How To Calculate Safe Period To Avoid Pregnancy?

pregnancy

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Sex gives natural pleasure. But it comes with a baggage called pregnancy. Children are a blessing for those who are ready to expand their family. However, not every adult having an active sex life would want a baby. Would they? While there are several birth control measures you can follow, it is imperative to make your safe days calculation in order to avoid an unwanted pregnancy.

MomJunction tells you how to calculate safe days to prevent pregnancy, the various methods involved in it and more.

How To Calculate Safe Period Days?

A menstrual cycle is calculated from the first day of your period to the first day of the next period (1). Safe period is from day 1 to 7 and day 21 to the rest of the cycle, when you can have sex without worrying about getting pregnant. This period will not be the same for all women as it depends on the length of the menstrual cycle. The average menstrual cycle is 28 days or a little less, but if your cycle is longer than 28 days, the safe period is not reliable.

It is important to have an understanding of the three stages of the menstrual cycle to avoid pregnancy.

Stages Of Menstrual Cycle:

Stages Of Menstrual Cycle

Image: Shutterstock

The length of the three stages of menstrual cycle differ from one woman to the other and also from cycle to cycle, but the average duration would be 28 days (2).

1. The Pre-Ovulatory or The Follicular Phase:

It occurs in between the days 2 and 14 when your body releases hormones that stimulate the eggs in the ovaries to grow. The hormones will also thicken the uterus lining to receive the fertilized egg. This phase is controlled by Estradiol hormone (3).

2. The Ovulation Phase:

It occurs in the middle of your menstrual cycle where a mature ovarian follicle opens up to release an egg for fertilization. It is the most sensitive phase where a woman has a great chance to become pregnant.

[ Read: How Do You Know When You Are Ovulating ]

3. The Post Ovulatory Or Luteal Phase:

It is the last phase, which begins after ovulation and ends either in pregnancy or in the next menstrual cycle. In this phase, the uterus lining turns thicker prepare for pregnancy.

The luteal phase lasts from 10 to 16 days with the average being 14 days. But if it is less than 12 days, it is hard to become pregnant. The length of the phase varies from woman to woman but usually remain consistent from cycle to cycle.

The infertility period depends on the lifespans of both egg and sperm. In an average 28-day menstrual cycle, ovulation occurs on the 14th day. For women whose cycle is between 26 and 32 days, it could occur anytime between 12th and 19th day.

A sperm can remain alive for 3 to 5 days in the reproductive tract. Therefore, there is a high possibility to conceive if you have unsafe sex five days before ovulation time. The egg remains alive for only 24 hours, and if the fertilization does not occur within that time, it will die away.

Various Methods To Calculate Safe Period To Have Sex:

You need to be careful while calculating safe period because doing it on your fingers or in the air could lead to wrong results. Remember that you must avoid sex or use condoms, cap, diaphragm or other contraceptive methods during unsafe days.

Use these proven online calculating methods to know your safe days:

  1. Safe Period Calculator
  2. Fertility Awareness-Based Methods

1. Safe Period Calculator:

This calculator requires you to know your menstrual cycle changes so that you can determine the safe days to have sex. Know the safe period by entering the first day of your last period and the duration of your last menstrual cycle. It helps you find the safe and unsafe dates for having sex (4).

Safe Period Calculator


Who Can Use Safe Period Calculator?

You can use this method if the average length of your menstrual cycle from the past six months is between 26 and 32 days, and the variation between the shortest and longest cycles is seven days or less.

But before calculating your safe period, consult your doctor to understand the effectiveness of natural family planning methods. The expected failure rate of this method is about 3 to 4% per annum.

[ Read: Can You Get Pregnant During Your Periods? ]

Who Cannot Use Safe Period Calculator?

  • You cannot use this method if the average length of your menstrual cycle is less than 26 days or more than 32 days, and the variation between the shortest and longest cycles in the last six months is eight days or more.
  • After childbirth, you can use this calculator only after six regular menstrual cycles.
  • Teens and women reaching menopause cannot rely on this method.

2. Fertility Awareness-Based Methods (FAM):

Fertility awareness, also known as natural family planning, is a way of predicting safe and unsafe days of your menstrual cycle. These methods are usually based on certain signs your body gives in response to the hormones that cause ovulation (5).

FAM are based on the below assumptions:

  • One egg is released in each cycle.
  • Egg lives up to 24 hours.
  • Sperm lives up to six days and can fertilize an egg during this period.
  • A woman will be fertile for almost six days before ovulation and two to three days after ovulation, so the total number of fertile days is seven to eight in each cycle.

How Do FAMs Work?

The FAMs work by alerting you on your ovulation days. Once you know your days of ovulation, you can avoid sex or use a contraceptive to keep the sperms away from the vagina.

It will help you know the unsafe days that come before and after ovulation. You can track the fertility pattern, marking the days when you are fertile and days you are not. You should do it carefully as the pattern changes from month to month.

Ovulation Predictors: You can also get test kits that help predict ovulation. They are very helpful in planning pregnancies. However, you cannot completely depend on them to avoid pregnancies.

Emergency Contraception: If you have unprotected intercourse on a fertile day, then use an emergency contraception. It helps prevent pregnancy if taken up to five days after unprotected sex. The earlier you take it, the better it works.

[ Read: Can You Ovulate More Than Once A Month ]

What Are The Different Fertility Awareness-Based Methods?

There are several FAMs to keep you away from unwanted pregnancy. They also assist you to track your fertility patterns when trying to conceive.

  1. Basal Body Temperature Method: It depends on your body temperature, which you need to track every day to know when you ovulate. There will be a rise in temperature during ovulation.
  1. Cervical Mucus Or Ovulation Method: It involves checking the changes in the cervical mucus every day in the first stage of menstrual cycle until you ovulate. The vaginal discharge changes when you ovulate.
  1. Calendar Or Rhythm Method: Here, you will chart your menstrual cycles on a calendar to predict ovulation based on the past cycles.
  1. Sympto-Thermal Method: This is the most efficient method since it is a combination of all the above. It involves basal body temperature, mucus, calendar methods along with tracking cervix changes, abdominal heaviness, breast tenderness, slight spotting and mild abdominal pain.
  1. Standard Days Method: If your menstrual cycle falls in between 26 and 32 days for a long time, this method works to record your monthly periods and determine your fertile days. Here, your unsafe days will be 8 to 19.

Let us understand all these methods in detail:

1. Basal Body Temperature (BBT) Method:

You will have low temperature in the initial phase of your menstrual cycle. It increases slightly after you start ovulating. The body temperature remains high for the remaining part of the cycle. It falls again before you start your next period. Tracking your temperature day by day will help you understand when you can ovulate. You should not have unprotected sex for three days after ovulation so as to avoid pregnancy (6).

BBT is your body temperature when you are at rest. It differs from woman to woman but is usually between 96 and 98 degree Fahrenheit before ovulation and rises to 97 to 99 degree Fahrenheit after ovulation. Even if you find any deviations, they will be in fractions like 1/10 to ½ of a degree.

Use a unique large-scale thermometer, which can mark 96 to 100 degree Fahrenheit and is easier to read. You will get the basal thermometer in most drug stores for around $10. Rectal thermometers are more reliable than oral or any other types.

How To Check The Temperature:

Take Your Temperature:

Note your temperature every day in the morning before you get out of the bed. Make sure you do not talk, eat, drink, have intercourse or smoke before taking the temperature. Keep your thermometer for about five minutes and then note the reading.

Chart The Temperature Pattern:

Record the reading in a chart, which you can get from a women’s health center or your doctor. Over the days, you can observe a pattern in your temperature. The increase in the temperature may be gradual, sudden or intermittent. The pattern will differ from one cycle to another cycle.

