Is It Safe To Eat Crab During Pregnancy?

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Crabs are one of the most nutritious foods rich in protein and omega-3 polyunsaturated fats. Besides being tasty and versatile, they are much lower in saturated fats. But while eating them seems a healthy choice, can you eat crab during pregnancy? The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) considers crab healthy for pregnant women (1).

Despite its nutritional value, the question still arises: can you eat crab legs while pregnant? Well, there are conditions when a pregnant woman might be advised to avoid crab. Read this post to know about the safety of crabs during pregnancy, their health benefits, and how many crabs a pregnant woman may eat.

In This Article

Nutritional Value Of Crab

Crab meat is a rich source of several vitamins and minerals that are essential during pregnancy. Find the nutritional value found in 100g crab meat below (2):

NAMEAMOUNT
Energy97kcal
Protein19.4g
Total Fat1.54g
Carbohydrates0g
Dietary Fiber0g
Calcium, Ca59mg
Iron, Fe0.76mg
Cholesterol53mg
Magnesium, Mg63mg
Phosphorous, P280mg
Potassium, K262mg
Sodium, Na1070mg
Zinc, Zn7.62mg
Copper, Cu1.18mg
Selenium, Se40μg
Vitamin C7.6mg
Niacin1.34mg
Vitamin B60.18mg
Vitamin B1211.5μg
Total Folate51μg

Is It Safe To Eat Crab During Pregnancy?

Like many pregnant women, you too may have one question in your mind. Can pregnant women eat crab? The answer is yes, you can eat crab as long as it is hygienically made and properly cooked. Crab products such as crabmeat, sushi or sashimi are a big no-no. These products are not properly cooked and might harm you and the baby.

You should not eat the organs and guts of shellfish and fish as they may have high levels of mercury. The most significant risk with eating seafood during pregnancy is that they contain natural pollutants like PCBs (polychlorinated biphenylsiX A group of odorless and colorless synthetic carcinogenic substances ), mercury and dioxins. Also, the FDA states that frozen crab products risk food-borne illnesses such as listeriosis and toxoplasmosis. Check with your healthcare provider before consuming crab, especially when your cholesterol levels are not under control. It is also essential that you check for shellfish allergies before including crab and other shellfish in your diet.

Factors To Consider When Eating Crab While Pregnant

You have to be careful when choosing crabs as your already overloaded immune system will have to struggle to fight with the harmful substances.

1. Choose king crabs: The most secure choice of seafood during pregnancy is king crab. Other popular varieties include blue crab, snow crab, and Dungeness crab, but these are not considered as safe as king crabs because they are high in mercury.

Mercury can affect the development of the fetus’ brain and nervous system, and cause certain health complications in the mother as well. Though crab is one of the low mercury seafoods (3), you need to consume it in moderation.

2. Take advice from fish advisories: Contamination levels vary from one waterbody to other. You should be wary of any fish or crabs caught in local waters. Therefore you have to check with the guidelines and local fish advisories whether the crab is safe to eat or not.

3. Avoid raw crab or precooked crab dishes: Raw crab or precooked crabs could be infected with microorganisms and parasites that can cause food poisoning, adversely affecting maternal health and the fetus’s development.

4. Do not eat undercooked crab meat: Undercooked meat is as hazardous as raw meat. So, never eat crab if it is cooked insufficiently. In properly cooked crab, heat destroys the harmful microorganisms and parasites.

5. Do not eat frozen crab meat: Frozen meat should not be consumed as it is prone to bacteria. According to Colorado State University, you can choose crabs stored in a sealed can or a pouch to avoid food-borne illnesses.

6. Handle in a hygienic way: Wash all the cutlery, utensils and food prep area before and after handling the raw crabs. You should use separate knives and cutting boards. Store the leftover food in an airtight container in the freezer. Discard any stale food that has been left out for more than two hours at room temperature.

Health Benefits Of Eating Crab During Pregnancy

Can you have crab during pregnancy first trimester? If your doctor allows it, you can consume crabs during pregnancy as it offers the following health benefits.

1. Aids overall development of the fetus:

Crabs are a rich source of omega 3 fatty acidsiXHealthy polyunsaturated fatty acids that may help support cardiovascular health. , iodine, protein, and vitamins A and D. Thus, eating crabs during pregnancy, as a part of a well-balanced diet, can help promote healthy fetal development.

protip_icon Research finds
Theoretical studies show that consuming omega-3 fatty acids during pregnancy may benefit women who experience depressive disorders but are reluctant to take anti-depressants. However, more studies are needed to validate this consideration (6).

