If a chigger has bitten your child, you may be searching for quick ways to treat chigger bites on kids. Chigger bites are tiny, round, reddish bumps that appear on the skin and could cause swelling and blisters in the affected area.
They are commonly seen in the skin folds, armpits, privates, around the waist, and behind the knees. The bumps emerge in groups and may spread to the adjacent areas over time.
These mite bites are common in children who play outdoors, especially in gardens or lawns. Though they are mostly harmless, your child could be uncomfortable due to the constant itching sensation.
This post presents more details on chigger bites in children, including their symptoms, treatment, and prevention.
What Causes Chigger Bites?
Chigger bites, medically known as trombiculosis, are rashes caused by chiggers, the larvae of trombiculid mites, also known as red mites or red bugs. These mites dwell on plants and grass and are barely visible to the naked eye.
These parasitic mites attach themselves to the skin of humans and animals. They cling onto the skin surface with their claws, and then pierce the skin and inject saliva, which dissolves the skin cells. The chigger larvae feed on the dissolved skin cells for a few days and fall off, leaving a red bump.
Signs And Symptoms Of Chigger Bites In Children
Chigger bites are often seen in areas where the clothing is tight or the skin is folded and generally appear in groups.
Some of the prominent symptoms of chigger bites are
- Round, reddish bumps on the skin
- Severe itching
- Swelling and pain
Sometimes, these chigger bites might appear on the penis and cause summer penile syndrome, which may exhibit symptoms such as (1):
- Swelling of the penis
- Painful or weak urine stream
Your child’s doctor would do a physical examination to diagnose chigger bites. The doctor might also enquire about your child’s medical history and other symptoms.
Treatment For Chigger Bites
A chigger bite may or may not be painful, but it might itch for ten to 21 days. If your child does not show any serious signs of infection, the chigger bites can be treated with some over-the-counter (OTC) medications. Here is what you could do if you spot chigger bites on your child.
- Ask them to shower and scrub the skin with antiseptic soap to get rid of any chiggers attached to the skin.
- Wash the clothes, blankets, or towels that your child has touched to kill any chiggers latched onto them.
- Apply OTC anti-itch creams or ointments, such as calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream, to relieve the itching and pain.
- If the itching persists, contact your doctor, and they might prescribe antihistamine drugs.
- If your child has a fever or chills, take them to the doctor and do not use OTC medications, such as Ibuprofen
The itching and bumps might subside in a week or two. During this time, make sure your child does not scratch or squeeze the bumps as it might lead to infection in the form of impetigoiXA contagious bacterial skin infection that causes sores and blisters, especially in children and cellulitisiXA non-contagious bacterial skin infection that makes the infected area red, swollen, and painful .It’s also important to consider the kid’s skincare during this time to avoid further irritation or discomfort.
Home Remedies For Chigger Bites
You could also use some of these home remedies to ease the itching and swelling caused by chigger bites. However, note that these home remedies do not have any scientific backing to prove their effectiveness, and it is important to speak to your doctor before trying these.
- Anecdotal evidence suggests that putting a cold compress on the chigger bites might ease the itching and swelling.
- Lemon is said to have antiseptic and antimicrobial properties. So, it might help in reducing the swelling and itching (2).
- Mix one-fourth cup of aloe vera gel with a drop of peppermint oil and rub it over the bumps. It might help soothe the area and ease the itching.
- Oatmeal is said to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which are important to soothe the itching. Add two to three cups of oats in water, gently scrub the chigger bites, and rinse it off(3).
- Anecdotal evidence suggests that apple cider vinegar contains antiseptic properties and can help ease the pain and itch from chigger bites. However, use this with caution in case the bites appear infected.
- Soaking the mite bites in baking soda or Epsom saltiXA bath salt used for minor aches and inflammation Epsom salt water might also help relieve the itching.
Prevention Of Chigger Bites
Observe these precautions to protect your children from chigger bites.
- Make sure your children wear long-sleeved shirts and full pants while playing outdoors.
- Apply anti-bug ointments all over your child’s body before they go out to play.