The factors that may affect your pattern, i.e. your temperature are:

Being upset, having improper sleep, stress, illness, smoking, jet lag, drinking excessively or using an electric blanket. You should mark all these events on the chart to understand the pattern.
In the beginning, you may take the help of your doctor, family planning specialist or a nurse to read the graph. Make sure you chart at least three months before using this method to avoid pregnancy.

Chart The Temperature Pattern

Image: Shutterstock

Safe/Unfertile Days Using BBT Method:

The safe days are when the temperature is normal. The unsafe days start on the day the temperature rises and last for at least three days. They end once the temperature falls before your next period starts.

The Effectiveness Of BBT Method:
  • It is good at predicting when you can ovulate, but it cannot give you the exact day.
  • As the temperature does not rise until you begin to ovulate, you need to ensure that the sperm is not waiting in your body to mate with the egg. As mentioned earlier, sperm can be active for about five days in your body.
  • Combine BBT with any other FAM to be safe.

2. Cervical Mucus Or Ovulation Method:

The hormones which control menstrual cycle also stimulate the cervix to produce mucus. It usually gets collected in your cervix and vagina. It changes its amount and consistency just before and during ovulation. You can learn to recognize its changes so as to predict fertile and unfertile days. This method is also called the Billings method (7).

Here is how you do it:

Check Your Mucus Pattern:
  • While you menstruate, the flow covers the mucus.
  • After your menstruation, there will be no mucus production for a few days which are usually referred as ‘dry days.’ These are considered to be safe days if your cycle is longer.
  • When the egg begins to ripen, you will produce more mucus, which you can see at the vaginal opening. It will be white, yellow or cloudy and you can feel it to be sticky.
  • You will have more mucus just before you ovulate, and it looks clear and slippery. If you hold it between your fingers, it stretches. This property is known as Spinnbarkeit, a German word for fibrosity and stretchiness. This indicates your peak fertility days.
  • You will have about four days with slippery mucus, and then there will be a sudden fall in the flow. You will have a few dry days before your next period.
Chart The Mucus Pattern:

You can mark your mucus patterns on a calendar every day. Mark your period days, dry days, sticky days, wet days and slippery days. You can notice that your mucus will be different at every stage. You can understand it better if you have someone to help you learn the pattern.

Chart The Mucus Pattern

You can use various ways to check the mucus:
  • Wipe the vaginal opening with a dry tissue before urination. Check its texture and color.
  • Check the texture and color of the mucus on your panties.
  • Put a clean finger into your vagina and observe the texture and color.
The factors that affect mucus pattern are:
  • Cervical surgery, if it is done with electrocautery or cryotherapy
  • Breastfeeding
  • Douches or other feminine hygiene products
  • Recent use of hormonal contraceptives or emergency contraception
  • Spermicides
  • Perimenopause
  • Vaginities (sexually transmitted diseases)
Safe/Unfertile Days Using Mucus Method:
  • If your cycles are short, your period days are not safe as the flow can cover your mucus.
  • In long cycles, the dry days after menses will be safe.
  • Safe days start after high slippery mucus decreases and becomes sticky again. The dry days that follow these are also safe.
  • Unsafe days start two to three days before you notice slippery mucus. They will remain for three days after slippery mucus increases.

You should abstain from unprotected sex for at least one full cycle before you understand this method completely.

The Two-Day Method:

It is also a mucus method which works best for those who are sure about their mucus secretions (8). Ask these two questions to yourself:

  • Did I secrete mucus today?
  • Did I secrete mucus yesterday?

If the answer is no, then it is a safe day for unprotected vaginal intercourse. Women who rely on this method will have 12 safe days for each cycle.

The Effectiveness Of Cervical Mucus Method:
  • For every 100 couples who use this method perfectly for one year, three women get pregnant.
  • For every 100 couples who use two-day mucus method for one year, four women get pregnant.
  • This method is not effective for those who do not produce mucus. Women who ovulate on day seven or eight will have petite mucus.

3. Calendar Or Rhythm Method:

You should maintain a record of the length of each menstrual cycle to know your fertile period. You can take an ordinary calendar and circle the first day of your period. Count the number of days present in each cycle, including the first day. Do it for eight to 12 continuous cycles (9).

Record of Menstrual Cycles:
Day One of PeriodNo. of Days in Cycle
 Jan 10 29
 Feb 8 28
 Mar 7 29
 Apr 5 29
 May 4 26
 May 30 28
Jun 27 30
Jul 27 27

Do not use this method if most of the cycles are less than 27 days.

Chart The Calendar Pattern:

For predicting the first fertile day in your present cycle:

  • Check for the shortest cycle from the record.
  • Deduct18 from the total number of days.
  • Count that resultant number of days from the first day of your current cycle, and name the day as X.
  • This day X is your first fertile day.

For predicting the last fertile day in your present cycle:

  • Check for the longest cycle from the record.
  • Deduct 11 days from the total number of days.
  • Count that number of days from the first day of your present cycle, and name it as X.
  • This day X is your last fertile day.

This example may help you understand better:

To predict your first fertile day: Assume that your shortest cycle is 26 days, take off 18 from 26. It gives you eight. If the first day of your period is 1st, the day you name X is 8th. This would be the first day you are most likely to be fertile. You should abstain from unprotected sex from this day.

To predict your last fertile day: Assume that your longest cycle is 30 days, take off 11 from 30. It gives you 19. If the first day of your period is 1st, the day you name X is 19th. This would be your last day of fertility. So, you can indulge in unprotected sex after this day.

photo of the safe period chart

The Effectiveness Of Calendar Method:
  • It just predicts the most likely fertile days. Do not have unprotected sex in those days by any chance.
  • It is risky if your cycles keep varying in length. Therefore, you should always use this with other fertility awareness methods.

Some people use rhythm method with a pull-out or withdrawal. However, you should avoid it especially if you are young, as pull-out requires great self-control, experience, and trust. Using caps or condoms is better to prevent pregnancy when you are not sure about your safe days.

4. Symptothermal Method:

This method is a combination of the above mentioned three fertility awareness method (10).

The signs of one FAM will confirm those of the other method. It will be more accurate than the others as you base your predictions on three methods. For instance, tracking your cervical mucus pattern will be helpful when your temperature patterns change due to emotional stress or illness. Moreover, you can identify more safe days to have unprotected sex than by using one method.

You can keep a track of your fertile times by using a fertility pattern chart.

Post-Ovulation Method:

It is another combined method. The days starting from the first day of your period to the fourth day after predicted ovulation are considered to be fertile days. It means you will have very limited safe days, i.e., less than half of a cycle.

The Effectiveness Of Symptothermal Method:

For every 100 couples who rely on this method perfectly for one year, 0.4 (less than one woman) of them gets pregnant.

5. Standard Days Method:

It is like the calendar method which can track your menstrual cycle (11). It is simple but you can use it only if:

  • Your cycles are regular.
  • Your cycle is never longer than 32 days and shorter than 26 days.
  • You do not indulge in unprotected sex from 8th to 19th day in a cycle.

This method uses unique strings of beads, called CycleBeads, which help keep a track of your cycles. You will have 33 colored beads on a string and a movable rubber ring.

  • The first bead is black and has a white arrow
  • The following bead is red
  • The next six beads are brown
  • The following 12 are white
  • The last 13 are brown

Each bead represents a day except the black colored one.

  • On day one, i.e., the first day of the period, put the rubber ring on a red bead.
  • Move the ring from one bead to another every day in the direction of the arrow.
  • Brown beads represent safe days. You can indulge in unprotected intercourse if the ring is on any one of them.
  • White beads represent unsafe days. You should not have unprotected intercourse if the ring is on any of the white ones.
Standard Days Method

Image: irh.org

The Effectiveness Of Standard Days Method:

For every 100 couples who follow this method perfectly for one year, five women are likely to get pregnant.

