Dehydration In Toddlers - Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Dehydration In Toddlers

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Is your toddler suffering from vomiting and diarrhea? Has your toddler’s skin turned dry? If you nodded along in agreement, then your dear little child might be suffering from dehydration. What is dehydration, what are its causes and symptoms in toddlers, and how can you treat it? Read on to get answers to all your questions.

What Is Dehydration?

Dehydration occurs when you utilize or lose more fluid than you consume. As a result, your body doesn’t contain enough water and other essential fluids to carry out its normal functions. If you fail to replace lost fluids, your body gets dehydrated and suffers badly. Toddlers are most often affected by dehydration during hot weather. So, you need to keep an eye on how much fluid your toddler loses and work on to ensure your toddler’s body contains sufficient levels of fluid.

Causes Of Dehydration In Toddlers:

Dehydration in toddlers occurs when there is a deficiency of fluids in their bodies. Deficiency of fluids in toddlers occurs due to many reasons. Find below the prominent causes of dehydration in toddlers.

1. Diarrhea And Vomiting:

Severe diarrhea that occurs all of a sudden causes an excessive loss of electrolytes and water in toddlers in a very short time. Diarrhea occurs due to viral or bacterial infection, bowel disorder, food sensitivity, and reaction to medications. If your toddler suffers from vomiting along with diarrhea, then there is a greater risk of losing fluids and minerals.

[ Read: Symptoms Of Vomiting In Toddlers ]

2. Fever:

High fever also leads to dehydration in toddlers. When fever is associated with vomiting and diarrhea, then the toddler suffers more loss of fluids.

3. Excessive Sweating:

Toddlers lose water when they sweat. Performing vigorous activities daily without consuming enough water makes your toddler sweat excessively. Hot and humid weather and weakness also make toddlers sweat excessively and suffer from dehydration (1).

[ Read: Night Sweats In Toddlers ]

Signs And Symptoms Of Dehydration In Toddlers:

Signs of dehydration in toddler can be mild or severe. If care is not taken when the toddler suffers from mild dehydration, it leads to severe dehydration. So, it is important to know the warning signs of severe dehydration in toddlers.

1. Symptoms Of Mild Dehydration In Toddlers:

  • Fatigue and reduced activity in toddlers
  • Thirst
  • Dizziness
  • Decreased urine output
  • Dry, sticky mouth
  • Dry skin
  • Less or no tears when toddlers cry
  • Headache
  • Constipation

[ Read: Water Intake For Toddlers ]

2. Symptoms Of Severe Dehydration In Toddlers:

  • Extreme thirst
  • Sunken eyes
  • Extremely dry mouth and mucous membranes
  • Little or no urination, urine is darker than normal
  • Extreme fussiness in toddlers
  • Rapid breathing
  • Dry skin that lacks elasticity
  • Low blood pressure
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Fever
  • Delirium (2)

[ Read: Ways To Treat Dry Skin In Toddlers ]

Treating Dehydration In Toddlers:

Physicians offer specific, effective suggestions to cure toddler dehydration. Here are some common yet effective treatments for dehydrated toddler.

1. Use Oral Rehydration Solution:

Give your toddler an oral rehydration solution, such as Pedialyte, to treat vomiting, diarrhea, and fever. Rehydration solutions contain salts in specific proportions to replenish sugar, salt, potassium, electrolytes, fluids, and other nutrients. They also promote digestion in toddlers. Give your toddler small amounts of solution at frequent intervals. Prefer giving to your toddler fluids at room temperature (3).

2. Avoid Certain Foods:

Provide your toddler with clear soup, flat soda, and foods that provide electrolytes. Avoid giving fruit juices, milk, gelatins, and caffeinated beverages as they may aggravate diarrhea symptoms. Provide mashed potatoes, strained bananas, and cereals mixed with milk to the toddlers. They help in quick recovery.

Preventing Dehydration In Toddlers:

The key to preventing dehydration in toddlers is to identify the warning symptoms early and begin proper fluid replacement as soon as possible. Seek medical assistance for quick and easy recovery of your toddler.

Did your toddler suffer from dehydration anytime? What did you do to cure it? Share your valuable knowledge and experiences with us. Comment below to help other parents learn more about dehydration in toddlers.

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