Dragon Fruit In Pregnancy: Safety, Benefits, And Side Effects

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Dragon fruit or pitaya is a colorful tropical fruit native to South and Central America. It contains several nutrients, such as protein and fiber, and tastes refreshing and sweet. You may consume dragon fruit in pregnancy. However, before adding it to your diet, consult your doctor since isolated cases of dragon fruit allergy have been reported.

There are several varieties of dragon fruit, but all of them have a scaly and textured outer skin and a soft, red, magenta, or white-colored editble flesh with tiny black seeds embedded in it (1).You can pick any variety once your doctor gives you the go-ahead.

Read on as we tell you more about whether it is safe for pregnant women to consume dragon fruit, its nutritional value, possible health benefits, side effects, and ways to include it in your diet.

Can Pregnant Women Eat Dragon Fruit?

Dragon fruit contains sugars, carbohydrates, calcium, dietary fiber, and sodium, and is believed to be healthy for pregnant women. When you have it in limited amounts, dragon fruit is safe.

How Much Dragon Fruit Can You Eat In A Day?

One average-sized dragon fruit could weigh 350 to 400 grams (2). Ideally, pregnant women are recommended to take at least 200 grams of fruits in a day (3). If you are unsure about the intake, talk to your doctor before consuming more than the recommended quantities.

Nutritional Profile Of Dragon Fruit

According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), dragon fruit is cholesterol and fat-free. A 100 gram serving of dragon fruit might provide you the following nutrients that could help your pregnancy needs.

NutrientRDA (4) (5)Per 100g of dragon fruit (6)
Calories1800 – 2400 calories264kcal
Carbohydrates175g82.1g
Dietary fiber28g1.8mg
Calcium1000mg107mg
Vitamin C85mg6.4mg

These nutrients in dragon fruit are beneficial for expecting mothers.

Health Benefits Of Dragon Fruit In Pregnancy

Besides tasting unique and sweet, dragon fruit might be beneficial for your health.

  1. Prevents the risk of anemia: According to a study, consuming red dragon fruit juice had significant effects on the levels of hemoglobin and erythrocyte levels in pregnant women. However, there are just limited studies about this benefit (7).
  1. Provides relief from constipation: Dragon fruit can be a good source of dietary fiber (6), and might help ease constipation to some extent. Having dietary fiber can help in flushing the toxins and maintaining overall digestive health.
  1. Protects from free radicals: A study shows that the antioxidant effects of the red dragon fruit could prevent any damage that cigarette smoke exposure might cause to babies (8). Pregnant women who are exposed to smoke could have a risk of delivering babies with low birth weight.

If you’ve never eaten the fruit before but want to try it for the first time during pregnancy, it is good to know if it has any side-effects.

Are There Any Possible Side Effects Of Dragon Fruit In Pregnancy?

There are no major adverse effects of eating dragon fruit in pregnancy. But in case you experience any allergic reactions such as itching, sneezing, rashes, or a burning sensation in the mouth, then it is best to stop eating it.

Even if not allergic to dragon fruit, you must eat it in moderation, as anything in excess during pregnancy may lead to unfavorable outcomes.

Is Dragon Fruit Good For Gestational Diabetes?

According to Defeat Diabetes Foundation, the seeds of dragon fruit could help in regulating the blood glucose levels and hence might have the potential to prevent and help manage type 2 diabetes (1).

But there is no scientific evidence supporting this theory. So we cannot definitively say that dragon fruit is good or harmful for gestational diabetes. If you are doubtful, talk to your doctor to know whether or not you can have this fruit.

If you get the go-ahead, you can include moderate amounts of this fruit in your diet, in different ways.

Ways To Include Dragon Fruit In Your Diet

Here are a few ways to include the dragon fruit in your diet.

  • Cut the inside part of the fruit either in cubes or slices. You may mix the cubes with other fruits and make a fruit salad too.
  • Remove the edible part of the fruit and make a smoothie.
  • You may even make jams with the flesh of the dragon fruit and enjoy with bread or pancakes.

If you have any health conditions and are anxious about eating this fruit, discuss with your doctor about it before consuming it. And if you’ve tried the fruit and didn’t like it, never mind. You can get the vital nutrients from other fruits as well.

Have you tried the dragon fruit during pregnancy? Share your experiences about it in the comments section below.

References:

MomJunction's articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.
1. Dragon Fruit; Defeat Diabetes Foundation
2. Hylocereusundatus (dragon fruit); Centre for Agriculture and Bioscience International
3. Diet in Pregnancy and Lactation; Nutrition Society India
4. Lisa S. Brown; Nutrient Requirements During Pregnancy; Jones and Barlett Publishers
5. Eating right during pregnancy; NIH (2018)
6. Dragon Fruit (Branded); Basic report: United States Department of Agriculture
7. A. Widyaningsih et al.; Effect of consuming red dragon fruit (Hylocereus Costaricensis) juice on the levels of hemoglobin and erythrocyte among pregnant women; Belitung Nursing Journal (2017)
8. A. Widyaningsih and W. Kristiningrum; The Effect of Red Dragon Drinking Fruit (Hylocereus Costaricensis) Against Fetal Growth in Pregnant Cigarette Rats Exposed to Cigarette Smoke (100%, 75% And 50% Dragon Fruit Juice Concentration); JOJ Nursing & Health Care (2018)

 

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Dr. Shikha Sharma

(MBBS)
Celebrity nutrition advisor Dr. Shikha Sharma has founded Dr. Shikha’s Nutrihealth in 1998. Dr. Shikha has done her MBBS from Maulana Azad Medical College and her organization, Dr. Shikha's NutriHealth, has over 50 Ayurveda experts and nutritionists who provide consultation services to the clients. The Nutrihealth expert team handles weight loss/weight gain, PCOS, thyroid, diabetes, cholesterol, post-pregnancy weight loss and... more

Swati Patwal

Swati Patwal is a clinical nutritionist and toddler mom with over eight years of experience in diverse fields of nutrition. She started her career as a CSR project coordinator for a healthy eating and active lifestyle project catering to school children. Then she worked as a nutrition faculty and clinical nutrition coach in different organizations. Her interest in scientific writing... more