Allergies In Babies: Causes, Symptoms And Treatments

Allergies In Babies

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Allergy is a common concern among parents, if their babies are actively prone to them. There is no telling as to what could be a potential allergen to your baby until the incident occurs. Thereafter, you must be well prepared to understand the possible allergens that affect your baby and deal with them.


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What Is An Allergy?

An allergy is a quick reaction from the immune system to an outside substance from the environment that is seen as a potential invader by your baby’s body. Let’s know exactly what an allergy is, the possible causes, symptoms and the viable treatment.

  • These substances could be anything that your baby comes in contact with via air, touch or food sources.
  • A substance from the external environment that triggers this reaction in your baby’s body is called as an allergen.

[ Read: Symptoms Of Dog Allergies In Babies ]

What Happens During An Allergy?

As soon as your baby’s body recognizes a potent intruder, it reacts by releasing chemicals that cause running nose, sneezing, itching and coughing.

  • In severe cases when your baby is highly allergic to something, he or she can go into an anaphylatic shock, a medical emergency.
  • Your baby will face trouble breathing or develop swelling as an anaphylactic response to an emergency that needs immediate help.
  • Most times, your baby can be prone to more than one allergen at a time. You will have to look closely in order to identify the allergens that affect your child.

[ Read: Ringworm In Babies ]

What Are The Different Kinds Of Baby Allergies?

There are different kinds of allergens in the external environment that your baby may be allergic to. Below are some of them:

  • Food Allergies– Caused due to certain food groups. Nuts are the most common types.
  • Drug Allergies– Caused by a reaction to certain medications.
  • Animal Dander– Caused by the excreta and shed skin of animals.
  • Dust Allergies– Caused by dust mites and other pollutants.
  • Pollen Allergies– Caused by certain grass containing pollen. Very popular in the western countries.
  • Mold Allergies– Caused due to damp or rainy weather.

[ Read: Food Allergies In Babies ]

Symptoms Of Baby Allergies:

Want to know how to know if baby has allergies? You can look closely for the below to rule out the possibility of an allergy in your baby. There is a thin line of difference between a common cold and an allergy. You need to closely monitor to understand the same.

Below are some sure shot signs and symptoms that your baby has an allergy:

  • Frequent cold that does not go away for days, sometimes even weeks.
  • Continuous runny or stuffy nose.
  • Clear, thin mucus that drains from the nose that does not look like the normal yellow or greenish one.
  • Frequent sneezing.
  • Red, watery and itchy eyes.
  • Dark under eyes with purple or blue skin.
  • Constant breathing through mouth.
  • Frequent dry cough that does not go away with normal medication.
  • Itchy red rashes on the skin.

Treatment For Baby Allergies:

Once you identify the symptoms and report the same to your baby’s pediatrician, he will do the following tests to confirm the same:

1. Skin Test– The doctor will apply little amounts of suspected allergens on your baby’s skin. If your baby is allergic, he will develop a red spot on the area like that of a mosquito bite.

2. Blood Test– A blood test may be prescribed looking at the severity of an allergy. This is done to measure the levels of IgE antibodies in your child’s blood.

[ Read: Chicken Pox In Babies ]

Can Allergies Be Inherited?

A family history of allergies can play a significant role to determine your baby possibility developing an allergy. While it may not be towards the same allergens, your baby is likely to inherit the condition.

  • The possibility to develop allergies ranks anywhere between 75-80% when both the biological parents have a history of allergies.
  • The key to identify an allergy in your baby largely depends on you. The sooner you detect any or all the above symptoms, the more you should expend time monitoring your baby.
  • Check for all the possible allergens that would have triggered the allergy. This may take days, weeks or months, but is useful information to keep track of and report to the doctor.

Once your doctor starts treating your baby for the same, make sure that your little one is away from the potential ‘predators’ for a while; at least till your baby is 6 to 8 years old and is likely to outgrow the allergy.

Do you have any tips regarding dealing with allergies in baby? Please share them with us!

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