How Many Months Pregnant Are You At 19 Weeks?
At 19 weeks, you are in the second trimester of pregnancy and around five months pregnant.
Momjunction tells you how the baby grows and your body changes this week, what you should be concerned about at this time and the tips to stay healthy.
How Big Is Your Baby At 19 Weeks?
Your baby starts to develop at a faster pace at this time.
Baby Development At 19 Weeks
In this week, the baby is developing body parts as follows (4):
|Face||More defined (5)|
|Hair||Grows on the head, eyebrows, and eyelashes|
|Skin||Covered with a protective layer of coating called vernix caseosa|
|Cartilage||Is replaced by bone|
|Limbs||Arms and legs are in proportion and move with more control|
|Brain||Developing the senses for vision, smell, taste, touch, and sound|
|Ears||Your baby can hear now, which means maybe you can start singing to it!|
|Taste buds||Developed. Baby can feel the difference between sweet and bitter|
|Kidneys||Starts passing urine. Some urine (sterile) is collected in the amniotic fluid|
|Gender||An ultrasound can accurately determine the gender of the baby. If it’s a girl, the uterus is formed, and the ovaries contain six million eggs (6).|
By this week, you are likely to feel the baby move for the first time. Read more about fetal movement next.
[ Read: 18th Week Pregnancy ]
Fetal Movement At 19 Weeks
The baby starts kicking and wiggling. The first-time moms may not feel these light movements, also called ‘quickening’, but women who’ve been pregnant before can recognize them (5).
Besides feeling the baby move, you may also experience a few other symptoms like you have been experiencing since the last couple of months.
What Are The Symptoms In The 19th Week Of Pregnancy?
Here are the common pregnancy symptoms you may experience during this week:
- Increased appetite: By this time, the symptoms of morning sickness come to an end, and there is an increase in appetite (7).
- Weight gain: An average weight gain of one to two pounds per week during the second trimester of pregnancy is considered safe, as recommended by the American Pregnancy Association (APA) (8). However, in case of women who have BMI less than 18.5 and greater than 24.9, the recommended weight gain rates usually range in between 0.5 to one pound.
|BMI||18.5 (underweight)||18.5 – 24.9 (normal weight)||25 – 29.9 (overweight)||30 and higher (obese)|
|Weight /week||1 ½ pound||1 pound|
- Frequent urination: The growing uterus starts putting pressure on the bladder and increases the frequency of urination.
- Round ligament pain: The pain is felt on either one side or both sides of the abdomen, as the growing uterus stretches the groin ligaments (9).
- Constipation: The progesterone hormone relaxes the muscles of the digestive tract during pregnancy, and the food remains in the tract for a longer time so that maximum nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream. This makes you feel constipated.
- Dizziness: The growing uterus adds pressure to the blood vessels and reduces the blood flow to the brain, causing fatigue or lightheadedness. Sometimes, staying hungry for a long time can also contribute to lightheadedness. Make sure to eat properly and drink water to keep the body hydrated.
- Backache: With the growing uterus, the body’s center of gravity shifts, applying pressure on the lower back and causing a backache.
- Stuffy nose: The fluctuations in the hormonal levels increase blood flow to the mucous membranes, making them swell and soften. This results in stuffy nose and congestion and sometimes breathlessness.
- Leg cramps: Usually experienced more during the night, leg cramps are caused due to the compression of the blood vessels by the growing uterus.
- Heartburn: When the growing uterus pushes the stomach towards the diaphragm, the gastric fluids are pushed upward into the esophagus, causing heartburn.
- Blurred vision: This could happen due to the buildup of extra fluids in the eyes.
- Trouble sleeping: The backaches, hip pain, and leg cramps make sleeping difficult. Using a pillow below the stomach and between the legs can offer some relief.
- Hot flashes: Due to increased blood flow in the body, it is common to experience hot flashes.
Along with these symptoms, you will also experience several physical changes during this week.
Changes At 19 Weeks
- Enlarged belly
- Swollen and tender breasts, as the body gets ready for lactation.
- Linea nigra, the line that runs down from the belly button, gets darker due to pigmentation.
- Shinier and fuller hair
- Stretch marks, as the growing uterus stretches the skin.
- Mood swings
- Some women experience weird dreams due pregnancy fears and anticipation.
If you find any symptoms that are making you more uncomfortable, then call the doctor right away.
When To Call The Doctor?
If you notice any of the following symptoms, then make sure to call the doctor right away (10):
- Fever (100.4 degrees or higher)
- Pelvic pain other than cramping
- Less urination or dark-colored urine
- Severe vomiting
- Feeling dizzy or losing consciousness
Otherwise, you can talk to your doctor during your scheduled prenatal visit for the week.
Your OB/GYN Visit
Your prenatal visit in this week may involve:
- Weight check
- Blood pressure
- Urine test to detect the presence of protein.
Ultrasound scan: The scan will be done to ensure the proper growth of the baby and gender can also be determined at this time. An anomaly scan will be done during 19 to 20 weeks of pregnancy to identify any physical problems such as spina bifidia that the baby may have (11).
Amniocentesis: It is a diagnostic test wherein a small amount of the amniotic fluid sample is taken from the womb, using a needle. This test helps detect chromosomal problems (12).
As you enter the second trimester, the chances of miscarriage are reduced. But there is still a risk in some cases.
Is There Any Risk Of Miscarriage At 19 Weeks?
