During the early months, your baby’s growth trajectory may appear quite remarkable. Thus, when you observe your 22-month-old’s developmental milestones, you’ll notice that your baby has learned so much in a short time. By this time, your child may have developed eating preferences and may now throw tantrums.
At 22 months, babies begin to transform into toddlers who are curious to explore their surroundings. This article delves into the developmental milestones – cognitive, physical, social, and emotional – that most children attain at 22 months of age and some helpful advice to help you support their growth and development.
22-Month-Old Development Chart
|Achieved Developmental Milestones||Emerging Developmental Milestones|
|Walks independently||Walks up and down the steps without support|
|Runs in short bursts||Runs longer distance with finer balance|
|Has a set of 16 teeth||Develops the 17th tooth|
|Speaks basic words||Can speak broken sentences mainly heard from parents|
|Can express basic feelings||Can communicate some elaborate thoughts if vocabulary permits|
|Improved finger dexterity||Develops finer range of motion of fingers|
|Enjoys interacting and helping parents||Will oblige for more complex requests by parents|
|Engages in role-play with toys||Can show ability to play more complex games like board games|
|Can kick and throw objects||Will show ability to toss and catch objects|
|Understands rules and restrictions||Can understand complex restrictions with knowledge of adverse outcomes|
22-Month-Old Developmental Milestones
We have categorized the developmental milestones under three categories:
Cognitive Developmental Milestones
These milestones for 22 month old pertain to intelligence, rationality and decision-making capabilities.
- Language and speech development: Your toddler will now be able to understand basic words and phrases such as “drink milk”, “smile!” and “what’s your name?”. He will even have a better understanding of some complex instructions like “Go get your toys from bed”.He will babble less, and speak more definitive words. A 22-month-old will also talk to himself when he is playing alone (1). He will do so primarily to test his own vocabulary and experiment with his voice.
Your little one will acquire the ability to discern between negative and positive words. For example, if he is affirmative about something he will say “Yes”, and if he dislikes something he may say, “Not good”.
- Better memory: He will recognize faces and recollect places. When he sees a familiar person he might smile. If you take him to a park where he had fun earlier, he will get excited and clap his hands. This also works with things which he does not like as he will sulk or throw tantrums. According to Dr. Robin Fivush, a researcher at Emory University, in Atlanta, toddlers develop a good sense of memory by the end of the second year of their life. They also develop an understanding of past and present, and may correlate between two events in time.
- Object-noun association: Your 22-month-old will now know what a shoe is, and where its strings are. If you point to an image of a cat in a children’s book, he will recognize it. He will now refer to objects and living beings as a noun. He will also call his sibling or the toddler next door by his name. This also means he will refer to his relatives by the relationship he shares with them. When it comes to food, he will be able to differentiate between food items eaten by spoon and those eaten with a fork..
- Understands shapes and orientation: If you give your toddler his favorite book upside down, he will slowly turn the book to its correct position. If you show him how to turn the door knob, he will replicate it. He will remember simple shapes such as a circle, triangle, and square, and will remember the pronunciation of some letters of the alphabet.
- Learns the purpose of objects: Your baby will be a keen observer and will pay attention to the way you use various household objects. He will then try to replicate the action (2). For example, he may pick up a phone and pretend he is talking since he saw his parents do so.
- Find hidden objects: If you hide something from his sight, he will try to unearth the object. He will love playing games that involve hidden objects. This could be games like hide and seek or simple memory-based board games.
- Tests cause and effect: At 22 months, your baby will have a better understanding of cause and effect relationships. This means he will perform an action just to test its probable effect. By the end of two years of their life, a little one understands the cause-effect relationship quite clearly (3).
- Enjoys music and nursery rhymes: He will show an acute interest in nursery rhymes and will recite whatever words he remembers. If you sing the first line of the poem, he will attempt to sing the subsequent line. At this age, the toddler will love listening to music and don’t be surprised if he even starts to dance.
- Invested concentration: If he loves an activity, he will do it until he attains a set goal or achievement. You will no longer have to coax him to sit at one place and play with his toys. He will show finer concentration in the activity, and will not get distracted easily.
The cognitive skills depend on physical development because the baby needs physical strength to reach his intellectual goals.
Physical Developmental Milestones
These are the key improvements you will see in the physical development of your 22-month old.
- Fine-tuned gross motor skills: A 22-month-old will be able to eat from a spoon and drink liquids using a straw. He will be a messy eater but now he has better muscle coordination that will help him put food straight in his mouth rather than spill it around. He will also have ample dexterity to open boxes, cabinets, unscrew caps and stack blocks on top of one another. Your little one will now hold crayons better and scribble and draw some basic shapes. Studies have shown that 22 months is the time when the toddler transitions from scribbling to drawing simple yet meaningful shapes (4).
- More teeth: By the end of the 22nd month, your baby will have a set of 16 teeth, eight each on the upper and lower jaws. He will have the complete set of incisors, canines and one set of molars. This means he can bite and chew food with ease.
- Better body balance: Gone are the days when you will have to hold him every time he reaches for a fallen object. He will now bend with ease without plunging forward. What’s more, he will even squat when playing with objects on the floor. He can kick a ball without losing his balance or tripping over the ball. Toddlers of this age will also have a tendency to drag objects along. They will sit on chairs and climb stairs with the support of a rail or by holding the hand of a parent.
- Walks independently: Most babies learn to walk alone by 16 months (5). This means your 22-month-old will require less support and restraint while walking. His gait will be wobbly, but he definitely has better body balance than before.
