Broken Bones In Children - Symptoms And Treatment

Fractures In Children

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Does your child find it painful or seem reluctant to raise her limb? Does she complain of acute pain at a particular spot? If you nodded along, consider reading our post below. Your dear little one might be suffering from a bone fracture. Fractures in children need immediate medical intervention to prevent any further complications. Read on to learn causes, symptoms, and treatments for broken bones in children.

What Are Fractures In Children?

Broken bones aren’t quite common, but injuries due to a fall or while playing a sport can lead to fracture in children. Most fractures occur in upper parts of the body, such as the wrist, fingertips, elbow, and forearms. It is because kids use their upper body parts for support while falling. Kids’ bones tend to bend since they are more pliable than an adult’s bones. However, in extreme cases bones may also break and cause acute pain (1).

Types Of Broken Bones In Children:

There are several different kinds of bone fractures in children. Find below some of the common types of broken bones in children.

  1. Bowing Fracture: Bone only happens to bend but does not break.
  1. Buckle Fracture: An incomplete breakage of bone occurs.
  1. Greenstick Fracture: Bone cracks only on one side and not all the way along.
  1. Complete Fracture: Bone of child breaks into two pieces.
  1. Comminuted Fracture: Bone of the child breaks into more than two pieces.
  1. Open Fracture: Bone tends to stick through the skin (2).

[ Read: Symptoms Of Broken Tailbone In Children ]

Causes Of Broken Bones In Children:

Even though falling from a height is often the most common cause of broken bones in in kids, there are many reasons for fractures in kids. Other causes of broken bones include:

  1. Application of greater force on the bone than it can absorb.
  1. Sudden twist to the bone.
  1. Direct blow or kick to the kid’s bone.
  1. Injury to the growth plate.
  1. Accidental placement of fingers into an equipment or machinery (3).

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Symptoms Of Broken Bones In Children:

It is not easy to conclude that your child is suffering from a bone fracture. However, certain symptoms can help you detect the fracture. Here is a list of some common symptoms of a bone fracture.

  1. Swelling or bumps in a particular area.
  1. Bruises and reddening of injured area.
  1. Acute pain in a part of body.
  1. Deformity in the injured area, such as a change in the shape of the limb or bone.
  1. Reluctance of the child to move the injured limb.
  1. Tenderness to the touch (4).

If your child exhibits any of the above symptoms, rush to your doctor for the right treatment.

[ Read: Home Safety Tips For Kids ]

Treating Broken Bones In Children:

Treatments for fractures in kids focus on minimizing the pain, prevent complications, promote healing, and restore normal functioning of the fractured body part. Here are some of the effective treatments for fractures in children.

1. Splint Or Cast:

The splint is medical equipment that prevents the movement of the fractured part and promotes bone alignment. The equipment promotes healing and safeguards the kid’s injured area of from improper movement (5).

2. Medications:

Doctors may prescribe certain medications or painkillers to reduce the pain in the fractured body part of your child. Doctors usually recommend Ibuprofen and Acetaminophen as the first-line of medications to control the pain in kids (6).

3. Traction:

The doctor recommends traction when certain parts of the child’s body need a force to stretch in a specific direction. Traction comprises strings, weights, pulleys, and metal frame attachment to the bed. Traction promotes alignment and healing of broken bones in kids (7).

[ Read: Tips To Deal With Chipped Tooth In Children ]

4. Surgery:

In extreme cases, fractures need a surgical intervention for the internal fixation or external fixation devices, such as metal rods, to hold the broken bone fragments in appropriate position. Surgery promotes bone alignment and healing (8).

Did your child suffer from any bone fracture at any time? What did you do to treat it effectively? Share your experience with fellow moms. Leave a comment below.

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