Positive And Negative Effects Of Video Games On Teenagers

Video Games

Teens and video games go hand-in-hand today. In fact, 97% of teens and kids in the US play video games at least for one hour every day (1).

So, in what way do video games affect teenagers? The effects are both good and bad. Read on as MomJunction tells you about the positive and negative effects of video games. Let’s begin with something positive.

Positive Effects Of Video Games On Teenagers:

Yes, video games can be good for your child. Don’t be shocked, we’ll tell you why. Here are the reasons why virtual gaming can be good (1)(2)(3).

1. Improves cognitive functions:

Contrary to popular belief, video gaming can enhance multiple cognitive skills such as better allocation of attention, visual processing, memory, reasoning, and perception, according to a research published by the American Psychological Association.

Researchers have studied a meta-analysis of video games and concluded that the positive effects of violent games included improvement in a player’s capability of thinking in different dimensions, just the way some academic courses do.

2. Hand and eye coordination:

Research has shown that teens can learn spatial, visual and eye-hand coordination skills from video games, especially from shooter games. Some games require a great deal of these skills to be successful. For example, players need to keep track of positions, speed, aim, directions and more. The brain processes all these data and coordinates with the hands since all the actions are performed with the keyboard or game controller.

Lead author of the research Isabela Granic from the Radboud University Nijmegen in The Netherlands, says, “This has critical implications for education and career development, as previous research has established the power of spatial skills for achievement in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.”

[ Read: Effects Of Violent Video Games On Kids ]

3. Quick thinking and accuracy:

The action in video games prepares the gamers to make smart decisions in split seconds. Also, they need acute attention to cope with unexpected changes in the game.

4. Work on dexterity:

Online gaming improves the movement of hands with the mouse and keyboard. They learn to use the shortcut functions on the keyboard and give quick responses.

5. Problem-solving abilities

Researchers suggest that video games can aid teens in developing problem-solving skills because while playing strategic video games like role-plays, young adolescents get better at solving problems.

6. Some games can improve moods and ward off anxiety

Games such as Angry Birds and Bejewelled II are straightforward and bring instant happiness or relaxation and improve moods. Researcher Granic calls it a “fundamental emotional benefit” kids can derive from video games. The games can also teach young people how to cope with failures.

7. Promote the theory of incremental intelligence

Teens, who are encouraged and praised for working on a puzzle or game, develop an idea of progressive knowledge, which is essentially believing that intelligence is not fixed and can be improved; it can be grown with effort and time. This way, video games provide an ideal ground for children to acquire such traits of thoughts.

8. Other benefits

Educational video games can teach school subjects more interactively, and pro-social games can increase empathy in teens.

The positive effects depend on the games your teen chooses to play. Violent and sexually explicit games are more negative than positive.

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[ Read: Impact Of Tv On Children ]

Negative Effects Of Video Games

The bad effects of video games are mostly related to the amount of play and the game content.

1. Aggression in teens:

One of the most detrimental effects of playing violent video games is increased aggression in children. A comprehensive meta-analysis involving more than 100 research papers has shown that exposure to violent video games is a causal risk factor for increased aggressive behavior (4).

Some researchers have claimed that violent video games can desensitize children to violence, and lower the likelihood of a pro-social behavior.

2. Addiction to gaming:

The term ‘pathological gaming’ or video game addiction is being widely discussed in the medical circles though it is not yet classified as any formal disorder in the US Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM).

Pathological gamers are likely to develop anxiety, insomnia, social isolation, and depression.

Moreover, these factors are co-morbid in the sense that they can influence each other. Therefore, pathological gaming can result in depression, anxiety, or social phobia and the latter three can make the child more inclined and attracted to gaming (3).

3. Poor academic performance:

This is one of the side effects of video games on teens. Playing video games for long hours can affect your teen’s performance in school. Studies have shown that a higher amount of time spent in playing onscreen games can be associated with lower academic performance.

A survey has shown that 47% of heavy online players got poor grades, while 23% of light users performed better than them (5).

4. Adverse effects on health:

Excessive gaming can have an adverse impact on the teen’s health as they spend more time playing virtual games rather than having some physical exercise. This practice increases the risk of childhood obesity. Sometimes, children also skip meals and sleep to play games they are addicted to. The constant glare from the screen can also harm the child’s eyesight in the long run.

You can avoid these negative effects on your children if you keep monitoring their activities.

