STDs During Pregnancy - Everything You Should Be Aware Of

STDs During Pregnancy

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Are you expecting and still losing weight rapidly? Do you suffer from fever and fatigue during pregnancy? If these questions sound like you, chances are, you probably suffer from a sexually transmitted disease or STD. To protect yourself and your unborn baby from the extreme consequences of STDs, you need to consult a doctor immediately. Read our post to learn everything about STD during pregnancy.

What Is An STD?

STDs are viral and bacterial ailments that occur due to genital, oral, or anal sex with an STD infected partner. STDs can have serious consequences for expecting moms and their unborn babies. So, as soon as you discover you have an STD, seek immediate medical attention. (1)

Most common types of STDs include:

  • HPV or genital warts
  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Hepatitis B
  • Syphilis
  • Genital herpes
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Trichomoniasis

[ Read: Signs Of HPV During Pregnancy ]

Causes Of STDs During Pregnancy:

An STD occurs due to having oral, genital, or anal sex with an infected individual. Besides sex, STDs occur due to coming in the contact with sharp, contaminated needles and instruments, sharing household objects such as razors or toothbrush, and contact with blood or open sores of an affected individual.

Some STD infections can infect the fetus through the placenta during the water break, labor, and delivery. Infections in newborn are quite serious and cause long-lasting, irreversible health issues. STDs can also increase the risk of miscarriage, preterm birth, premature preterm rupture of membranes (PROM), uterine infection, and stillbirth. (2)

Symptoms Of STDs During Pregnancy:

Symptoms of STDs during pregnancy are apparent and easily identifiable. Here are some most prominent symptoms of STDs when expecting.

  • Skin rash with pain or without pain
  • Acnes
  • Itching around vagina
  • Chills and fever
  • Warts, bumps, and sores near the mouth, vagina, or anus
  • Swelling near vagina
  • Painful urination
  • Loose stools
  • Night sweats
  • Considerable loss of weight
  • Painful sex
  • Bleeding from vagina
  • Discharge from vagina that may have odor
  • Yellowing of skin or jaundice (3)

[ Read: Ways To Prevent Vaginal Thrush During Pregnancy ]

Diagnosing STDs During Pregnancy:

During your prenatal visit, your physician will screen you for various STDs. However, if you suffer from any one of the symptoms of STD, tell about it to your physician. The doctor will examine you and conduct all necessary tests to determine the treatment.

Treating STDs During Pregnancy:

Treatment for pregnancy std largely depends on the week of your pregnancy and the virulence of the infection. Doctors prescribe antibiotics for several bacterial STDs, such as gonorrhea, Chlamydia, and syphilis. Here are some prominent treatments for expecting mothers and newborns to cure various STDs.

1. Herpes:

Doctors prescribe appropriate antiviral pills to treat the herpes lesions. Expecting mothers with active herpes lesions are advisable to go for a C-section to prevent the transmission of the herpes infection to the baby.

2. HPV Or Genital Warts:

If you suffer from genital warts while expecting, doctors prefer to delay its treatment until after your delivery to protect the fetus from the side effects of the medications.

3. HIV/AIDS:

Even though HIV is an incurable infection, you can prevent the transmission of the virus with the help of a multitude of medications.

4. Gonorrhea:

Antibiotics can treat gonorrhea. Since gonorrhea occurs without any apparent symptoms, doctors give medications to all infants at the time of their birth to prevent the risk of gonorrhea eye infection.

[ Read: Treatment For Gonorrhea In Pregnancy ]

5. Syphilis:

Doctors prescribe antibiotics for expecting mothers to prevent the risk of transmission to the baby. Antibiotics also help to curb the progression of syphilis during pregnancy.

6. Chlamydia:

Antibiotics help cure Chlamydia in expecting mothers. Medications also help keep newborns safe from the Chlamydia.

7. Hepatitis B:

If the mother suffers from hepatitis B during pregnancy, doctors give the newborn baby an injection of antibiotics to keep her safe from the hepatitis B infection.

8. Trichomoniasis:

Medications help cure trichomoniasis in the expecting mothers.

Whenever you treat an STD with any antibiotics, it is very important to complete the course of medicines even if its symptoms disappear. (4)

Did you suffer from an STD when pregnant? How did you treat it? Tell us your story. Leave a comment below.

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Manjiri Kochrekar