25 Fun Facts About Ancient Egyptian Pyramids For Kids

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The ancient Egyptian pyramids for Kids are an interesting source to teach your child about the history and architecture of Egypt. These pyramids are engineering feats and are one of the oldest structures still standing today. They encourage tourism in the country. Their massive size, shape, and stories of pharaohs and mummies have plenty of mysteries revolving around them. With many chambers and secret doorways, it’s a magnificent place to visit and an experience. Sure to leave you awestruck and thrilled.

If your child happens to be curious and you want to introduce them to the Egyptian pyramids, we have interesting facts about this medieval wonder of the world. Read along to explore more about these majestic structures.

Fun Facts About The Egyptian Pyramids For Kids

There are many pyramid structures around the world, but none of them comes close to being as popular as the Egyptian pyramids. Keep reading for more interesting facts about the Pyramids in Egypt.

  1. Have you ever wondered what the inside of a pyramid looks like? Well, the interior of each pyramid is different and was designed to suit the interests of the Pharaoh getting it built. Most of the pyramids built for the Pharaohs have multiple chambers, corridors, and entrances, with doors made of stone, and sometimes even gold HieroglyphicsiSymbols that were used to represent a language, used on ancient Egyptian monuments and paintings of the king’s life were used to decorate these chambers. These could show the culture in ancient Egypt.
  1. The Great Pyramid of Giza was the tallest structure in the world for 3800 years until the Eiffel Tower was built in the early 19th century.
  1. To date, we don’t know what is inside the pyramids of Giza. Archaeologists and historians believe that the great pyramids, like most others, may have ancient artifacts which could include everyday items, jewelry, and even grains.
  1. The first pyramid built by the Egyptians was the Step Pyramid of Djoser, and the last one was the Pyramid of Ahmose.
  1. The topmost stone of the pyramid is called the capstone.

  1. By the year 1000 BC, almost every tomb that had treasures was believed to be robbed and tomb robbers were punished severely.
  1. The pyramid complex of Giza is guarded by the monolithiciFormed of a single large piece of stone SphinxiA mythical character with a lion’s body and a human’s head , a lion with the head of a human.
  1. There are around 70 pyramids along the west bank of the Nile River.
  1. The tomb of King Tutankhamun or King Tut, which was rediscovered in 1933 by an archeology excavation team led by Howard Carter, contained a solid gold funerary mask of the pharaoh. This was in spite of the tomb being raided twice before its discovery, soon after the king was buried. This tomb had a quartzite sarcophagus and the king’s mummy.
  1. Each pyramid’s position is such that each side of the structure’s slopes would exactly face each direction – East, West, North, and South.
Quick fact
The ancient Egyptians used the constellations Big Dipper and Little Dipper to align their pyramids in the north-south direction.
  1. Most pyramids were built using limestone, while a few, like The Great Pyramid, had granite too.
  1. Ancient Egyptian rules used different techniques like booby traps, hidden doors, thin wires to decapitateiA violent act of cutting off the head of a human or animal robbers and the likes, to protect the pyramids from being raided.
  1. The funerary complex of the Step Pyramid spreads to an area of 37 acres.
  1. In 2015, an international team of researchers used thermographyiA technology that uses infrared images to analyze the temperature on the surface of an object or a living organism and found unexplained temperature differences in the stones of the Khufu pyramidiOne of the largest and first pyramids to be built at Giza . These anomalies indicate that there could be cavities or tunnels with air flow in that specific region (2). Interesting, isn’t it?

Interesting Information About The Pyramids In Egypt

Want to tell your kid all about the mysterious pyramids? Here are the top ten interesting pieces of information to begin with.

15. What Is The Egyptian Pyramid?

They are pyramid-shaped structures built in medieval Egypt. Early Egyptian civilizations had resources only to build Mastabas, which resemble the base of the pyramid. These were built for the burial of the highest-ranking officials in the administration.

The civilizations after that built the step pyramid, which was considered to enable the ancestors to move up toward heaven easily. The pyramids that came after the step pyramids had smoother slopes with pointy peaks.

