Corn, also called as maize in some countries, is a tasty food. Its sweetness, bright yellow color, and good amount of protein make it a wonder food. This might make you to introduce corn to your baby early in life. But before doing that, know if it is safe, and understand its benefits and side effects. MomJunction tells you all this and more. Read on.
Can Babies Eat Corn?
Corn is safe for your baby, but you cannot make it a part of his first solid food. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that you give the baby conventional first foods such as cereals, fruit, and mashed vegetables before adding corn to his diet.
If your family has a history of corn allergies, you need to avoid it until the baby is grown enough to sustain. Also, babies with eczema should not be given corn, unless your doctor okays it.
When And How To Include Corn In A Baby’s Diet?
According to the American Academy for Pediatrics (AAP), corn can be introduced after six months of age when the baby begins eating solid foods. However, if you are worried about the allergies, wait until he turns one year old. Also, corn is difficult to digest, so it is advisable to delay it until his digestive system improves. Here are various ways you can choose to feed corn for babies:
- For infants, feed corn by making a puree of it.
- You can move on from puree to creamed corn when your child grows into a toddler around 18-24 months.
- Once he is two years or more and learns to use his newly grown teeth to chew, you can give him kernels to eat but ensure that he is chewing them.
Do not substitute a more nutritious food with maize, as it is not considered to be high in nutritional values. If you have to choose between corn and a healthier food, go for the latter and wait to introduce corn as finger food in later months.
Nutritional Values In Corn
Corn is high in B vitamins: thiamin, niacin, pantothenic acid (B5), and folate. It contains dietary fiber, minerals, magnesium, and phosphorus at moderate levels. This table provides the nutritional values:
|Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)|
|Energy||360 kJ (86 kcal)|
|Vitamin A equiv||9 μg|
|lutein zeaxanthin||644 μg|
|Thiamine (B1)||0.155 mg|
|Riboflavin (B2)||0.055 mg|
|Niacin (B3)||1.77 mg|
|Pantothenic acid (B5)||0.717 mg|
|Vitamin B6||0.093 mg|
|Folate (B9)||42 μg|
|Vitamin C||6.8 mg|
Benefits Of Corn For Babies
Corn offers certain benefits for your baby if you limit the intake to moderate levels. Here are a few reasons why corn can be beneficial:
1. Helps in weight gain:
About 100gm corn contains around 350 calories. If your baby is underweight, corn diet could help him gain some pounds. Even a baby with normal weight can be given this vegetable to maintain his weight after you stop breastfeeding him completely.
2. Body growth and development:
Corn is rich in B complex. Thiamin supports nerves and brain development; niacin improves metabolism, especially of sugars, proteins, and fatty acids; and folate helps new cell development.
3. Muscle and nerve function:
Corn contains phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, and iron. Phosphorus supports bone health; potassium and magnesium are necessary for muscle and nerve function. Iron improves brain development.
4. Protects blood cells:
The presence of antioxidants (through vitamin E) makes maize good for protecting cells from damage. It contains phenolic compound ferulic acid, which is an anti-carcinogenic agent. Antioxidants prevent tissue and DNA damage in the body.
5. Improves digestion:
The presence of fiber makes corn a good laxative. If your baby has frequent constipation issues, a few corn products like corn seeds and cornflour could resolve the problem.
Corn seeds are natural laxatives and can be used to relieve constipation. Cornflour is also good, but it needs to be whole cornflour and not refined.
6. Good vision and skin:
Yellow maize is rich in vitamin A, a source of beta-carotene that gives better eyesight. Beta-carotene, which is not a part of vitamin A, acts as an antioxidant that is good for the baby’s skin.
Effects Of Corn On Babies
The natural sugars in corn can become starch quickly, and hence corn is not considered beneficial for a baby. Its ill-effects broadly manifest in two ways:
Allergies are caused due to the proteins present in the kernels. Lipid transfer protein (LTP) is a major cause of allergies as it stays on even after processing or heating the corn and post digestion. Other potential allergens are storage proteins and corn pollen present in the kernel.
Both corn and corn-based products could trigger allergies such as eczema and allergic rhinitis. However, corn does not figure in the top eight food allergens of the Food Allergen Labeling and Consumer Protection Act of 2004.
Here is a list of some corn products but it is not exhaustive as corn is used as an ingredient in several foods:
- baking powder
- corn oil
- corn tortillas
- vanilla extract
- confectioners’ sugar
- corn meal
- colour hominy
- lactic acid
- invert sugar
- corn syrup
Corn allergy symptoms in babies
If you observe any of these symptoms in your baby, stop giving him corn immediately (1):
- Hives or a skin rash
- Nausea, stomach cramps, indigestion, vomiting, or diarrhea
- Stuffy or a runny nose
- Asthma and in a worse case anaphylaxis
How to deal with corn allergy?
