Koalas are marsupials that live on trees, mainly in Australia. These small, furry, cute-looking animals are the only extant representatives that belong to the family Phascolarctidae (sub-order Vombatiformes), and are known to be closely related to wombats.
They are around 60 to 85cm (24 to 33in) long and weigh approximately 14kg (31lb). They are generally solitary animals that move within the range of selected trees.
Due to their distinctive appearance, koalas are referred to as the symbols of Australia’s unique wildlife. Want to know some more interesting facts about these furry creatures? Go through this post about koalas for kids and ignite the kid’s interest.
Are Koalas Bears?
No, koalas are not bears. Like kangaroos, koalas carry their young ones in their pouches. As they resemble living teddy bears, they are mistakenly called ‘koala bears.’ However, koalas are marsupials, and their scientific name is Phascolarctos cinereus.
Where Are Koala Bears Found?
Koalas are natives of Eastern and Southeastern Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia. The fascinating arboreal and cuddly-looking animals usually live in open eucalyptus woodlands.
Their tailless, stout body, yellow eyes, black round leathery nose, a huge and round head, large fluffy ears make them look unique.
What Do Koala Bears Eat?
Koalas are herbivores and feed on the leaves of certain types of eucalyptus trees. Their daily diet includes around 1.3kg (3lb) of eucalyptus leaves. The koalas have a long intestinal pouch and cecum, which is two meters or seven feet long. It nurtures beneficial, symbiotic bacteria to break down the toxic substances and tannins present in the leaves to help their digestion. They also eat mud or dirt in intervals to help digest eucalyptus leaves.
The strong claws and toes help them grasp the branches. As they are picky eaters, it sometimes becomes difficult for koalas to find food on their own. Also because their diet is low in nutrients and provides less energy, koalas sit or sleep for long hours in tree forks. They sleep for up to 18 hours a day.
38 Interesting Facts About Koalas For Kids
Here are some intriguing facts about koalas.
- The term koala means ‘no water.’ It is speculated that koalas get the water they need from the moisture of eucalyptus leaves. Therefore, they rarely drink water.
- Koala fossils unearthed in Australia date back to about 20 million years.
- Koala is divided into three recognized subspecies, Queensland koala (P. c. adustus), New South Wales koala (P. c. cinereus), and the Victorian koala (P. c. victor).
- It is said that the brain size of modern-day koalas is reduced compared to their ancestors probably to adapt itself to the less energy derived from their diets.
- Koalas are nocturnal animals. They sleep throughout the day and rummage for food at night.
- Though koalas are peaceful and calm most of the time, they produce loud and hollow grunts from time to time.
- Koalas’ fingerprints are almost similar to human beings.
- They have sharp claws that help them climb
- Koalas have a low metabolic rate since a diet rich in fiber provides the least nutrients.
- Since koalas cannot store too much fat in the body, they spend most of their time sleeping to save energy.
- They have soft, thick fur, long ears with white hair on the tips, beady eyes, and a leathery nose. Their small mouth opens wide.
- Koalas have two thumbs on their front paws, and all toes have curved and sharp claws. On the hindfoot, its second and third toes are joined together and have rough pads to help climb and groom.
- They are the only marsupials without tails. They can run as fast as a rabbit.
- Besides their tree-climbing ability, they also have a powerful sense of hearing and smell.
- They make grunting or wailing sounds to communicate with each other.
- The male koala is called a buck. The female koala is called a doe.
- Male koalas are 50% larger than females and have a vast, dark scent patch on the center of their chest. Females have a smaller patch than males. These scent patches are used for marking tree territories.
- The koalas are usually quiet and solitary animals except during breeding seasons.
- They breed in the summer and give birth to only one young one called ‘joeys.’
- The gestation time is about 35 days.
- Joeys are around 2cm, about the size of a large jelly bean, at birth and are born without fur. Besides, at the time of delivery, their eyes and ears are closed.
- The newly born joeys are delicate until they grow fur because they cannot regulate their body temperature.
- The joeys continue to develop in their mother’s abdominal pouch for five to six months.
- The koala’s pouch is in the rearward direction.
- For up to six weeks, the joeys are weaned on a soupy, predigested eucalyptus called pap that is directly lapped up from the mother’s anus. Presumably, pap is derived from the cecum.
- After weaning, they emerge from their mother’s However, the joeys continue to cling to their mother’s back till they are about one–year-old.
- Interestingly, koalas have a firm and supportive butt. They have strong cartilage at the end of their curved spines, allowing them to build a comfortable home for themselves on eucalyptus trees.
- Koalas can live up to 15 years when in the wild and longer in captivity.
- When koalas are under stress, they are also susceptible to chlamydia. This disease causes blindness and makes females infertile.
- The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has listed koalas as vulnerable in 2016.
- The Australian government included koalas in the country’s threatened species list in 2012.
- It is illegal to keep koalas as pets.
Threat To Koalas
- According to a survey, koalas have steadily declined by about 28% between 1984 and 2012.
- In April 2012, the Australian government declared koalas as vulnerable under the federal EPBC, and New South Wales and Queensland acts. However, Victoria and South Australia are excluded from this listing.
- Due to deforestation, the koalas’ habitat is under severe threat. With no trees, koalas forage on the ground for food, exposing themselves to dangers.
- Between 1920 and 1930, koalas were killed for their fur. As a result, their population decreased from millions to hundreds and became extinct in some places.
- To prevent their complete extinction, scientists have moved koalas to smaller offshore islands, where they thrived.
- Although there are many koalas, their habitat has been dramatically reduced due to encroachment by farmland and urban development, putting them in danger of extinction.
Koalas are cute and furry animals. They have lived on the earth for millions of years. Many of us are fascinated by this adorable animal. But the loss of habitat bush fires and drought have led to the decline of the koalas’ population. Share these facts with your chidren and let them appreciate the need to conserve this cute animal.
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