The factors that affect the standard day method are:

  • The use of hormonal and emergency contraceptives
  • Intrauterine devices
  • Breastfeeding
  • A recent pregnancy

How Effective Are FAMs In Preventing Pregnancy?

The statistics show that among every 100 couples who use fertility awareness methods for one year, 24 women are likely to get pregnant. The deviations mostly happen if you do not use the methods correctly or consistently. If you practice FAMs appropriately, one to nine women have the probability of getting pregnant.

These methods will work effectively if you:

  • Follow the instructions carefully.
  • Have a single sex partner, who is also are committed to FAMs.
  • Check and chart your fertility signs.
  • Do not mind using pull-out, diaphragm or a cervical cap, spermicide, sponge, latex or female condoms on fertile days.

The fertility awareness based methods can be effective only if your partner cooperates with you. This is the reason why both should know about these methods.

Advantages Of Using FAMs For Avoiding Pregnancy:

  • Inexpensive, convenient and safe to use (as no hormones or devices are used).
  • Develop communication, responsibility, and cooperation among partners.
  • Helpful in establishing an optimum fertility phase to plan a pregnancy.
  • Helps you track and improve premenstrual syndrome (PMS) symptoms.
  • Acceptable for those couples with religious concerns about artificial contraceptive methods.
  • No medications involved.
  • You can get calendars, charts, and thermometers easily.

Disadvantages Of Using FAMs:

  • The failure rate is high as an accurate prediction of fertility is difficult.
  • There will be no protection against sexually transmitted infections.
  • You should keep a close track of your infertile days.
  • Taking any medicine can affect the signs of these methods.
    You should abstain from sex or use a contraceptive for about 10 fertile days in each cycle.

You cannot depend on FAMs if:

  • Your periods are irregular.
  • Your partner is not cooperative.
  • You have any STIs or abnormal vaginal discharge.
  • You cannot keep a track of cycles.
  • You are breastfeeding, in teenage or nearing menopause stage as hormonal changes may affect the signs.
  • You had recently taken a contraceptive.

How Can You Have A Safe And Enjoyable Sex?

Now you know about the safe days for having unprotected sex, here are some ways to have safe and enjoyable sex.

1. Get A Test:

You can only be relaxed when you and your partner are infection-free and clean. Schedule regular visits to your doctor to make sure you are not carrying any infections. It is advisable for women to visit a gynecologist once a year for Pap smears and pelvic examinations to check if they carry any viral sexually transmitted diseases.

2. Condoms:

They are better than any other contraceptive method to enjoy safe sex. They prevent unplanned pregnancies and also the risk of STIs. Though they are not 100% safe, they are known to reduce HIV by 85% and genital herpes by 30%. Develop the habit of using them.

3. Lubricants:

Vaginal lubrication will enhance sexual pleasure for you and your partner. You cannot enjoy sex if the vagina is dry as it can lead to irritation, pain, and injury. Oil, water, and silicone-based lubricants are available in the market.

4. Have That Anticipation:

You can try out different ways to build that anticipation in your partner. Buy some interesting stuff or leave a message to him about having a perfect intercourse. It will enhance your moods.

5. Try New Positions and Places:

Do not always use the bed. You can try various locations and positions to have more fun. Having an intercourse while taking a bath would be interesting. Having it in a hidden place in a public spot can be exciting. Do some research on best sex positions and add spice to your experience.

6. Sex Toys:

They can bring pleasure to your sex life. You can get various dildos, vibrators, feathers, massage oils, flavored lubricants and colored condoms to enhance your fun.

7. Sex Play:

Sex play can make your act exciting and adventurous. Playing strip poker or the adult version of truth or dare can make it enjoyable.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Can I have sex during my period?

Yes, you can have sex on your period unless you are uncomfortable. You may feel inconvenient as it can be messy because of the oozing blood. But for many, libido increases during periods. You might have a chance to contract sexually transmitted diseases, so, use contraception.

2. How many days after period do I ovulate?

Ovulation occurs 14 days after your period, if your cycle is regular. If you have an average 28-day menstrual cycle, you will ovulate around 14th day. If the cycle ranges from 26 to 32 days, you will ovulate anytime between 12th and 19th day.

3. Are there any chances of getting pregnant if I have sex right after my period?

The probability is low. Your chances of getting pregnant increase as you move into your fertility window. Having intercourse without contraception can increase the chances of pregnancy during your fertile period.

4. When can a woman not get pregnant?

There is no particular phase when a woman cannot get pregnant as ovulation and menstrual cycles are unpredictable at times. However, you can use certain fertility awareness based methods to track your safe sex days so as not to conceive.

Hope you have got a clear understanding of the safe period to avoid pregnancy. Do share your experiences in the comments section.

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Rebecca Malachi

"I believe words have power. They are a powerful tool for a creative soul. Being a 'word addict', I express my thoughts and contribute articles on health, wellness and beauty. Apart from writing, I love listening to gospel music and enjoy observing nature in silence."
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  • Haj Bashir

    need more information about family planning

    • kapere_mirundi

      Produce and plan for your family…

  • Niharika

    Hi Nkiru, the most effective time to conceive is to have intercourse is during your fertile window, which can last up to six days every month. These six days are the five days leading up to, and the day of, ovulation, when your body releases an egg. If you have a 28-day menstrual cycle, you’re likely to ovulate around the middle of your cycle. If you have a short cycle, you could ovulate within days of your period ending. A long cycle could mean that you won’t ovulate until two weeks after your period has ended. It is best to have sex every two to three days throughout your cycle. Also, sex every two to three days improves the quality of sperm compared to daily sex.

  • Niharika

    Hi Keletso, usually day 1 to day 7 and day 21 to rest of the cycle are known to be safe days or your safe period to engage in intercourse without the risk of getting pregnant. As you had unprotected sex on 21st and 22nd day of your cycle you might be in the safe zone. However it does not rule out the probability of your pregnancy. Unprotected sex and giving a miss to contraceptive pill can lead to pregnancy.

    • Chhavi

      Hey niharika I am 24 yr married 8 months ago. I hady period on 4 July and then I suffered from typhoid. When I took medicine I again started bleeding on 16 July. Now it’s 6 August I did not have my period till now. Am I pregnant?

      • Niharika

        Hi Chhavi, sometimes due to certain medication and health conditions or weakness can lead to irregular periods like bleeding twice in a month or missed periods. So a delay of one or two weeks can happen..so wait for a while and if your periods do not occur in a couple of weeks then take a pregnancy test or consult your doctor.

  • ram tiwary

    I want to ask wheather my wife is pregnant or not? We had unprotected sex but m sure none of sperm were left inside but my wife should get her period since today but she hadnt got is she pregnant?

    • Niharika

      Hello Ram, a delay in period for few days or sometimes a week is normal. Stress, hormonal imbalance or any nutritional deficiency can delay periods. So if the periods do not occur in one or two weeks then consult a gynecologist.

  • Niharika

    Glad to help you Ram :-)

  • Niharika

    Hi Ram, abdominal pain before periods can be normal… the pain eventually will subside once the period flow stops.

  • Niharika

    Hi Chhavi, you can count your cycle from 16th of July.

  • Niharika

    Hi Nathan, when it comes to calculating safe period, day 1 to day 7 and day 21 to rest of the cycle are known to be safe days or your safe period. The method is perfect only for women whose menstrual cycles are regular, i.e., 25 to 32 days cycles. Opting to have sex during the ‘safe period’ isn’t fool-proof though. Using condoms along with other contraceptive methods like the oral pills are advised to prevent unwanted pregnancies. As you had intercourse on 4th day of her cycle, then most probably she will not get pregnant, however we cannot be sure about that till her next periods.

