Pregnancy makes a woman’s body go through multiple changes, both physically as well as emotionally. This is due to the hormonal changes.
While some women evolve beautifully with a glowing skin, others tend to look drained, tired and sapped. One of the most common challenges faced by pregnant women is skin darkening, also called as chloasma or melasma gravidarum in medical terms. This condition can cause anxiety.
We are here to tell you what causes chloasma in pregnancy, various signs and symptoms to watch out for and the possible early treatment.
What Is Chloasma Or Melasma Gravidarum?
This condition is very prominent among women with lighter skin. It causes blotchy areas of dark skin that sets on the original face like a mask with a dark tone.
- The patches of pigmentation can appear all over the face. The main areas being forehead, cheek bones, nose, upper lip, etc.
- It can also appear all over the face like a uniform layer of unknown dark skin, covering the original tone.
[ Read: Is Bleaching Safe During Pregnancy ]
Chloasma Or Melasma After Pregnancy
The onset and the fading of this condition depend directly on pregnancy.
- It is said that chloasma or melasma gravidarum tends to increase as the pregnancy progresses to the stage of delivery and childbirth.
- The skin will retain its original color as soon as the pregnancy comes to an end. Something to feel relieved about!
- Your skin will restore itself back to normalcy as soon as your hormones fall back into a balance.
- If you are using a birth control method in the form of pill, patch or a vaginal ring that contains estrogens, you are likely to suffer with the condition again.
- It is useful to consider other viable birth controls such as condoms that do not involve hormones.
[ Read: Skin Darkening During Pregnancy ]
5 Causes Of Chloasma Or Melasma
Some of the known causes of this skin condition are as follows:
- Genetic history of family suffering the condition over decades.
- Frequent exposure to sun with harmful ultraviolet rays.
- Hormonal imbalances in the body due to pregnancy.
- Increased production of melanin.
- Underlying secondary condition (rare cases).
6 Signs And Symptoms Of Chloasma Or Melasma
This is a seemingly noticeable skin condition. The symptoms are as follows:
- Dark patches on the facial skin.
- Patches of pigments on areas such as forearms and parts exposed to sun.
- Patches of dark skin on areas like cheek bones and jaw line.
- Pigmented nipples, freckles, scars and patches in the genital area.
- Pigmented skin under thigh region.
- Increased pigmentation on the lining of your belly called linea nigra.
[ Read: Facial During Pregnancy ]
Medical Treatment For Chloasma Or Melasma
If the skin still shows dark pigmentation even after the delivery, perhaps it is time to consult dermatologist. The skin doctor may prescribe the following for the ailment:
- Bleaching cream with hydroquinone.
- Topical ointment with tretinoin, which is a Retin-A.
- Chemical peels that contains glycolic acid.
7 Measures To Prevent Or Combat Chloasma Or Melasma During Pregnancy
A lot depends on the efforts in taking care of the skin while suffering with this terrifying skin problem. It is very easy to manage this condition.
Take a look at some of the things that you can do to combat and reduce the effects of chloasma or melasma:
- Use a good sunscreen block before stepping out in the sun. Use SPF 30 ideally, as it battles the harmful UVA and UVB rays.
- Make sure you apply sun block even while you are indoors. There is a chance that UV rays may creep into your neighborhood somehow.
- Use facial cleansers and creams that are gentle in composition and mild on your skin. Stay away from strong chemical formulations that tend to only aggravate the problem.
- Use bathing shower gels that are milder with natural extracts and less of chemicals.
- Do not use soaps and gels with strong perfumes.
- Do not use skin bleaching agents in a desperate attempt to look fair. This will only make your skin look worse.
- Make sure you wear a light concealer if you have to attend a gathering. Do not rub your face into heavy makeup.
[ Read: Skin Problems During Pregnancy ]
7 Lifestyle Choices You Must Adopt To Prevent Chloasma
Food and lifestyle plays a very important role in how you look and feel. While there is not much that can be done in a hormone driven ailment like chloasma, you can ensure some healthy practices in your everyday routine that helps your skin to heal faster:
- Keep yourself hydrated all the time.
- Eat nutritious food rich in fiber, vitamins, iron and protein.
- Have a good fitness regime that makes you perspire (perspiration helps skin’s open pores to release unwanted toxins).
- Use good quality facial and body creams that are produced by a reputed brand.
- Indulge yourself in some juice diet (drink fresh fruit juices and not the canned ones).
- Yoga and meditation is a great lifestyle choice that helps battle any bodily ailment with twice the magnitude.
- Do not stress yourself looking at the pigmented skin. Your mental anxiety can flare up the condition.
[ Read: Benefits Of Fiber During Pregnancy ]
Red Alerts To Watch Out For:
Though rare, sometimes there could be other underlying conditions that trigger chloasma or melasma, such as skin cancer. Call doctor immediately if you experience any or all of the below:
- Pigmentation that causes pain, redness and bleeding.
- Changes noticed in the shape of skin structures, such as moles.
- Your skin therapist will do additional tests to rule out any secondary medical conditions.
- If you are breastfeeding and lactating, be mindful about giving this information to your doctor right away, as medications can be expressed into breast milk while nursing.
Remember that any kind of treatment takes time to take effect. Do not rush into things as this is a skin problem that needs time to heal.
We hope the above information was helpful. Feel free to share if you know any information regarding chloasma or melasma by commenting below.
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