Pregnancy is termed as the most miraculous event in a woman’s life. It is a process which involves fusing of a sperm cell along with an egg of microscopic size. This in turn grows into a human being within a span of nine months.
During this phase, the baby inside your womb undergoes a myriad of changes. Pregnancy involves various processes. The first stage starts from conception and the last stage ends with childbirth. Read to know in detail about the stages in pregnancy:
5 Stages Of Pregnancy:
We have prepared a small guide regarding the stages. This is to help you understand the changes that you and your baby will experience. Here are the various steps that your pregnancy will go through:
Step 1 – Conception:
This is the first and foremost step of pregnancy. It features steps like ovulation, egg release, fertilization and implantation.
- Ovulation takes place when your ovary releases a mature egg which is pushed down to your fallopian tube for fertilization.
- Fertilization happens when the sperm of your spouse meets your mature egg.
- After this the embryo begins to develop, which is termed as conception.
- Sometimes two eggs would get fertilized through two different sperm cells of your spouse while conceiving. This might result in fraternal twins.
- Such babies can look different from each other and might even be of different genders.
- If a single zygote splits as two, which is a rare occasion, you will be blessed with identical twins of the same sex. In this case, your babies would share the same sperm, egg and DNA.
[ Read: How To Know When You Are Ovulating ]
Step 2 – First Trimester:
The first trimester of your pregnancy would usually commence in two weeks before you conceive. This means it starts from the first day of your last cycle of menstruation.
- The first trimester usually denotes the first three months of your pregnancy period.
- The second month of this trimester has a vital role in deciding the development of the foetus.
- You might experience morning sickness, headaches, cramps etc. during this stage.
- Your baby will develop heartbeat during this stage.
- The lower and upper limbs would begin its development. Vital organs such as the lungs, stomach and brain of your baby will start to form. Joints of your baby would also be formed at this stage.
- During your third month of pregnancy your baby’s bones would become much harder. Formation of genitalia, eyes and ears also occurs at this stage.
- Your doctor will use a special instrument to help you hear your baby’s heartbeat during this stage.
[ Read: Cramps During Pregnancy ]
Step 3 – Second Trimester:
The fourth, fifth and sixth months of your pregnancy fall under this category.
- Your doctor would ask you to undergo several tests to diagnose for spinal defects, gestational diabetes and Down syndrome during your 4th month.
- Your belly and your breasts would become bigger.
- Though your baby would begin to move in your belly during this month, you might not notice it until the end of your second trimester.
- No new organs would be formed at this stage.
- Your baby’s taste buds, eyelashes, eyebrows etc. would be formed during this stage of pregnancy.
- In this trimester, the little one inside your womb would begin the breathing practice to prepare for childbirth.
[ Read: Tests During Pregnancy First Trimester ]
Step 4 – Third Trimester:
The period between the 7thto 9thmonth of your pregnancy is generally termed as the third or the last trimester.
- Your baby will now be able to hear your heartbeat while in the 7th month.
- Your baby will grow eyelashes during this phase.
- There wouldn’t be enough space inside the womb for your baby to move around freely as in the previous trimesters.
- This is because your baby would have gained enough body weight and would be nearly 11 inches in length.
- During the 8th month of your pregnancy, the lanugo or the fine hair growth on your baby’s body would begin to fall.
- When you enter the 9th month of your pregnancy you will have just a few weeks to your due date.
- During this stage, your abdomen will grow bigger and your breasts would become fuller and increase in size.
[ Read: Sore Breast During Pregnancy ]
- Your baby would reach full growth by 36 weeks.
- He or she will descend in head down position, inside your womb, to prepare for the birth process.
- Your body would be fully prepared to deliver your baby between 38 to 40 weeks.
- When you carry your baby to full term, which is 9 months, your baby should have at least 5 lbs of weight. At this stage, your baby should measure 16 to 19 inches.
Step 5 – Labor:
When it is time for your baby’s birth, your cervix would become much thinner. It will also become open and might dilate to prepare for your delivery.
- You would experience contraction and labor pain as your uterine muscles would begin contraction. This will happen in order to push the baby out of your body through the vaginal canal.
- The opening of your cervix would allow your baby to come out through your birth canal. Along with the placenta and other tissues that covered your baby.
- You will experience frequent contractions when it is time for you to deliver your baby.
[ Read: Contractions During Pregnancy ]
- Your baby would measure between 19 to 21 inches in length and weigh 6 3/4th lbs to 10 lbs after delivery.
- The umbilical cord would be cut and clamped immediately to make your baby free from your body.
- Your breasts would begin to secrete a watery substance called colostrum. This is an indicator that your breasts are ready to provide breastmilk for your baby.
Sometimes you might not experience these changes. In such a case, you will be advised a caesarean section, which is a surgical procedure on your abdomen to deliver your baby.
We hope you have understood what are the stages of pregnancy and compiled information was useful and informative. If you are planning to get pregnant soon, understanding the whole process would help you cope up with your pregnancy.
Do you have tips to share about pregnancy stages week by week? Please do share them in the comment section below.
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