200+ Popular Mongolian Last Names Or Surnames, With Meanings

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Covered with vast grasslands, mountains, and semi-desert areas, Mongolia is a beautiful yet unexplored country. Learning about Mongolian last names can be a unique way to understand this intriguing country that borders Russia and China. Following mainly the patrilineal lineage and family clan names, Mongolian surnames are limited. Additionally, the prohibition on the usage of surnames during the 1900s has limited the family names even further (1). However, you may still find some culturally rich last names of Mongols, which reflect their diverse ethnic groups, familial lineages, and nomadic traditions. Delve into this post to learn some of these Mongolian surnames, along with their meaning, origin history, and more.

In This Article

History Of Mongolian Surnames

The history of Mongolian naming customs suggests that Mongols were prohibited from using any surnames from 1924, resulting in the extinction of many ancestral family names. At that time, Mongols used only personal names to address each other. If any documents required additional names, they used the father’s given name or its initial before the personal name. However, since 1998, the Mongolian government mandated the addition of a surname. Currently, most Mongolian surnames are chosen, created from a list of names, or are of patrilineal heritage (1).

200+ Unique Mongolian Surnames With Meanings

From surnames of patrilineal lineages to those influenced by Russians and other cultures, explore this comprehensive list of Mongolian surnames.

Common Mongolian Last Names

Many Mongolian surnames are patronymic or matronymic, adopted from a given Mongolian name. Check out some of these common Mongolian last names below.

1. Altangerel

An enlightening surname, Altangerel is one of the most common Mongolian surnames. It is derived from a unisex name, meaning ‘golden light.’ It was the surname of Mongolian paleontologist Altangerel Perle, who has the halszkaraptorine theropod dinosaur species Hulsanpes perlei named after him.

2. Ankhbayar

Derived from the Mongolian elements ‘ankh,’ meaning ‘first,’ and ‘bayar’ meaning ‘joy,’ Ankhbayar is a surname derived from a gender-neutral Mongolian name. A Mongolian footballer, Ankhbayar Sodmönkh, bears this surname.

3. Baasanjav

From the Mongolian name Baasanjav, this surname is derived from the roots ‘baasan’ and ‘jav,’ meaning ‘Friday salvation’.

4. Baatar

Taken as the patronymic surname from the masculine given name, Baatar means ‘hero’ in Mongolian. Some of the patronymic versions of this name include Baatarzorig, Baatarjavyn, and Baatarchuluun.

5. Baljinnyamyn

Probably of Tibetan origin, the Mongolian surname Baljinnyamyn means ‘glorious donation’ from the name Baljinnyam in Tibetan. A Mongolian actor and producer, Baljinnyamyn Amarsaikhan, is a notable bearer of this surname.

6. Banzragchiin

With unknown meaning and origin, Banzragchiin is a Mongolian patronymic. It is the surname of the Mongolian cross-country skier, Banzragchiin Zundui, who took part in the 1964 Winter Olympics.

7. Bataa

Probably derived from the Mongolian element ‘batu,’ this Mongolian patronymic may mean ‘strong.’

8. Batbaatar

Another patronymic surname, Batbaatar means ‘strong hero’ in Mongolian, taken from a given male name. A professional footballer, Batbaatar Amgalanbat, who plays for the Mongolian national team, is a notable bearer of this surname.

9. Batbold

Originating from a masculine given name, Batbold means ‘strong steel’ in Mongolian. A famous bearer of this surname is Batboldyn Baljinnyam, a Mongolian footballer who plays as a winger for the Mongolian national team.

10. Batchuluun

Batchuluun or Batchuluuny is an interesting Mongolian name that has been adopted as a patronymic surname. It means ‘firm stone,’ derived from the Mongolian words ‘batu,’ meaning ‘strong’ or ‘firm,’ and ‘chuluun,’ meaning ‘stone.’

