Moon is inexplicably attractive and fascinating to babies. Show them the moon when they are restless or upset, and it changes their mood immediately. You child will have innumerable questions to ask about moon, some innocent but some thought-provoking.
How do you answer the little one’s questions, and explain them more about the mysterious satellite? Here, we have discussed some unbelievable moon facts for kids. Read on to know more about the moon, and help your child understand the facts.
48 Interesting Moon Facts For Kids:
1. History Of The Moon:
- The moon is the single natural satellite of earth. It is almost 4.5 billion years old and was formed more than 30 million years after the earth was formed.
- A large celestial object hit the earth, cutting off rocks from the surface of the planet. The rocks started orbiting around the earth, and in due course of time, all the rocky parts came together to form a big melted mass. Eventually, the molten mass started to cool down, leading to the formation of the moon.
- Till almost 500 million years after the moon was formed, many more pieces of rock kept hitting against its surface.These are some amazing moon information for kids to know.
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2. Surface Of The Moon:
- Your kid can see the surface of the moon with the help of a binocular.
- The surface of the moon still has the marks of damage that were originally caused due to the hitting of the rocks. The hitting resulted in vast craters, scars, lava plains, mountains, valleys and pits.
- The diameter of the moon measures about 2,000 miles, or 3,476km. Its surface measures almost the same as that of the continent of Africa.
- As the moon does not have an atmosphere or weather, the craters remain as they were when they formed.
- The tallest mountain on the earth’s satellite is the Mons Huygens, which measures about 4,700 meters in height. It is roughly just over half the height of Mount Everest, which measures about 8,848 meters.
- The surface of the moon has only about one-fifth, or 17 percent of the total strength of gravity of the earth. If you are on the moon, you will weigh only one-sixth of your total weight. Due to the lack of gravitational pull, astronauts who land on the moon often leap and jump up in the air.
- During the day, the temperatures are boiling on the moon, but at night, it is freezing. The average surface temperature during the day on the moon is about 107oC, while it dips to about -153o C during the night. It means that while you may be roasting up in the first half of the day, you are freezing in the next.
- When the moon is nearly at a full moon stage, you will be able to see some dark patches on its surface, which are also known as seas. Even though they are referred to as the seas, they are just huge areas filled with dark lava.
- The seas have some Latin names, such as the Mare Serenitatis, which means the Sea of Serenity, the Mare Frigoris, meaning the Sea of Cold.
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3. Scientific Facts About The Moon:
- The earth’s satellite is the fifth largest moon in the entire solar system.
- From the earth, the moon is at an average distance of about 384,403km or 238,857 miles. It means that it will take about 130 days to travel to the moon from the earth by car, about 13 hours to travel to the moon from the earth in a rocket, and about 1.52 seconds to travel to the moon from the earth by the speed of light.
- The moon takes the same amount of time to rotate on its axis as it takes to revolve around the earth. As a result, you can only see about 60 percent of its total surface area or about 50 percent of the entire moon.
- The side of the moon that your kid can see from the earth is known as the near side while the unseen side is known as the far side. Sometimes, the far side is also referred to as the dark side, even though it is illuminated by the sun rays.
- You can never see the far side of the moon as it rotates around itself while revolving around the earth.
- It takes 27.3 days for the moon to orbit around the earth. It means that it takes almost 27 days, seven hours, 43 minutes and 11.6 seconds for the moon to move round the earth and come back to its starting point.
- As it moves around the earth, the moon travels at about a speed of 2,228 miles per hour, or 3,683km per hour.
- The speed varies at different parts of the orbit as the moon moves slower when it is at the farthest distance from the earth, than when it is closer.
- The moon travels a distance of about 1,423,000 miles or 2,290,000km while orbiting the earth.
- The path that the moon takes to orbit the earth is known as the ellipse.
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- The moon moves from the west to east direction while it orbits the earth.
- The moon’s gravitational pull is responsible for the tides that are caused on the earth.
- The moon goes through the following phases: new moon, crescent, first quarter, waxing gibbous, full moon, waning gibbous, last quarter, crescent, new moon, and so on.
- A lunar month refers to the time that the moon takes to make a complete cycle of all the phases it goes through. It is measured from one new moon to the next.
- A lunar month usually takes about 29.5 days to complete, which means approximately 29 days, 12 hours, 43 minutes and 11.6 seconds.
- When the earth is positioned between the sun and the moon, it results in a lunar eclipse.
- While research is still going on, scientists do agree that there is some amount of water present on the moon. Water was discovered on the moon in November 2009.
- The moon is not a source of light, which means that it cannot make its own light. The light that you see on the moon is the reflection of the light from the sun. The light from the sun falls on the moon and bounces back to the earth, as a result of which you are able to see the moon. In case there was no sun, you would never have been able to see the moon from the earth.
- Even though it seems that the moon keeps changing its shape, it is the result of the amount of light it is reflecting from the sun.
- Galileo was the first person to make a proper map of the moon. He developed a telescope by the year 1609 to magnify objects up to 20 times their original size.
- It is believed that the moon has a very small core which measures up to about one to two percent of the total mass of the moon. It is thought to measure roughly about 420 miles or 680km in width.
- The moon’s core most likely consists of iron, but scientists feel that it may also contain big amounts of sulfur and some other elements.
- The rocky mantle on the moon measures about 825 miles, or 1,330km in thickness. It is made up of dense rocks that are rich in their magnesium and iron content.
- Each year, the moon is slowly moving away from the earth at a distance of about 3.8cm. According to scientists, the moon will continue to go away for almost 50 billion years. Once that happens, the moon will take about 47 days to move around the earth.
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- Also, once the moon moves away, it will be tidally locked to the earth, making it look as if the moon is fixed at a single spot.
- The moon has no air or life on it.
- The mass of the moon is about 7.35×10^22 kg (735 followed by 20 zeros). It is about 1/80th the mass of the Earth (1).
4. Space Trips To The Moon:
- The first spacecraft Luna 1 reached the moon in the year 1959. It was a Soviet craft launched by the USSR. However, it was not able to land on the moon but reached a distance of about 3,725 miles or 5,995km near the moon. It passed by the moon and later went on to orbit the sun.
- In the year 1966, the Soviet Union’s Luna program managed to pull off the first ever successful landing of any unmanned spacecraft on the surface of the moon.
- In the year 1968, the then US sent a spacecraft to the moon. It made a trip till near the moon and came back to the earth.
- In the year 1969, the NASA Apollo 11 mission from the US managed to achieve the first ever manned landing on the moon.
- Neil Armstrong was the first person ever to set foot on the moon. He stepped out on the moon from his spacecraft, which was known as the Eagle, on the 21st of July. His famous words while he walked on the surface of the moon were “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind”.
- Till date, only 12 people have walked on the moon, and all the astronauts were from the US.
- The footprints that are left on the surface of the moon by the Apollo astronauts will be visible for at least 10 million years as there is no erosion.
Aren’t these facts about the moon for kids interesting? Do share them with your kid so that he can tell them to his teachers and friends. If you or your kid knows any more facts about the moon, do share them here so that others can read them.
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