5 Common Effects Of Adoption On Children

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Adopting a child is a big decision that one should take after thorough contemplation of factors, such as the effects of adoption on children. Adjusting to a new family can often cause the child may develop a fear of rejection and show a decline in academic performance. While some of these effects diminish as the child adjusts and accepts their new environment, some may require parental guidance and support. Remember, adopted children are emotionally vulnerable. So they need acute care and unconditional love to feel safe, secure, and connected with their new family.

5 Effects Of Adoption On Children

Even though adopted children receive great care and attention equal to their non-adopted siblings, certain factors may affect your dear adopted kid. Common effects of adoption on child include:

1. Poor Academics:

Your adopted kid may not be able to outperform her non-adopted sibling in reading, math, and academics. Several studies reveal that adoption may hamper the educational performance of the adoptees if they don’t receive proper support. However, if you take a special interest in your adoptee’s education, then your adopted child may excel in reading, math, and other academics. Encourage your child to learn and excel in academics (1).

2. The Feeling Of Rejection:

Your adopted child may feel the sense of rejection and abandonment at a point in your life when she would learn about her adoption. Your child may wonder what made her birth parents put her up for adoption, why they abandoned her, was anything wrong with them, or did they dislike her. The feeling of rejection may creep in negatively in the minds of your child. So, make your adopted child feel that she is one of the important elements of your family (2).

3. Mourn For Their Birth Culture:

Along with grief, your adopted child may react to the loss of their birth parent with anger, numbness, anxiety, fear, and depression and mourn to learn about her birth culture. Mourning for the birth culture is more prominent in trans-racial adoption than normal adoption. Your child may make an effort to learn and speak her mother tongue and learn more about her birth culture and linguistic heritage (3).

4. Striving For Identity:

Adopted kids are eager to learn more about their biological family, siblings, and relatives. Your adopted child may have questions, such as who she is, does she resemble her father or mother, do her siblings resemble her, and who are her grandparents, cousin, aunts, and uncles. Your adopted child may wonder which social, cultural, and education class she belongs originally. She may bug you with questions regarding what experience she may have while staying with her biological family (3).

5. Concerns About Medical History:

Your adopted kids may not be aware of their medical history. Also, you too may not have full knowledge of the medical history of your adopted child. Accurate medical history aids in finalizing the right line of treatment. Lack of medical information can be challenging as it may fail to reveal whether your adopted kid is at a high risk of suffering from any ailment due to heredity and that line of treatment will be the most effective. In such circumstances, your adopted child may wonder about her medical background (3).

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How to lessen the negative impact of adoption?

You need to pay attention to their behavioral issues and ensure they receive proper care. They should feel secure and respected in the new family. At times, psychological counseling may be required for better outcomes.

2. How does adoption change a child’s life?

Adoption may make self-image and attachment issues more complex in children. They gradually develop the concept of how they see themselves and how others see them, which may differ from child to child. However, they may ultimately learn to be comfortable with themselves (4).

3. What is the value of adoption?

Adoption holds unique value as it allows a child to receive the care of a family they have been otherwise denied. It is a noble opportunity for people to beautify a child’s life.

Adopting a child is a big decision that one should take after thorough contemplation of factors, such as the effects of adoption on children. Adjusting to a new family can often cause the child to develop a fear of rejection and show a decline in academic performance. While some of these effects diminish as the child s acclimatized to the new environment, others may require parental guidance and support. Remember, adopted children are emotionally vulnerable. So they need acute care and unconditional love to feel safe, secure and connected to their new family.

References:

MomJunction's articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.
  1. National Survey of Adoptive Parents: Benchmark Estimates of School Performance and Family Relationship Quality for Adopted Children.
    https://aspe.hhs.gov/reports/national-survey-adoptive-parents-benchmark-estimates-school-performance-family-relationship-quality-0
  2. Helping Adopted Children Cope With Grief and Loss.
    https://www.childwelfare.gov/topics/adoption/adopt-parenting/helping/
  3. Aurélie Harf et al.
    (2015); Cultural Identity and Internationally Adopted Children: Qualitative Approach to Parental Representations.
  4. Understanding adoption: A developmental approach.
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2804559/#
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Kalpana M

Kalpana Nadimpalli graduated in English Literature and Psychology. Her fascination for the corporate world made her do a Masters in Business Administration from Andhra University. Being a mother of two boys, she could naturally fit into the shoes of a writer at MomJunction. She wrote articles on new parenting and relationships. Previously, Kalpana worked as a product information specialist and... more

Dr. Carlos Juan Carmona-Goyena

(PhD (Counseling Psychology))
Dr. Carlos Juan Carmona-Goyena is a board licensed therapist in the USA and Puerto Rico with a specialty in couples, families, and relationships. Dr. Carlos possesses a PhD in Counseling Psychology granted at the Interamerican University of Puerto Rico. His two-decade professional experience also includes scientific research in family emotional and relational processes and its effect on psychological functioning. Dr.... more