2. Boosts your immunity:

Amino acidsiXThese are molecules that are the building blocks of proteins and antioxidantsiXMan-made or natural substances that may prevent or slow down cell damage caused due to harmful molecules called free radicals in crab meat help in improving your energy and immune levels during pregnancy.

3. Fights anemia:

Crabs contain healthy levels of iron. Iron protects you from pregnancy anemia. It also helps maintain healthy hemoglobin levels in the baby after delivery.

4. Rich in calcium:

The rich calcium levels promote bone and teeth development in the fetus.

protip_icon Nutrition fact
Pregnant women aged 19 and above need 1000mg of calcium daily (7).

5. Low in calories:

Crab meat is very low in calories, which is good because you can eat without any worry about gaining weight.

6. Low in cholesterol:

Expectant mothers with normal or low cholesterol levels can eat crab while those with high levels need to check with your doctor if crab is safe to eat.

7. Contains folate:

Crabs also contain folate, an essential vitamin you should include in your maternal diet. Folate and its synthetic form, folic acid, helps prevent any neural tube defectsiXSevere birth abnormalities of the central nervous system that develop early during pregnancy , such as spina bifida and anencephaly, which are the most common types. According to the statistics from the CDC, approximately 1427 babies are affected by spina bifida, and 847 babies are affected by anencephaly in the US.

Can You Eat Snow Crab Legs While Pregnant?

You may be wondering ‘can pregnant women eat crab legs?’ If you are asking about snow crab legs, you should know that it contains a little amount of fat that is sufficient for your body’s everyday needs. But, it also contains high sodium levels, which could be harmful if you take in excess. Therefore, you should make sure you cook them properly with healthy toppings. You can cook them by steaming, boiling, barbequing or frying but they cannot be eaten half-cooked or raw. Also ensure not to exceed the RDA.

What Is The Recommended Amount Of Crab For Pregnant Women?

Pregnant women can typically eat up to six ounces of crab twice a week (3). King crab contains lowest mercury levels and it is the best option. Other crabs like blue crab, snow crab, and Dungeness crab contain higher levels of mercury, and therefore you should consume less than six ounces of these crabs per month. To be on the safer side, avoid these varieties during pregnancy and talk to a doctor if you have shellfish allergies and inform your doctor.

Once you check with your doctor and have confirmation that it is safe for you to eat crab, try some delicious crab recipes we list below. If you feel there are any ingredients that you are not eating while you are pregnant, or the ingredients can make you feel uncomfortable, make sure to substitute it with something else.

Pregnancy-friendly And Easy To Cook Crab Recipes

1. Crab Cakes

Image: Shutterstock

You will need:

  • 1/3 cup of dry bread crumbs
  • ¼ cup of seeded and diced green bell pepper
  • ¼ cup of seeded and diced red bell pepper
  • 2 thinly sliced green onions
  • 4 chopped sprigs of fresh parsley
  • ½ tsp of hot pepper sauce
  • 1 egg white
  • 2 tbsp. of mayonnaise
  • 1 tbsp. of freshly squeezed lime juice
  • ½ a tsp of Worcestershire sauce
  • 2 tsp of Dijon mustard
  • ¼ tsp of seasoning
  • ¼ tsp of dry mustard
  • ¼ tsp of onion powder
  • 6 ounce of drained and flaked crab meat
  • ½ a cup of dry bread crumbs
  • 1 cup of canola oil to fry the cakes

How to:

  1. In a big pan, heat the oil and add the flattened crab cakes one by one. Do not add too many at a time, as it will make it difficult to turn the cakes in the oil while you are frying them. Cook it on one side till it turns golden brown, and then flip to the other side and fry till it turns golden brown too.
  1. Now add the crab meat into the mix and toss up again. Using your hands, take the mix in your palms and roll it up into small balls. Now flatten the balls to form small cakes.
  1. Mix 1/3rd of the bread crumbs, the green bell pepper, the red bell pepper, the green onions and the parsley in a big bowl. Add the egg whites, the mayonnaise, the lemon juice, the Worcestershire sauce and the Dijon mustard.
  1. Next, add the seasoning and the dry mustard and give it all a toss. Now add the onion powder and mix it all up again. Make sure you mix everything well so that everything is coated in properly.
  1. Place the remaining breadcrumbs on a plate and roll the crab cakes in the bread crumbs to get a crunchy texture once they are fried.
  1. Take the cakes out of the pan and dry them on a paper towel before serving.

