Migraine In Toddlers – Causes, Symptoms & Treatments

Migraine In Toddlers

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Does your toddler often complain of acute headache? Does he suffer from nausea and vomiting along with the headache? Does your toddler exhibit light sensitivity when he has a headache? If you regularly face the same problem, your toddler may be suffering from migraine. Read this post and learn all about migraine in toddlers.

What is Migraine?

Migraine is a chronic headache that causes a throbbing pain in one or both the sides of the brain. Toddlers with migraine often suffer stomach disorders and feel dizzy. Most migraine attacks in the toddlers last from 30 minutes to four hours. One out of 20 toddlers suffers from migraine. So, it is important that you learn about the causes, symptoms and treatments for migraine.

Causes of Migraine:

Medical science has not been able to determine the exact cause of migraine in the toddlers. However, scientists believe that toddlers who suffer from migraine suffer from a tendency, which causes the nervous system to react uniquely to the changes in the body or the environment. Certain types of food, tendencies, and environmental changes can trigger adverse reactions in the toddler’s nervous system, which can escalate to a migraine attack. Some probable triggers of a migraine attack in toddlers include:

  • Stress
  • Skipping meals
  • Eating certain foods such as cheese, chocolate, fried food, yogurt, lunch meats, pizza, hot dogs, and foods with monosodium glutamate.
  • Drinking fizzy or caffeinated drinks
  • Sleeping for long hours or sleeping too less
  • Weather changes
  • Certain traveling styles (1)

[ Read: Causes of Sinuses In Toddlers ]

Symptoms of Migraine:

Migraine pain in the toddlers lasts for less than four hours. Toddlers are more likely to suffer from migraine in the late afternoon. These toddler migraine symptoms make it difficult to determine that the headache type. However, there are certain other symptoms that help confirm that the headache type is migraine.

These peculiar symptoms of migraine in toddlers are as follows.

  • Throbbing, pulsating pain in the head of the toddler
  • Headache increases with the exertion
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Pain in abdomen
  • Extreme sensitivity to the smell, light, and sound
  • Urge to sleep (2)


A professional medical practitioner can help you treat the migraine in your toddler with the right line of treatment. Doctor will recommend that you maintain a headache diary to keep count of your toddler’s headache. The diary will help you figure out the specific triggers of the migraine attack. Depending on the cause of the headache, the doctor will recommend the proper medications, which include:

  • Analgesics like such as Ibuprofen or Acetaminophen.
  • Medicines that mitigates nausea and vomiting in the toddler.
  • Sedatives also help alleviate migraine pains and help your little one sleep better.

[ Read: Symptoms Of Vomiting In Toddlers ]


Fortunately, most toddlers outgrow migraine. However, you can help prevent migraine attacks in some ways, which include:

  • Keep your toddler away from possible triggers, such as particular foods, drinks, and other things that might trigger a migraine attack.
  • Minimize the stress your toddler experiences.
  • Encourage your toddler to exercise regularly.
  • Follow the doctor’s instructions (3)

Is your toddler suffering from any of the above symptoms? If he is, then seek medical aid immediately. The right line of medical treatment and proper preventive measures will help minimize and even treat your toddler’s migraine.

Tell us if you found the post informative. Does your little one suffer from migraine? What triggers his symptoms? Do you have any tips on how to minimize toddler migraine attacks? Share your experiences with us. Leave a comment below. Fellow moms would love to hear from you.

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