The teen years can prove to be a tough time, particularly for those affected by asthma. Are you or someone in your family affected by asthma? Do you doubt your teen too, is affected by this condition? Keep reading to know more about why your teen could be affected by this respiratory disorder, and how you could help him tackle it better.
What Causes Asthma In Teens?
Asthma is basically a term used to define a condition wherein the airways that lead to the lungs get swollen and inflamed, making it difficult for the affected individual to breathe easily. A sudden bout of inflammation and swelling is what is commonly known as an asthma attack.
The fact that asthma runs is families is well known, but there are several other factors that may trigger an asthma attack. Some individuals tend to experience severe symptoms only during the allergy season or in the winter months, while some others find it worsening when they exercise.
It is believed that pollution could be a factor contributing to asthma, and may also make it worse. Individuals who have allergies are also much more likely to be affected by asthma. (1)
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Symptoms Of Asthma In Teens:
The symptoms associated with asthma may differ from individual to individual in terms of severity. Some individuals may experience mild symptoms, while others may experience severe symptoms. The frequency of occurrence of these signs of asthma in teenagers also vary.
In general, the following asthma symptoms in teens.
- Tightness in the chest
- Shortness of breath
- Breathing difficulties
- Sleep disturbances, mostly due to breathing difficulties
- Getting tired easily during exercise.
Certain situations tend to worsen the existing asthma symptoms. Some of these include-
- Hormonal changes (mostly observed in women during the menstrual cycle and pregnancy)
- Being exposed to certain chemicals (commonly noted in occupational asthma)
- Exposure to certain asthma triggers such as dust mites, cigarette smoke and air pollution
- Exercising (mostly in case of exercise induced asthma)
- Being infected by another respiratory illness such as influenza
- Consuming medicines such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and aspirin.
- Night time (for individuals affected by nocturnal asthma)
[ Read: Healthy Exercises For Teenagers ]
Helping A Teen Affected By Asthma:
The best way to confirm if your teen is affected by asthma is to have him checked by a physician. If confirmed, there are certain steps you may need to take to ensure your teen’s health and well being.
Here are a few steps you could take to help your teen cope with asthma better-
- Let him have a say- A set of guidelines put forth by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute has focused on the importance of having your teen’s opinion when it comes to school schedules and preferences. This may help the parents stay updated about their teen’s condition and may help them make active decisions regarding their teen’s health.
- Keep a watch- The most obvious way to ensure that your teen is doing fine is to monitor him closely- keep a lookout for the times and situations when he feels the best, and the situations that worsen his condition.
- Create an action plan – Experts believe that setting up an action plan with your teen could be extremely helpful- it could help your teen stay more in control of his condition, and could educate him of the steps he would need to take when he experiences symptoms such as shortness of breath and wheezing.
[ Read: Physical Activities For Teens ]
Teens need a lot of care and attention in their growing years, and as a parent, your support and love would be the best.
We hope you enjoyed reading this article, and that it gave you an idea of how to deal with asthma in teenagers. Do leave in your views in the comments box below.
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