Coconut Water for Babies: Safety, Health Benefits, And Side Effects

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Coconut water for babies is ideally introduced after the first six months. Apart from having rejuvenating effects, a tender coconut drink is known for its high nutritional and medicinal benefits (1). Though it is a popular health drink loved by adults, especially athletes, most parents wonder if they may give this drink to their babies.

Read on the post to explore the benefits, some important measures, the right age, and ways to begin feeding coconut water for babies.

Is Coconut Water Good For Babies?

According to the U.S. National Institutes of Health, coconut water is considered safe for children in general (2). There is no research to note the use of coconut water specifically for babies. However, coconut water is rich in electrolytes, carbohydrates, and amino acids (3), and these nutrients are required for a baby’s growth.

When Can Babies Have Coconut Water?

First, introduce one or two spoonfuls of coconut water to babies.

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You may introduce coconut water after the baby attains the age of six months old. The American Academy of Pediatrics states that water can be added to a baby’s diet once they begin consuming solids (4). However, introduce it in one or two spoonfuls and check if there are any adverse reactions. Also, do not introduce two new foods at a time.

Nutritional Value of Coconut Water

100g of coconut water contains the following nutrients.

NameAmountRDA (per day)
Water94.99g
Energy19kCal
Sugars, total2.61g
Calcium24mg270mg (7-12 months)
Magnesium25mg60mg (7-12 months)
Phosphorus20mg275mg (7-12 months)
Potassium250mg700mg (7-12 months)
Sodium105mg200mg (7-12 months)

Source: U.S. Department of Agriculture (5), World Health Organization (6), and U.S. National Institutes of Health (7)

Benefits of Coconut Water

Coconut water can have the following health benefits for babies.

  1. Refreshing source of energy: Coconut water contains carbohydrates, which can help meet your baby’s daily quota of the nutrient.
Coconut water provides energy and nutrients to babies.

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  1. Provides hydration and electrolytes: Coconut water contains potassium and sodium. It also contains minerals, such as calcium, iron, phosphorous, magnesium, and manganese which are essential for bone development and health  (8). Coconut water can be used as a rehydration drink during the summer months. It can also be useful in restoring electrolyte balance in infants with diarrhea (9).
  1. May improve digestion and absorption: Some research studies have shown that regular consumption of coconut water might improve the digestion and absorption of nutrients (10). However, this warrants more research.
  1. Rich in amino acids: Coconut water is rich in amino acids, like alanine, arginine, serene, and cysteine (11). It can make coconut water a healthy source of protein for a growing baby.

Coconut water has several benefits tagged to it. But it is also important to know if there are any risks of giving coconut water to babies.

Possible Risks of Coconut Water For Babies

Coconut may pose the following risks to a baby.

  1. Allergic reaction: Allergic reactions to oral consumption of coconut are rare (12). But it is still good to be alert towards any reaction when feeding coconut water to a baby for the first time. You need to be extra careful if your baby already has other food allergies like allergy towards peanuts or other tree nuts.
In rare cases, coconut water may cause an allergic reaction.

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  1. Hyperkalemia: Coconut water is rich in potassium. Feeding the baby very excessive amounts of coconut water may trigger a condition called hyperkalemia, where the potassium levels in the blood become high (13). However, it is unlikely to happen if the baby is fed a normal quantity of coconut water, like water and other fluids.

Measures To Follow While Giving Coconut Water To Babies

Always use freshly extracted water from a green coconut.

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Coconut water is naturally sterile as the water permeates through the husk and is filtered (10). Therefore, you need not boil coconut water before serving it to a baby. However, keep the following measures in mind when you decide to feed coconut water to the baby.

