30th Week Pregnancy: Symptoms, Baby Development And Bodily Changes

30th-Week-Pregnancy

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How Many Months Pregnant Are You At 30 Weeks?

At 30 weeks, you are in the 7th month and the third trimester of pregnancy. You are exactly ten weeks away from your due date.

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How Big Is Your Baby At 30 Weeks?

How Big Is Your Baby At 30 Weeks

This week, your baby is as big as a large cabbage (1). The baby measures 15.71in (39.9cm) in length and 2.91lb (1.319kg) in weight (2). Around 1.5 pint of amniotic fluid surrounds the baby at this time, and will eventually reduce as the baby grows and takes more space inside the uterus (3).

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Baby Development At 30 weeks

Baby Development At 30 weeks

Here is how the baby is developing this week:

Body organsDevelopment
Skin (4)Looks smoother and starts accumulating fat under the skin.
LanugoThe fine hair covering the body starts shedding.
Brain (5)The brain tissues are developing and forming wrinkles to accommodate more brain cells.
Bone marrowIs producing more red blood cells.
Nervous system (6)Developed and starts controlling some body functions.
Lungs (7)Are still developing, but are capable of breathing.
EyelidsBegin to open and close.
HeadMight be full of hair.
FingersDeveloped and baby can suck thumb.
Ears (8)Developed and the baby can react to loud sounds.
Tongue (9)Taste buds are developed.

Fetal movements and position: The baby may be in a head-up or head-down position, as there is still some space left for the baby to move. As the due date approaches, the baby will attain the optimum position. However, in a twin pregnancy, the space inside the womb will be comparatively crunched. The kicks get stronger by this week and can be felt frequently.

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[ Read: 32nd Week Pregnancy ]

What Symptoms Of Pregnancy Do You Experience In The 30th Week?

As the pregnancy proceeds, new symptoms may develop, even as the earlier ones continue to be there. Symptoms that you may experience this week include:

  • Weight gain: It is based on the BMI (10).
BMIBelow 18.518.5 – 24.925 – 29.930 and Above
pWeight gain (Pounds)18- 2716- 2410-187-14
  • The gastric juices forced upward into the esophagus, by the growing uterus, cause heartburn.
  • Owing to the body aches, frequent urination, leg cramps, and anxiety, you can have trouble sleeping.
  • Swelling of the feet and ankle due to water retention in the body.
  • Fatigue is common as the body works extra and needs additional nourishment.
  • The pressure exerted by the growing uterus on the diaphragm makes it difficult to breathe.
  • The extra weight of the baby puts pressure on the lower back causing a backache.
  • The bladder is compressed by the growing uterus that increases the frequency of urination.
  • Swelling of the veins in the legs due to increased blood flow to the lower part of the body leads to varicose veins.
  • As the digestion process slows down, the food remains longer in the digestive tract, creating gas and making you feel bloated.
  • The digestive tract gets relaxed due to the progesterone hormone, which in turn slows down digestion and causes constipation.
  • Braxton Hicks contractions are irregular contractions that help your body prepare for labor.

These symptoms result in certain physiological and psychological changes as well.

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Changes In The Body At 30 Weeks

Bodily changes you may experience during the 30th week of pregnancy are as follows.

Physical changes:

  • Enlarged belly, with the navel protruding out. The belly will look bigger than usual in women carrying twins or multiples.
  • Swollen breasts, as the body is preparing for milk production.
  • Darker areola and nipples
  • Stretch marks
  • Prominent Linea nigra
  • Change in shape of feet due to the loosening of joints caused by pregnancy hormones.

Emotional changes:

  • Mood swings
  • Anxiety
  • Stress

Considering that you are closer to the due date, there are a few risks you should be wary of this week.

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[ Read: 33rd Week Pregnancy ]

Risks In The 30th Week Of Pregnancy

There is a risk of preterm labor during this week, and its signs include (11):

  • Uterine contractions (five or more in one hour)
  • Abdominal pain
  • Menstrual-like cramps
  • Change in vaginal discharge (pink or bloody in color)
  • Vaginal fluid leak
  • Lower backache
  • Pelvic pressure

In case of more than five contractions, with less than 10 minutes between each contraction:

  • Drink a lot of fluids
  • Keep your bladder empty
  • Lie on the left side for an hour and time the contractions.

Call your doctor right away if the contractions persist.

