Can You Give Juices To Babies And When To Start Giving?

✔ Research-backed

Fruits and vegetable purees form the first foods for many babies. While parents want to ensure their babies get all the necessary nutrients and form healthy food habits, they may often wonder if and when to introduce fruit and vegetable juices for babies. Is it safe to give juices to babies? Moreover, juices available in the market may not be safe due to their high sugar content. Based on data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in 2021, around 57.1% of children aged one to five consumed a sugary drink at least once a week. Introducing homemade juices to their diets could be a beneficial approach to tackle this concern. So, read this post to know the ideal quantity, health benefits, possible side effects, and more about fruit juices for babies.

In This Article

What Is Juice?

The US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) labels a product as “juice” only if it is 100% juice, i.e., the pulp included. For juices made from concentrate, the label must mention that the product is reconstituted from concentrate. In general, commercial juices contain between 10-99% juice, added sweeteners, varied flavors, and fortifiers such as vitamin C or calcium. These ingredients must be listed on the label as per the regulations (1).

Are Fruit And Vegetable Juices Good for Babies?

Ideally, we should avoid juices for babies under one year of age as they have very low to no nutrition and increase the risk of tooth decay (2). For babies above one year, juices could have similar health benefits as those for adults. Juices could provide certain health benefits provided the juices are fed in moderation and are a part of the baby’s balanced diet.

You may try stewed apple, grape, muskmelon, watermelon, carrot, orange, tomato, sweet lime, pear, peach, mango, berries, lychee, beetroot, kale, lemon, watercress.

Benefits of Fruit and Vegetable Juices

fruit and vegetable juices for babies provide benefits

Image: Shutterstock

The following are some key benefits of fruit and vegetable juices for babies:

  1. Source of micronutrients: Fruit and vegetable juices can be a source of micronutrients, namely minerals and vitamins. These multivitamins and minerals help in the healthy growth and development of the baby.
  1. Healthy blood circulation: Fruit and vegetable juices are believed to affect cardiovascular health. Juice may help lower blood pressure and improve blood lipid profiles (3). It occurs because juices contain a variety of polyphenols, vitamins, and minerals.
  1. Prevention of inflammation: Fruit and vegetable juices have compounds that can help reduce inflammation. It can have a role in the general well-being of the baby.
  1. Prebiotic effect: Vegetable and fruit juices have bioactive compounds like polyphenols, oligosaccharides, fiber and nitrate. In the human gut, these compounds may induce a prebiotic-like effect (4). The prebiotics work as food for the gut microbes. Healthy gut microbes can help improve the overall health of the digestive system.

protip_icon Point to consider
Calcium-fortified orange juice contains about 350mg calcium per cup, which may help fulfill the daily calcium requirement of babies above 12 months (9).

All these benefits can also be achieved by encouraging your baby to eat lots of different fruits and vegetables, mashed, pureed or finger foods.

When Can Your Baby Start Drinking Juice?

12 month old drinking juice

Image: Shutterstock

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends against giving juice to infants under 12 months of age, as it does not provide any added nutritional benefits or nourishment. After 12 months of age, infants may have controlled amounts of juice occasionally but whole foods are a better option.

How Much Juice Can You Give Your Baby?

For babies above 12 months of age, juice can be introduced in the diet into diluted form, one part juice in 10 parts of water to minimize the risk of tooth decay. Also, limit the intake to no more than 60-120ml a day (5).

Can Juices Be Harmful To Babies?

juice with sugar and artificial sweetener

Image: Shutterstock

There are no serious side effects of fruit and vegetable juices, but they could pose some health issues (1):

  1. Juices, especially fruit juices, are considered high in their overall sugar content and this content increases further if the juices have added sugar too. This might contribute to increased calorie consumption.
  1. Increased calorie consumption might lead to increased weight gain.
  1. Juices pose a risk of dental caries, especially in babies and young children.
  1. They lack fiber, which is essential for various body functions.
  1. As the juices, especially fruit juices, are sweet, babies and young children might develop a taste for them and refuse other food groups.
  1. Juices made commercially could have added sweeteners, flavors, additives and preservatives which are not ideal for babies and young children.

protip_icon Point to consider
Sweet drinks such as fruit juices may reduce the babies’ appetite, cause picky eating, or change bowel habits (7).

The juices that you feed the baby should be pasteurized (6). Unpasteurized juices could contain harmful bacteria, which might be detrimental to the baby’s health.

Are Homemade Juices Safe?

Homemade juice is fresh, hygienic, and completely natural. Additionally, it is customizable. However, it needs sterilization through pasteurization or boiling.

Adults do not require pasteurized or boiled juice because their immune systems can handle the bacteria. But, the US FDA recommends that the juice be boiled to eliminate all bacteria before feeding it to a toddler (7). So, you should squeeze or extract the juice and pasteurize it before feeding it to your child.

protip_icon Quick tip
When making juices at home, clean the peels even if you’re not using them. Bacteria on the fruit and vegetable peels can contaminate the inside when cut and juiced (6).