11. Batdorj

Batdorj-in or Batdorj is a Mongolian patronymic, meaning ‘strong diamond’ or ‘strong vajra’ in Mongolian. Batdorj-in Baasanjab, also known as Basenzhabu is a Chinese actor of Mongol descent, best known for playing the role of Genghis Khan in the 2004 Chinese-Mongolian television series.

12. Baterdene

A version of the given name and Mongolian patronym Bat-Erdene, the surname Baterdene means ‘strong jewel’ in Mongolian.

13. Batkhuyag

With unknown etymology, this Mongolian-origin patronymic, derived from a given name, means ‘armored hero.’

14. Batmönkhiin

Batmönkhiin is adopted as the modern patronymic surname from the given name Batmönkh, which means ‘eternally strong’ in Mongolian. Batmönkhiin Ganbold, a Mongolian cross-country skier who was the flag-bearer for Mongolia at the 2014 and 2018 Winter Paralympics Parade of Nations, bears this surname.

15. Batsaikhany

Batsaikhany is a patronymic surname in Mongolian. It is derived from the male-given name Batsaikhan, meaning ‘beautifully or handsomely strong.’

16. Batsükhiin

Of Mongolian origin, Batsükhiin is a patronymic surname derived from the male given name, Batsükh. The meaning of this surname is ‘strong axe,’ combined with the suffix -iin.

17. Batsuuri

Meaning ‘firm foundation’ in Mongolian, this patronymic last name is derived from a male given name.

18. Battulgyn

The surname Battulgyn has an unusual meaning. It denotes a ‘strong cooking stand’ from the masculine given name Battulga, combined with the suffix -yn.

19. Bayaraa

Reflecting happiness, the patronymic surname Bayaraa is derived from the Mongolian element ‘bayar,’ meaning ‘joy.’

20. Bayasgalan

Another happy surname, this Mongolian patronymic is derived from the Mongolian element ‘Bayasgalan,’ meaning ‘happiness’ or ‘pleasure.’

21. Bold

Of Persian origin, this Mongolian name and surname mean ‘steel’ suggesting someone with a strong personality.

22. Boldbaatar

Originating from Mongolia, the surname Boldbaatar means ‘strong steel,’ derived from the two Mongolian names ‘Bold’ and ‘Baatar.’

23. Byambaa

Of uncertain origin and meaning, Byambaa is a common Mongolian surname. It is borne by Galsangiin Byambaa, a Mongolian archer who competed in the 1972 Summer Olympics.

24. Byambadorj

A day-inspired name that has evolved into a surname, Byambadorj is taken from the Mongolian elements ‘byamba,’ meaning ‘Saturday,’ and ‘dorj,’ meaning ‘diamond.’

25. Byambajav

Byambajav is also a patronymic surname derived from the given name. It is taken from the Mongolian elements ‘byamba,’ meaning ‘Saturday,’ and ‘jav’ meaning ‘salvation.’

26. Byambasüren

Another Saturday-inspired patronymic surname, Byambasüren means ‘Saturday longevity.’ It is derived from the elements ‘byamba’ and ‘tshe ring,’ meaning longevity.

27. Chinbat

With unknown meaning, Chinbat is a patronym surname among Mongols. It is borne by Nomin Chinbat, a Mongolian politician who has been the Mongolian Minister of Culture since 2021.

28. Chuluunbaatar

This surname is from a male given name, derived from the Mongolian elements ‘chuluun,’ meaning ‘stone,’ and ‘baatar’ meaning ‘hero.’

29. Chuluunbat

A different version of the surname Batchuluun, this given name-derived surname means ‘firm stone’ in Mongolian.

30. Damdin

With uncertain meaning, Damdin is a common Mongolian Patronymic. The most notable bearer of this name was Damdin Sükhbaatar, who is known as the father of Mongolia’s Revolution.

31. Damdinsüren

Derived from the Mongolian elements ‘Damdin’ and ‘suren,’ which means longevity,’ Damdinsüren is a patronymic surname. The great Mongolian composer, Bilegiin Damdinsüren, who is the founder of Mongolian classical music and one of the greatest Mongolian composers, bears this surname.