16. Who Built The Egyptian Pyramids?

The pharaohs had the pyramids built in a designated area on the western bank of the Nile River. A common belief is that the slaves, mostly from poor countries in the then Africa, were used to build the pyramids. But archaeological finds say that most of the pyramids were built by people living in that region. People in towns and cities around the Nile were hired as laborers to complete the construction of these stunning structures.

17. Why Did They Build The Egyptian Pyramids?

They were built as monumental tombs for kings and their consorts with proper preservation techniques. The Pharaoh’s body was buried inside the pyramid, along with treasures, food, and other accessories that people believed their leader would need to succeed in the afterlife. The shape of the pyramid, with a wider base and pointy peak, is to help the Pharaoh’s soul move to heaven easily.

18. When Were The Egyptian Pyramids Built?

The Step Pyramid of Djoser is believed to be the first pyramid ever built. It was constructed somewhere around the 27th century BC. The first smooth pyramid was a tomb for King Snerfu, built near Gaza between 2680 and 2560 BC. Most pyramids were built between 2575 and 2150 BC, during the Old Kingdom period. These pyramids are all near the River Nile.

19. How Were The Egyptian Pyramids Built?

The pyramids are built entirely from huge stones, some weighing as much as 70 tons. It is believed that the laborers would bring stones from distant quarries via boats along the Nile and then drag the stones to the construction site using wheeled wooden sleds. But how the stones were dragged to stack them on one another is still a mystery to architects and historians.

It is, however, understood that a lot of planning was involved in building the pyramids because of the density of the stones and the design of the structure. The stones had to be of a specific shape and size and had to be cut to specific measurements to fit and stay on top of each other without falling or sliding down. Experts also believe that mortar was used to keep the stones in place.

Almost all the pyramids that exist today are solid structures that can withstand the toughest of weather conditions. Al-Aziz Uthman, a Kurdish leader, tried to destroy the pyramids. He started with the smallest pyramid, the Pyramid of Menkaure, but gave up after finding that the task was extremely expensive and difficult.

20. How Long Did It Take To Build The Egyptian Pyramids?

Historians guess that the pyramids were built slowly, one stone at a time. It is estimated that it took 20,000 workers around 23 years to build the Great Pyramid of Giza. All the pyramids that exist today are believed to have been built over centuries, somewhere between 2670 and 664 BC, which is over 2000 years for building less than 150 pyramids!

Quick fact
The pyramids are at a distance of 15km from the Giza city center.

21. Which Is The Largest Egyptian Pyramid?

The Great Pyramid of Giza, Ancient Egyptian pyramids for kids

Image: Shutterstock

The Great Pyramid of Giza is the largest Egyptian pyramid in the world. Also known as the Pyramid of Khufu, the Great Pyramid is one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and perhaps the only one still standing. It is located in the Giza Plateau, which also has two other pyramids.

It is estimated that more than 2.3 million stones were used to build the pyramid, with each stone weighing anywhere between two and 30 tons, while a few weighed as much as 70 tons.

The Khufu Pyramid has three chambers including the king’s and the queen’s chambers. It is the only pyramid in the world to have air shafts. Also, this pyramid has no hieroglyphics or carvings by the original builders.

If this pyramid had to be built all over again today, it would cost a whopping $5 billion, according to Jean-Pierre Houdin, a French architect and author of the book Khufu: The Secrets Behind the Building of the Great Pyramid. It would take around five years to complete construction with 2000 workers and several modern machines like helicopters, cranes, and bulldozers.

Quick fact
When the pyramids were built, they glittered in the sunlight because they were polished with a white limestone casing. However, with time, these shiny coverings withered off.

22. How Big Are The Egyptian Pyramids?

The Egyptian pyramids are massive structures that can go above 100 meters. Not all the Egyptian pyramids have the same dimensions.

The Great Pyramid spreads over an area of 13.3 acres and is 137 meters (449 feet) tall. Each side of the pyramid is more than five acres.