  • nezar lopez

    @Keletso are you now pregnant?

  • Niharika

    Hi Azariah, the only way to confirm if she is pregnant or not is by taking a pregnancy test. Usually days close to the menses are considered to be safe as the chances of getting pregnant is very low and also without penetration, pregnancy may not occur. However it is better to take a test instead of guessing.

  • Niharika

    Hi Merliah, sometimes there can be a delay in periods for a couple of days or a week. Keep a tab on other symptoms as well. If your periods do not occur in a couple of days….wait for two or three weeks and then take a home pregnancy test.

  • Niharika

    Dear Suzzy, day 1 to day 7 and day 21 to rest of the menstrual cycle are known to be safe days or your safe period. As you had intercourse on 16th day of your cycle it is possible that you might conceive. If your next periods get delayed by couple of weeks then take a home pregnancy test.

  • Niharika

    Hi Km, as you had unprotected sex, it is possible that you might conceive. If you have a regular cycle then the days between 3rd august to 16th august will be your ovulation phase. As you intercourse during this time then it is possible that you might have conceived. However, take a home pregnancy test or consult a gynecologist.

  • Niharika

    Hi Anju, bleeding or periods may sometimes occur after implantation. So wait till your next periods and if there is a delay of two or more weeks then take a home pregnancy test.

  • Niharika

    Hi Azariah, it is possible that your wife may be under stress or going through some hormonal changes. Sometimes improper diet, over exercise, sudden loss of weight may delay periods. Do visit a doctor and get a check up done.

  • Niharika

    Hi Snadeep, it is safe to have a natural sex if she is on the pill.

  • Niharika

    Hi Sushmita, usually when it comes to calculating your safe period to avoid pregnancy it is day 1 to day 7 and day 21 to rest of the cycle. These are the days when you are unlikely to get pregnant despite having an unprotected sex. However if you are looking to avoid pregnancy then take precautions such as condoms or birth control pills or you can take an emergency pill within 72 hours after sex.

  • Niharika

    Hi Snadeep, there is nothing to be worried about… if you are looking to avoid pregnancy then take birth control measures. If her period occurs then it is the wish of your wife to indulge in sex or not.

  • Niharika

    Hi Susmita, there is nothing you can do right now.. but to wait and check. Look out for any symptoms and consult a gynecologist. The next time take some measures if you want to avoid pregnancy… you can discuss that too with your gyne.

  • Niharika

    Hi Deena, as your periods started on 9th then your fertile window is between 8th – 21st days of the cycle. As per the calculation the day you had sex was 10th day of the cycle so if you were ovulating around that time then it is possible to get pregnant. Yo can wait till your next period and if there is a delay by more than two weeks then take a pregnancy test at home or visit your gynecologist.

  • Niharika

    Hi… for your convenience there is a safe period calculator, below third para of the article. You can enter the dates of your cycle there and it will provide you the result of your safe period or safe days.

  • Niharika

    Glad to help you anju :-)

  • Niharika

    Hi Red, sometimes a delay in periods is possible due to stress, any nutritional deficiency or if she is on any medication. So wait for a couple of days and if she does not get her periods in one or two weeks then ask her to take a home pregnancy test.

  • Niharika

    Hi Ayan, usually the first seven days from the date of periods is considered as safe days. According to it Aug 17 is eighth or ninth day of your cycle. Secondly if you taken an emergency pill with in 36-72 hours after sex then then possibility of you getting pregnant is very less. So need not worry now… wait till your next periods… and if there is delay by one or two weeks then take a pregnancy test.

  • Niharika

    Hi Jing, chances of getting pregnant by indulging in protected sex is almost negligible unless or until there was an incident of broken condom or something similar. Sometimes there can be reasons of missed periods apart from pregnancy like any nutritional deficiency, stress, major weight loss or over exercising or thyroid irregularity etc. Wait for a couple of days…if your period do not occur in few days then consult a doctor who can assist you to know the cause of irregularity.

  • Niharika

    Hi Gloria, getting pregnant by having an intercourse on the last day of your periods is not impossible but happens rarely. One can get pregnant on the last day of your period for those who have long menstrual cycles. If you did a withdrawal method and if their was no exchange of fluids then it is highly unlikely that you get get pregnant.

  • Niharika

    Hi Cristine, emergency pil/ contraception is a way to prevent pregnancy after unprotected sex. Often called the morning-after pill, emergency contraception pills (ECPs) are hormone pills that women can take after having sex. There are different types of ECPs. One type, levonorgestrel (brand names: Plan B and Next Choice), has been on the market for a while. It works best up to 72 hours after having unprotected sex, but will reduce the risk of pregnancy if taken within 120 hrs (5 days) after unprotected sex. The other type, ulipristal acetate (brand name: ella), can be taken up to 5 days after unprotected intercourse.

  • Niharika

    Dear Cristine, it is too early to say if you are pregnant or not. Conception itself can occur anywhere between a few hours and 5 days after intercourse. This is because sperm can live inside your uterus and fallopian tubes for up to 5 days. If during that period you ovulate (release and egg from your ovary), then the sperm can come into contact with the ovum to make an embryo. So wait till your next menstrual cycle and if your periods do occur on time then take a home pregnancy test.

  • Niharika

    Dear Ayan, as you have taken precautions and also took birth control pills then, you need not worry much. Next time always be sure to indulge in protected intercourse.

  • Niharika

    Hi Jen, usually the first seven days and last seven days of the menstrual cycle is considered safe time to have sex to avoid pregnancy. However the date you had intercourse falls out of this. So it is possible get you can get pregnant…you may or may not..depending n the availability i.e if your ovary has released an egg or not. If your are looking to avoid pregnancy then it would be possible to take an emergency pill within 72-120 hours of intercourse.

  • Niharika

    Ovulation spotting is actually considered to be a sign of fertility by many experts. The luteinizing hormone is very active, so it leads to a rupture in the ovarian follicle and the egg eventually escapes, finding its way to the uterus, through the Fallopian tubes. A small amount of blood flows, because of the rupture, and this is the brownish or pinkish blood you find on your underwear or toilet tissue. So, if the amount of blood is very small, you have absolutely no reason to worry. Even more, you should be pleased of your great fertility, especially if you and your partner are trying to become parents.

  • Niharika

    Hi Mona, usually when it comes to calculating your safe period, day 1 to day 7 and day 21 to rest of the cycle are known to be “safe days” or your “safe period”. As you had intercourse on 24 Aug, this date falls under the safe period. However you need to take precautions to avoid pregnancy, as the safe period varies from woman to woman and it depends on the menstrual cycle.

  • Niharika

    Hi Nancy…yes it is possible that you can get pregnant if you ovulate around that time. If you wish to avoid pregnancy then follow a birth control method next time. Take an emergency pill within 72 hours of intercourse this time.

  • Niharika

    Hi Chi, if your period gets delayed by two or more weeks then take a home pregnancy test to confirm if you are pregnant or not.

  • Niharika

    Dear Agnes, if the doctor has suggested that it can be fibroids, then get the necessary tests done to know if that is the cause or not.

  • Niharika

    Hi Hana, if you had an unprotected intercourse, then yes…there is a possibility of you getting pregnant. Usually the first seven days from the date of your periods and the last seven days of the cycle is the safe period where you are unlikely to get pregnant but as in your case it was on the 14th day of the cycle then there can be the possibility of pregnancy.

  • Niharika

    Hi Chi, can you please be a little more specific about the dates..i understand that your periods started on 2nd August, so did you have intercourse 28th july or 28th august..? this will help me to answer your query well..