32. Dashdorj

The surname Dashdorj is a Mongolian patronymic, made with the combination of Mongolian elements ‘dash’ and ‘dorj,’ meaning ‘diamond’ or ‘vajra.’ It was borne by the famous Mongolian poet during the early 1900s, Dashdorjiin Natsagdorj was the founder and most widely read author of modern Mongolian literature.

33. Dashnyamyn

Dashnyamyn is a version of the given name Dashnyam in Mongolia. A Mongolian boxer, Dashnyamyn Olzvoi, a boxer who competed at the 1976 Summer Olympics, bears this surname.

34. Dashzevegiin

Dashzevegiin is possibly a patronymic surname derived from the given name Dashzeveg. The meaning of this name is unknown.

35. Davaa

Inspired by a day’s name, the patronymic surname Davaa means ‘Monday.’ Another possible meaning of the term ‘davaa’ is ‘mountain pass’ or ‘threshold.’

36. Davaadorjiin

Originating from the Mongolian name Davaadorj, Davaadorjiin is taken from the Mongolian elements ‘davaa,’ meaning ‘Monday’ or ‘mountain pass,’ and ‘dorj,’ meaning ‘diamond.’

37. Davaajav

The surname Davaajav is derived from the given name, which comes from the Mongolian term ‘davaa,’ meaning ‘Monday’ or ‘mountain pass’ or ‘threshold,’ and ‘jav,’ meaning ‘salvation’ or ‘deliverance.’ It could also mean ‘moon of deliverance’ if the origin is believed to be Tibetan Buddhism.

38. Davaasüren

This Mongolian surname is derived from the Mongolian element ‘davaa,’ meaning ‘Monday’ or ‘mountain pass,’ and the Tibetan element ‘tshe ring,’ meaning ‘longevity.’

39. Dorj

Having its roots in the Tibetan language, the Mongolian surname Dorj means ‘diamond’ or ‘vajra.’

40. Dorjsüren

Also originating from the Tibetan language, Dorjsüren possibly means ‘long life of a diamond,’ as ‘dorj’ means ‘diamond’ and ‘tshe ring’ means ‘longevity.’

41. Enkhbaatar

Enkhbaatar is a patronymic surname of Mongolian origin derived from a given name, meaning ‘calm hero.’ The root ‘enkh’ means ‘calm or peaceful.’

42. Enkhbatyn

Enkhbatyn is the patronymic surname derived from the name Enkhbat, meaning ‘steady peace’ in Mongolian. A Mongolian singer, Enkhbatyn Amartüvshin, is a notable bearer of this surname.

43. Enkhbayaryn

Meaning ‘peaceful celebration,’ this Mongolian surname is derived from the name Enkhbayar. It is borne by the Mongolian powerlifter, Enkhbayaryn Sodnompiljee, who won the gold medal in paralympic powerlifting at the 2020 Summer Paralympics.

44. Enkhbold

Transferred from the Mongolian name Enkhbold, this patronymic surname means ‘calm steel.’ A significant bearer of this surname is Enkhbold Togmidshiirev, a Mongolian contemporary artist.

45. Enkhjargal

Also transcribed as Enkhzhargal, this matronymic surname is derived from a feminine name that means ‘peace blessing’ in Mongolian.

46. Enkhtaivan

Exuding peacefulness, this beautiful surname means ‘tranquility’ in Mongolian. It has evolved to a surname from a gender-neutral Mongolian given name.

47. Erdene

The surname Erdene means ‘jewel’ or ‘treasure’ in Mongolian, thus giving a wholesome meaning to this beautiful surname.

48. Erdenebaatar

Stating someone’s importance and honor, the Mongolian surname Erdenebaatar means a ‘treasured hero.’