- The first obvious way to deal with the allergy is to avoid corn and corn-derived products.
- Give your baby home-cooked food because ready-to-eats can contain corn in any form.
- If the reaction is severe, take your baby to a doctor. He would administer epinephrine (adrenaline).
Intolerance is different from allergies as it reflects in the form of digestive problems. Your baby could have the below symptoms if he is intolerant to maize:
- Stomach pain
Intolerance could be short-lived when compared to allergies.
13 Tips To Select And Store Corn
Once you make sure that your baby is not allergic or intolerant to corn, you may begin to add it to his diet. Here are a few tips to select the best corn available in the market:
- Select fresh corn as it is the best way to consume the vegetable.
- Purchase non-GMO corn, and if possible organic.
- Buy corn with husks on them as they protect them from heat, damage and dirt.
- Ensure that the husks are not dry, as dried husks indicate stale corn. Fresh corn has husks that are tight and green.
- The kernels need to be plump and shiny.
- The tassels (brown hair-like things at the top) need to be sticky and glowing.
- Frozen corn may also be bought.
- If you opt to give your baby canned corn, check the ingredients to make sure that there is no added sugar in them. Canned corn has fewer proteins.
- Try to consume the corn within three days.
- Store them in an airtight container and put them in the refrigerator.
- Corn needs to be kept away from sunlight or heat because the sugars in corns convert to starch easily.
- If the supermarket allows, peel the husks of fresh corn back to check the tip of the corn and the quality of the kernels.
- If you are not allowed to peel the husk, press the corn with your hands to feel for its firmness. A firm corn is fresh and has healthy kernels.
Corn Recipes For Babies
Here are a few recipes for your baby to have corn in the tastiest way:
1. Corn Puree
You Will Need:
- One cob of sweet corn
- A teaspoon of water, breast milk or formula
- Get the kernels off the cob. The best way to do it is by running a knife across the kernels.
- Put the kernels in boiling water and let them boil until they are soft.
- Make a puree by blending the kernels with a little water or milk. Add more water if you want a more runny consistency.
2. Pumpkin And Cornmeal Porridge
You Will Need:
- 1 cup water
- 1 cup milk
- 1 cup puréed pumpkin
- Yellow cornmeal (as needed)
- Water as needed
- One tablespoon brown sugar
- ½ teaspoon ground ginger (optional)
- A pinch of salt
- Add water, milk, and pumpkin in a pan.
- In another bowl, mix the cornmeal with some water. Make sure there are no lumps.
- Add the cornmeal paste and sugar to the pumpkin mixture, stirring until the mixture thickens.
- Add ginger and salt.
- Let it cook for another three to five minutes.
- Serve the warm corn porridge for baby..
3. Carrot, Potato, and Sweet Corn Purée
You Will Need:
- 1 carrot
- 1 potato
- 1 tbsp peas
- 2 tbsp of sweet corn kernels
- 4 tbsp of water
- 1 tsp of olive oil
- Sauté finely chopped carrot in an oiled pan until soft.
- Add potato, peas, sweet corn, and water.
- Let the mixture come to boil and then simmer it for 15 minutes.
- Make this corn puree for baby that suits his palate.
4. Maize, Apple, and Sweet Potato Puree
You Will Need:
- 2 cups corn kernels
- 1 apple peeled
- 1 sweet potato
- Cook the corn and steam the apple and sweet potato.
- Puree the three.
- Add some breast milk or formula to make it watery.
5. Corn and Cauliflower Puree
You Will Need:
- 2 cups corn kernels
- 1 cup chopped cauliflower
- 1 cup yogurt
- Pepper (optional)
- Cook the corn and steam the cauliflower.
- Puree both in a blender.
- Mix yogurt and pepper for taste.
6. Sweet Corn Soup
You Will Need:
- Fresh sweet corn
- A tablespoon each of finely chopped carrot, beans, broccoli, and spring onions
- Salt to taste
- Cook the corn cobs and remove the kernels after they cool down.
- Puree the kernels (keep a few kernels away for later use).
- Cook the other vegetables in a heavy bottom pan, with a thin layer of butter applied on it.
- After cooking for around two minutes, add the corn puree, a bit of salt, and bring it to a boil.
- Add water to bring the soup to the desired consistency.
- Add the remaining corn kernels and simmer.
