What Is Endometriosis & How Does It Affect Pregnancy?

endometriosis and pregnancy

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Endometriosis is the condition in which the cells from the lining of the uterus appear outside the uterine cavity. Pregnant women may suffer from endometriosis. Wondering how it can affect your pregnancy?

Well, there is no need to worry as there are many women around the world who, with proper treatment can deal with the risks associated with endometriosis in pregnancy. It is essential that you stay in touch with your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment throughout the different phases of your pregnancy.

Causes Of Endometriosis:

There have been several theories outlined by the doctors. Here are some of the causes of endometriosis:

  1. Small tissues from the uterus are passed from the uterus lining through the fallopian tubes.
  2. The tissues are rarely carried around through the lymphatic system that carries white cells to fight infection in your body.
  3. In rare cases, the small tissues may end up in your brain, eyes and lungs.
  4. Endometriosis becomes common if there is a family history. It is generally carried forward from one generation to another.
  5. Endometriosis occurs when menstrual tissue or blood backs up in your fallopian tubes.
  6. Failure of your immune system to get rid of the tissues in wrong place can result in endometriosis.
  7. Toxins may disrupt your hormonal balance.

[ Read : Hot Flushes During Pregnancy ]

Symptoms Of Endometriosis:

Here are some of the symptoms to know if you are suffering from endometriosis:

  1. Heavy periods
  2. Pain in abdomen
  3. Pain during intercourse
  4. Menstrual cramps
  5. Fatigue

Doctors suggest that high progesterone levels in pregnancy induces bit of remission which offers you some relief from the symptoms of endometriosis in pregnancy.

[ Read : Fibroids During Pregnancy ]

Endometriosis And Pregnancy:

Pregnancy is an important phase of life that requires careful consideration of different factors. It is believed that hormonal changes in pregnancy has positive impact on the effects of endometriosis. These effects may continue all through pregnancy and while breastfeeding as well.

In few women the symptoms of endometriosis recur during pregnancy. Here are some things you need to keep in mind:

  • You must not consider pregnancy as the cure for endometriosis.
  • Even though the symptoms subside in pregnancy, they recur after delivery.
  • Pregnancy is not a long term treatment for problems like endometriosis.

[ Read : HPV And Pregnancy ]

Potential Complications You Might Face:

Preliminary studies suggest that if you have endometriosis during pregnancy, you may suffer from some poor pregnancy outcomes. Those who are in pregnancy with endometriosis are considered at high-risk. Here are some complications you must be aware of:

  • Preterm Birth: Those with endometriosis are at greater risks of delivering babies early, in comparison to women, who do not suffer from endometriosis.
  • Caesarean Delivery: Chances of C-section increases with women suffering from endometriosis.
  • Antepartum Hemorrhage: This results in bleeding in the second half of pregnancy. This is generally caused by placenta previa or placental abruption.
  • Pre-eclampsia: This condition results in high blood pressure. It generally affects in the second and third trimester of pregnancy.
  • Stillbirth: This refers to loss of pregnancy around the 20th week. Even though there are no conclusive reports on links between endometriosis and stillbirth, but some studies have established the connection between the two. However, the cause is unknown in several cases.
  • Miscarriage: Certain studies have established connection between spontaneous abortion and endometriosis. However, there are no conclusive reports on this.

[ Read : Causes Of Preterm Labor ]

Though there seems to be some effects of endometriosis with pregnancy, there has not been enough studies so far. Pregnancy certainly cannot cure the problem. Pregnant women with endometriosis are considered at high risk and are thus monitored very closely. Make sure to stay in touch with your medical practitioner throughout this stage.

Did this article help you in knowing about endometriosis? Do share your views by commenting below.

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