Natural Fertility Herbs For Men And Women: Do They Work?

✔ Research-backed

Several people from various cultures utilize and prescribe herbs for enhancing fertility. You may have even heard of “fertility herbs for men and women” being discussed online. However, there is no scientific evidence that they work; therefore, if you plan to use herbs for fertility, consult your doctor or a herbal medicine specialist beforehand.

In this post, we have included a list of herbs that promote fertility in both men and women.

In This Article

Can Herbs Cure Infertility?

There is no conclusive evidence to say that herbs cure infertility. However, they have been used in many cultures to support female and male reproductive health and fertility. Chinese and Ayurvedic medicines still encourage the use of some herbs and herbal blends to support hormonal balance and fertility cycles. Some herbs were also used in combination with in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intrauterine insemination (IUI)iA procedure in which a sperm is directly put inside the uterus to increase the probability of egg fertilization. (1).

FDA Does Not Regulate Herbal Supplements. Are They Safe To Take?

Herbal fertility supplements have limited US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulation. They are not subjected to the same scientific scrutiny and are not regulated as much as medications. Therefore, herbs and herbal supplements, though marked ‘natural,’ may still have side effects (2).

Always check with an experienced herbalist or naturopath before trying any herbs.

Do Herbal Medicine Practitioners Own Licenses Or Registrations?

Herbal medicine practice is not usually a licensed profession. But some providers take up a regional or national board certification. To stay safe, consult a practitioner who has a certification.

Delayed pregnancies and continuous fertility rate decline propel fertility supplements’ growth in the market. As a result, market analysts predict that the global fertility supplements market will grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.9% from 2022 to 2030.

Moreover, while the natural supplement market is expected to experience steady growth, the segment for synthetic or a blend of synthetic and natural supplements is projected to grow substantially. The following graph depicts this growth trend.

Fertility supplements market growth rate in the US (2022 - 2030)

Source: Fertility Supplements Market Size, Share & Trends Analysis Report By Ingredient (Natural, Synthetic/Blend), By Product (Capsules, Tablets, Soft Gels), By End-use, By Distribution Channel, By Region, And Segment Forecasts, 2022 - 2030

Fertility Herbs Used For Women

The herbs mentioned here and their effect on fertility have primarily been sourced from the book ‘Do You Want To Have A Baby: Natural Fertility Solutions And Pregnancy Care’ by Sarah Abernathy and Linda Page.

1. Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera)

Also referred to as ayurvedic rasayana or rejuvenator, ashwagandha is believed to aid fertility. It is said to enhance the endocrine system, thus regulating the adrenal and thyroid glands, which may help balance the reproductive hormones. Ashwagandha is also believed to strengthen the ovaries, uterus, and the immune system (3).

protip_icon Research finds
Studies show that ashwagandha extract may improve the balance between follicular stimulating hormoneiA pituitary gland hormone responsible for sexual function, egg growth, and menstruation. and luteinizing hormoneiA hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary gland, responsible for regulating ovulation in women and androgen synthesis in men. , leading to positive effects on female reproductive health (21).

 2. Red raspberry (Rubus idaeus)

Red Raspberry is said to have properties for enhancing fertility naturally. It is a nutritive, astringent herb that might support uterine tissues. In some cases, it may lead to loose stools and nausea.

3. Red clover (Trifolium pretense)

It has plant estrogens that may help boost fertility in women with estrogen deficiency. It may also help in correcting fallopian tube scarring due to its anti-inflammatory properties, is believed to regulate an irregular menstrual cycle, and can be a supportive herb in unexplained infertility.

Red clover is contraindicated in pregnancy and breastfeeding. So, if you believe you have conceived, stop drinking it. It is also contraindicated in conditions such as breast cancer, uterine cancer, ovarian cancer, endometriosisiA disorder in which the uterine tissue grows outside the uterus. , or uterine fibroids due to its estrogen-like properties.

4. Dong Quai (Angelica Sinensis)

Extensively used in Chinese medicine, this herbal medicine is said to regulate menstruation and ovulation, clear stagnation of blood (a major cause of infertility), and assist in toning the uterus (4).  Do not take this along with blood-thinning medications. Stop using when affected by diarrhea, excessive menstrual flow, or hemorrhagic conditions.

protip_icon Point to consider
Dong Quai is believed to be safe if taken for six months. However, it may make your skin more light-sensitive and cause high blood pressure or gas (4).

5. False unicorn (Chamalerium luteum)

Although this herb is used for fertility, you should use it only when a qualified herbalist or midwife prescribes it.

It can act as a uterine tonic to reduce pelvic congestion. It may regulate menstruation and strengthen the uterine lining. Large doses could lead to gastrointestinal problems such as nausea and vomiting (5).

6. Wild yam (Dioscorea villosa)

Traditional Chinese herbalists use wild yam to bring warmth to a cold, stagnant uterus and to allow more free-flowing Qi (life force) to the body and female reproductive system.