7. Corn Fritters
Age: Above 1 year
You Will Need:
- A small cup of multipurpose flour
- 2-3 tbsp milk
- 2-3 tsp sauce
- A cup of sweetcorn kernels
- Vegetable oil to cook
- Mix the flour and milk to make a smooth batter.
- Add the sauce and corn kernels.
- Apply a thin layer of vegetable oil on a frying pan, and spread small portions of the batter on it.
- Press them slightly while cooking and toss them a few times.
8. Cornflour Cutlets
Age: Above 1 year
You Will Need:
- 2 tbsp cornflour
- 1 boiled potato
- 1 tsp lemon juice
- Salt to taste
- Pepper to taste
- Oil to fry
- Mash the boiled potato.
- Mix cornflour, lemon juice, and salt and add a bit of pepper to it.
- Make the mix into small flat rounds, using your palms.
- Fry the rounds in a frying pan, tossing now and then.
Tip: Cornmeal mixes well with mashed potatoes, carrots, apples, peas, brown rice or rice meal, which are easily digestible.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Can I give baby corn (Karo) syrup to my baby to cure constipation?
No, Karo corn syrup does not cure constipation. It was once a home remedy for constipation, but the one that is available in the market these days does not work. It does not contain the necessary chemical structure that allows liquids into the intestine and loosens the stool (2).
2. Is corn syrup present in formula good for babies?
Avoid using corn syrup for babies as they are high in fructose, as it is an artificial sweetener. High fructose corn syrup (HFCS) does not do any good, but is used in the formula to sweeten the product.
In addition to making the babies overweight, HFCS could also set the tastes in the baby who would grow up to love over-sweetened foods.
Check for the ingredients before choosing a formula, and take the one that has low levels of corn syrup, among others.
3. Can my one-year-old baby eat cornflakes?
Babies one year and above can eat cornflakes for their breakfast. But choose the brand which has low levels of salt.
Also, if your baby likes rice flakes, wheat flakes, or oatmeal, consider giving these as they are better nutritional options than cornflakes.
4. Is cornstarch good for babies?
Starchy food, including cornstarch, is not advisable for babies who are yet to develop teeth. It is usually given to babies as it can be swallowed without being chewed. However, parents need to note that by swallowing it directly, the food is not being salivated. Also, babies’ digestive juices are yet to develop enough to digest cornstarch (3).
5. What is guinea corn? Can I give it to my baby?
Guinea corn is also known as sorghum or dura. It is rich in unsaturated fats, protein, fiber, and minerals such as phosphorus, potassium, calcium, and iron. It contains more antioxidants than blueberries and pomegranates (4).
Babies can be given sorghum but if your baby already has other starchy foods, you need to balance it as guinea corn is also high in starch.
6. Are corn puffs an ideal finger food for my infant?
Corn puffs are tasty, and your child might like them. But snack options such as fruits or nuts are more nutritious than puffs.
7. Can we use cornstarch to treat diaper rash?
Avoid using cornstarch for diaper rash. It is traditionally used as a powder on the rash, and is also made into a paste by mixing petroleum jelly with it, and then applied on the area. But it is not good to use cornstarch for the purpose as it supports bacterial growth (5). Instead, use a baby powder.
8. Is cornflour used for a baby rash?
Cornflour can be applied to non-fungal rashes. In a fungal rash, it helps the fungus grow. So, determine the kind of rash before using cornflour.
9. What are the various types of corn?
There are six types of corn: dent, flint, sweet, flour, popcorn.
Dent: Dent or field corn is white or yellow in color. It is used in processed foods, industrial products, and as livestock feed.
Flint: Grown in Central and South America, Flint or Indian corn has a hard outer shell. Its uses are similar to those of dent corn. Its color can vary from yellow to red.
Sweet: Sweet corn is named so as it has higher natural sugars than the other varieties. Field corn has 4% sugar and sweet corn has 10%. It is used for direct consumption than as flour. It is rarely used as livestock feed. It is advisable to eat sweet corn immediately after being picked as nearly 50% of the sugar turns to starch within 24 hours (6).
Flour: Flour corn is one of the oldest types and, as the name suggests, it is used in baked goods. The kernels are soft and filled with starch. It is usually white, but can come in varied colors like blue.
Popcorn: This variety has a soft starchy inside that pops up when heated. The moisture inside the corn acts as steam that causes the explosion. Other types of corn also pop but not to the extent popcorn does, as the starch and moisture content is high in it.
Corn is not as healthy as various other vegetables, cereals or fruits. Do not be eager to include it in your baby’s diet as it can be used as finger food once he grows up a little.
When and how did you introduce corn for your baby? Which recipe is the most loved by them? Let us know in the comments.
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