Tips For Feeding Fruit Juices To Babies

Begin with a single fruit or vegetable juice

Image: Shutterstock

The following points can be helpful when you plan to introduce fruit juices to a baby (8):

  • Use a cup or spoon to feed the juice as feeding it in the bottle might lead to overconsumption.
  • Begin with only 2-3 spoons of juice so that the baby may get used to the taste of juices.
  • Give 100% concentrated juice rather than juice drinks or powder mixes, which are sweetened. Also, to ease the digestion of concentrated juice, dilute it with boiled and cooled water.
  • Do not replace the meals with fruit juices. Instead, let juices be an accompaniment with the balanced meals.
  • Begin with vegetable juice rather than fruit juice because babies tend to prefer fruit juices because of their sweet taste and may develop a dislike for vegetable juices.
  • Avoid adding extra salt, sugar, honey, or any other condiments to the juice as it might be difficult for your baby to digest.
  • You can begin with a single vegetable or single fruit juice and then gradually combine a few fruits or vegetables.
  • Do not give fruit juice around bedtime as it might cause digestive issues like bloating, gas, and indigestion in babies.
  • Juices should not be used for the treatment of dehydration or diarrhea.

Note: If you are giving a vegetable or fruit juice for the first time, notice for any signs of allergy.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Are there any organic fruit and vegetable juices suitable for babies?

Several organic fruit juices are suitable for babies; however, it is essential to note that they are fresh, recently made, and free of preservatives and excess sugar.

2. What are the signs of overconsumption of juice in babies?

Excessive juice consumption can affect the child’s appetite due to its high calorific value. It can also cause malnutrition, diarrhea, flatulence, abdominal discomfort, and tooth problems (10) (11).

3. What are the signs of a baby being allergic to fruit and vegetable juices?

Food-based allergic reactions in children are expressed as skin problems or hives, swellings, breathing difficulties, wheezing, throat irritation or tightness, nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, and lightheadedness depending on pre-existing issues, the severity of the reaction, and the amount consumed (12).

Fruit and vegetable juices for babies are not ideal since they lack many nutrients and often cause tooth decay. Hence, providing fruit and vegetable blends or purees for babies to get the fibers and other nutrients is recommended. You may include juices in a baby’s diet. But whole foods are best to promote digestive and general health. Juices can also increase calorie consumption and weight gain. Sometimes you may give homemade juices and avoid commercial juices with artificial sweeteners and flavors. Pasteurizing the juices for babies is also recommended to protect them from bacterial infections.

Infographic: Prevention Of Illness When Preparing Juice At Home

Freshly prepared juice can be a delicious and healthy addition to your diet, but taking precautions to prevent illness is essential. This infographic highlights simple steps to follow when preparing juice at home, including selecting and washing produce, properly handling equipment, and storing juice safely. Stay healthy and enjoy your homemade juice with these easy tips!

notable hygiene measures for juice preparation for babies (infographic)

Illustration: Momjunction Design Team

Key Pointers

  • Babies over one year old can have diluted fruit and vegetable juices in moderation.
  • Fruit and vegetable juices provide several health benefits, including multivitamins for healthy growth, preventing inflammation, and aiding digestion.
  • Drinking fruit and vegetable juices may increase the risk of dental caries, being overweight, and exposure to additives and preservatives.
  • Pasteurized, homemade juices are a healthier alternative to store-bought juices.
  • Serve juices as a side dish with balanced meals, and avoid giving them at bedtime, as they can lead to gas and bloating.
fruit and vegetable juices for babies_illustration

Image: Stable Diffusion/MomJunction Design Team

Wondering whether you can feed juice to your baby? Find out in this video! Learn when it’s safe to introduce juice to your baby’s diet and how to do it properly.

References

MomJunction's articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.

1. Melvin B. Heyman and Steven A. Abram; Fruit Juice in Infants, Children, and Adolescents: Current Recommendations;American Academy of Pediatrics (2017)
2. Where We Stand: Fruit Juice; American Academy of Pediatrics
3. Zheng J et al., Effects and Mechanisms of Fruit and Vegetable Juices on Cardiovascular Diseases; International Journal of Molecular Sciences
4. Henning SM et al., Health benefit of vegetable/fruit juice-based diet: Role of microbiome; National Centre for Biotechnology Information (2017)
5. Fruits, Veggies and Juices from Food Safety for Moms to Be; Food And Drug Administration;USDA
6. Foods and Drinks to Avoid or Limit | Nutrition; CDC
7. Soft drinks, juice and sweet drinks – children; State Government of Victoria, Australia
8. The Use and Misuse of Fruit Juice in Pediatrics; American Academy of Pediatrics
9. Calcium; National Institutes of Health
10. Chow Line: With kids, emphasize whole fruit over juice; The Ohio State University
11. Kids are sweet enough without added sugar; Michigan State University
12. Food Allergy Reactions; American Academy of Pediatrics

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Dr. Anuradha Bansal is a highly accomplished pediatrician and neonatologist with 13 years of professional experience. Presently, she is working as Assistant Professor in the Department of Pediatrics at PIMS Jalandhar. She has done her MBBS and MD Pediatrics at GMCH, Chandigarh. Thereafter, she polished her skills as senior resident at MAMC, Delhi. She has also done IAP Fellowship in...read full bio