Have you successfully completed your one first month of pregnancy? Congratulations! Now begins your second chapter of the phase.
This is a critical month of your baby development. Your baby’s organs begin to develop and are no more a tiny mass of cells. Your baby’s heart begins to beat. You will definitely feel the pregnancy in all sense.
The symptoms you find are similar to the first month of pregnancy. Increasing nausea, fatigue and mood swings due to hormonal changes are going to keep mounting all these four weeks. From this week, there are credible changes in your baby and yourself every week rather than on a monthly basis.
Know the array of changes with several do’s and don’ts that will occur in your body and your baby during second month of pregnancy care.
2nd Month Of Pregnancy Care – What To Expect?
Here are a few things you need to keep in mind when we talk about care during second month of pregnancy:
- Your body needs to get adjusted to the rapid changes that occur within the womb. This can transform many of your body functions.
- You feel nauseated and tired just like in your first month of pregnancy because of the hormonal changes.
- Headaches are common due to hormonal changes and you should not take any pain killer without doctor’s consultation.
- Cravings and sudden aversion to some foods.
- Sleep deprivation, sweating and mood swings occur frequently.
- You have to wear supportive bras to prevent sagging of breasts.
Changes In Your Body:
The foremost change you would find in your body is missing the menstrual period. There are many changes that happen during this month:
- Your uterus will now be the size of an orange.
- Ovarian cells produce progesterone hormone that is essential in maintaining the pregnancy.
- Mood swings that occur due to hormonal changes in your body.
- Your breasts turn sore and tender and you will have a tingling feeling around your nipples.
- Tiny nodules appear on the areola, which is the dark area around the nipples.
- Nausea, morning sickness and extreme fatigue, which will obstruct you to carry out your regular day work.
- You may no longer enjoy the taste or smell of smoke or alcohol, which is really good as they are harmful for your baby.
- Sudden aversions and cravings for specific foods.
- Slow increase in your body weight, hence a symptom of your body to give that extra nourishment to your baby.
- The flow and volume of your blood are on the rise and it offers required nourishment for your growing baby.
- Heart pumps one half of more blood than usual, therefore causing restlessness and a slight depression in your mood.
- You may ooze out graceful beauty due to the improved blood flow and hormonal changes. Some women develop acne.
- Shortness of breath occurs due to the bodily changes which elevate diaphragm and restrict its downward movement.
- Intestines become less efficient leading to constipation problems.
- In some cases, increased vaginal discharge takes place associated with symptoms like pain, irritation, itchiness and blood spots.
Changes In Your Baby:
This is the most exciting part to know the great changes happening in your baby. You can see a rapid development in your baby.
- During the initial week 5, your baby measures less than 1/2 of an inch and growth of heart and brain takes place.
- Bones begin to develop in their right places and also muscle development would begin.
- The placenta that nourishes your growing baby and amniotic sac which offers a safe environment are developing.
- Umbilical cord formation occurs that would connect your baby with the blood supply
- In the week 6, a tail like projection appears, giving a shape of a tadpole.
- Small bud like protuberances appears which would later form the limbs and eyes.
- With an ultrasound, your baby’s heartbeat can be heard.
- In the week 7, your baby starts developing small hands and feet.
- Heart, lungs, intestine, brain and spinal cord also start developing.
- Features like eye, nose and mouth develop.
- During the week 8, primitive ears and eyelids form.
- The tiny buds form limbs, that give an appearance of webbed fingers and toes.
Precautions During 2nd Month Of Pregnancy :
Here are a few pointers you need to keep in your mind during the 2nd month of pregnancy precautions:
- It is good to prepare a simple to-do list so that you will be aware of the precautions and measures to consider.
- Always remember to relax and take ample rests, since it is very important for both you and baby.
- Drink lots of fluids to stay hydrated.
- Start taking folic and vitamin medications as prescribed by the gynecologist. It is very important for your baby’s growth.
- Consume only healthy foods. Maintain a diet as approved by your doctor or nutritionist, as this will help you both during and post delivery to reduce extra weight.
- Wash fruits and vegetables and peel them, if required, to avoid eating pesticides.
- Eat small quantities throughout the day, so that it helps you digest food easily and aids in feeding your growing baby properly.
- Your breasts would show symptoms of heaviness. So, you should begin using supportive bras, so as to prevent sagging later.
- Walk at least 20 minutes every day and keep yourself busy.
[ Read: Walking During Pregnancy ]
- Now that we have known the do’s, it’s time to know the don’ts as well. Here they are:
- Quit smoking and avoid alcohol consumption.
- Do not keep your stomach empty as it enhances gas formation that would make you feel more nauseated.
- Avoid oily and junk foods.
- Do not take any pain killers or antibiotics without the knowledge of consulting your physician.
[ Read: List Of Antibiotics Safe In Pregnancy ]
Other Aspects During 2nd Month Pregnancy:
Apart from the do’s and don’ts there are few more factors which you need experience during your 2nd month. They are:
Your doctor will conduct various tests for this first medical visit of your pregnancy. They include pap smear for checking cervical abnormalities, urine tests and blood tests.
Urine tests are conducted to check the presence of:
- Sugar – sign of diabetes.
- Protein – sign of kidney problem or hypertension caused during pregnancy.
Blood tests are conducted to check for:
- Iron and hemoglobin levels
- Infectious diseases
- Immunity disorders like chicken pox or rubella
- ABO blood group
- Genetic disorders
- Your blood pressure and weight are checked that are taken for each visit to the doctor.
[ Read: Genetic Testing ]
Emotional Changes And Depression:
Though pregnancy is filled with joy for the mother, this is the biggest challenge for you in this month. You will experience:
- Mixed feelings filled with excitement, doubt and more
- Unpleasant symptoms like nausea that makes you resentful.
- Scary feeling that results from any previous bad pregnancy experience.
- Worry on the alcohol you consumed before knowing about the pregnancy.
- Concern on losing your baby.
- Worry about child care.
- Issues on self esteem.
- Major depression that disrupts the normal functioning.
- You may easily deal with the above emotional and depressed feelings:
- You need to understand and know that these feelings are common during pregnancy.
- If the things are getting worse with your spouse because of these feelings, try to resolve the problems by talking with him
- Talk to your doctor when you suffer from these symptoms of depression:
o Spontaneous crying and uncertain tearfulness
o Uncontrollable feeling
o Anger, sadness and hopelessness
o Lack of libido
Concerns During your 2nd Month:
Vaginal bleeding affects nearly 20% – 30% pregnancies. It ranges from light spotting to severe bleeding. There are a number of reasons for this concern.
- Implantation bleeding that is common.
- Bleeding after intercourse as the cervix is prone to bleeding.
- Miscarriage is the cause that happens with bleeding. Hormonal problems also lead to miscarriage.
Tips For The Month:
- Indulge yourself in any hobby as often as you can, this will divert you from changes happening in your body. Or else, cultivate activities like reading good books or painting and so on.
- Drink lots of fruit juices, especially of pomegranate, as this helps in maintaining the increased blood flow and gives the required iron to your body. Hydrating your body is important to keep up the flow and coolness in the body as it happens to be hot in this month.
It is really exciting to see the development and changes with your little one in your womb. Be aware of the aspects occurring in you; if you find something abnormal seek medical help immediately. Take care of yourself and your baby for a safe and happy delivery.
Don’t forget to share your 2nd month of pregnancy care experiences with us. We would love to see your responses.
Wishing you a safe pregnancy period!
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