49. Erdenebatyn

A patronymic surname from the given name Erdenebat, it means ‘firm jewel or treasure’ in Mongolian. Erdenebatyn Bekhbayar, a freestyle wrestler from Mongolia who won a gold medal at the 2018 Asian Games, bears this surname.

50. Erdenebileg

Meaning ‘treasured gift,’ Erdenebileg is a patronymic surname in Mongolia.

51. Galbadrakh

Derived from the Mongolian elements ‘gal,’ meaning ‘fire’ or ‘flame,’ and ‘badrak,’ meaning ‘blaze’ or ‘thrive,’ this surname has evolved from a given name that means ‘thriving flame’ or ‘blazing fire.’

52. Gansükh

The surname Gansükh is a patronymic, derived from the male given name, meaning ‘steel axe’ in Mongolian.

53. Gantömör

A strong elemental surname, Gantömör means ‘steel and iron,’ derived from a given Mongolian name.

54. Gantulga

With an unusual meaning of ‘steel cooking stand’ or ‘steel fireplace,’ the surname Gantulga is a patronymic last name among Mongolians.

55. Ganzorig

Probably derived from the Mongolian elements ‘gan,’ meaning ‘steel,’ and ‘zorig,’ meaning ‘courage,’ this Mongolian surname is a patronymic one.

56. Gombo

The Mongolian surname Gombo is probably of Tibetan origin.

57. Gombosüren

The surname Gombosüren is a Mongolian patronymic of unknown meaning. Gombosure Enkhtaivan, a Mongolian archer who competed at the 1976 Summer Olympic Games, bears this surname.

58. Jargal

A Mongolian surname derived from a gender-neutral given name, Jargal means ‘happiness’ and ‘blessing.’

Mongolian Last Names, Jargal

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59. Jargalsaikhan

Meaning ‘beautiful blessing’ or ‘beautiful happiness’ in Mongolian, the surname Jargalsaikhan is a given name that evolved into a Mongolian surname.

60. Khürelbaataryn

Adopted as a Mongolian patronymic surname, Khürelbaataryn is derived from the male given name Khürelbaatar. It means ‘bronze hero’ in Mongolian. Mongolian professional footballer Khürelbaataryn Tsend-Ayuush, who plays for the Mongolian national team, is a famous bearer of this surname.

61. Lkhagva

The surname Lkhagva is an important one that means ‘Wednesday’ or symbolizes the planet Mercury’ in Mongolian.

62. Lkhagvadorj

With possible roots in Tibetan and Mongolian, Lkhagvadorj is a Mongolian surname derived from the roots Lkhagva, meaning ‘Wednesday,’ and ‘dorj,’ meaning ‘diamond’ or ‘vajra.’

63. Lkhagvajav

Probably depicting someone born on Wednesday, this Mongolian surname means ‘Wednesday’s blessing’ or ‘Wednesday’s deliverance’ in Mongolian.

64. Lkhagvasüren

Another Wednesday-inspired surname, the Mongolian surname Lkhagvasüren contains the Tibetan ‘tshe ring’ root, which means ‘longevity.’

65. Lkhamsürengiin

Lkhamsürengiin is the patronymic form of the Mongolian name Lkhamsüreng with the suffix ‘-giin.’ The meaning is unknown. Mongolian chess master Lhamsuren Myagmarsuren or Lkhamsurengiin Myagmarsuren, who is a four-time Mongolian chess champion, bears this surname.

66. Mönkhbaatar

Meaning ‘eternal hero’ in Mongolian, this surname has evolved from a masculine given name.

67. Mönkhbat

A variant of the given name Munkhbat, meaning ‘eternal strength,’ this surname has been adopted from a masculine given name.

68. Mönkhbayar

The surname Mönkhbayar means ‘eternal joy’ in Mongolian. It is actually a gender-neutral given name that has evolved into a surname.

69. Mönkhjargal

Meaning ‘eternal happiness or blessing’ in Mongolian, this patronymic surname has evolved from a given name.

70. Myagmar

Referring to Tuesday or the planet Mars in Mongolian, the surname Myagmar is derived from a gender-neutral given name.

