10 Effective Eye Care Tips For Kids & Ways To Improve Vision

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As vision is how humans perceive most of the information, it is one of the most crucial human senses. So, we have included some eye care tips for kids you can follow to maintain their eye health. Regular eye exams and routine checkups for children are essential, and they are the most effective approach to detecting and preventing many pediatric eye conditions. So, consult your healthcare practitioner or ophthalmologist right away if your child experiences vision problems or eye discomfort. Read on to learn more about various eye care methods to improve your child’s ocular health and avoid the beginning or advancement of any eye condition.

How To Improve Eyesight In Kids?

As kids may not be aware of how to protect their eyes from injuries and vision loss, you may teach them ways to prevent eye injuries and infections. You may also screen your child for vision problems and take the necessary steps to protect and improve eyesight.

Protecting your child’s eyesight begins in pregnancy. Prenatal smoking could damage unborn babies’ eyes, so you may start to care for your little ones’ eyes even before they are born (1). Ensure smoking cessation and good prenatal care to avoid eye problems before and at the time of birth.

There are various simple eye-care tips to improve your kids’ eyesight. These tips may also help prevent eye damage in children.

Eye Care Tips For Kids

1. Healthy diet

Healthy diet plays vital role in eye care for kids

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A healthy diet is essential for a child’s vision, as well as other functions and growth (2). You may encourage them to consume healthy foods, including fresh vegetables, eggs, fish, meat, and fruits. Green leafy vegetables and yellow vegetables are good sources of vitamin A, an essential nutrient for ocular health.

You may encourage your kid to eat fresh homemade foods rather than processed foods and junk foods. Follow a mixed diet to ensure they receive all vitamins and minerals. You may prepare tasty and healthy homemade snacks that appeal to your child.

2. Drink plenty of water

An adequate amount of hydration is needed for eye health. You may encourage your child to drink a minimum of four full glasses of water daily. The adequate amount may change depending on the age of your child, activities, and climatic conditions. Water is required for the cleaning process of the eye.

3. Get good sleep

Sufficient sleep is essenital for eye health

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An adequate amount of sleep is required for good eye health (3). A good night’s sleep helps rejuvenate the body and relaxes the eyes. You may encourage your kid to fall into a regular sleeping routine to promote ocular health.

4. Ensure accurate use of contact lenses and eyeglasses

Children may not be cautious with contact lenses or eyeglasses. You may encourage and teach them the proper ways to wear it. Tell them not to remove it while they are reading.

You may also ask them to remove glasses before playing games since broken glasses may cause injuries. Always buy eyeglasses according to an ophthalmologist’s prescription and check the vision and change glasses at the recommended time.

5. Limit screen time

Keeping screen time at minimal can protect eyes

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Children tend to use smartphones, tablets, gaming consoles, and computers as much as possible. Using these devices for extended periods may strain the eyes.

Screen time should be less than an hour for kids younger than five years.  Older kids should have only an hour of screen time in a day (4). Minimal screen time can help ensure the child’s sleep and physical activity are not affected. Screen time should not be before bed, and you should avoid showing a video screen for a long time to kids younger than 18 months (3).

You may encourage them to indulge in other activities and outdoor games. If your kid has to use the screen for a long time, teach them the 20-20-20 rule, which is to look 20 feet away for 20 seconds every 20 minutes (3). This healthy tip may ensure good eyesight.

6. Encourage outdoor activities

The onset and progression of myopia (short-sightedness) in kids can be prevented by spending more time outdoors (5). You may encourage children to play outside rather than indoor games or video games. Outdoor activities can be physically beneficial to children.

7. Discourage eye rubbing

Children tend to rub their eyes, especially if they have eye irritation or some foreign bodies in the eye. Rubbing may damage the eyes, and often, germs from hands can pass into the eyes and cause conditions such as conjunctivitis.

You may tell a child to wash their eyes with cold water to relieve irritation instead of rubbing. Parents should also teach children proper hand-hygiene techniques.

8. Eye protection

Eye care for kids requires eye portection

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Children are at high risk for eye injuries while playing games and sports. You may ensure their eyes are well protected from the sun and other injuries during their activities. Let the wear UV filter sunglasses (making sure they’re certified) and not look directly at the sun to avoid burns to the retina.

You may tell them the importance of wearing helmets and sports goggles to prevent physical injuries and avoid UV radiation. Ensure that your kid is using swimming goggles while playing in water.

Sports eye protectors should be used while playing baseball, basketball, football, soccer, hockey, etc. Approximately 90% of eye injuries in children can be prevented with protective goggles (1).

9. Use safe toys

Younger children have a higher risk of eye injuries from toys. You may choose safe toys for them, especially for toddlers. Avoid rough and sharp toys since they may cause accidental eye injuries.

Check the age specified by the manufacturer on the toy’s packaging. Using age-appropriate toys could help avoid eye injuries from toys.

10. Regular eye checkups

Regular eye checkups can help determine eye problems

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Regular eye checkups may help determine eyesight problems in kids. Early diagnosis and interventions could help protect vision in most cases.

Using eyeglasses and updating the power of the lens at the recommended intervals is also essential. The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends regular vision screening for children with chronic illnesses and positive family history of pediatric eye diseases (3).

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What nutrients are good for my child’s eyes?

Nutrients such as vitamin A, C, E, zinc, lutein, and omega fatty acids are good for keeping your child’s eyes healthy (6).

2. How do I clean my child’s eyes?

You may clean your child’s eyes with a wet washcloth to remove the dust particles. If your child is young, hold their face up, keep their eyes open, and use a dropper to pour clean water into it gently (7).

Eye care for kids is essential to keep their eyes healthy and have good vision. To ensure your child has good eye health, you should teach them the importance of personal hygiene, such as proper handwashing, to reduce the risk of infectious diseases, such as conjunctivitis. Additionally, you should follow a proper vaccination schedule to fight diseases, including measles, that may increase the risk of vision loss and blindness. Take your child to routine eye checkups, which could help detect eye issues early, especially in high-risk groups. Finally, keeping household cleaners and other chemicals away from the child’s reach ensures their eyes are safe from chemical exposure.


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Dr Bisny T. Joseph

Dr. Bisny T. Joseph is a Georgian Board-certified physician. She has completed her professional graduate degree as a medical doctor from Tbilisi State Medical University, Georgia. She has 3+ years of experience in various sectors of medical affairs as a physician, medical reviewer, medical writer, health coach, and Q&A expert. Her interest in digital medical education and patient education made...
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Dr. Orlena Kerek

Dr. Orlena Kerek pursued Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery degrees from the University of Bristol, the UK in 2001 and is trained as a pediatric doctor. She is now a family health advocate, empowerment mentor, pioneer, author, educator, and mother. She helps families create healthy habits they love so they can all feel fit and fabulous without having...
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