Risk factors for preterm labor:

You are more at risk of preterm labor in the case of (12):

  • Multiple pregnancies
  • Previous preterm deliveries
  • Cervical or uterine abnormalities
  • Cervical cerclage
  • Dehydration
  • Infections along with fever (> 101 °F)
  • Kidney or bladder infections
  • Previous Cone Biopsy or LEEP (It helps to diagnose the cervix in case of abnormal Pap test result)
  • In case of elective abortions or more than two miscarriages during the second trimester.
  • An excess amount of the amniotic fluid
  • Emotional stress
  • Smoking
  • Physical abuse
  • Use of drugs, such as amphetamines or cocaine

Note: A baby born during the 30th week have more than 95% chances of survival (13). Knowing when to call the doctor is critical for the safety of the mother and the child.

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When To Call The Doctor

If you notice any of the following symptoms, then make sure to call the doctor right away (14):

  • Pelvic pain with or without cramping
  • Fever (100.4 degrees or higher)
  • A headache that doesn’t subside even after taking Tylenol (acetaminophen)
  • Persistent nosebleeds
  • Pain or a burning sensation while urinating
  • Persistent cramps
  • Dizziness
  • Sudden weight gain (2 pounds in 1 week).

If the symptoms are normal, go for a regular OB/GYN checkup.

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Your OB/GYN Visit

During the visit, the doctor may:

  • Measure the Fundal height
  • Check blood pressure and weight
  • Advise a urine test to check for sugar or protein level
  • Suggest an ultrasound to track the baby’s development, especially in the case of multiple pregnancies or high-risk pregnancy.

Other tests that are done during this week:

  • For pregnant women from areas where Syphilis (Sexually Transmitted Infection) is prevalent, the doctor may advise a syphilis diagnostic test between the 28th and 32nd weeks of pregnancy and during delivery (15).
  • In case of twin or multiple pregnancies, a biophysical profile is done. It is a combination of an ultrasound and a non-stress test done to gauge the growth of the babies.

Along with the medications or supplements suggested by the doctor, you should also follow a healthy lifestyle for a healthy pregnancy.

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[ Read: 34th Week Pregnancy ]

Tips For Mom-to-be

  • Avoid standing for long hours.
  • Keep track of the baby’s kicks. You’ll feel the kicks better when you lie down.
  • Avoid lying on your back.
  • Stay hydrated.
  • Take enough rest.
  • Stay relaxed and keep all the fears and stress at bay.
  • Take folic acid, vitamin C, iron, and calcium supplements. Include carrots, nuts (almonds, cashews, pistachios), and frozen yogurt in your diet. As per the NICE guidelines, a pregnant woman should get an extra 200 calories per day starting from the third trimester (16).
  • Adopt a healthy lifestyle and have home-cooked food.
  • Eat smaller meals at regular intervals.
  • Include fruits and vegetables, breakfast cereals, whole grain bread, and bran in the diet.
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects.
  • Avoid OTC medications unless prescribed by your doctor.
  • In case of heartburn, avoid eating deep-fried, spicy foods.
  • Enroll for childbirth classes to learn about labor pain-relief techniques and ideal labor positions.
  • Practice Kegel exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles and engage in mild activities like walking. Pregnancy yoga and low-impact pilates, as well as gentle stretches, are useful for the pelvic muscles.
  • Wear loose and comfortable clothes.
  • Switch to comfortable footwear.

Most importantly, seek your partner’s support when needed.

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Tips For Dad-to-be

Here is how the dad-to-be can help.

  • Create a lively ambiance at home.
  • Help you with the household chores.
  • Accompany you to the doctor’s and track the appointments.
  • Partner with you during the workout sessions.
  • Plan an outing for a refreshing change.
  • Start shopping for the essentials that you need to have during and after delivery.
  • Search for baby names.

At 30 weeks, your baby is developing faster, and you could be struggling with the pains and aches. While you wait for the little one to grow and come out of your belly, stay calm and relaxed. The troubles and pains are but temporary. Enjoy every moment with the thoughts of welcoming a new member to your family.

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Do you want to share any experiences with other moms-to-be? Let us know in the comments section below.

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shreeja pillai

Postgraduate in Chemistry and content writer. She has worked as a research analyst with a leading multinational pharmaceutical company and also holds a diploma in pharmaceutical regulatory affairs. Her interest in the field of medical research has developed her passion for writing research-based articles. She is a writer for MomJunction and aims at providing informative articles based on health and wellness. Apart from writing, she takes a great interest in music and traveling. know more about her at https://www.linkedin.com/in/shreeja-pillai/
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