2. Garlic Crab Legs

Image: Shutterstock

You will need:

  • 3 and a ½ pounds of legs of Alaska king crab along with the shell
  • 6 ears of fresh corn
  • 1 and a ½ cups of butter
  • 3 tsp of minced garlic
  • 1/8thtsp of crushed red pepper flakes
  • 1 tsp of seasoning or as per taste
  • Water

How to:

  1. Add water in a large pan and bring it to a boil. Once the water starts to boil, add the crab legs and the corn in the pan. Keep boiling it till the corn has turned tender, and the crab legs turn opaque and are flaky.
  1. Sometimes, the crab can finish cooking before the corn does, so make sure you keep checking about once every five minutes for the same. Once it is done, drain off the water. Using a sharp knife, make a slit in each of the crab leg shells so that it is easier to eat.
  1. In another pan, melt the butter and add the garlic, the red pepper, and the seasoning. Stir it all together and then add the cooked crab and the corn. Mix everything well and sauté it for about five to ten minutes.

3. Chicken Breasts Stuffed With Crab Meat

Image: Shutterstock

You will need:

  • 3 ounces of softened cream cheese
  • 2 tbsp. of minced onion
  • 2 tbsp. of chopped fresh parsley
  • 1 tsp of chopped fresh dill
  • 1 tsp of minced garlic
  • 1/8thtsp of lemon pepper
  • 4 ounces of fresh Dungeness crab meat
  • 4 skinless and boneless chicken breasts
  • 1 cup of all-purpose flour
  • 2 beaten eggs
  • 3 cups of fresh bread crumbs
  • 2 tbsp. of butter
  • 2 tbsp. of vegetable oil
  • Salt as per taste
  • Pepper as per taste

How to:

  1. Take a bowl and add the cream cheese, the onion, the dill, the parsley, the garlic and the lemon pepper. Make sure you give it a nice mix to stir the spices together. Now add the crab meat and mix it all together again.
  1. Cover the mix and place it in the refrigerator for about two hours.
  1. Take a sharp knife and make horizontal slices in the center of the chicken breasts, to make a sort of pocket for the filling. Once the pocket is created, take the stuffing you made using the crab meat and fill it in the chicken opening.
  1. In a plate, place the breadcrumbs, in a separate plate place the flour and another plate place the eggs. Dip the chicken pieces in the flour, and then dip it in the eggs and lastly, roll it around in the plate of bread crumbs. Make sure you cover the chicken pieces completely while dipping them in the three plates.
  1. Place a pan over heat and add the butter and oil. Once the butter melts and the oil heats, add the stuffed chicken breast pieces to the pan. Cook one side till it turns a nice golden brown. Once it is done, turn the piece over and cook it till the other side also turns a nice golden brown. It should take about ten minutes for each side to be done properly. Once both the sides are cooked, remove from the pan and wipe off the excess oil and butter on a paper towel.

4. Mini Crab Melts

Image: Shutterstock

You will need:

  • 3 to 4 ounces of bread slices
  • ¾ cup of mayonnaise
  • ¾ tsp of lemon zest
  • 3 and a ½ tbsp. of chopped fresh dill
  • ½ tsp of salt
  • 12 ounces of drained and picked lump crab meat
  • 2 tbsp. of finely chopped red onion
  • Slices of tomatoes
  • 1 cup of grated Gruyere cheese
  • ¼ tsp of freshly ground black pepper or as per taste

How to:

  1. Preheat the broiler.
  1. Take a baking sheet and place the bread slices in a single layer on the same. Now broil it for about one to two minutes on each side, or till they turn a nice golden brown and are properly toasted. Make sure that they do not turn a dark brown color or become overly toasted or burnt.
  1. In a bowl, add the mayonnaise, the lemon zest, and three tbsp. of dill and one-fourth teaspoon salt and mix it all well. Now in a different bowl, add the crab meat, the onion and one-fourth of the salt. Mix it well so that it completely coats the crab meat. Add two tbsp. mayonnaise in the mix of crab meat and stir it all together to coat the crab meat.
  1. Take the remaining mayonnaise mixture and spread it evenly on the toast. Next, add a layer of the crab meat mixture and add a final layer of tomato slices. Sprinkle the cheese on top.
  1. Broil the toast for about three minutes or till the cheese melts nicely. Once it is done, sprinkle with black pepper as per taste on top and add the remaining dill as garnish. Serve it immediately or while it is still warm.