71. Myagmarsüren

A patronymic surname and a given name, Myagmarsüren is a combination of the Mongolian element ‘myagmar,’ meaning ‘Tuesday’ and the Tibetan element ‘tshe ring,’ meaning ‘longevity.’

72. Namsrai

Of Tibetan and Sanskrit origin, the Mongolian surname Namsrai is derived from the name of the Buddhist god of wealth and prosperity. It means ‘prince all-hearing’ from the Tibetan term ‘rnam thos sras,’ stemming from the Sanskrit word ‘Vaiśravana.’

73. Nyamdorj

Inspired by a day’s name, Nyamdorj originates from ‘nyam,’ meaning ‘Sunday, and ‘dorj,’ meaning ‘diamond’ or ‘vajra.’

74. Nyamsüren

A name of Tibetan origin combined with Mongolian roots, the surname Nyamsüren means ‘Sunday longevity’ in Mongolian.

75. Ochirbat

Derived from the Mongolian ‘ochir,’ which means ‘diamond,’ ‘thunderbolt,’ or ‘treasure,’ and ‘batu,’ meaning ‘strong,’ or ‘firm,’ Ochirbat is a patronymic Mongolian surname.

76. Otgonbaatar

Meaning ‘youngest hero’ in Mongolian, the surname Otgonbaatar has been derived from a given name.

77. Otgonbayar

Adopted as a patronymic surname of Mongolian origin, Otgonbayar means ‘youngest joy’. Ravsalyn Otgonbayar, a Mongolian boxer who competed at the 1976 and 1980 Summer Olympics, is a notable bearer of this surname.

78. Purev

Etymologically similar to the Tibetan name Phurbu, the surname and given name Purev means ‘Thursday’ or refers to the planet Jupiter in Mongolian.

79. Pürevdorj

Transferred from the given name Pürevdorj, this modern Mongolian surname means ‘Thursday diamond’ or ‘Thursday vajra.’

80. Pürevjav

Derived from a given name in Mongolian, Pürevjav is a patronymic surname. It means ‘Thursday deliverance’ from the Mongolian elements ‘pürev’ and ‘jav.’

81. Pürevsüren

Another surname with the prefix ‘pürev,’ Pürevsüren means ‘Thursday longevity’ in Mongolian.

82. Sambuu

Sambuu or Sambuugiin is a Mongolian patronymic, which means ‘good’ in Buryat. The surname is borne by Mongolian singer Sambuugiin Serchmaa, who also plays the violin.

83. Sükhbaatar

Meaning ‘hero of the axe,’ Sükhbaatar is a patronymic surname in Mongolia.

84. Tömörbaatar

The surname Tömörbaatar is patronymic, derived from a given name. The name means ‘iron hero’ in Mongolian.

85. Tsend

Probably derived from the Mongolian name Tseene, meaning ‘peony,’ Tsend is a Mongolian matronymic surname.

86. Tserendorj

Of Tibetan roots, the surname Tserendorj means ‘a vajra or symbol of longevity’ or a ‘diamond for long life’ in Mongolian.

87. Uuganbayar

Probably associated with the birth of the first-born or the eldest child, the surname Uuganbayar comes from ‘uugan,’ meaning ‘eldest,’ and ‘bayar,’ meaning ‘happiness or joy’ in Mongolian.

Popular Mongolian Last Names

Discover the rich traditions of Mongolia through its popular last names. This list contains last names that are most prevalent in Mongolia or are popular because of their notable bearers.

88. Altankhuyag

Derived from the Mongolian male given name, Altankhuyag is a patronymic meaning ‘golden armor.’ Norovyn Altankhuyag, a politician who became the 25th Prime Minister of Mongolia is a famous bearer of this surname.

89. Batbayar

Describing the ‘strong’ nature with the first-syllable ‘batu,’ this patronymic surname is taken from the male given name, which means ‘strong joy’ in Mongolian. Tsogtyn Batbayar, who was the mayor of Ulaanbaatar from 2005-2007, is a significant person with this surname.