  • Izaan Winchester

    Ok I’m confused please help me out here cause I’m a guy. Let’s say the girls starts her period on the 1st, does that mean she starts bleeding on the 1st? (pardon my rude manner of speaking) and if it starts on the 1st, when are the days that it is safe also let’s say their period last 32 days

    • Niharika

      Hi Izaan, if the cycle for about 32 days then considering that the girl’s period or bleeding starts on 1st September. According to the safe calculator method 1st September to 7th Sept and then again 26th sept to 2nd oct is considered as safe period to have natural intercourse. However if you would like to avoid unwanted pregnancy then it would be advisable to take precaution or follow a birth control method always.

  • basu raj

    i am 5 weeks pregnant pls tell me tablet name

    • Niharika

      Hi Basu, can you please be specific as to for purpose do you need the tablet for.

  • Niharika

    Hi Angela, if you regular cycle of 28-32 days then you will get your next period around 10-16 September. Periods may occur early or delay depending upon your health condition.

  • Niharika

    Hi Izaan, menstrual blood is nothing but normal human blood mixed with tissues lining the uterus. Contact with menstrual blood is not harmful in any way. If your partner has a STD, you have a high chance of contracting it and you should be using a condom during intercourse, both during periods and otherwise.

  • Niharika

    Dear Agnes, panadol drug is used to treat mild to moderate pain (from headaches, menstrual periods, toothaches, backaches, osteoarthritis, or cold/flu aches and pains) and to reduce fever. This may not help you to prevent pregnancy. If you had an unprotected sex then take an emergency pill or i-pill within 72 hours of sexual intercourse.

  • Upasana Roy

    hii

  • Meena

    i had sex on 6th aug and 8th aug . 6th was my 1st day of my prds. i had taken ipill on 8th and used protection both times.. again i had sex on 28th-29th aug and took ipill again and used protection. now my prd is late. is thr any chnge of my pregnancy??

    • Niharika

      Hi Meena, as you used protection all the time while having intercourse, also an i pill then you are not likely to get pregnant. Using an i pill can sometimes delay the periods or it may occur soon too. So do not worry, wait for a couple of more days. If your periods are delayed by two or three weeks then consult a gynecologist.

  • Niharika

    Hi Upasana, as you used protection all the time while having intercourse, also an i pill then you are not likely to get pregnant. Using an i pill can sometimes delay the periods or it may occur soon too. So do not worry, wait for a couple of more days. A delay of couple of days in periods is nothing to be worried about. If your periods are delayed by two or three weeks then consult a gynecologist.

  • Niharika

    Hi Meena, taking an i pill may result in delayed periods sometimes, so wait for a week or so. If your periods do not occur even after two weeks of your due date then consult a gynecologist as missed periods can also mean other health conditions like stress, nutritional deficiency etc.

  • Niharika

    Dear Meena, yes…increased vaginal discharge can indicate pregnancy. The amount of vaginal discharge varies throughout your menstrual cycle (brown discharge is usually the end of your period) and most pregnant women will get a pregnancy discharge. Most women find vaginal discharge increases when they are pregnant – this is quite normal and happens for a few reasons.

  • Niharika

    Dear Sly, usually to avoid unwanted pregnancy it is safe to have sex in a natural way during the safe period which falls between day 1 to day 7 and day 21 to rest of the cycle. The method of calculating safe days is perfect only for women whose menstrual cycles are regular, i.e., 25 to 32 days cycles.

  • Niharika

    Dear Mickeey, if your menstrual cycle is regular, i.e., 25 to 32 days cycles, then according to that Aug 20 to Aug 27 are safe days, that is you may not ovulate around this time therefore that makes your chances of becoming pregnant will be nil. However if you have ovulated around that time then there are chances of you becoming pregnant. Always keep a track of days you ovulate and have a protected sex then or follow a birth control method.

  • Niharika

    Dear Bel, If you have a 28-day pack, start a new pack immediately after you finish the old one. If you have a 21-day pack, take one pill every day for 21 days, no pills for seven days, then start the new pack immediately. Use can use other forms of birth control like condoms to prevent pregnancy during the space between the pills.

  • Niharika

    Hi Secret admirer, usually day one of menstrual periods is the first day, and when it comes to calculating the safe period, day 1 to day 7 and day 21 to rest of the cycle are known to be “safe days” or your “safe period”. That is starting from the day 1 to the next seven days it is safe to have sex and after seventh day it would be wise to use protection.

    • neha patil

      Hi…niharika….my last period date is 15 sep but after 10 day I hv seen white n thick fluid during urination…till today I hv also feel in my vagina… Before in life nothing happen like this…why its occurring….n 1 thing we r in precaution in pregnancy….means protected sex

      • Niharika

        Dear Neha, thick, white discharge is common at the beginning and end of your cycle. Normal vaginal discharge has several purposes: cleaning and moistening the vagina, and helping to prevent and fight infections. Although it’s normal for the color, texture, and amount of vaginal fluids to vary throughout a girl’s menstrual cycle, some changes in discharge may indicate a problem. Before ovulation (the release of the egg), there is a lot of mucous produced, up to 30 times more than after ovulation. It is also more watery and elastic during that phase of your cycle. The things to be worried about include if the discharge has a yellow or green color, is clumpy like cottage cheese, or has a bad odor. If you are worried, see a doctor.

  • Niharika

    Yes @secret admirer…. from 8th day of your cycle to 21st day of your cycle would be unsafe to have unprotected sex if you want to avoid pregnancy. It would be wise to use protection or follow a birth control method. Generally the ovulation time may vary for each woman and can occur at any time from day 12 to day 19 of the menstrual cycle. So taking precautions would be wise.

  • Niharika

    Dear Damaris, the safe period days calculating method is perfect only for women whose menstrual cycles are regular, i.e., 25 to 32 days cycles. If you are not sure about your cycle and the duration of your cycle then it would be advisable to have a protected sex and adopt a birth control method.

  • Niharika

    Hi Damaris, if your periods are regular then yes, the days between September 16 – September 22 and the days between October 6 – 16 October will be your safe period and the days that you can avoid unwanted pregnancy.

  • Niharika

    Hi Raju, getting pregnant despite having a protected sex is unlikely. However, wait for a couple of days and if still her periods do not occur then ask her to take a home pregnancy test. It is possible for the periods to delayed by few days, which is nothing to be worried about. But if it gets delayed by more than two weeks then consult a gynecologist.

  • Niharika

    Yes Damaris, if your periods and the cycle is regular then according to the calculation you can indulge in unprotected sex during those safe days.

  • Niharika

    Hi Taskin, having an unprotected sex can lead to pregnancy. But apart from pregnancy, missed periods can happen due to stress, thyroid imbalance, excessive exercise or major weightloss, PCOS etc. Take a home pregnancy test in a couple of days and if the result is negative and if your periods haven’t occurred then consult a gynecologist.

  • Niharika

    You are welcome neha :-) Glad to be of help to you…

  • Niharika

    Hi Dalia, as you have taken an ipill within two hours of unprotected sex, then you are not likely to get pregnant. Sometimes, emergency contraception can change the length of your monthly menstrual cycle, making your next period come as much as a week earlier or a week later than usual. Some women also find that the hormones in the pills can cause unexpected bleeding, but this is not a common or serious side effect. If your next period is late, you might consider getting a pregnancy test.

  • Niharika

    Hi Cymar, according to the safe period calculation method, the days between September 12 to September 18 and October 2 to October 10 are safe to have natural sex. Apart from these days the rest of the time, it is wise to indulge in protected sex to avoid unwanted pregnancy. As you had unprotected sex on the 19th and 20th September, it is difficult to predict that you are pregnant or not. You need to wait till your next period and if that is delayed by one or two weeks then take a home pregnancy test.

