Toxoplasmosis During Pregnancy – 5 Causes, 8 Symptoms & 8 Treatments You Should Be Aware Of

toxoplasmosis during pregnancy

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Pregnancy is undoubtedly a crucial and vulnerable stage. Everything that you do, from diet to lifestyle practices, will have an impact on your developing baby too. This is why it is important to ensure that you keep your immune system strong during this period, and reduce the risk of any possible infections. Toxoplasmosis is a common infection that is more likely to affect individuals that have an underdeveloped or a weak immune system. It is important to understand the basics of this condition to get a better idea about its signs and symptoms, and its treatment options.

What Is Toxoplasmosis In Pregnancy?

Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused due to a parasite by the name of Toxoplasma gondii. This infection is commonly found in birds and animals, but may affect humans too. In most cases, this infection does not cause any serious health problems whatsoever; however, it may actually prove to be dangerous for a developing fetus.

[ Read: Infection During Pregnancy ]

Causes Of Toxoplasmosis During Pregnancy:

A number of activities are thought to cause the parasite to gain an entry into your body, which may then affect you or your baby.

  • Consuming foods that may have touched the feces of a cat infected by the parasite.
  • Touching the tables or surfaces where an infected cat may have walked on, and then consuming foods without washing the hands.
  • Digging or gardening in soil, where an infected cat may have left feces.
  • Consuming meat that isn’t cooked properly
  • Frequently changing the litter box of a cat and not maintaining proper personal hygiene.

The reason why any associations with cats are linked to the development of this infection is that the parasite must first enter a cat’s system, develop there, and then enters into other animals and humans.

[ Read: Pregnant Women And Cats ]

Symptoms Of Toxoplasmosis In Pregnancy:

A lot of individuals affected by toxoplasmosis do not exhibit any signs and symptoms whatsoever. Some common symptoms associated with this infection include:

  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Skin rashes
  • Swollen glands
  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Muscle ache
  • Swelling of lymph nodes
  • Headache

The above symptoms are thought to affect just one in every ten pregnant women affected by the condition.

[ Read: Throat Infection During Pregnancy ]

Treatment For Toxoplasmosis In Pregnancy:

Toxoplasmosis infections usually subside on their own in healthy individuals. People having a compromised immune system such as elderly individuals or babies may need certain medications. Such medications may have to be continued even after the birth of the baby. The doctor treating this condition may prescribe antibiotic medications to you during your pregnancy period. Certain safety measures to prevent further infections must be taken care of, some of them include:

  • Washing the fruits and vegetables thoroughly before eating.
  • Maintaining proper personal hygiene.
  • Cooking meats properly before consuming.
  • Avoiding milk or milk products that have not been boiled earlier.
  • Boiling water before drinking.
  • Washing hands before eating.
  • Covering the food to prevent insect infestations.
  • Staying away from animals during the pregnancy period.

If you are pet owner, it is advisable to move your pet away from your residence, at least till your condition is cured.

[ Read: List Of Antibiotics Safe In Pregnancy ]


Left untreated, toxoplasmosis infections may prove to be extremely harmful for the developing fetus. This is because the baby’s immune system is not developed completely enough to tackle the parasite. Here are some complications that may arise due to this congenital infection.

  • Toxoplasmosis cysts development, on different organs of your body.
  • Nervous system infections
  • Visual impairment or blindness
  • Mental retardation
  • Delay in mental developments
  • Women affected by this infection during pregnancy may also have an increased risk of miscarriage.

[ Read: Gallbladder During Pregnancy ]

We hope the information presented above helped you gain a general understanding of this condition. If you have any concerns, it is best to get an appointment with your doctor. Have suffered Toxoplasmosis during pregnancy?

Do share what methods you used for curing with other would-be-mommies here.

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