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[ Read: Teens And Technology Addiction ]

Tips For Managing Teen Media Consumption

As a parent, you can do certain things to mitigate the negative effects of video games on kids’ behavior and achievements.

  1. Research and know the content and rating of the video games your teen is playing.
  2. Do not install any video game equipment in your kid’s bedroom.
  3. Set limits on how long and how often your teen can play the games.
  4. Monitor your child’s media consumption from television, internet, and video games.
  5. Discuss with your child about their feelings and observations about the games they play. What is it that drives so much interest in them?
  6. Discuss with other parents to know more about certain video games and share ideas to help each other understand the facet of kids.
  7. Be a good role model for your child and limit your own screen time.
  8. Talk to the young adults about the various aspects of media, the positives and negatives of too much exposure to screens, and the balanced use of screen time.
  9. Have family time and take up activities that do not involve screens. Or take the initiative to go out with your family every week or weekend to take a complete break from digital media. Even one screen-free day in a week can make children realize that the digital world is not everything.

If your teen is spending excessive time on gaming, then you should look out for the symptoms of addiction.

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Symptoms Of Video Game Addiction

Do you feel your child is spending too much time playing onscreen? Then look out for these signs and symptoms:

1. Excessively preoccupied:

If your teen is suffering from video game addiction, they are preoccupied with the game even when they are away from playing.Video games are harmful if a teen is excessively occupied with it.

2. Lacks control:

A video game addict cannot control the amount of time they spend on the computer. They might start playing with an intention of spending just 20 minutes, but prolong it for hours. This impacts their studies and other hobbies.

3. Neglects other things in life:

Your teen prefers staying home and playing games to going out or spending quality time with friends. They may also perform poorly in studies.

4. Becomes a spendthrift:

The money you give them or they earn through part-time jobs all goes into buying gaming items. They continuously upgrade software and hardware packages and accessories and don’t mind the costs involved.

5. Gets defensive

They do not want to discuss their gaming addiction with you. They snap at you when you ask them about their time spent on gaming. It is an indication that something is wrong, especially if they look unconcerned that their friends and family are feeling left out from their life.

Teenage behavior may change drastically if he or she becomes an addict. You must intervene even if your teen exhibits two or three of the above behavioral patterns.

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[ Read: Side Effects Of Advertising On Kids ]

Measures To Address Video Game Addiction In Children

Pathological gaming must be treated the same way as any other addiction. So, how do you begin to fight the addiction? Here are some ways to address video gaming addiction among teens.

1. Talk to your teen:

Help your teen recognize their compulsive behavior. They might be adamant and deny that there is anything wrong with them, but do not lose hope or patience. Tell them how you are worried to see them spend such long hours gaming. Try not to be judgmental. They may feel embarrassed.

2. Limit the time:

Do not take away their gaming console or computer to bring them out of the problem. They might become adamant and continue playing outside your home, which could be even more troublesome. Instead, discuss with your child, and set time limits. Allocate some time every day when they can play the game. You may reduce the playtime gradually from three hours a day to two, one and so on.
Encourage your child to stick to the schedule, and set an example by keeping your laptop and smartphones away.

3. Consult a therapist:

If your efforts at home are not working, take them to a therapist or enroll them in a de-addiction program. Counseling will lead to the path of recovery.

4. Cognitive behavioral therapy or CBT:

The therapist may also recommend cognitive behavioral therapy that focuses on changing the child’s thoughts and feelings. It is the most popular approach to video gaming addiction. It involves replacing unhealthy thoughts about games with something constructive and reducing the time spent on playing games. You have to work on it by giving rewards for following new rules, making constant reminders to stop playing and involving the teen in other activities (6).

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Video games are not bad or harmful if played within limits, but they are not necessary either. Too much gaming can make the child detached from outside life. If you have introduced your teen to gaming, it is your responsibility to know the kind of games they are playing and their duration.

Do not go against your child or restrict them from doing what they love. Instead, try to incorporate other activities into their lives constructively.

[ Read: Effects Of Social Media On Teens ]

What’s your opinion on video games for teens? Let us know about it in the comments section below.

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MA English Pursuing Child Nutrition and Cooking from Stanford UniversitySudipta is an English Major from the University of Hyderabad. Has considerable medical research writing experience, but also enjoys creative writing and the arts. Her writings aim to make highly scientific/ health material easy to understand for a common reader.She is also a National Novel Writing Month awardee. Sudipta loves to hit the roads to find stories and motivation to fill up her canvases and the pages of her diary.
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