Are you expecting and suffering from an infected tooth? Is the pain too intense and has does your dentist recommend a tooth extraction? If you nodded along anxiously, you might want to read our post. Here we look at why it is necessary to extract a tooth during pregnancy, what line of treatment to follow, and why you need to be careful.
Causes Of Tooth Extraction During Pregnancy:
Hormonal changes occur during pregnancy and make the gums sensitive. As a result, gums swell up, inflame, and also bleed. Expecting mothers may also face periodontal problems due to the accumulation of plaque around the teeth. Often, gum problems affect wisdom tooth and gums, and they seem infinitely more unmanageable when you are expecting. So, you need to treat dental problems quickly if you are expecting.
Symptoms That Indicate The Need Of Tooth Extraction During Pregnancy:
When does it become inevitable to extract the tooth during pregnancy? Here are some symptoms that will help you know exactly when:
- Acute tooth pain or pain in gums
- Swollen gums
- Gum bleeding
- Difficulty to eat food easily
- Difficult to talk properly (1)
Tooth Extraction During Pregnancy:
Tooth extraction during pregnancy needs special consideration to avoid any harm to the unborn baby. So usually dentists avoid tooth extraction while pregnant. However, if the tooth is highly infected, non-restorable, and the infection is spreading then the dentist recommends tooth extraction.
Depending on the trimesters of pregnancy, the oral surgeon plans tooth extraction. Here are trimesters of pregnancy.
1. First Trimester:
During the first trimester, organogenesis of the fetus occurs. As a result, the fetus is highly vulnerable to malformation of organs if the expecting mother experiences strain and stress while tooth extraction. So surgeons mostly postpone tooth extraction during the first trimester.
2. Second Trimester:
During the second trimester, fetal growth takes place. So the dentist considers the phase as a safe period to carry out tooth extraction and other necessary dental procedures.
3. Third Trimester:
During the third trimester, the expecting mother may find it difficult to sit in the dental chair in one position for hours. Also, bleeding during tooth extraction may increase, and it may prove harmful. So doctor postpones the operation or carries it out in the first month of the last trimester (2).
Treating Tooth Extraction During Pregnancy:
Dentists take special care when treating tooth removal while pregnant and prescribe medications that are safe for the mother as well as the unborn baby. Here are medications that are safe yet effective while expecting.
Paracetamol acts as a painkiller and provides relief from the pain resulting due to tooth extraction. The medication is safe throughout the pregnancy.
Ibuprofen is safe to consume till 32 weeks of the pregnancy. If you experience severe pain due to tooth extraction, then the dentist may prescribe narcotics, such as codeine, for a short span of time after consulting your gynecologist.
The dentist may prescribe safe antibiotics to prevent the spread of infection during the pregnancy. Safe medications to regulate infection during pregnancy include cephalosporin and penicillin.
While extracting your tooth, dentists prefer to use lidocaine as an anesthetic agent in a small amount to make you comfortable as well as ensure the safety of your unborn baby (3).
The right line of treatment while extracting tooth during pregnancy always prevents the spread of infection, ensures the comfort of the mother, and ensures the safety of the fetus.
Did you undergo tooth removal during pregnancy? What line of treatment did you follow? Tell us about it here. Leave a comment below.
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