90. Bat-Erdene

Derived from the given name, the patronymic surname Bat-Erdene means ‘strong jewel’ in Mongolian. Bat-Erdene Mungunzul, a Mongolian chess player who won the 44th Chess Olympiad and earned the FIDE title of Woman Candidate Master in 2014, bears this surname.

91. Batjargalyn

Derived from the gender-neutral name Batjargal, this surname means ‘strong happiness’ in Mongolian with the suffix -yn. It is a modern patronymic surname.

92. Bayarsaikhan

Transferred from a given name of Mongolian origin, the surname Bayarsaikhan is derived from the Mongolian elements ‘bayar,’ meaning ‘joy or happiness’ with ‘saikhan,’ meaning ‘beautiful or nice.’

93. Changezi

A Turkic-origin surname and a variant of Genghis and Changizi, Changezi means ‘universal ruler.’ An Indian screenwriter and film director, Wajahat Hussain Mirza Changezi, who is better known for penning some famous dialogues of classic Bollywood movies, including Mughal-e-Azam (1960), bore this surname.

94. Daginaa

Also known as Daginaagiin, Daginaa is a Mongolian surname with an unknown meaning. It is borne by Törbat Daginaa (Daginaagiin Törbat), a Mongolian footballer who is the captain of the Mongolian national team.

95. Dolgorjavyn

The surname is probably derived from the given name Dölgöön, which means ‘quiet’ or ‘calm’ in Mongolian. A famous bearer of this surname is Dolgorjavyn Otgonjargal, a Mongolian freestyle wrestler who won the silver medal at the 2022 World Wrestling Championships.

96. Dorjsuren

Also written as Dorjsürengiin, the Mongolian patronymic surname Dorjsuren is adopted from the given name Dorjsüren, which means ‘longevity of diamond’ in Mongolian. The Mongolian judoka player Dorjsürengiin Sumiyaa, who is a four-time national champion and inspired the 2017 Mongolian film, White Blessing, is a famous bearer of this surname.

97. Ganbatyn

A variant of the surname Ganbaataryn, this patronymic surname also means ‘steel hero’ from the Mongolian masculine name Ganbat. Ganbatyn Jargalanchuluun, who was the youngest Mongolian athlete to compete at the Winter Olympic Games in 2002, is a notable bearer of this patronymic.

98. Ganbaataryn

Derived from the given male name Ganbaatar, meaning ‘steel hero,’ Ganbaataryn is a patronymic surname. The famous bearer of this surname is Ganbaataryn Khongorzul, a traditional long-song singer from Mongolia.

99. Ganboldyn

Ganboldyn comes from Ganbold, which means ‘steel,’ depicting someone strong and powerful. A famous bearer of this surname is Ganboldyn Kherlen, who was the 2017 Judo World Masters champion.

100. Gankhuyagiin

Adopted as a patronymic surname, Gankhuyagiin is derived from the name Gankhuyag, which means ‘steel armor.’ A famous bearer of this surname is Gankhuyagiin Oyuungerel, who was the Miss World Mongolia in 2007.

101. Khan

A common surname in Muslim families around the world, Khan is actually a Mongol title for a ‘king’ or ‘ruler.’

Mongolian Last Names, Khan

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102. Luvsannamsrain

Of Mongolian origin with an uncertain meaning, Luvsannamsrain is a given male name that has been adopted as a patronymic surname. Currently, it is a popular surname in Mongolia, since the 32nd Prime Minister of Mongolia, Luvsannamsrain Oyun-Erdene, bears this surname.

103. Sharav

Also written as Sharavyn, Sharav is both a given name and a Mongolian patronymic of unknown origin. Sharavyn Gungaadorj, who became the 14th Prime Minister of Mongolia, was a famous bearer of this surname.