  1. Serve fresh: Use freshly extracted water from a green coconut. If fresh coconut water is unavailable, then you may opt for packaged coconut water. However, check for the date of manufacturing and the presence of preservatives. Go for pure coconut water and not the ones made with water and coconut water concentrate.
  1. Take it slow: Introduce coconut water in small sips, and then wait for a day or two to check for allergies. If the baby is not allergic and seems to enjoy the taste, then you may give coconut water to the baby regularly. Sometimes, a food item may show cross-reactivity with other food and cause allergy. Therefore, continue to stay alert even if the baby did not show any signs initially
  1. Avoid stored coconut water: Avoid storing fresh coconut water in the refrigerator for later use since storage might alter the taste and nutritional value. In the case of packaged coconut water, you may store it for an hour after opening the bottle. However, it is best not to feed a baby from opened and stored packaged coconut water.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. Can I give coconut water to my baby during cold and flu?

Cold and flu might cause dehydration. Therefore, you may consider giving coconut water for rehydration but consult a pediatrician before doing that.

2. Is it okay to mix coconut water with infant formula?

Most formula manufacturers recommend making formula milk only in clean and boiled drinking water. Prepare the formula as per the manufacturer’s instructions. Infant formulas already have optimum amounts of micronutrients.

3. Can I give coconut water instead of normal water to my baby?

Coconut water can be a supplementary food, but it should not replace water. Plain drinking water has no nutrients and calories, and provides only hydration. Replacing drinking water entirely with coconut water could cause the baby to consume excess nutrients. It may increase the risk of conditions like hyperkalemia – surplus potassium in the blood.

4. Can I give coconut water to my baby in winters?

Coconut water is a natural diuretic, which means it increases the production of urine. Babies are likely to urinate more during winters. Hence, more consumption of coconut water might increase the frequency. When consumed in moderation, coconut water is unlikely to cause any problems.

You can introduce coconut water in small amounts to babies older than six months since they should be exclusively breastfed for the first six months of their lives. Like adults, babies can also benefit from consuming coconut water as a supplement to regular water. However, you must introduce coconut water in small quantities initially to check for allergic reactions. Further, it is recommended to provide only freshly extracted coconut water to babies. However, check with your child’s healthcare provider first if they have any health conditions.

References:

MomJunction's articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.
1. Shubhashree Thejasvi; Therapeutic and Nutritional Values of Narikelodaka (Tender Coconut Water) -A Review; Researchgate
2. Coconut Water; Medline Plus; U.S National Library of Medicine
3. P. Chauhan et al.; A refreshing beverage from mature coconut water blended with lemon juice; National Center For Biotechnology Information (2014)
4. Starting Solid Foods; Healthy Children; American Academy of Pediatrics
5. Nuts, coconut water (liquid from coconuts); Fooddata Central; USDA
6. Feeding And Nutrition of Infants And Young Children; WHO
7. Dietary Reference Intakes for Calcium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Vitamin D, and Fluoride; National Academy of Medicine; National Center For Biotechnology Information
8. Diarrhea; Columbia University Medical Center
9. Adams W and Bratt DE; Young coconut water for home rehydration in children with mild gastroenteritis.; National Center For Biotechnology Information (1992)
10. Nwakunite Lawrencia Chinasa; Nutritional Health Benefit Of Coconut (Cocos Nucifera) Water; Innovare Journal Of Food Science
11. Health Benefits; Coconut Development Board, Government of India
12. Coconut Allergy; Australian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy
13. Is coconut water healthy?; The Ohio State University
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Swati Patwal

Swati Patwal is a clinical nutritionist, a Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE) and a toddler mom with over eight years of experience in diverse fields of nutrition. She started her career as a CSR project coordinator for a healthy eating and active lifestyle project catering to school children. Then she worked as a nutrition faculty and clinical nutrition coach in different...
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Moloko Mehlape

(MSc Dietetics)
Moloko Mehlape is a registered dietitian in private practice with special interest in nutrition education, sports nutrition, weight and chronic disease management. She is a philanthropist passionate about making a positive impact in public health through nutrition. Dt. Mehlape has completed extensive formal education and training, and holds qualifications BSc Dietetics (Hons) - Medunsa, MSc Dietetics from the University of...
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