5. Crab And Shrimp Nachos

Image: Shutterstock

You will need:

  • 1 tsp of olive oil
  • 1 pound of peeled and deveined shrimp
  • 2 to 3 tsp of toasted ground cumin
  • 1 tsp of minced garlic
  • 1 pound of cleaned and picked jumbo lump crab meat
  • ¾ cup of sour cream
  • 1 bunch of sliced green onions
  • 9 ounces of yellow, white or blue corn tortilla chips
  • 3 cups of grated pepper cheese
  • ½ cup of sliced and pickled jalapenos

How to:

  1. Place a big pan on the heat and add the oil. Once it heats, add the shrimp, the cumin, and the garlic. Sauté it for about three minutes or till the shrimp turns pink.
  1. Once the shrimp is properly cooked, take it out of the pan and place it in a bowl. Add the crab, the sour cream, and the green onions and mix it again to ensure that everything is coated properly.
  1. Use aluminum foil to line a baking sheet and place the tortilla chips on the same. Add the shrimp and crab mix on top of each chip and sprinkle with the cheese. Top the tortilla chips with jalapeno.
  1. Broil the tortilla chips with the mix for about two minutes and make sure you place them at least five to six inches away from the heat. Do it till the cheese melts. Serve immediately or while it is still warm.
protip_icon Quick tip
Small salad shrimps are preferable for making crab and shrimp nachos. However, if you don’t get them, cut the bigger ones into small pieces.

6. Crab Salad With Mango Salsa

Image: Shutterstock

You will need:

For the mango salsa:

  • 1 cup of drained and cut tropical fruits
  • 1 tbsp. of roughly chopped fresh cilantro leaves
  • 1 finely chopped scallion
  • The juice of ½ of a lime
  • 1 small seeded, and minced jalapeno with the ribs removed
  • Salt as per taste
  • Freshly ground black pepper as per taste

For the crab salad:

  • 2 cups of shredded lettuce
  • 1 cup of lump crab meat
  • ¼ cup of sour cream
  • Sliced lime for garnish

How to:

For the mango salsa:

  1. In a big bowl, mix the cut tropical fruits and all the other ingredients of the mango salsa. Mix everything well and keep it aside.

For the crab salad:

  1. Take a parfait glass and layer it with half a cup of shredded lettuce, a ¼th cup of lump crab meat and two tbsp. of sour cream. Keep repeating the layering in the same way till you finish up all the ingredients.
  1. While serving, place the sliced limes on top.

7. Corn And Crab Chowder Pot Pies

Image: Shutterstock

You will need:

  • 1 tbsp. of extra virgin olive oil
  • 3 to 4 slices of chopped or thinly sliced bacon
  • 2 handfuls of chopped baby potatoes
  • 3 to 4 chopped small ribs celery
  • 1 finely chopped onion
  • 2 chopped or thinly sliced large cloves of garlic
  • 1 finely chopped mild chili pepper
  • 2 tbsp. of chopped fresh thyme
  • 1 tbsp. of crab oil seasoning
  • 3 cups of chicken stock
  • 3 cups of whole milk
  • 4 tbsp. of butter
  • 3 rounded tbsp. of flour
  • 1 rounded tbsp. of Dijon mustard
  • 3 to 4 scraped ears of corn on the cob or 2 cups of frozen and defrosted organic corn kernels
  • 1 sheet of frozen and thawed puff pastry
  • 1 tub of fresh lump crab meat
  • A few drops of any hot sauce of your choice
  • Salt as per taste
  • Black pepper as per taste and freshly grounded

How to:

