9 Risks Associated With Cervical Cerclage You Should Be Aware Of

Risks Associated

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So the good news is that you are pregnant. Congratulations!

Now that you know about the little one who is soon to arrive, it is natural for you to want to know about health related issues that one can go through during pregnancy.

One such condition that may occur during pregnancy is cervical cerclage or stitch.

What Is Cervical Cerclage?

Cervical stitch or cervical cerclage is a procedure that is used to close your cervix, which is the lower part of your uterus.

  • This opens into the vagina, and the procedure uses suture to close the cervix.
  • These stitches are removed during the 37th week of pregnancy.

Risk Factors Involved In Presence Of Cervical:

The following risk factors are involved in presence of cervical:

  1. There are chances of excessive bleeding.
  1. You may develop infections.
  1. There are chances of your cervix getting torn.
  1. The amniotic sac, intestines or your bladder might get damaged.
  1. Chances of miscarriage increase in presence of cerclage.
  1. Cases of vaginal bleeding and contractions are not very unusual.
  1. The cervix may not be ready to shorten or open while you are ready for delivery.
  1. The cervix might get permanently narrowed.
  1. You may get into labor as your water can break any time.

Talk To Your Doctor:

During your pregnancy, you have every right to gather information about your health and the ways you will be treated.

  • Discuss the option for care and treatment with your caregivers.
  • Talk to your partner and decide the kind of care you would like to receive.
  • Understand beforehand the risks involved in the condition as well as in the treatment, if any.

[ Read: Herpes During Pregnancy ]

Preparing For Cervical Stitch During Pregnancy:

Once you have discussed with your doctor on the same and are ready for the cervical cerclage, here are a few things you need to keep in mind for the procedure:

a. A Week Before The Surgery:

About a week ahead of the surgery, make sure you take care of the following:

  • You must prepare a note of the location, time and date of your procedure.
  • Make sure you have someone to drive you back home once the surgery is over.
  • Consult your caregiver before taking aspirin or other over the counter medicines before the surgery.
  • Carry the list of medicines and consult with your caregiver before taking them. This will ensure you do not take medicines that can cause allergy and aggravate your condition further.
  • You can ask your caregiver for over the counter medicines, herbs or food supplements.
  • You may have to undergo urine and blood tests before the surgery. If necessary you will be asked to get ultrasounds and x-rays done as well. Your healthcare provider shall inform you about these. Make a note of the time, date and location for each of the tests.
  • Prepare a hospital bag that you will be carrying with you. Make sure you carry everything you need to keep you comfortable.

b. Preparations At Night Before the Surgery:

You may be given specific instructions for the surgery. Consider the following:

  • You may be given medicines to aid a good night’s sleep.
  • Consult your caregiver for the drinking and eating instructions.
  • Your bowel may have to be empty before the surgery. Your caregiver may give you an enema.

[ Read: Sleeping Pills During Pregnancy ]

c. On The Day Of The Surgery:

Ask your doctor for specific instructions beforehand, so that you can follow the same.

  • You must be very careful before taking any medicines on the day of the procedure. Consult the caregiver for everything. These medicines include heart pills, diabetic pills, insulin, and pills for high blood pressure. You must carry the list of medicines and the pill bottles with you in the hospital.
  • A close family member will be required to sign a document known as the consent form. This gives permission to the caregiver to perform the surgery. This also explains the problems that might arise. You must have all your queries answered before signing the form.
  • The caregivers insert IV or intravenous tube in your vein. Medicines and liquids are passed through this tube.
  • An anesthesiologist will approach you before the surgery. Medicines will be given to help you stay drowsy or keep the area of your body numb in course of the operation. You must inform him if there are records of problems in your family with anesthesia.


  • If you have gone through cervical cerclage, it is important to get in touch with your doctor and consult whether it is safe to have intercourse.
  • The recovery time depends on the procedure adopted. Your doctor can offer you a fair enough idea about the recovery phase.
  • As with most other conditions during pregnancy, cervical cerclage too will mean that you need to take extra care of yourself.
  • Do take adequate rest and remember to follow all pre and post-operative instructions.

While this is a difficult time for you to enter the hospital, and you may be worried about your baby and your safety, it is important to talk to your doctor and clear all doubts and anxieties.

Spend some quality time with your partner and talk about how life will be once the baby arrives. Stay stress free, and soon, you will be fully recovered and healthy!

Have you gone through cervical cerclage surgery before? Do share your experiences with other readers in here:

References: 1 , 2

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