  • Loretta marlon

    Hello the first day of my last period was on the 14th of September and am planing to have sex today am I save?

    • Niharika

      Hi Loretta, according to the safe period calculation method, if your cycle is regular and if your cycle is of 28-29 days then the period between September 14 to Sunday, September 20 and October 4 to October 13 is safe to have intercourse in natural manner.

  • Niharika

    Hi Zy, if your cycle is regular and if it is of 29-30 days of cycle then the period between September 8 to September 14 and September 28 to October 7 is safe. Anything in between, that is if you had an unprotected sex may lead to pregnancy. If you have missed your next period by more than two weeks then take a home pregnancy test.

  • Niharika

    Hi Rebeccah, according to the safe period calculation, if your menstrual cycle lasts for 28-29 days the your safe days are between, October 1 to October 7 and then between October 21 to October 30. Any days in the rest of your cycle, you need to follow a birth control method or go for a protected intercourse to avoid unwanted pregnancy.

  • Niharika

    Hi Siva, if you have used withdrawal method then it is likely that you are not pregnant. Pain in your breast can be the symptom of periods, as your date gets closer to periods. Wait for a couple of days, if your periods do not come in a one or two two weeks then consult a gynecologist.

  • Niharika

    Yes Magallanes, for the month of october, if your menstrual cycles is of 28-29 days then the days between October 9 to October 15 and October 29 to November 6 is your safe period to have sex in a natural manner.

  • Sona

    Hi my last day of period was 11th sept 2015.i have unprotected sex on 7th oct before my next periods. And my cycle are usually of 30 days. But till yet my periods are not come. I test two time the result was negitive. I m pregnant?

  • Sonal

    Hi, i havre unprotected sex on 7th oct and my last period was started on 11th sept, my period cycle are usually of 30 days. But till yet my periods not come, i test at home 2 times on diffrent days the result was negitive. I dont understand the reason for my late periods..
    Pls help me ..

    • Niharika

      Hi Sonal, sometimes delay in periods can occur due to various reasons other that pregnancy. Before you take a home pregnancy test you need to wait for at least 14-16 days after you miss your periods. Also the test has to be taken early in the morning during the first urination. If this does not help then visit a gynecologist.

  • Niharika

    Hi Damaris, menstrual cycle for a woman can be around 26-30 days. According to your last period date for the month of September was 16th and your periods for the month of October is 13th..which is normal and nothing to be worried. It is possible that your cycle is around 26-28 days. Periods can occur a little early than the due date or sometimes there can be a delay by a week or so.

  • Niharika

    Dear Sonal, light pink discharge can mean spotting or implantation bleeding. It would be advisable for you to consult a gynecologist. The doctor may suggest you to take appropriate tests to determine the exact reason of this unusual bleeding.

  • Niharika

    Dear Siva, if you are looking to avoid unwanted pregnancy then you can make love to your wife in natural manner (that is without using a withdrawal method) between day 1 to day 7 and day 21 to rest of the cycle where day one of menstrual periods is considered as the first day.

  • Niharika

    Glad to be of help to you Damaris :-)

  • Niharika

    Dear Sonal….if you are pregnant then it will reflect on your results. Also, if the test is taken too early then there is a possibility that you may not receive a right results. So wait for a couple of weeks and then take the test again or you can also consult your gynecologist and discuss your period issues.

  • Niharika

    Dear Lyneves, the normal menstrual cycle varies from 24-48 days, and in your case according to your period dates, your cycle is around 48 days. To confirm that you need to keep the track of your next period too… if it is not around 45-48 days then you may be facing irregular periods and in that case, you will need to consult your gynecologist. Secondly, if your cycle is regular then you can use this method to calculate your safe days. Your safe days would be August 28 to September 3 and between October 8 to October 14, 2015.

    • Lyneves

      my last 6 periods was 9th April, 29th may, 16th july, 28th aug and 15th Oct after I delived a bay on Nov 25th is is bcoz of brestfeeding that my periods are ireegular? Now wht is my next safe days from 15th Oct 2015

  • Niharika

    Hi Aakriti, the first seven days from the first day of the periods are considered to be safe days. So according the the safe day calculation method…if you ovulate around 17th..then there can be the possibility of a pregnancy. You can take an emergency pill within 72 hours of unprotected intercourse to avoid unwanted pregnancy.

  • Niharika

    Hi Bernice, it is true and possible that a women can become pregnant in the scenario mentioned by you that is if the ovulation begins in the start of the cycle. Usually the ovulation takes place in the middle of the cycle but if a women ovulates in the start of the cycle then she can become pregnant.

  • Niharika

    Hi Pooja, usually seven days prior to the due date of your periods or from the day 21 of your cycle, it is considered to be safe for unprotected sex. Wait for a couple of days, there may be a delay in periods by few days. If your periods do not arrive in a couple of weeks then take a home pregnancy test.

  • Niharika

    Dear Rochelle, if you have a regular cycle then according to the safe period calculator, October 23rd is close to your periods. You are unlikely to get pregnant by having an unprotected sex close to your periods.

  • Niharika

    Hello Sonal, ovulation cramps comes on suddenly and without warning. It occurs about two weeks before your menstrual period starts. It often lasts only minutes, but may last a few hours or even up 24 hours. Look out for other symptoms and if your next periods get delayed by a couple of weeks then take a home pregnancy test.

  • Niharika

    Dear Sonal, you can take most home pregnancy tests three to four days before your missed period — but if you test too early, you’re more likely to get a false negative, where the test says you’re not pregnant but you really are…

  • christ

    Hi.. Nihareka, the last period is 16th or 17th of oct, and we’ve unprotected sex on 30th of Oct (late pull out, few are inside and few are out…late withdrawal) there are possibility safe.. or tendency getting preg?

    • Niharika

      Hi Christ, if you had an unprotected sex around the time of your ovulation, then there is a possibility of your pregnancy. If you wish to avoid a pregnancy then you can opt for an emergency pill within 72 hours of sex.

  • Niharika

    Hi Poedel, when it comes to calculating the safe period, day 1 to day 7 and day 21 to rest of the cycle are known to be “safe days” or “safe period”. The method is perfect only for women whose menstrual cycles are regular. October 26, 2015 to November 1 and November 16 till the next period to safe time to have unprotected sex.

  • Niharika

    Dear Roky, according to the safe period calculator method, if the cycle is regular then 22nd October will be the 18th day of your cycle which may pose the risk of you getting pregnant if a sperm reaches your vagina and if you ovulate around the same time. Next time if you want to avoid such situations then instead of inserting your fingers, take an emergency i-pill within 72 hours of sex.

  • Niharika

    Hi Angel, if you have used protection or the withdrawal method then there is very remote chances of you getting pregnant. However if you are doubtful then, take a home pregnancy test if you have missed your periods by a couple of weeks after your due date.

  • Niharika

    Hi Martyns, once your periods are back post child birth, then it would be wise to use protection or calculate safe days/ period, if you wish to avoid another pregnancy.

  • Niharika

    Hi Dhanu, if your girlfriend has missed her periods for more than a month then ask her to take a home pregnancy test, that will help to remove your doubts. Or else she can consult a gyneacologist, who can diagnose the the cause behind the delayed periods.

  • Niharika

    Hello Aa, sometimes a woman can become pregnant as soon as two to three weeks after giving birth, even if she has not yet had a period. Some doctors say that the first few months following giving birth are one of the most fertile times for a woman. There are, however, a few different things that will determine just how fertile a woman is after giving birth. If you are not solely breastfeeding, it is important to make sure to be on some form of birth control pretty much right away. The time after giving birth is a very fertile time, and women should make sure that they are having protected sex.