- Enjoys running: It is the time when his feet will take flight. By the age of 22 months, a toddler starts experimenting with his ability to move faster with his legs, which means he will love to run a lot (6). Babies in this age group are also known to love riding wheeled toys, such as tricycles and toy cars.
Now, when he is talking and walking, he would need people around him to talk and listen.
Your baby might not be keen to meet or talk to strangers. In fact, he may still cling on to you when he is amidst less-familiar people. However, he will learn to socialize and smile at familiar faces. He will express his emotions.
- Develops a sense of independence: Do not expect him to wake up on his own, brush his teeth and take a bath. But by 22 months, your little one will show a level of independence when it comes to basic day-to-day tasks. He will understand what follows what in his daily routine and looks forward to his favorite activity or play time.
- Improved social and peer play: The toddler develops better relations with other children especially those he has been seeing frequently, such as siblings and cousins. You will notice that he segregates his peers on the basis of his level of rapport. This means, in a group, he will show preference towards the ones he knows rather than the new faces (7). He also begins to show a sense of empathy. For example, if a child hurts himself, your baby might attend to the wound. You will also see a subtle display of diplomacy in certain situations. At the same time, he may feel shy when you introduce him to strangers.
- Imitates adults, understands non-verbal communication: A 22-month-old will imitate adults, predominantly parents, by speaking phrases and words that he has heard from his mother or father. It is quite likely for him to pick up the tone of his parents. He reacts to situations in a manner similar to what the parents once did. This is called Social Referencing and can be seen as early as the 12th month of the baby’s life (8). Your little one will develop a more definitive understanding of non-verbal communication. The next time you put the finger on your lips, he will instantaneously understand that you are asking him to be quiet.
- Understands restrictions: Your 22-month-old behavior will be different – he will begin to discern between reasonable and unreasonable behavior. He will understand and remember the restrictions. For example, he will remember that he is not allowed to step out of the house alone or enter the storeroom without your permission. Since his language skills are better, it will be easier now to introduce new rules.
- Can show preference towards one hand: You can’t really tell if he is left-handed or right-handed till he joins school. But during playtime you may notice he prefers one hand over the other.
- Throws tantrums and shows defiance: This is the age when your baby throws tantrums for the silliest reasons in the world. It usually happens when he does not receive a predictable reaction to his regular action. For example, you always bought him a toy whenever you went to the supermarket. But one day you overlook his demand and refuse to buy him. Your baby will start throwing tantrums and show defiance towards your instructions. He will continue to do so until he realizes that his demands will be dealt with more sternly, and it is going to be the new norm. This is called Instrumental Conditioning, and it is how toddlers learn new rules (9).
- Develops a personality: Your little one will now refer himself by his name, and will have his own set of characteristics. For the first time you will notice him repeating certain tasks or doing an activity in exactly the same way he did it yesterday and the day before. In other words, he shows the formation of habits – his very own traits.
10 Tips To Improve The Development Of Your 22-Month-Old
Here are some tips that can help you nurture the development of your toddler.
- Your toddler’s attention span has improved but is not fully developed. Therefore, do not push things too far to the point that he feels overwhelmed and exhausted. For example, he may love memorizing nursery rhymes, but if you read a rhyme too fast he will lose interest and never make an effort to learn it.
- Whenever you give him an object, refer it by its name. Studies have shown that labeling objects helps stimulate his language skills (10).
- The conversation that you have during play time can make a key difference in his ability to grasp the language (11). Thus make it a point to talk with your little one while playing instead of leaving him alone with his toys.
- A 22-month old vocabulary increases at a fast pace. He can add five new words to his vocabulary every day (12). Therefore, teach him new words regularly since it can play a key role in deciding how many words your toddler can say.
- Obtain games and toys that will stimulate him visually and mentally.
- Take him to play outside as often as possible, so that he can let loose his desire to run and experiment with his muscle-brain coordination.
- When he throws tantrums, ask him to articulate his demands in words. Motivate him to express his objections rather than simply cry over the matter. Teach him to use polite words like “Please” and “Thank you”.
- Encourage your 22-month-old to go beyond his comfort zone, and interact with other toddlers during play time. This will help him understand the importance of having rich social bonds.
- Babies learn from parents and thus it is important to teach them the correct way to do an activity. For example, if he struggles to throw a ball, show him how to do it. Once he gets it correct, encourage him.
- Remember to baby-proof your home. Your baby is going to be his inquisitive best at this age and will fiddle around with household objects to understand their purpose. Keep hazardous items beyond his reach. For example, pad sharp edges in yo
If you notice your 22-month-old’s growth, you will realize that they developed quite a lot in a short period. They have become more skilled, independent, and curious. Your baby will now have better speech, memory, and concentration. They will enjoy music and have better body balance. You will also find that your baby is more social than before and will love to interact with peers. If you wish to enhance their development, play games, introduce them to different toys, and take them outdoors, this would be the right time to do so. While supporting and encouraging them, remember that all children have unique skills and achieve milestones at their own pace. However, be vigilant and if you find that your baby is not reaching the milestones even after they are way beyond the right age, discuss it with your doctor.
Infographic: Tips On Boosting Your 22-Month-Old’s Development
As your baby turns two soon, you may notice subtle changes in their personality and growth. If you wish to support them in attaining milestones early or foster their interest in learning new things, this infographic can be your companion. Check out!