104. Yumjaagiin

Of unknown meaning, Yumjaagiin is a Mongolian patronymic surname. It was borne by Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal, who was the longest-serving leader of modern Mongolia.

Ancient Mongolian Last Names

In ancient Mongolia, patronymics and clan names were part of the Mongolian naming system. Check out the list below to learn about some of these surnames.

105. Āěrdān

Of Mongolian origin, Āěrdān is a Daur family name, belonging to the Daur language natives.

106. Aigiarn

The traditional Mongol name and surname Aigiarn means ‘shining moon.’ It was the name of one of Kublai Khan’s nieces.

107. Áolāshì

Áolāshì is also a Mongolian surname belonging to the Daur-speaking Mongolians.

108. Ba

The Mongolian surname Ba has Chinese roots, from the name of the kingdom of Ba of Sichuan which existed during the Zhou dynasty. It is a common surname among the Mongolian settlers of China.

109. Baldan

As a Buryat name, Baldan comes from the Tibetan and Bhutanese name Palden, meaning ‘glorious’ or ‘splendor.’ Sodnom Baldan, who was one of the first Mongolians to study in Western Europe, was a significant bearer of this surname.

110. Berke

Originating from Turkic roots, Berk is a given name and surname, which means ‘strong’ or ‘difficult’ in Turkish and Mongolian languages.

111. Besud

Besud is derived from the name Besut, which was one of the clan or tribe names of Mongolians and is now adopted as a surname by many. This group was part of the Nirun tribes of Mongolia.

112. Borjigin

The Mongolian surname Borjigin comes from a Mongol sub-clan name that started with Kiyat clan’s Bodonchar Mukhang. Genghis Khan is believed to be a descendant of this clan. It is believed to be of Turkic roots, probably derived from the term ‘borčïqïn,’ which means ‘man with dark blue eyes.’ However, this meaning is uncertain.

113. Borte

Derived from the feminine given name of Mongolian origin, this surname has uncertain meaning. It was the name of the first wife of Genghis Khan, the founder of the Mongol empire.

114. Chabi

The surname and feminine given name Chabi is of Mongolian origin. It was the name of an Empress and the wife of Kublai Khan, making her the wife to the Mongol Khagan dynasty, which had conquered all of China in the 1270s.

115. Giray

Of Turkic origin, Giray is the form of the Mongolian title Khan, meaning ‘king,’ or ‘ruler.’ It is adopted as the surname of the Crimean Tatar royal house, derived from the name of the dynasty that ruled Crimea from 1431 to 1783.

116. Jalair

Jalair is a Mongolian and Iranian surname derived from the name of the Darliqin Mongol tribes. It is an ancient clan name, which has been adopted as a surname. It is believed to have a Turkic origin, from the name Yyalair, a Turkic tribe name, meaning ‘anointed sovereign’ via ‘yağla er.’

117. Luk

Meaning ‘green,’ the Mongolian surname Luk may be of Chinese origin from the Mandarin surname Lu.

118. Naiman

Naiman is a subtribe of the Güchügüd clan of Mongols. However, it is also considered a tribe of Turkic Christians, conquered by Genghis Khan in 1204. The surname is derived from the Mongolian ‘Naim,’ which means ‘eight.’

119. Nergüin

Nergüin is a patronymic form of the Mongolian given name Nergüi, meaning ‘no name.’ The name was traditionally used to mislead bad spirits. A Mongolian boxer, Nergüin Enkhbat, who won the bronze medal at the 1988 Summer Olympics, bore this surname.

Modern Mongolian Last Names

Modern Mongolian last names include Mongolian given names which evolved into patronymics. However, foreign influences can also be noted in these surnames. Check out the list below to learn about some of them.

120. Altansükhiin

A form of the given name Altansükh, meaning ‘golden axe’ in Mongolian. Altansükhiin is a Mongolian patronymic surname.

Mongolian Last Names, Altansükhiin

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121. Altantsetsegiin

Derived from the name Altantsetseg, Altantsetsegiin is its patronymic version. It means ‘golden flower’ in Mongolian with the suffix -giin.