  • Niharika

    Hi Alexa, it is highly unlikely to get pregnant if you have sex in the first 7 days of your periods.

  • Kaye

    Hello. My period was November 29th and I had protected sex December 5th with my ex. I had unprotected sex December 12th which was the first day of ovulation with my current boyfriend. My cycle is usually 29 days. Can I be pregnant from my December 5th encounter if sperm can live for up to 7 days?

    • Niharika

      Hi Kaye, as you have stated that you had a protected sex on December 5th and also, it fall under the safe days, being the seventh day of your cycle. So it is unlikely for you to get pregnant. Sperms can live upto five days inside a woman’s body depending on the conditions. Secondly, you are likely to get pregnant in the second scenario, where you had an unprotected sex on December 12th, during the time of your ovulation.

  • Niharika

    Hi Samantha, usually the first seven days of the cycle and from 21st day to the rest of the cycle, it is known to be safe or safe period to have an unprotected sex. Therefore, you shouldn’t worry much. If you find any signals or symptoms, consult a doctor or take the pregnancy test.

  • Niharika

    Terminating a pregnancy should be a mutual decision. Therefore, you can discuss this issue with your partner. Also, consult a doctor who can help and guide you with the procedure.

  • Niharika

    Hello Third, the method of calculating safe period or safe days is for the women whose menstrual cycles are regular. If your girlfriend’s cycle is regular then, Dec 27, 2015 is the Day 1 of her cycle and day 1 to day 7 and day 21 to rest of the cycle are known to be safe days or safe period. So Jan 2, 2016 is day 7, hence is will be safe.

  • Niharika

    Hi pula, if you have missed your period for more than a week or so…then it would be wise to take a home pregnancy test or consult a gynecologist. Also, remember that a delayed periods can sometimes be due to stress, nutritional deficiency, major weight loss or hormonal imbalance. Take good care of yourself, consume a health diet and get sufficient sleep. Hope this helps.

  • Niharika

    Hi Rebeca, if cycle is regular then, the first day of your periods (i.e January 2) is considered as the Day 1 of your cycle. So, according to the safe period calculator, day 1 to day 7 and day 21 to rest of the cycle are known to be safe days or your safe period. This method works perfectly only if your menstrual cycles are regular, i.e., 25 to 32 days cycles.

  • Niharika

    Yes Projesh, if the sperm comes in contact with the vagina around the time of ovulation then there is possibility of getting pregnant.

  • Niharika

    Hello Faith, according to the safe period calculator, your safe period falls under December 24, 2015 to December 30, 2015 and January 13, 2016 to January 21, 2016. Any day in between these days where you have an unprotected sex can lead to pregnancy, cause you might be ovulating around that time.

  • Niharika

    Hi Harry, it is absolutely possible to become pregnant even if you do not ejaculate, or did not ejaculate during intercourse. The most reliable methods of birth control involve the use of either a contraceptive medication, such as birth control pills, or a barrier, such as a condom. Also, if your partner experiences irregular periods then it would be wise for her to consult a gynecologist.

  • Niharika

    Hi, as your partner’s period started on the 8th of January, according to the safe period method calculator, an unprotected sex after January 14, may put her at the risk of pregnancy. If you would like to avoid unwanted pregnancy then your partner can take an emergency contraceptive pill within 72 hours of unsafe sex. Meanwhile, wait for her next periods to arrive. If her periods are delayed by a week or so, then take a home pregnancy test.

  • Niharika

    Hi Sanly, to calculate your safe period, it is important to know the duration of your cycle. You can also calculate this by yourself with the help of the calculator given in the article above.

  • Niharika

    Hello Love, according to the safe period calculator, the days between 19th to 25th january are safe for unprotected sex.

  • Niharika

    Hi Elle, your safe days would be between December 28, 2015 to January 3, 2016 and January 17, 2016 to January 25, 2016, if your cycle is of 28 days.

  • Niharika

    Hi Harry, if she is unsure about her due date of periods then look out for other symptoms of pregnancy like nausea, fatigue, frequent urination, swollen or sore breasts, change in appetite etc. If she notices any of these then take a home pregnancy test.

  • Niharika

    Hi Neil, to know or to track the fertile or your days of your ovulation you need to know the duration of your cycle. To calculate your fertile window, Day one of menstrual periods is to be the first day. day 1 to day 7 and day 21 to rest of the cycle are known to be safe days or your safe period. The days in between 7th to 21st is the time that you are most likely to be fertile.

  • sunil sihag

    Hllo Deena
    Plz tell me safe period of sex

  • Amy

    Hello Niharika

  • Niharika

    Hi Amy, yes it is possible to get pregnant by having sex without protection and also without ejaculation. There’s a myth that a girl can’t get pregnant if a boy withdraws his penis before he ejaculates. The truth is, pulling out the penis won’t stop a girl from getting pregnant. Before a boy ejaculates, there’s sperm in the pre-ejaculatory fluid, which leaks out when he gets excited.

  • Niharika

    Hi Sarita, if your cycle is a short one then it would be wise and safe to go for protected sex.

    • sarita

      Want urgent rply

  • Niharika

    Hi pro, generally the day 1 of menstrual periods is to be the first day. Day 1 to day 7 and day 21 to rest of the cycle are known to be safe days. Rest of the days in between having an unprotected sex can lead to pregnancy. This method is only for the women who cycle is regular.

  • Niharika

    Hi Gina, if had an unprotected sex then there can be a sperm live inside your vagina for a couple of days. If you do not ovulate around that time then there won’t be any risk of pregnancy.

  • Niharika

    Hi Pinky, if your cycle is regular then the first seven days from the day of your periods and last seven days leading to the day of your periods are safe.

  • Niharika

    Hi Akar, if your wife faces irregular periods, then calculating safe days would not be accurate. Hence, go for protected sex and also it would be better for your wife to consult a gynecologist to understand and regulate her monthly cycle.

  • Niharika

    Hi Lian, calculating safe periods is a method for women with a regular cycle. If your cycle is irregular then determining safe days may not give accurate results.

  • Niharika

    Hi Sryl, it all depends on when you actually ovulate, but you cannot say for sure when you will or will not ovulate. Many researchers use the monthly cycle of a woman and calculate the average risk for pregnancy. You can still become pregnant if you have unprotected sex before period. It is, therefore, a good idea to take emergency pills if you do not want to become pregnant.

  • Issa

    Hi! My last period started last april 4 and we had unprotected sex on april 8. It was followed on april 15 & 16 but used widrawal method. Is there a possibility that i can be pregnant?

    • Niharika

      Hi Issa, if your cycle is regular then the first seven days from the day of your periods are safe and unprotected sex will not lead to pregnancy. Whereas the withdrawal method may or may not be effective. So in such cases you can opt for morning after pill.

  • Niharika

    Hello Sumit, looks like your wife is facing irregular periods. Irregular periods can be caused due to a number of reasons like Eating disorders, Hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, Hyperprolactinemia, PCOS or perimenopause etc. It would be advisable to consult a doctor to know the cause and rectify the cycle.

  • Niharika

    Hi Maimai, the bleeding post-periods can be the old blood which gets discharged a couple of days later. Keep a check on the color of the blood. if it is dark red or little brownish then it is periods. If the blood is fresh and the bleeding occurs in the middle of your cycle then it could due to an infection or pregnancy. If you find the symptoms of pregnancy then take a home pregnancy test or consult a doctor.

  • Niharika

    Hello Ram, to find the safe days it is important to know the cycle and number of days. This method of calculation is only for women whose menstrual cycles are regular, i.e., 25 to 32 days cycles.

  • Niharika

    Hi Zane, the withdrawal method is usually 73-96% effective for birth control, depending on the male partner’s self-knowledge and self-control. If your periods do not arrive in another week or so, then take a home pregnancy test.