Klara Jane Holloway, a blogger, recalls the awe-inspiring moment when she and his brother were left amazed by the magnificence of the Pyramids during their visit to Egypt. She says, “As I came around the corner to where we would sit, I saw the three pyramids lit up in the distance. Tears came to my eyes. The pyramids are really and truly the most majestic structures I have ever seen. They are more massive than I pictured, and to see them took my breath away (i).”

23. How Tall Are The Egyptian Pyramids?

The largest Egyptian pyramid is half as tall as the Eiffel Tower, at 137 meters, and weighs around 16 times the Empire State Building. The smallest pyramid is 65 meters tall, which is taller than the Leaning Tower of Pisa, and has a volume of 235,183 cubic meters.

24. How Many Pyramids Are There In Egypt?

As of 2008, 118 pyramids have been discovered in Egypt.

Bonus Fact!

Researchers have recently discovered that the base of the Great Pyramid of Giza is not actually a square and is a little lopsided! (3) The construction was not as perfect as we thought now, is it?

What is the most interesting thing about the Egyptian Pyramids that appeals to you and your kids? Share your thoughts in our comments section.

The pyramids are a significant source of income for the people of Egypt as there is hardly ever a shortage of tourists wanting to catch a glimpse of this old wonder of the world. As you can see in the graph below, the country registered 3.8 USD billion in tourism revenue in 2016, which surged to 13.03 USD billion in 2019. Unfortunately, the revenue saw a massive drop in 2020 owing to the Covid-19 pandemic, but tourism recovered quickly the following year as Egypt reported 13 USD billion in tourism revenue in 2021.

Tourism Revenues in Egypt increased to 13 USD Billion in 2021 from 3.80 USD Billion in 2020

Source: Egypt Tourism Revenues; Trading Economics/Central Bank of Egypt

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How many pyramids are there in the world?

There are thousands of pyramids worldwide, and Egypt is not the only country with pyramids. For example, Sudan in Africa is now believed to house the largest number of pyramids in the world, around 200-250. One can also find pyramids in the ancient Maya cities in Central and South America (1).

2. Why did Egyptians stop building pyramids?

Historians have pointed out many possible reasons behind the decline of the pyramids. Security concerns are one theory wherein the plundering of pyramids discouraged Egyptians from constructing them, and instead, they started burying royals into rocks. Some others believe that religious changes that emphasized building tombs underground may be another possible reason.

3. Which is the oldest pyramid on Earth?

The Step Pyramid, constructed by King Djoser in 2630 B.C., is considered the oldest pyramid on Earth. However, as archaeologists continue to discover new information and sites, there are claims, such as the one made in 2018 by scientists, that a pyramid found in Indonesia dates further back than the Step Pyramid.

Infographic: Facts About Ancient Egyptian Pyramids

The ancient pyramids of Egypt are storehouses of mystery. With various secret chambers and mummies, they are a prime attraction for tourists from all across the world. The infographic below lists some intriguing facts about great pyramids that will excite your children.

interesting facts about the egyptian pyramids for children (infographic)

Illustration: Momjunction Design Team

Key Pointers

  • Pharaohs and their consorts were entombed in the ancient Egyptian pyramids, which were massive structures.
  • The Great Pyramid of Giza was the largest and most famous among the pyramids.
  • The Pyramid of Ahmose was the last pyramid built by the Egyptians, whereas the Step Pyramid of Djoser was the first.
  • The Egyptians sourced limestone blocks from nearby quarries to construct the pyramids.
Facts About Ancient Egyptian Pyramids_illustration

Image: Stable Diffusion/MomJunction Design Team


Explore the ancient wonders of Egypt and uncover the secrets of its lost pyramids. Uncover the mysteries of the past and discover the treasures of Egypt’s ancient history.

Personal Experience: Source

References

MomJunction's articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.
  1. World Heritage List.
    https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/?search=pyramids&order=country
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Elisa Yi
Elisa YiEarly childhood educator
Elisa has 17 years of experience in early childhood education as a teacher and a director. With a passion to work with young kids, she did her post graduation in Education and received her online teaching certificate from California State University, East Bay.

Read full bio of Elisa Yi