A miscarriage during the 19th week of pregnancy is rare, but a second-trimester pregnancy loss is a possibility (13).
- About 1 to 5% of pregnancy losses occur during the 13th and 19th week of gestation.
- Around 24% of pregnancy loss during the second trimester happens due to chromosomal abnormalities of the fetus. These abnormalities include monosomy X (Turner syndrome), trisomies 13, 18, and 21, and sex chromosome polysomy.
- Structural abnormalities also cause pregnancy loss. It may result from neural tube defects, amniotic band syndrome, uncontrolled maternal diabetes at the time of conception, or maternal exposure to teratogens.
- Infection like bacterial vaginosis can also lead to a miscarriage.
Other causes of miscarriage include:
- Maternal hormonal abnormalities
- Immunity issues
- Sexually transmitted diseases
- Erratic lifestyle
Next, we’ll tell you how to read the signs of a miscarriage during the 19th week.
Symptoms of Miscarriage At 19 Weeks
Intense pain along with cramps and bleeding in the abdominal area is an alarming sign of miscarriage. The intensity of bleeding can vary from one woman to other.
Being cautious and taking preventive measures can prevent a miscarriage.
How To Prevent Miscarriage In Week 19?
The only way to prevent the risk of miscarriage is to adopt a healthy lifestyle. Preliminary pregnancy tests help detect any possible complications, and necessary treatments reduce the chances of a miscarriage.
Awareness of the herbal supplements that can and cannot be taken during this time can also reduce the risk of complications in your pregnancy. Read next to know more about the safe use of herbs when you are 19 weeks pregnant.
Are Herbs Safe During 19 Weeks Pregnancy?
The common belief is that herbs are safer than conventional medicine during pregnancy. However, this is not entirely true.
While some herbs may help, some can cause uterine contractions that lead to miscarriage, premature birth, or fetal injuries. Hence, it is always better to consult your doctor before using any herbal medications.
Here is a list of herbs that are unsafe during pregnancy (14):
- Saw Palmetto
- Dong Quai
- Passion Flower
- Pay D’ Arco
- Black Cohosh
- Roman Chamomile
- Blue Cohosh
- Chamomile (German)
- Nettles (Stinging Nettles)
- Ginseng (American & Korean)
- Kava Kava
- Evening Primrose
Herbs that are considered safe to use during pregnancy include:
- Red raspberry leaves
- Peppermint leaf
- Ginger root
- Oats and oat straw
- Slippery elm bark
Try these herbs only after consulting the doctor. Along with a healthy diet and herbal supplements you take, it is important to follow a few things that will keep you comfortable and safe at this time.
Tips To Stay Safe And Comfortable In The 19th Week
Here are a few tips to follow:
- Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated.
- Eat small meals at regular intervals.
- Avoid fatty and oily foods to prevent heartburn. Stick to a healthy lifestyle and eat home cooked food.
- Consume more fiber to reduce constipation. Include whole grain bread and cereals, nuts, cheese, milk, and egg in the diet.
- Avoid faulty postures as they can cause a backache.
- Quit smoking and drinking alcohol as it can affect the growth of the fetus.
- Engage in moderate physical activities like walking to boost your energy level.
- Stay calm and keep stress at bay.
- Your body needs enough rest so relax as much as you can.
- Do not take any medication without the doctor’s permission.
- Wear loose, breathable clothes.
- Maintain oral hygiene to prevent any dental problems.
- Spend more time with family and friends if it makes you happy.
Most importantly, seek your partner’s support. Next, we tell you how the dad-to-be can help you.
Tips For Dad-To-Be
Men should support their pregnant partners during this phase of life. Here’s what they can do:
- Help with household chores by sharing the responsibilities.
- Create a pleasant environment at home.
- Make sure to be present for all her prenatal visits.
- Plan for maternal shopping.
- Give her a good neck and foot massage to make her feel relaxed.
- Start inquiring about the best childbirth classes in your area.
- Read pregnancy books to know more about childbirth.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is my baby’s position in my stomach at 19 weeks?
During the 19th week, a baby is positioned in the uterus with its head towards the chest and its feet towards the bottom of the uterus (15).
2. What should you avoid at 19 weeks pregnant?
The foods and activities to avoid are almost the same throughout the pregnancy. They include alcohol, smoking, raw meat, raw fish, raw eggs, improperly stored food, unpasteurized milk, caffeine, and foods containing raw ingredients. (15). Consult your doctor to know what other things to avoid based on your condition.
The 19th week of pregnancy brings several notable changes, such as your baby’s facial features will be more defined, the cartilage will be replaced by bone, and they will start passing urine. Your baby will also start kicking gradually. You will also experience an increased appetite, frequent urination, constipation, leg cramps, and other pregnancy symptoms. You may also notice that your hair is fuller, stretch marks are prominent, and your belly is enlarged. Drink adequate water, eat smaller meals, and stay calm to help your body relax. Call a doctor if you experience fever, severe vomiting, or pelvic pain.
- Week by Week Fetus Size Demonstrated by Fruits.
- Pregnancy Week 19.
- Fetal Development.
- Stages of pregnancy.
- Your Body throughout Pregnancy.
- Second trimester: Discomforts.
- The Second Trimester.
- Pregnancy Weight Gain.
- Round ligament pain.
- Stomach Pain in Pregnancy.
- Neural tube defects.
- Second Trimester Pregnancy Loss.
- Herbs and pregnancy.
- Pregnancy week by week.
- Foods to avoid when pregnant.