Is It Safe To Use Cough Drops During Pregnancy?

Is It Safe To Use Cough Drops During Pregnancy?

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A sore throat is one of the many symptoms you experience as your pregnancy progresses. Regardless of what’s causing the soreness and how it feels, you might want to take a cough drop or two for some relief. But how safe are cough drops during pregnancy? Will they affect your or the baby’s health?

Read this MomJunction post to know if you can take cough drops during pregnancy, when to take them and how many you can take to stay safe.

IN THIS ARTICLE

What Are Cough Drops?

Cough drops are medicated candies that dissolve slowly on oral consumption. They offer relief from cough and sore throat caused by common cold and allergies. The medicine lubricates and soothes the throat tissues that are irritated due to cough and cold. They are also referred to as throat lozenges and available as over-the-counter medications (1).

Are Cough Drops Safe During Pregnancy?

Cough drops are usually considered safe when used temporarily, for short-term ailments such as short-lived cold or sinus. But, you should avoid overindulgence of these drops and exercise caution to prevent long-term usage. Also, not all medications work the same way for everyone.  Therefore, it is best to consult your doctor before you take them (2).

How Do Cough Drops Work?

The composition of cough drops varies significantly from one brand to another. They contain both active and inactive ingredients that we list next.

[ Read: Cold During Pregnancy ]

Active ingredients

Active ingredientsProperty
Benzocaine (3)The anesthetic that aids to numb a sore throat
Eucalyptus (4)Expectorant that soothes a sore throat and thins mucus
Zinc Gluconate Glycine (5)Boosts immunity, and wards off the virus
Pectin (6)Treats swelling or irritation
Dextromethorphan (7)Cough suppressant, and helpful for a persistent cough and sore throat
Guaifenesin (8)Expectorant that thins mucus
Menthol (9)Cooling property that relieves congestion and numbs the throat
Peppermint oil (9)Cooling property that treats nasal congestion

Inactive ingredients

Apart from the primary active ingredients mentioned above, cough drops may also contain certain inactive ingredients, which include natural herbs such as:

  • Sage
  • Thyme
  • Wild thyme
  • Horehound
  • Hyssop
  • Mallow
  • Elder
  • Lemon balm
  • Linden flowers

Since there are no specific warnings about the usage of these herbs during pregnancy, their effect on the mom or the baby is not known.

Which Ingredients Are Safe To Use During Pregnancy?

Cough drops containing guaifenesin and dextromethorphan are widely considered safe during pregnancy (10). Menthol drops are also regarded as safe, but there aren’t enough studies to prove they are safe or not during pregnancy (11).

Take cough drops that only help in relieving cough and sore throat. Those containing simple ingredients work better.

The list of popular cough drops that are considered safe for pregnant women are (12) (13):

  • Halls menthol cough suppressant/Oral anesthetic drops
  • Vicks menthol cough suppressant/Oral anesthetic drops
  • Cepacol sore throat and cough drops
  • Chloraseptic sore throat and cough drops

No matter what brand of cough drops you consider taking, it is advisable to check with your doctor before you do.

Which Ingredients Are Unsafe For Pregnant Women?

You should be aware of taking cough drops containing herbal ingredients as most of them are not tested for safety. Also, some include alcohol and should be avoided.

[ Read: Dry Cough During Pregnancy ]

Are There Any Side Effects Of Taking Cough Drops During Pregnancy?

It is natural to reach out for that couch drop or lozenge when you have a cold or a sore throat during pregnancy, but it is important to consider the possible risks of taking it.

  • Suppress mucus production: Mucus is essential for the body to get rid of the germs (14). Cough drops could suppress the formation of mucus (15), trapping the germs within and increasing the chance of infection later.
  • Aggravate sugar levels: If you have gestational diabetes, cough drops will hike the blood sugar levels as many of them have high sugar content (16). Ingredients such as corn syrup and other sweeteners lead to a sudden increase in the sugar levels.
  • Uncertain ingredients: Some herbal ingredients are not safe for consumption, and therefore always check the composition and consult the doctor before you take medicine.

Read on to know more about the precautions you should take before taking cough drops during pregnancy.

