Dandruff, the tiny white flakes shedding from the child’s scalp, is normal. It is not a serious problem and affects infants, children, teens, and adults. Also called seborrheic dermatitis, dandruff is the shedding of dead cells from the uppermost skin layer (1).
Usually, children with oily skin tend to get more dandruff (2). Although it is not something to worry about, dandruff can be itchy and bothersome. This MomJunction post tells you about the causes of dandruff in children and the treatment options available.
Possible Causes Of Dandruff In Children
Dandruff can occur at any age, and the exact cause is unknown. Here are some observations with regard to dandruff in children.
- Dandruff often begins during adolescence. Doctors believe it is due to the increase in hormones during the teenage years (3). The rise in hormones leads to excess production of sebum or oil, which could cause dandruff.
- According to the University of Michigan, eczema, a skin condition, could increase shedding of skin from the scalp, thus causing dandruff (4).
- A fungal infection could also lead to dandruff. A fungus named Malassezia is quite commonly associated with it (5).
- If the child has dry skin, then it could make the child more prone to dandruff. Seasonal changes, like the winter, may worsen dry skin and cause dandruff (6).
- Contact dermatitis (a skin rash due to allergen or irritant), and infrequent shampooing are some factors that may cause dandruff (6).
- Some other factors that may increase the occurrence of dandruff include neurological problems, immune system problems, and stress.
Some children may know they have dandruff due to falling flakes, while some may not. Symptoms of dandruff in kids vary from one to another.
Symptoms Of Dandruff In Children
The most common symptoms include (6):
- Dry scalp
- Itchy scalp
- White flakes on hair and falling on shoulders
- Itching may cause redness of the scalp
- Hair loss (temporary)
- An oily area on the scalp
Dandruff in children is not contagious, which means a child cannot get dandruff from others.
Dandruff Treatment For Children
Dandruff doesn’t harm the scalp. But when left untreated, it may cause severe itchiness, which is uncomfortable. The following steps may help reduce dandruff.
- Washing hair frequently with a regular shampoo might help in removing the flakes.
- If this is not helping, then an over-the-counter anti-dandruff shampoo could help. Your child’s doctor may recommend an appropriate shampoo.
- If the doctor suspects fungus on the scalp, then they may recommend specialized anti-fungal, anti-dandruff shampoo (2).
- Shampoos with salicylic acid can help reduce dandruff (7). Other compounds that could provide relief are selenium sulfide, sulfur, zinc pyrithione, and tar (8). Consult a doctor before picking a shampoo with these compounds for your child.
Observing some non-medicinal methods at home can help provide relief to the child from dandruff.
Home Remedies To Prevent Dandruff In Children
Some of the natural remedies for dandruff that you may consider are:
- According to a research study, 5% of tea tree oil could be effective in treating dandruff with no adverse effects. The study had participants who were 14-year-old and older (9).
- Lemon juice or lemon juice mixed in coconut oil may also help in getting rid of dandruff (11).
- You may also try a mixture of yogurt, egg yolks, and honey (12).
- Ginger and Indian gooseberry are also considered effective in treating and preventing dandruff (13).
The efficacy of these remedies on curing dandruff among children is unknown as the studies were carried on adults. However, you may try them as they may not be harmful to a child. Apply the substance on a small patch of the scalp to see if it suits your child. If the substance causes discomfort or irritation, then wash it immediately.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Is dandruff a sign of puberty?
Dandruff is not a sign of puberty. But it may start early during teens due to the high hormone levels, which causes more production of oil on the scalp.
2. Can dandruff go away on its own?
Dandruff may or may not go away on its own, depending on its severity. Also, it may or may not be possible to remove dandruff permanently. It might recur too.
3. Do I need to consult a doctor for dandruff?
Dandruff usually does not require doctor consultation. However, if the dandruff is severe, very itchy, causes redness of the scalp, or loss of hair, then you need to consult a doctor. You may see a doctor even without these severe symptoms.
If your child is too worried about dandruff, tell them it is a common condition and will go away with appropriate measures. Also, you may tell them not to scratch or do something that may harm them or make the situation worse. Try the home remedies and simple measures repeatedly, and you may have results.
Do you have any more tips for dandruff in children? Do share them in the comment section below.
2. What is dandruff?; University Health Service: University of Michigan
3. Dandruff; Rady Children’s Hospital San Diego
4. Dandruff; Michigan Medicine
5. S. M. Rudramurthy et al.; Association of Malassezia species with dandruff; Indian Journal of Medical Research (2014)
6. Causes and Diagnoses of Dandruff; Northwestern Medicine
7. Salicylic Acid Shampoo; Nationwide Children’s
8. Dandruff; Brenner Children’s Wake Forest Baptist Health
9. A. C. Satchell et al.; Treatment of dandruff with 5% tea tree oil shampoo; Medref.se
10. M. I. Qadir; Medicinal and Cosmetological Importance of Aloe Vera; International Journal of Natural Therapy (2009)
11. Home Remedies of Dandruff; Jamaica Hospital Medical Center (2016)
12. Tips for healthy hair with natural remedies to get long, strong and shiny hair; AK Clinics (2017)
13. J. Y. Yu et al.; Preclinical and Clinical Studies Demonstrate That the Proprietary Herbal Extract DA-5512 Effectively Stimulates Hair Growth and Promotes Hair Health; Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (2017)
14. How to Get Rid of Dandruff: Causes, Treatment and Home Remedies; AK Clinics (2018)
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