Are you expecting and facing weight woes at the same time? Do you know that obesity can increase the chances of complications during pregnancy? Well, if you can relate to the above situations reading this post is a must!
Obesity or excessive weight gain during pregnancy can increase the risk of developing gestational diabetes, preeclampsia, etc. If you are gaining excessive weight while expecting, it is essential to following a healthy dietary routine. Want to know more about diet plans for overweight pregnant women? Read on!
Weight Gain During Pregnancy
A considerate weight gain during pregnancy is important for your health and the development of the little one in your womb. A woman who enjoys a normal weight should gain 25 to 35 pounds during pregnancy. Underweight women should gain 28 to 40 pounds while overweight women should gain only 15 to 25 pounds during pregnancy (1).
So, if you were overweight already, try to keep a close tab on your weight gain during these nine months. Despite aiming at gaining less weight, your pregnancy diet plan must comprise of all the essential nutrients and minerals, for proper nourishment of your baby.
During pregnancy, you are bound to gain weight due to numerous factors that include the following:
- Increasing baby weight
- Increased blood supply
- Stored fat for breastfeeding
- Amniotic fluid
Pregnancy Diet Plan For Overweight Women
If you need to keep an eye on the weighing scale while expecting, you must cut down on your unhealthy calorie consumption. By including nutrient-rich and low-calorie foods, you can remain healthy and disease-free. The diet plan for overweight pregnancy can consist of several small meals at regular intervals of time. Remember, you need to maintain your recommended calorie intake and plan your meals accordingly. Here are some of the super foods that your pregnancy diet plan should include if you are overweight:
- Low-fat yogurt or milk.
- Roasted or baked foods, instead of unhealthy fried ones.
- Fresh vegetable and fruit salads.
- Homemade foods, which are far better than the high-calorie junk or processed foods.
- Your breakfast should comprise of healthy cereals like brown bread, brown rice or whole wheat bread.
- Lean proteins are a must-have for you.
Important Dietary Tips For Overweight Pregnant Woman
Here are a few simple tips that can help you regulate your weight gain during pregnancy:
- As it would be difficult for you to change your eating habits drastically, you can try and limit the portion size of the foods you consume.
- Use olive oil or low-fat butter instead of normal cooking oil. Excess fat consumption can adversely affect your health and the growth of the fetus.
- Eat whole wheat bread and fruits instead of consuming refined flour and sugar.
- Reduce your sodium intake by using low-fat unsalted butter and less salt while cooking.
- Increase your intake of water and fruit juices, to keep your body hydrated.
- Avoid spicy foods, as it may irritate the stomach lining.
Risks Of Being Overweight During Pregnancy
Obesity during pregnancy can lead to complications like hypertension, diabetes, preeclampsia, fetal macrosomia, increased cesarean delivery rates, higher incidence of wound infections, etc. Some of the other health issues overweight women are likely to face during pregnancy include the following: (2)
- Miscarriage: Due to the elevated level of BMI, you are at greater risks of miscarriage than other pregnant women.
- Gestational Diabetes: If your BMI is above 30, you are more prone to develop gestational diabetes in comparison to other would-be moms.
- Delivery Complications: Being obese, you are also prone to preterm labor. An unhealthy weight during pregnancy also increases the chance of needing birth intervention, including induced labor, cesarean and shoulder dystocia.
Your obesity can cause the following birth defects in your baby:
- Neural tube defects, such as spina bifida
- Heart defects
- Cleft palate
- Limb reduction defects (3)
Remember, by following a balanced diet and a regular exercise routine you can keep fit throughout the delicate phase of pregnancy and have a healthy baby in your arms soon.
Hope you liked our post on diet plans for overweight pregnant women. Were you overweight while expecting? Did your doctor advise you to follow a diet chart? Please share your experience and advice here.
- Fetal Kidney Problem – Everything You Need To Know
- 5 Major Phases Of Fetal Lung Development
- Fetal Echocardiography – Purpose, Procedure & Risks