Precautions To Consider While Using Cough Drops

Some of the dos and don’ts while taking cough medications are as follows:

  • Read the composition to check if you are allergic to any ingredient.
  • Check the expiry date as the medicine either loses its efficacy or taste.
  • Get sugar-free cough drops when you have the risk of gestational diabetes.
  • In the case of severe mucus formation, consider medical advice before choosing any cough drops.

When cough drops are not ideal for you, try the alternatives for relief.

Alternatives To Cough Drops

Sometimes, before trying cough drops, certain alternatives might help. It is better to choose natural remedies over medications to treat cough and sore throat (17).

  • Gargle with salt water (mix 1tsp salt in 8oz of water). It loosens mucus, relieves sore throat, and also kills the bacteria.
  • Drink teas – chamomile tea with honey, ginger tea made of fresh ginger root, lemon and honey tea, and clove tea with honey
  • Homemade chicken soup
  • Suck on a piece of garlic; it helps ease the sore throat and pain
  • Get enough sleep
  • Drink lots of fluids to clear a nasty cold
  • Use a humidifier in your room

When To Call A Doctor?

Refrain from using cough drops, skip home remedies and see a doctor if you are experiencing any of the following conditions:

  • Cough and sore throat that lasts for two or more days
  • Cough does not get better in a week
  • Having a temperature of 101°C or more
  • Having skin rash, nausea, vomiting, headache or swelling

Cough drops may not seem like a big deal or as harmful as other medications taken during pregnancy. But it is best to be careful than lax in keeping yourself and the baby safe. So exercise caution before taking any medication. Talk to your doctor and also be mindful about which cough drops you can take, because just anything won’t do.

[ Read: Stuffy Nose During Pregnancy ]

Which cough drops worked the best for you during pregnancy? Write to us in the below comment section.

References:

1. Cough Drop- menthol lozenge; National Institutes of Health (NIH) (2018)
2. Taking Medicine While Pregnant; University of New Mexico Hospital (2017)
3. Benzocaine; The United States Pharmacopeial Convention, Inc (2000)
4. Raho G Bachir and M Benali; Antibacterial activity of the essential oils from the leaves of Eucalyptus globulus against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus; Asian Pac J Trop Biomed (2012)
5. Roxas, and J. Jurenka; Colds and Influenza: A Review of Diagnosis and Conventional, Botanical, and Nutritional Considerations; Alternative Medicine Review (2007)
6. A. Black and D. A. Hill; Over-the-Counter Medications in Pregnancy; American Academy of Family Physicians (2003)
7. Dextromethorphan (DXM); Center for Substance Abuse Research (CESAR);
8. Roberto Silva et al.; Is guaifenesin safe during pregnancy; The Journal of Family Practice (2007)
9. Edward T. Moldenhauer; Common Herbal Medications; Naval School of Health Sciences (1999)
10. Pregnancy Safe Over-the-Counter Medications; MCG Health (2010)
11. Maximilian Arthur Kesner; Fighting the Sickness, Cough Drops; Science in Our World: Certainty and Controversy (SC200) (2016)
12. Lupe Cruz; OTC medicines that are okay during pregnancy; Intermountain Healthcare (2017)
13. Jeffrey Boyle; The best over-the-counter medications during pregnancy; Sanford Health (2017)
14. Anne Trafton; Fighting bacteria with mucus; MIT News (2012)
15. Bronchitis; Cedars-Sinai
16. Obstetrics & Gynecology; University of Wisconsin Hospitals
17. Patient Education: Cough or Cold, What to Take; University of Florida Health

 

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Rebecca Malachi

She is a Biotechnologist with a proficiency in areas of genetics, immunology, microbiology, bio-engineering, chemical engineering, medicine, pharmaceuticals to name a few. Her expertise in these fields has greatly assisted her in writing medical and life science articles. With 8+ years of work experience in writing for health and wellness, she is now a full-time contributor for Momjunction.com. She is passionate about giving research-based information to readers in need. Apart from writing, she is a foodie, loves travel, fond of gospel music and enjoys observing nature in silence. Know more about her at: linkedin.com/in/kothapalli-rebecca-35881628
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