Is your child sneezing, wheezing and complaining of constant tearing of the eyes? He could be suffering from allergy. In fact, allergies in toddlers and young children are quite common.
About 50 million people in the United States suffer from allergies, according to the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, and most allergies manifest during childhood. (i) While any child can develop an allergy, it is most commonly seen in children who come from families that have a history of allergies.
Signs And Symptoms Of Allergies In Children:
Children can become allergic to food, airborne particles and insect venom. So, the signs and symptoms of child allergies vary based on the type of allergen.
1. Food Allergy:
The severity of the symptoms depends on the quantity of food consumed and how sensitive your child is to that particular food. The symptoms of food allergies are as follows:
- Itching in the mouth and throat
- Red, raised, itchy bumps known as hives
- Runny and itchy nose
- Cramps in the abdomen accompanied by diarrhea or nausea and vomiting
- Problems in breathing
- Eczematous rash
[ Read: Food Allergy In Children ]
2. Airborne Allergy:
Airborne particulate matter, such as dust and pollen, cause something known as allergic rhinitis. Usually, your child may develop it around the age of 10. These symptoms tend to disappear later in life, between 40 and 60 years.The symptoms of airborne allergy in children include:
- Itchy nose and throat
- Nasal congestion
- Red, watery and itching eyes (allergic conjunctivitis)
3. Insect Venom Allergy:
Insects, such as bees and mosquitoes, can cause allergic reactions in children. The symptoms include:
- Swelling of the throat
- Hives all over the body
- Difficulty in breathing
[ Read: Insect Bite Allergy in Kids ]
4. Anaphylactic Shock:
Due to extreme sensitivity to the allergen, your kid may have a severe allergic reaction known as anaphylactic shock. This reaction involves several body systems, including heart, lungs and skin.
This is a serious symptom of an allergy and should not be ignored, as it can be fatal. Symptoms of anaphylactic shock include:
- Rapid fall in blood pressure
- Swelling of the face, throat, lips and tongue
- Difficulty in breathing
- Tightness in the throat
- Hoarseness of voice
Typically, anaphylactic shock develops within seconds of coming in contact with the allergen, but in some cases the reaction could occur even 2 hours later. (iii) Thankfully, this reaction is very rare and is more common in a child who has hay fever, asthma and eczema. Usually, anaphylaxis is caused by food. Peanuts and tree nuts are the most common causes of allergies in children.
5 Effective Ways For Treating Allergies In Children:
Kids allergies cannot be cured, but there are treatments available that can alleviate the symptoms. Your child’s doctor may ask you to keep your child away from the allergen. As a parent, it is your responsibility to educate your toddler about the symptoms and minimizing exposure to allergens.
In case reducing exposure to allergens is not possible, ensure you follow these treatment protocols:
The doctor may prescribe antihistamines for your child.
Sprays are great for nasal and respiratory congestion. They are available as inhalers or nasal sprays.
Sometimes, doctors may prescribe immunotherapy, which involves giving your child allergy shots. This therapy helps desensitize your child and is used for allergens, like pollen, dust, mould, insect bites and stings and animals
4. Pet Care:
Your child may be allergic to pet dander and doctors may recommend keeping the pet away from your child and/or bathing the pet often to reduce dander.
5. Removing Rugs And Carpets:
You may be advised to remove rugs and carpets from the house, as they attract dust and can worsen dust allergy.
Home Remedies For Allergies In Children:
You can use a whole range of home remedies to alleviate allergic symptoms and offer relief to your child. Some of the remedies that have proven to be useful include:
This home remedy is ideal for upper respiratory allergies, as it helps to flush out the allergies lodged in the nose (iv). It also eases inflammation.
- You can make a saline solution by dissolving one teaspoon salt in warm, distilled water.
- Take a pint of water and add pinch of baking soda.
- Make your child sniff up the solution through one nostril and let it drain out through the mouth or nose.
Make him use the saline solution twice a day for best results.
2. Eye Washing:
If your child complains of itchy and watering eyes during pollen season, washing the eyes with cool water can provide relief.
3. Hot Shower:
If your child gets a sneezing attack due to an airborne allergen, give him a hot shower to wash off the allergen residue from the body.
4. Apple Cider Vinegar:
Your kid will hate this home remedy because of the taste.
- It is extremely effective in alleviating allergic symptoms. Some people profess it also prevents allergic symptoms.
- Mix a teaspoon of organic apple cider vinegar in a glass of water.
- Make your child drink this solution three times a day.
[ Read: Benefits Of Apple Cider Vinegar For Kids ]
5. Nettle Tea:
Nettle leaves have antihistamine properties and can help allergy symptoms immediately.
- Steep nettle leaves in boiling water for 15 minutes.
- Strain and make your child have a cup of it.
- It will soothe the nose and throat and provide instantaneous relief.
6. Natural Honey:
Look for raw, unprocessed honey in your town.
- Make your child consume one teaspoon of the honey.
- You can use it as often as you want.
- Usually, it is recommended that to begin this home remedy a month before the start of the allergy season. It functions like an allergy shot, but is natural and with no side effects.
7. Allergy-Fighting Food:
There are some foods that are rich in Omega-3 essential fatty acids.
- There is scientific evidence to show that these foods prevent inflammation.
- Give your child cold water fish, flaxseed and walnuts to eat and fight allergic symptoms.
The above mentioned home remedies will alleviate the symptoms of allergy and help get your child back on his feet in no time. Remember to exercise caution and not to experiment with uncommon remedies you are not sure of.
Try these remedies today, and share with us anymore that your child may have benefitted by.
- 3 Simple Ways To Treat Peanut Allergy In Children
- 4 Ways To Relieve Your Child From Food Allergy & Food Intolerance
- 5 Types Of Soy Allergy In Children You Should Be Aware Of
- Food Allergy In Children – Causes, Symptoms And Treatments