Though the term CPR sounds very technical, it is, in fact, something that anyone can learn, and in fact, should learn.
As a parent, it is natural for you to feel helpless in the event that your baby is in need of cardiac emergency. Having the right knowledge about CPR will help you to save your baby in the crucial moments before medical help arrives.
What Is CPR?
CPR is an abbreviation for Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation. It is the best procedure to save a life in cases of suffocation, choking, fatal injuries, drowning or other emergency situations when there are no signs of heartbeat or breathing. It is a worldwide accepted and recognized method of revival.
[ Read: Baby Choking ]
CPR On A Baby:
If the blood flow stops for a few minutes, then it may cause permanent damage to the brain, or even result in death. Hence, it is further important to give CPR when the victim is your baby.
- If you are the one giving CPR, you should continue CPR till heartbeat and breathing return, or medical help arrives.
- A CPR expert can save precious lives by acting timely. Statistics reveals that the mortality rate is very high when the victim is your baby. Hence, it is important that as many people as possible are trained with CPR.
How To Do CPR On A Baby – The Procedure:
To perform CPR for baby, make sure you give full attention to the details mentioned below. Also, it is important that before you do this in real time (where your baby really needs your help), you practice it many times on a doll or a grown up.
1. Chest Compressions:
Chest compressions should be performed carefully. Incorrect method may create other complications.
- Put the base of right hand on the breastbone, i.e. below the nipples.
- Hold the forehead with the other hand and make the head tilted backward.
- Put pressure on the chest in such a way that it gets compressed one-third to half below the bone.
- 30 compressions should be quick and rhythmic without any pause. Count from 1 to 30 quickly. Press the chest and let it rise fully before you count the next number.
- Lift the chin and push down the forehead so that the head is tilted properly.
- Listen and observe breathing. Look at the movements of the chest carefully. Feel breathing by placing the cheek or ear near the mouth or nose. These are sensitive parts of our body where smallest signs of breathing can be sensed.
2. When There Are No Signs Of Breathing:
Many times repetitive chest compressions might not help, in that case perform the below:
- Put your mouth tightly on your baby’s mouth.
- Close the nose with a pinch.
- Lift the chin and keep the head tilted.
- Blow forcefully (rescue breath) for 2 times. It should raise the chest.
- Repeat the cycle of 30 compressions, 2 rescue breaths for at least 2 minutes.
- If there are signs of breathing or coughing or any kind of movement, then lay down your baby straight on the bed or floor (flat surface) and wait for the help. If your baby is in the same position for more than 30 minutes then change the position.
- If there are no signs of breathing or movement, then repeat rescue operations till help arrives.
3. Risks And Precautions:
Undoubtedly CPR is a great way of increasing chances of survival during emergency situations, but there are a few inherent risks as well.
- If you feel that your baby has got an injury in the spinal cord, do not move the head or neck. Close the mouth if it is open.
- Never attempt chest compressions when your baby is coughing or breathing, or there are any movements. Remember, it could be fatal.
- Have you been trained for checking a pulse? If no, then do not attempt the same. Only trained people are supposed to check the pulse.
- Call medical help in parallel if it is available. Remember, CPR is just a method of extending immediate help and increasing the chances of survival. The victim has to be handed over to the right people for subsequent treatment.
Hope you have got the crux of CPR for your small baby. There is a lot of difference in the approach and methodology and you must be trained with that before helping others.
We all know the importance of prevention over cure.
- Many times, babies end up choking on things at home, and may urgently need CPR. It is best to avoid such situations by being careful at all times.
- Select toys appropriate to your baby’s age.
- Anything with sharp edges, broken parts, leaked batteries, or other dangerous parts should be removed.
- It is highly important to create a secure environment for your baby.
This knowledge of CPR can be helpful in saving the life of someone you love the most. Once you have practiced and learnt this process of CPR, teach it to some more people as it can help them save their loved ones too.
Do share your valuable views on how to perform baby cpr with us.
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