- Spray your child’s shoes, boots, and backpacks on the outside with anti-bug sprays containing DEET to repel the chiggers (4). Don’t allow DEET to come in direct contact with the child’s skin as it is a toxic compound.
- Tuck in your child’s pant legs into their socks to prevent the exposure to chiggers.
- You can also apply essential oils, such as tea tree oil, that might work as insect repellents.
- Instruct your children to have a hot shower as soon as they come home after playing outdoors.
When To See A Doctor?
Chigger bites usually do not cause harm and are treatable using OTC medications. However, it is best to consult your doctor if
- The OTC medications do not help in relieving the symptoms.
- The bite is warm, swollen, tender, or filled with pus.
- Your child develops allergic reactions, fever, chills, nausea, and vomiting, or has trouble breathing.
Chiggers do not transmit diseases, but there is a chance for the wound to get infected if your child scratches or pinches the bumps. Also, chiggers cannot burrow and enter the skin; they only live on the outer layers of the skin, feed, and fall off. These bites are also not contagious, so you can allow children to perform all normal activities unless there is severe itching.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Which children are at risk for chigger bites?
Children who spend much of their time engaging in outdoor activities during summers and have exposed skin may be at higher risk for chigger bites (5).
2. Do chiggers lay eggs on my child’s skin?
No, female chiggers lay eggs in sheltered places, in wooded or grassy areas. These eggs hatch to form larvae. The larva is the parasitic stage that attaches to the human skin and feeds on the skin tissue. It falls off once it becomes an adult (6).
3. What are the long-term effects of chigger bites on children?
The long-term effects of chigger bites on children include secondary cellulitis, a bacterial infection causing inflammation of the skin, summer penile syndrome characterized by redness and itching of the penile skin, and the potential transmission of diseases such as scrub typhus. Scrub typhus can cause symptoms such as fever, headache, and body aches (9).
4. Does the size of the chigger affect the severity of the bite in children?
The size of the chigger does not necessarily determine the severity of the bite in children. Chigger bites typically appear as clusters of tiny, inflamed bites. Over time, the bumps may enlarge, leading to increased blistering and itchiness (10).
Although chigger bites on kids do not lead to any serious repercussions, they might be painful and cause itching in the affected area. The itchiness usually takes about a week or two to subside. Thus, it is advised to look out that your child does not scratch the affected area as it might increase the chances of infection. Instead, try the above-mentioned home remedies to provide substantial relief to your child. But in case of a severe infection, contact the doctor immediately.
Infographic: Facts About Chigger Bites In Children
Chigger bites can trigger skin irritation and reactions in some children. Some may have complications such as bacterial superinfection. Go through the infographic to know more about chigger bites in children to identify and avoid them.
- Chiggers are parasites causing a reddish, itchy rash on the skin.
- Chigger bites on children may be treated with OTC anti-itch creams and lotions, but consult a doctor if the symptoms are severe or accompanied by fever.
- Home remedies such as using lemon juice, aloe vera gel with peppermint oil, or apple cider vinegar may be used to ease itching and pain.
Discover everything you need to know about chiggers, tiny pests that can induce itchiness through their bites. Educate yourself on effective measures to safeguard against these insects.
2. Ehigbai I. Oikeh, et al.; Phytochemical, antimicrobial, and antioxidant activities of different citrus juice concentrates; Food Sci Nutr. (2016).
3. Andrea Perrelli, et al.; Biological Activities, Health Benefits, and Therapeutic Properties of Avenanthramides: From Skin Protection to Prevention and Treatment of Cerebrovascular Diseases; Oxid Med Cell Longev. (2018).
4. Using Insect and Tick Repellents Safely; PennState Extension
5. Flea, Mite, or Chigger Bites in Children; Cedars Sinai
6. Chigger Bites; Cleveland Clinic
7. Preventing and treating chigger bites on kids; Children’s Hospital Association
8. Children and Fleas, Mites, and Chiggers; The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
9. Chigger bites; NCBI
10. Chigger Bites; KidsHealth.org