It is used as one of the aphrodisiac herbs in some medical practices (6). You may have to use it before ovulation, i.e., the first half of the menstrual cycle.  This herb is not advised if you have a history of estrogen-responsive cancers.

7. Vitex (Chaste tree)

This herb is believed to normalize the ovulation process by stimulating the luteinizing hormone and minimizing the release of the follicle-stimulating hormone. Vitex is also thought to balance the estrogen and progesterone production in the body (7).

Vitex is a slow-acting herb supporting the body’s own hormone cycle rather than supplying any hormones itself. It should not be used along with prescription medications containing hormones.

8. Black cohosh (Cimicifuga spp)

The toning herb is believed to help prolapsed uterus and fibroids. It might increase the estrogen levels in the body, which may minimize the chances of miscarriage in the early stages of pregnancy (8). Overdosage of this herb can lead to an upset stomach and vomiting.

protip_icon Did you know?
Black cohosh may offer relief from ovarian cramps and painful menstrual bleeding (8).

9. Stinging nettle

This herb is thought to nourish and tone the uterus while strengthening the kidneys and adrenal glands. It is also loaded with chlorophyll (acts as detoxifier), which might assist in preparing your body for conception and pregnancy. However, there is no science supporting the use of this herb for fertility.

10. Motherwort (Leonurus cardiac)

This herb is believed to stimulate the uterus and improve the uterine tone. It is also thought to  bring on the menstrual cycle that may be delayed due to stress or anxiety. There is no research though, to explain its effect on fertility.

11. Evening primrose oil:

This herb is believed to help improve the quality of cervical mucus, which is essential as it helps the sperm find their right path towards the egg. However, taking the herb only during the first half of your menstrual cycle (up to ovulation) is advisable. It is not advised to take this herb after ovulation as if you have conceived. The herb may not be safe since it causes adverse reactions during early pregnancy (9).

Fertility Herbs Used For Men

Fertility herbs are believed to help men overcome low sperm count, normalize sperm quality and quantity, libido, and other fertility problems.

12. Damiana (Turnera diffusa)

This is believed to have libido-promoting properties, which may be helpful for both men and women. It might help restore reproductive health and treat premature ejaculation or impotence.

13. American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius)

This herb is said to tone and nourish the male reproductive system and treat impotence. It is known to improve sperm count, motilityiThe ability of the sperm to move and swim. , and testosterone concentration too (10). Avoid combining it with blood-thinning medications.

14. Peruvian Maca (Lepidium meyenii)

Peruvian Maca root is believed to improve libido, sperm count, and motility. It is an active endurance enhancer and may rectify erectile dysfunction (11). It might stimulate energy and should not be taken before bedtime.

15. Saw palmetto (Serenoa repens)

It has been traditionally used for improving prostate wellness, low libido, and impotence. It might also build and tone the male reproductive system  too (12). However, you should not take it in combination with any other fertility or PCOS medications.

16. Tribulus (Tribulus terretris)

It is said to help strengthen the reproductive system in both men and women. It may improve sperm count, motility, and erectile dysfunction. Note that it may interfere with heart and blood pressure medications.

17. Horny goat weed (Epimedium grandiflorum)

The herb has been traditionally used for treating impotence. It is believed to improve testosterone levels, thus increasing sexual libido (13) (14). Long-term use might lead to vomiting, nausea, headaches, thirst and dry mouth, breathing difficulties, and episodic spasms.

18. Astragalus (Astragalus propinquus)

It might help in boosting immunity and improving sperm quality and motility (14) (15). The most common side effect of this herb is diarrhea. It may also influence blood sugar levels and blood pressure.

19. Yohimbe (Pausinystalia yohimbe)

The bark is believed to support healthy circulation in the reproductive organs. It might, therefore, be used to treat erectile dysfunction and as a libido booster  (14). Avoid using in case of low blood pressure; it can be toxic in high dosages.

20. Goji berry (Lycium barbarum)

The dried Goji fruit might protect sperm from overheating (hyperthermia), thus helping preserve sperm quality and quantity. It may also support hormonal balance by supporting liver functioning (16). Avoid goji berries if your blood sugar and blood pressure levels are low, as they can further drop them (17).

21. Schisandra berry (Schisandra chinensis)

This herb is believed to help in enhancing sperm production. There is also a belief that it may increase enzyme production and the levels of glycogen, which might be essential for gonad and kidney health. However, there are no scientific studies to support these claims.

22. Shilajit

This herb has been proven to increase sperm count and motility. In a clinical evaluation conducted on infertile women, the administration of this herd exhibited improvement in spermia, total sperm count, and sperm motility in about half the test population. Also, the use of this herb has been attributed to enhancing fertility in Ayurveda (18).

22. Cinnamon

Research has shown that the administration of 75 mg/kg/day of cinnamon can increase the sperm population and benefit its motility and viability (19).

Consult a naturopath or herbalist or midwife for guidance before trying any of these fertility herbs. Most medical doctors, however, do not suggest herbs as treatments.

