warning for a serious problem like a miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy.

The Baby During 2nd Month Pregnancy:

Your baby is now the size of a blueberry and probably looks like an alien. In fact, he looks like a curled up tube- with one end of the tube becoming the head, and the other his bottom. Between these two ends lies the spinal cord that’s beginning to form. And so does the placenta. Believe it or not, he has grown 10,000 times than what he was at conception. His head is quite large and with a prominent forehead. Ears, nose, eyes, and eyelids (they remain closed) begin to form. Tissues that form the heart will begin to beat and can be heard during your 6th-week ultrasound scan. Limbs begin to form, although they look more like paddles. Genitals also form, although they cannot be seen. In fact, by the end of month 2, he grows to about 2 inches and all major organs have begun to develop.

[ Read: Facts about Babies ]

Diet:

You need to consume a balanced diet with enough nutrients to allow healthy fetal development. They also help her cope with the changes in her body. Unlike what was believed, you don’t have to eat for two. Lots of vegetables and fruits, plenty of fluids, an adequate amount of cereals and some lean meat is what you need. Essential vitamins during pregnancy include folic acid, calcium, vitamin D, zinc, iron, and iodine. Folic acid reduces birth defects and is particularly important during the first few weeks of pregnancy. Broccoli, green leafy vegetables, citrus fruits (oranges especially) are rich sources of folic acid. Calcium helps to build your baby’s bones and teeth. Milk and other dairy products are best sources of calcium. Although the doctor would prescribe prenatal vitamin supplements, they cannot be a substitute for healthy diet.

On Your Mind:

Now that you are in your second month of pregnancy, you can only hope that things would have settled down. But that’s hardly the case with pregnant women. Your mood may alternate between excitement and feeling optimistic to becoming overwhelmed and anxious about coping parenthood. They’re probably because of the sudden hormonal changes. A certain amount of worry and anxiety about impending parenthood and the sudden financial demands is normal and even helpful. Here are some common thoughts that are likely to bother you in early pregnancy.

Is It Safe To Have Sex During Early Pregnancy?

Yes, if you are in the mood for it! With all the fatigue, nausea, and other pregnancy symptoms, sex is likely to be the last thing on your mind. But some women find lovemaking enjoyable because they don’t have to worry about pills or condoms. Similarly, your partner may or may not be in the mood. If he’s not, its probably because he’s petrified about harming the baby. Your baby is protected and is comfortable – miscarriage at this stage is largely due to chromosomal abnormalities and has nothing to do with what you do or don’t.

Will I Be A Good Parent?

It is normal to worry about parenthood. In fact, it’s a good sign because this shows you care for the baby and are likely to take your responsibilities seriously.

Tips To Dads-To-Be:

If you’ve settled down to the news of your partner’s pregnancy, (that’s not likely to happen anytime soon) your next task is to get things ready for the baby and mommy-to-be. You’ll have to get your guard up even if you haven’t settled down to the news because getting into action is the best remedy for worrying. Here’s a list of things to do this month:

  • Make sure your partner eats and sleeps well.
  • Research on the insurance plan and other details.
  • Stock your pantry with foods she’s now addicted to (or be prepared for the grocery run)

To-Do-List:

Most couples announce their pregnancy at around this time after the first ultrasound scan result confirms a normal pregnancy. To tell or not, is the decision of the parents-to-be. While some prefer to wait until the end of the first trimester, others rush off to share the news. Sometimes, when the symptoms are obvious, it is difficult to keep the news a secret.

At The Doctor’s Office:

If it’s your first checkup, it will likely last a few hours. You’ll have a thorough physical examination, and blood samples will be collected for a series of tests (determining blood type, RH factor, iron deficiency, sexually transmitted diseases, genetic defects, etc.) The nurse will also need your urine samples to look for diabetes, RBC and WBC count and bacteria. You will be asked to fill a long questionnaire with details about your family’s health history and substance addiction issues if any (the past and present). And if this is your second visit, it’s likely to be short. The doctor may, however, check your weight and blood pressure, collect urine samples (for protein, sugar, etc.), look for signs of edema, and discuss things to do this month.

Was your experience any different? Share your stories with us.

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