  1. Place a pan over medium to high heat and add the oil.
  1. Once the oil is hot, add the chopped bacon and cook it for a few minutes. Next, add the potatoes, the celery, the onion, the garlic, the chili pepper, the chopped thyme, the crab seasoning, salt and pepper as per taste.
  1. Stir everything and cover the pan, and cook for about ten minutes. Make sure to stir it occasionally. Now add the chicken stock and the milk and let it all come to a boil.
  1. Place a small skillet over medium heat and add the butter. Once it begins to melt, add the flour and keep stirring to avoid forming any lumps. Do this for about a minute and add the mustard. Stir together. Now add this to the pan in which the chicken stock is cooking and stir everything together. Once it all mixes well, add the corn and let the chowder start to boil and bubble. Once it starts to bubble over, reduce the heat and keep cooking it till the mix starts to thicken. Remove from heat and set it aside till it completely cools down.
  1. Now heat the oven to 425 degrees F. Take the sheet of pastry dough and cut shapes using a sharp knife. Place the pastry dough in a deep set bowl or shallow casseroles so cut the shapes accordingly.
  1. Place the baking sheet on a non-stick baking sheet. Beat the egg adding a splash of water and brush the egg on the dough. Bake it for about ten to 12 minutes or till it turns golden.
  1. Place the chowder back on heat and start to heat it up. Keep it covered as you heat it over medium heat till the chowder starts bubbling again. Now remove the cover and let it cook for some more time on simmer.
  1. Sprinkle the hot sauce on the crab meat and add it to the chowder. Keep stirring till the crab meat mixes in with the chowder and is thoroughly heated.
  1. Once done, pour the chowder into the bowls and add the pastry on top.

8. Devilled Eggs With Crab

Image: Shutterstock

You will need:

  • 4 ounces of lump crab meat
  • ½ a stick of finely chopped stick celery
  • 2 tbsp. of mascarpone cheese kept at room temperature
  • 1 tbsp. of mayonnaise
  • 1 tbsp. of sour cream
  • 1 tbsp. of Dijon mustard
  • 1 tbsp. of freshly squeezed lime juice
  • 3 tbsp. of freshly chopped chives
  • Salt as per taste
  • Black pepper as per taste and freshly grounded
  • 6 hard-boiled eggs with the peels removed, halved and the yolks removed

How to:

  1. In a bowl, mix the crab meat, the celery, the mascarpone cheese, the sour cream, the Dijon mustard, the lemon juice and the chives.
  1. Add the salt and pepper and give it a stir. Put the crab meat mix into the eggs. Serve immediately.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Which seafood is safe during pregnancy?

Low-mercury seafood is safe for consumption during pregnancy in limited servings (8 to 12 ounces per week). These include canned tuna, salmon, king crabs, clams, shrimp, oysters, scallops, calamari, and sardines (4).

2. What happens when you eat a lot of crabs?

Seafood, including crabs, can have different cholesterol, sodium, and mercury levels that may affect the mother’s cardiovascular system and the baby’s nervous system during fetal development (5). Therefore, it is vital to prioritize food safety and consume crab in moderation.

3. Does eating crabs raise blood pressure?

Crabs contain high sodium levels, which may contribute to high blood pressure when consumed in amounts beyond the recommended dietary limit (5).

When hygienically handled and cooked, women can eat crab during pregnancy. Crab can provide you with essential nutrients, such as omega-3, vitamin B12, and selenium. These nutrients can benefit your and your unborn baby’s overall health. However, you should consult your healthcare provider if you have high cholesterol levels. You should also not eat raw, undercooked, or frozen crabs to avoid food poisoning risks. Expectant mothers can eat a few servings of crab a week as a part of a well-balanced diet.

Infographic: Safety Advice About Eating Crabs For Pregnant Women

Eating crab during pregnancy can be a delicious and healthy way to add variety to your diet. However, it’s important to follow certain guidelines to ensure that the crab you eat is safe for you and your baby. Check out the infographic below to learn about some crucial factors you should think about before enjoying the delicacy of crabs while expecting.

points to consider when eating crab during pregnancy (infographic)

Illustration: Momjunction Design Team

Get the high-quality PDF version of this infographic.

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Key Pointers

  • Crab can be safely consumed during pregnancy if prepared hygienically and cooked thoroughly, but raw or undercooked crab should be avoided.
  • Mercury levels should be considered when consuming crab during pregnancy as they can affect the growth of the fetus’s brain and nervous system.
  • King crab is the safest seafood option to consume during pregnancy as it contains the lowest levels of mercury.
  • Crab is a good source of folate, low in calories and cholesterol, and can aid in the overall growth of the fetus.
  • Additionally, it can boost immunity, combat anemia, and provide calcium.

References

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