Kawasaki disease in children is rare. The autoimmune disease occurs in one among 10,000 children in the US (1). It is treatable and not contagious. You need to take the child to the doctor immediately after you suspect, to avoid worsening of the condition. MomJunction helps you in recognizing the disorder through its symptoms, and gives you an idea about its diagnosis and treatment.
What Is Kawasaki Disease?
Kawasaki disease is a form of vasculitis and results in inflammation of the veins, arteries, and capillaries. At times, Kawasaki affects coronary arteries that supply oxygen-rich blood to the child’s heart. When it affects coronary arteries, it leads to inflammation of heart muscle (myocarditis), the wall of the artery becomes weak (aneurysm), and abnormal heart beating (dysrhythmia) (2).
Causes Of Kawasaki Disease In Children:
Even though the exact cause of Kawasaki disease is not yet clear, some medical studies state that the illness can occur on account of immune system’s reaction to an infection, such as viral infection.
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Symptoms Of Kawasaki Disease In Children:
Kawasaki disease occurs gradually in children and grows in stages. Here are prominent symptoms of initial and late stages of the ailment.
Symptoms of initial stages of Kawasaki disease are
- High body temperature i.e. temperature greater than 102 degrees that persist in the child for five or greater than five days.
- Bloodshot red eyes
- Swollen lymph nodes
- Swollen, red tongue
- Red soles of the feet and palms
- Swollen feet and hands
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Symptoms of late stages Of Kawasaki disease are
- The skin of limbs peels off. Skin of hands and feet easily comes off in sheets.
- Pain in the joints (3)
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Diagnosing Kawasaki Disease:
Once you discover your child is suffering from any of the above symptoms, consult an experienced, expert physician. The doctor may recommend appropriate tests to diagnose and confirm the ailment. Tests, such as blood tests, chest X-ray, echocardiography, and an electrocardiograph, help in the diagnosis of Kawasaki disease in children.
Treating Kawasaki Disease In Children:
Kawasaki disease treatment in children should begin soon after its diagnosis, ideally within ten days of your child contracting the fever. Here are some effective treatments for Kawasaki disease.
Consult your doctor for appropriate medicines for Kawasaki disease. Hospitalization can treat your child effectively to alleviate symptoms of the ailment. High dose of aspirin helps reduce the risk of heart-related problems in child and minimizes pain and inflammation resulting due to the ailment. The doctor may also prescribe a low dose of aspirin but for a long time to prevent the risk of heart troubles. The affected child may need to take low doses of aspirin for about six to eight weeks even after fever vanishes to prevent the formation of clots of blood (4).
[ Read: Symptoms Of Scarlet Fever In Children ]
2. Intravenous Treatment:
Usually, the doctor treats Kawasaki disease in kids with intravenous doses of gamma globulin that is the blood’s ingredient that aids in fighting infection. Most children suffering from the Kawasaki disease feel better after they receive a single dose of gamma globulin (5).
Early and appropriate treatment of Kawasaki disease in children prevents the risk of damage to arteries and heart of the affected child.
Did your child suffer from Kawasaki disease at any time? How did you treat it? Share your invaluable knowledge and experience with the fellow moms. Leave a comment below.
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