Don’t let the fear of bug bites in babies keep you from letting your little one enjoy the outdoors. If you live in a tropical country or a beautifully sunny place with occasional rainfall, then bugs, wasps, mosquitoes, and other insects will be frequent visitors. However, this shouldn’t get in the way of your baby playing outside or enjoying nature. Although you may be tempted to keep them inside safely, we have some tips to help your child play outdoors comfortably.
This post tells you about bug bites, including how to recognize them and their treatment and preventive measures for babies.
Recognizing Bug Bites On Babies
To be able to treat a bug bite, first of all you must be able to identify it. If there are lots of bugs around your area or if your baby is spending a lot of time in gardens or parks, then you must definitely keep a watch for these signs (1):
- Reddish blotches or tiny bumps on your baby’s skin
- Itchy rashes that may irritate your baby
- Swollen bumps that could turn painful
Treating Baby Bug Bites
Regardless of climate, bugs exist in all conditions. If you have been unsuccessful in preventing the bites, there are many ways in which you can reduce the discomfort and treat them:
1. Infections and allergies
In case your child develops an allergic reaction to certain insect bites, you must consult a doctor and ask for the proper remedy.
- Allergic reactions can be identified if the swelling and itching do not subside, or if your baby develops wheezing or their lips or tongue swell.
- For minor infections following bug bites, you can apply a steroid cream after washing the area well (2).
2. Cooling effect
Since bug bites are more common during summers and cause itching, it is best to first apply cloth dipped in cold water to the affected area. This will not just provide relief to your baby but it will also help to reduce red bug bites on the baby’s face and ease swelling (2).
Here are some medicines that are safe and recommended for bug bites:
- Apply calamine lotion, which has antiseptic properties and cooling effect. However, avoid the areas near the eyes, hands, and genitals.
- Antihistamine creams can be safely administered to control itching.
- Mild pain killers can be used after consulting your doctor if the bites become painful (3).
4. No scratching
5. Home remedies
Try these home remedies for a safe, speedy recovery.
- Mix a little baking soda in water and apply it to subside the swelling (4).
- Apply a paste of equal amounts of sandalwood and turmeric powder. While sandalwood has a cooling effect, turmeric acts as an antiseptic. Make sure you buy fresh sandalwood and turmeric powder. Do not apply any home-made remedies to open skin (5).
- Crush some neem leaves to make a paste (grinding in a blender will also do the trick). Apply it over the bug bites for quick relief (5).
Preventing Bug Bites
Won’t it be amazing if you can stop the bugs from biting your cherub? Here are a few things you can do to keep away the menace:
- If there is a sudden increase in the number of mosquitoes in and around your house, use a spray or other methods of getting rid of them.
- Do not expose the child to open areas for too long. If you take the child out for a stroll, make sure to keep them well covered. However, avoid very bright colors and floral patterns, as they attract insects.
- Keep windows closed, especially during the evenings, to prevent bugs from entering.
- For children older than 12 months, use mosquito repellent creams. Choose one that is suitable for babies.
- Use mosquito nets when your baby is asleep or even over their stroller while taking them out.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. When should I be concerned about a bug bite on my baby?
You must be concerned and consider visiting a doctor if bug bites on the baby cause pain, swelling, severe itching, or allergic reactions (2).
2. What happens if a baby gets bit by bed bugs?
Bedbug bites usually do not spread any disease; however, the itching and scratching may be uncomfortable and increase the risk of secondary skin infections (7).
Bug bites in babies will irritate them and cause rashes and bumps on their skin, whether the bite is from a mosquito, bee, or flea. In most cases, the rashes can be treated and symptomatically relieved with cold water, lotions and creams, and certain home remedies. However, some bug bites might induce allergic reactions; therefore, be aware of the signs of bug bites and seek medical advice if necessary. You should also aim to prevent bug bites in babies. Dressing the baby in appropriate clothing and using nets on windows could repel bugs, preventing bug bites in babies.
- Insect Bite.
- Insect bites and stings.
- Insect bite first aid and prevention.
- Insect Stings.
- Insect Bites and Stings.
- Choosing an Insect Repellent for Your Child.
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Dr. Neema Shrestha(MD)
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