  • Niharika

    Hi Issa, if you had unprotected sex during your ovulation period then there will be a possibility you getting pregnant.

  • Niharika

    Hi Apeksha, as this is your first time then do a little research about safe sex practice. Use a protection like a condom or so and if you have missed then keep a morning-after emergency pill handy. Also, It is a very popular belief that women gain weight on their breasts and hips once they start making love. However, this is an absolute myth. There is no physiological reason why the breasts or hips should become enlarged or disfigured after a woman starts having sex. Hope this helped you.

  • Rohit

    My girl period time was started from 13th of April, We had did sex on 5 of may. my girl’s last M. cycle date was 16th of march. Now, please suggest us what should we do. using of 72 i pill or no need to be worried?

    • Niharika

      Yes Rohit, taking an emergency pill would be a good thing to do.

  • Niharika

    Glad to be of help to you, Apeksha!

  • Niharika

    Hi Joefil, if you cycle is regular and a 30 days cycle then your safe days would be April 6 – April 12 and April 29 – May 5. Sometimes periods could be delayed for a couple of days or a week due to reasons like stress, hormonal imbalance, improper diet etc. So do not worry, take sufficient rest and a good diet. If if periods do not arrive in another week or so then take a test or consult your doctor.

  • Niharika

    Hi Sam, according to safe period calculation Day 7 is considered to be safe. If you unsure and missed to take protection then you can opt to take an ipill.

  • Niharika

    Hi Sudhir, an emergency pill works 99% of the time. So, there is nothing to be worried about.

  • Niharika

    Hi Megg, safe days of your cycle can be calculated if your cycle is regular. If you would like to know whether 13th May was your safe day or not then make use of the calculator given in the article above. Enter the details and it will let you know the safe days of your month.

  • Niharika

    Hi Sujit, this method can be used to calculate only for women whose menstrual cycles are regular, i.e., 25 to 32 days cycles. You need to keep a track of your cycle and you can calculate it by yourself using the calculator given in the article above.

  • Niharika

    Hi Sumit, safe days of the cycle can be calculated by knowing the duration or no.of days of the cycle. Also, another criterion is that the cycle should be regular. the info given by you is not sufficient to know if 13th May was safe or not.

  • Niharika

    Hi Ann, to calculate the safe period it is important for you to track your cycle for couple of months. It will be applicable only if you cycle is regular.

  • Niharika

    Hi Diya, if your cycle is irregular then the safe period to avoid pregnancy method cannot be applicable to you. The method is perfect only for women whose menstrual cycles are regular, i.e., 25 to 32 days cycles.

  • Niharika

    Hi Amit, an emergency pill works 99% of the time if your partner takes it within 72 hours after you’ve had unprotected sex. So, there is nothing to be worried about.

  • Niharika

    Hi Jess, the first seven days from the first days of the periods is considered to be safe.

  • Niharika

    Hi Stella, irregular bleeding or spotting can be considered abnormal. Do consult your doctor for a proper and complete check up.

  • Kalpana Nadimpalli

    Hi,
    Pain during intercourse could depend on a lot of factors like stress, fatigue, and lack of lubrication. Vaginal lubrication will enhance sexual pleasure for you and your partner. You cannot enjoy sex if the vagina is dry as it can lead to irritation, pain and injury. You could use oil, water and silicone-based lubricants available in the market for lubrication.
    If the pain continues, you might have to consult doctor for advice.

  • Kalpana Nadimpalli

    Hi Dhruv Desai,
    If you are asking whether your girl friend will get pregnant or not, it will depend on her menstrual cycle.
    Menstrual cycle is calculated from the first day of the period to the first day of the next period. Safe period is from day 1 to 7 and day 21 to the rest of the cycle, when you can have sex without worrying about getting pregnant. However, if her cycle is longer than 28 days, then the safe period is not reliable.

  • Kalpana Nadimpalli

    Hi Hether,

    There could be other reasons for delayed period. If it delays for more than a month, please consult your doctor to understand the exact cause.

  • Kalpana

    Hi Divya,

    Your safe period is:

    Friday, February 10, 2017 to Thursday, February 16, 2017
    and
    Thursday, March 2, 2017 to Friday, March 10, 2017

  • Kalpana

    Yes, 25th of January should be the safe period for sex.

  • Kalpana

    Hi,

    If you had sex the seventh day after your period, then you will not get pregnant, because that’s a safe period. Relax!

  • ayeyi Tarana

    hi i had my menses on the 11th may,and had sex on the 21st of may could i be pregnant

    • MomJunction

      Hi,

      Yes, if you had sex on 21st May, it’s an unsafe period. There are chances of pregnancy.
      If you want to confirm, please do the home pregnancy test.

  • MomJunction

    Hi

    The average menstrual cycle is 28 days or a little less, but if your girl friend’s cycle is 30-32 days, the safe period is not reliable.

  • MomJunction

    Hi,

    May 29th is a safe period, but June 4th happens to be the unsafe period for sex. If you guys had unprotected sex, then there are chances of getting pregnant.

  • MomJunction

    Your safe period is:
    Saturday, June 3, 2017 to Friday, June 9, 2017
    and
    Friday, June 23, 2017 to Monday, July 3, 2017

    You can calculate your safe period using the calculator given on this article page. You might want to use it the next time.

  • shubham

    My periods was on 3 July nd sex on 12 July is it safe or not

    • MomJunction

      Hi,

      12th July is not a safe period.
      Your safe period is:
      Monday, July 3, 2017 to Sunday, July 9, 2017
      and
      Sunday, July 23, 2017 to Monday, July 31, 2017

  • MomJunction

    Hi,

    12th July is not a safe period.
    Your safe period is:
    Monday, July 3, 2017 to Sunday, July 9, 2017
    and
    Sunday, July 23, 2017 to Monday, July 31, 2017

  • momjunction

    Hi,
    It is usually safe to have unprotected sex on the fifth day of your menstrual cycle as the ovulation happens much later in the month. However, you need to be careful if your cycle is short, around 21 days.

  • momjunction

    Hi idowu titilayo,

    No, it is an unsafe period. Your safe period is between July 1, 2017 to July 7, 2017 and July 21, 2017 to July 30, 2017.

  • momjunction

    Hi Jheo Villahermosa,

    She is safe since you had a protected sex. You can wait for her next period, and if it doesn’t turn up, you may take a home pregnancy test since you cannot always rely on the contraception methods.

  • momjunction

    Hi,

    It is unlikely that you may get pregnant as you have taken ipill next day.Ipill is effective when taken within 72 hours.If the test is negative and you still feel that you may be a pregnant, wait for a week or so and then try the home test.

  • momjunction

    Hi,

    Your safe period is in between Aug 04 2017 to Aug 10 2017 and Aug 24 2017 to Sep 01 2017.

  • Ramya

    Hi,
    My last period was on aug23 and is a 5days lasting period usyally my cycle is of 29 to 30days.
    I had unprotected sex on sep23 which was the day to start my periods,but no sperms have been injected and hymen has broke. Till today oct 3 my periods didnt turn. Is it safe or any chance of pregnancy..??

    • momjunction

      Hi Ramya,

      Please take a home pregnancy test to confirm it.

  • momjunction

    Hi Jigu,

    You may not be safe. Because you had unprotected sex . However, please take a home pregnancy test to confirm it.

  • momjunction

    Hi,

    If it’s unprotected sex, then there are chances even if you think that you didn’t ejaculated inside her. You can take the home pregnancy test to check if she is pregnant.

  • Scott Manuel

    Thanks for providing this method for all women around here.Thanks again!

    • momjunction

      Thank you. Glad you liked it!