There are various fertility herbs for men and women available today. But there is no solid research supporting the facts about how effective these herbs are in enhancing fertility. Therefore, if you are interested in using fertility herbs, you may begin by comprehending the reason and purpose for wanting to use them. Also, it is best to consult a qualified herbalist or naturopath specialist to learn about the functionality of these herbs. Additionally, you may consider maintaining a proper diet, lifestyle, and a sound emotional state before planning on the treatment regimen.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How can I tell if a man is fertile?

According to the American Urological Association, you can determine the status of male fertility via methods such as an analysis of medical history accompanied by a physical exam, semen analysis, transrectal ultrasound, testicular biopsy, and a hormonal profile (20).

2. How long does it take for fertility herbs to show results in men?

The time taken to show results and the effectiveness of fertility herbs depend on several factors, such as the individual’s health, the specific herb used, and the underlying cause of the fertility issue. There is limited scientific research on using herbs to cure fertility issues. Therefore, it is strongly advised to consult your doctor or a certified herbalist before using such medication.

Infographic: Fertility Boosting Herbs For Men And Women

Have you been planning your pregnancy for a long time and dreaming of starting a family but are facing challenges due to fertility issues? To help improve your fertility and chances of conceiving, we present herbs to naturally boost your and your partner’s fertility. Read on!

herbal ways to boost fertility (infographic)

Illustration: Momjunction Design Team

Key Pointers

  • Limited evidence on herbs’ effectiveness in curing infertility.
  • Ashwagandha aids hormone regulation and reproductive health.
  • Fertility herbs like Dong Quai, red raspberry, false unicorn, vitex, wild yam, and red clover may have adverse side effects.
  • Herbs should be taken under the care of a physician.
  • Personal health concerns and medications should be considered before taking herbs.
Fertility Herbs For Men_illustration

Image: Dall·E/MomJunction Design Team

Discover fertility herbs that enhance libido and reproductive health. Uncover effective options for men and women, including usage instructions for optimal results.

References

MomJunction's articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.

1. Cheryl Lans et al.; Herbal fertility treatments used in North America from colonial times to 1900, and their potential for improving the success rate of assisted reproductive technology; Reprod Biomed Soc Online. (2018)
2. Dietary Supplements: What You Need to Know; NIH (2011)
3. Bakhtiar Choudhary et al.; Efficacy of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera [L.] Dunal) in improving cardiorespiratory endurance in healthy athletic adults; Ayu. (2015)
4. Dong Quai; NIH (2019)
5. Jackie Greenfield And Jeanine Davis; False Unicorn or Fairy Wand; North Carolina State University (2012)
6. Wild Yam; Sam W. Hitt Medicinal Plant Gardens; The University of North Carolina
7. Chaste Tree: Mother Nature’s Menstruation Remedy; Plant Profiles In Chemical Ecology | The Evergreen State College
8. Herbal extracts; Stetson School of Business and Economics – Mercer University
9. Do Fertility Supplements Actually Work?; The Hewitt Fertility Centre
10. Kar Wah Leung and Alice ST Wong; Ginseng and male reproductive function; Spermatogenesis. (2013)
11. Gustavo F. Gonzales; Ethnobiology and Ethnopharmacology of Lepidium meyenii (Maca), a Plant from the Peruvian Highlands; Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. (2012)
12. Mayumi Suzuki et al.; Pharmacological effects of saw palmetto extract in the lower urinary tract; Acta Pharmacol Sin. (2009)
13. . Menopause & herbs; Jean Hailes
14. . Peter H. C. Lim; Asian herbals and aphrodisiacs used for managing ED; Transl Androl Urol. (2017)
15. Wonnam Kim et al.; Astragalus membranaceus augment sperm parameters in male mice associated with cAMP-responsive element modulator and activator of CREM in testis; J Tradit Complement Med. (2016)
16. Recep Dursun et al.; The protective effect of goji berry extract in ischemic reperfusion in testis torsion; Int J Clin Exp Med. (2015)
17. Goji; NIH (2019)
18. T K Biswas et al.; Clinical evaluation of spermatogenic activity of processed Shilajit in oligospermia; PubMed. (2010)
19. Arash Khaki.; Effect of Cinnamomum zeylanicumon on Spermatogenesis; Iran Red Crescent Med J. (2015)
20. What is Male Infertility?; Urology Care Foundation.
21. Ramin Nasimi Doost Azgomi et al.; Effects of Withania somnifera on Reproductive System: A Systematic Review of the Available Evidence; NCBI; (2018)

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Jacky Bloemraad-de Boer is a certified professional midwife, traditional Chinese medicine practitioner, doula, nutritionist and herbalist with over 20 years of experience. In 2012 she began JJ Doula Training in Amsterdam and has trained more than 200 doulas. Boer has trained midwives across the globe for a three-year midwifery program that she created. She continues to teach midwifery sciences and...read full bio