Abscess Tooth While Pregnant - Causes, Symptoms & Preventions You Should Be Aware Of

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Are you experiencing toothache during your pregnancy? Did the dentist diagnose you with an abscess tooth? If you said yes, you might want to read our post. Here, we look at how you can manage abscess tooth while pregnant.

What Is An Abscess Tooth?

An abscessed tooth or tooth abscess is a formation and collection of pus in the center (the pulp) of a tooth. It can result in swollen gums, toothache or both [1].

Causes Of Abscess Tooth While Pregnant

An abscess tooth can occur due to many reasons.

  • Tooth decay:

Mild to extensive tooth decay can lead to severe infection in the oral cavity. The infection may result in abscess formation in the damaged tooth.

[ Read: Treating Tooth Decay During Pregnancy ]

  • Periodontal disease:

Severe gum damage can inflame the tissues supporting the teeth and can lead to pus in the dental pulp. The pus can accumulate in the pulp and can cause abscess tooth.

  • Chipped Or Broken Tooth:

Cracks in the tooth enamel allow bacteria to infect the pulp and infect the area. The infection in the pulpal tissue eventually leads to complete damage of the pulp and then to an abscessed tooth.

Symptoms Of Abscess Tooth During Pregnancy

There are many symptoms of tooth abscess while pregnant. Some common symptoms that you may experience include:

  • Toothache
  • Teeth sensitivity
  • Swollen gums, neck glands, and jaws
  • Foul odor or/and bitter taste in the mouth
  • Fever

[ Read: Signs Of Peritonsillar Abscess During Pregnancy ]

Dental Health And Pregnancy

During pregnancy, your body undergoes many hormonal changes. These changes can increase the chances of dental problems such as tooth decay and gum diseases. Therefore, maintaining dental health during pregnancy is extremely important [2].

Some pregnancy complications that occur due to dental problems include:

  • High risk of preterm births.
  • Low birth weight in preterm babies.
  • High risk of health problems in preterm babies.
  • The spread of abscess in other parts of the body. Such a thing could result in severe heath complications such as Ludwig’s angina, which can endanger your pregnancy.
  • High risk of early childhood tooth decay problems.

[ Read: Is It Safe To Visit The Dentist While Pregnant ]

Abscess Tooth During Pregnancy

If you are pregnant and you experience any sort of pain or discomfort in your teeth, consult your doctors immediately your obstetrician/gynecologist and your dentist.

It is also important you tell your dentist about your pregnancy as he can take care with X-rays. If avoidable, dentists won’t resort to X-rays during your pregnancy as radiation can harm the fetus. Your pregnancy will also determine if you are an ideal candidate for a procedure that requires anesthesia and the type of medicines you can take for your treatment.

Preventing Tooth Abscess When Pregnant

By now, you know why it is important for women to prevent abscess tooth or dental problems during pregnancy. Here are some simple preventive measures, which you should follow:

  • Brush and floss twice daily. Use a toothbrush with soft bristles and consult your dentist to use the right toothpaste during your pregnancy.
  • If you are trying to get pregnant, go for periodical dental check-ups to ensure no or minimal problems during your term.
  • Vomiting during pregnancy can cause tooth decay due to the acidic nature of the vomit content. To avoid any dental problem due to vomiting during pregnancy, rinse your mouth after a vomiting or retching episode.
  • Avoid eating sugar-rich foods and rinse your mouth after you eat anything. Increase the amount of calcium in your diet. Avoid over-the-counter pain relievers and narcotics.
  • In case you experience mild tooth pain, do not neglect it and consult your primary doctor and your dentist immediately [3]

[ Read: Home Remedies For Teeth Problems During Pregnancy ]

You can minimize your chances of any dental problems during pregnancy by maintaining good oral hygiene before and during your term.

Did you suffer from an abscessed tooth during pregnancy? What line of treatment did you follow? Share your experiences with us here.

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shreeja pillai

Shreeja holds a postgraduate degree in Chemistry and diploma in Drug Regulatory Affairs. Before joining MomJunction, she worked as a research analyst with a leading multinational pharmaceutical company. Her interest in the field of medical research has developed her passion for writing research-based articles. As a writer, she aims at providing informative articles on health and pharma, especially related to... more