Low Blood Pressure (Hypotension) In Teens - Causes And Symptoms

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Does your teen often complain of fatigue and nausea? Is your teenager experiencing fainting spells and dizziness on a regular basis? If yes then your teen might be suffering from low blood pressure. Continue to read the article below to know more about low blood pressure in teens.

About Low Blood Pressure:

The heart constantly pumps blood into the body through the arteries. Blood pressure refers to the impact of blood on the arteries. The blood pressure rises when the heart pumps the blood. The pressure is lessened when the heart is at rest between beats. The high pressure is termed as systolic pressure and low pressure is diastolic pressure. When blood pressure is measured the reading includes numbers for both types of pressures. The blood pressure is considered low when the numbers are at 90/60 and lower.

Low blood pressure is also known as hypotension. For teenagers hypotension is a cause of trouble if they constantly suffer from symptoms of low blood pressure, which can range from dizziness, constant thirst, irregular heartbeat and others (1).

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Causes Of Low Blood Pressure In Teenagers:

Many factors can cause low blood pressure such as:

  1. Cardiac problems
  2. Hormonal disorders
  3. Conditions affecting the nervous system
  4. Infections
  5. Medications
  6. Loss of blood
  7. Diarrhea
  8. Kidney problems
  9. Dehydration
  10. Pregnancy
  11. Liver problems

Most teenagers suffer from hypotension due to dehydration, hormonal problems, poor diet habits, severe weight loss etc (2).

[ Read: Symptoms Of Dehydration In Teens ]

Symptoms Of Low Blood Pressure In Teenagers:

If your teenager suffers from the below symptoms, it could be a sign of low blood pressure. If these symptoms persist for more than a few days, it is time for your teen to seek medical attention (3).

  1. Fainting
  2. Fatigue
  3. Clammy skin
  4. Nausea
  5. Irregular heartbeats
  6. Lack of concentration
  7. Depression
  8. Excessive thirst
  9. Blurred vision
  10. Dizziness
  11. Weakness

[ Read: Migraine In Teenagers ]

Treatment And Care For Teenage Low Blood Pressure:

The treatment for low blood pressure involves taking care of the cause to treat the condition. For instance, if your teen’s low blood pressure is due to hormonal problems such as thyroid disorder then its treatment would resolve the issue of hypotension as well.

Even when the underlying cause for low blood pressure is not clear, doctors prescribe care and treatment plans to raise and maintain the blood pressure at optimum levels. The treatment plan usually includes the following steps (4):

  • More intake of salt until the pressure returns to normal. Maintenance of salt consumption is important as more sodium could lead raise the blood pressure to abnormal levels. Follow the salt consumption guidance as per the doctor’s recommendations.
  • Increased hydration usually helps with low pressure problems. Teens who lead active lifestyles or play sports often end up dehydrated. This can easily impact their blood pressure and cause it to become lower than normal. Consumption of water is enough. But moderate amount of fruits juices is also quite adequate. But it is better to steer clear of sugary drinks.
  • Teen girls can consume more iron-rich food sources during their menstruation cycle to compensate for the loss of blood. If the blood loss during menstruation is excessive, it can cause blood pressure levels to drop.
  • A diet of low-fat food sources, fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean meat, and low-fat dairy can help teenagers to keep low blood pressure at bay.
  • The doctor may prescribe certain medications to treat hypotension in teens in severe cases. Some medicines help to increase volume of blood in the body, which helps raise blood pressure levels.

Low blood pressure in teens is not a cause of worry until the symptoms begin to show frequently. Proper diet, fluid consumption and adequate rest often resolve the problem of low blood pressure. You can learn how to deal with postural hypotension in teenagers by following the doctor’s recommendations.

Do your teens suffer from low blood pressure? How do you help them deal with the condition?

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