As a modern day parent you like to be well equipped to be able to effectively deal with any unforeseen situation for your children. Therefore, understanding the different forms of infection that might affect your child is important, so that you are well prepared to handle any form of contingency.
It always helps to have enough knowledge about some of the forms of infections that affect the eyes or other body parts of your little one. One such infection is periorbital cellulitis.
What Is Periorbital Cellulitis?
Periorbital Cellulitis, also known as preseptal cellulitis, is an infection that affects the tissues surrounding the eye.
- It is a treatable infection but is a serious one and needs immediate medical attention.
- It normally affects a single eye and does not travel to the other eye.
- Your little one might not be able to understand the pain, but in case his or her eyelids look swollen or turns red, it’s high time that you seek medical help.
Causes Of Periorbital Cellulitis In Children:
Periorbital Cellulitis is a form of bacterial infection. The most common forms of bacteria that usually cause this infection are as follows:
- Staphylococcus aureus
- Streptococcus pyogenes
- Haemophilus influenza
Some of the ways in which one of the above mentioned bacteria could reach the eye of your child are:
- Sudden trauma caused to the eye in the form of a scratch, a bug bite, a cut, etc., can make way for the bacteria to infect the eye.
- This bacterium usually forms a hub in the sinuses, which are found near the nasal passage. They are air filled pockets or cavities and might harbor these bacteria. The bacteria might then travel to the eye from the sinuses.
- Other medical conditions of the eye like a sty or a chalazion might also make way for the bacteria to infect the eye.
[ Read: Bacterial Infections In Children ]
Symptoms Of Periorbital Cellulitis:
There are a few common symptoms that could occur if a child gets infected with Periorbital Cellulitis. However, the extent to which these symptoms occur may vary from child to child.
Some of the common periorbital cellulitis symptoms are as follows:
- Redness and swelling of the lower and upper eyelid.
- Slight amount of pain.
- Might develop conjunctivitis.
- Might also have a runny nose and fever.
- Some amount of uneasiness in the eye.
- Difficulty in moving the eyeball.
[ Read: Eye Care Tips for Children ]
Periorbital Cellulitis Treatment In Children:
In order to diagnose this infection your doctor might suggest some blood tests, X-rays or cultures. After the extent of the infection is figured out, your child might also be referred to an ophthalmologist.
Some of the steps that a doctor might take to treat your child for Periorbital Cellulitis are as follows:
- Administer oral antibiotics to your child or might even give him or her a dose of injection.
- The doctor would want to monitor the status of recovery, so you might have to visit the doctor in a day or two again. In case of severe infection, the visits might have to be for a couple of more times.
- A follow up visit should be done in a week or two, by which the infection would have been cured.
- Doctor might suggest acetaminophen to nudge any form of pain or to control the fever.
- The complete course of the antibiotics should be administered even if the symptoms subside, so that there is no relapse of the infection.
- For very small children, hospitalization may be required to administer the antibiotics through an intravenous catheter.
- In some severe cases, surgery to remove any abscesses of the eye or to drain the sinuses might be required.
[ Read: Corneal Abrasion In Children ]
Periorbital Cellulitis is completely treatable and curable, so do not get alarmed if your child is diagnosed with the same.
Share your experience of taking care of your child during Periorbital Cellulitis and boost the morale of other mothers to take good care of their children.
Reference : 1
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