122. Amarjargal

Amarjargal is a given name in Mongolian, which is derived from the elements ‘amar’ and ‘jargal,’ meaning ‘blissful happiness.’

123. Amartüvshin

A patronymic surname and unisex name, Amartüvshin is of Mongolian origin, meaning ‘peace level’ or ‘resting level.’

124. Ariunboldyn

Depicting something pure, the surname Ariunboldyn is a Mongolian patronymic surname. It is derived from the given name Ariunbold, meaning ‘pure or sacred steel.’

125. Ayuush

The patronymic surname and given name Ayuush is probably derived from the Mongolian element ‘ayu,’ meaning ‘danger.’ A famous bearer of this surname was Shirnengiin Ayuush, a Mongolian composer who was one of the leading composers of Mongolia in the 1930s.

126. Baasandorj

Meaning ‘Friday vajra’ or ‘Friday diamond,’ Baasandorj is a patronymic surname, derived from a given name.

127. Baatarsükhiin

Derived from the Mongolian masculine name Baatarsüren, meaning ‘hero’s long life,’ Baatarsükhiin is its patronymic version. It is borne by Baatarsükhiin Chinzorig, an amateur boxer from Mongolia who won gold in the 2021 Asian Amateur Boxing Championships.

128. Badarch

A new and modern Mongolian surname that has been gaining popularity, the surname Badarch is of uncertain meaning.

129. Batkhuyagiin

Probably derived from the given name Batkhuyag, this patronymic surname means ‘armored hero’ in Mongolian.

130. Batzorig

Meaning ‘strong will’ or ‘firm intention’ in Mongolian, Batzorig is a patronymic Mongolian surname.

131. Bayanmönkhiin

Meaning ‘eternally wealthy’ or ‘forever rich’ in Mongolian, the surname Bayanmönkhiin is the patronymic version of the given name Bayanmönkh.

132. Bayarjargal

Adopted as a modern patronymic surname of Mongolian origin, Bayarjargal is a unisex name that means ‘joy’ and ‘blessings.’ Awarded with the Goldman Environmental Prize in 2019, a Mongolian conservationist Bayarjargal Agvaantseren is a famous bearer of this surname.

133. Byamba

Inspired by the day’s name, Byamba means ‘Saturday’ in Mongolian. It also has another meaning based on the planet’s name ‘Saturn.’

134. Chimeddorj

Meaning ‘diamond ornament’ in Mongolian, the surname Chimeddorj is a patronymic one derived from the name Chimeddorj.

135. Chuluuny

Derived from the given name Chuluun, meaning ‘stone’ in Mongolian, Chuluuny is the patronymic version of the given name Chuluun in Mongolian.

136. Dagvadorj

Of Mongolian origin, the meaning of this patronymic surname is unknown. Dolgorsürengiin Dagvadorj, also known as Asashōryū Akinori in Japanese, who is the first Mongolian to reach sumo’s highest rank, is a notable bearer of this name.

137. Damba

Of Buyrat origin, the Mongolian surname and given name Damba means ‘sublime’ in Buyrat.

138. Demberel

A unisex name and a surname of Mongolian origin, Demberel means ‘herald’ or ‘good omen.’

139. Enkhsaikhany

Stemming from the Mongolian given name Enkhsaikhan, which means ‘peacefully beautiful,’ Enkhsaikhany is a Mongolian matronymic or patronymic surname.

140. Enkhtör

Meaning ‘calm state’ or ‘peaceful government’ in Mongolian, Enkhtör is both a given name and surname in Mongolian.

141. Enkhtüvshin

Denoting ‘calm level’ in Mongolian, the patronymic surname Enkhtüvshin is derived from a gender-neutral given name.

142. Enkhtuyaa

An alternative to the name Enkhtuya, Enkhtuyaa is a Mongolian patronymic surname. The name means ‘ray of peace’ in Mongolian.

143. Erdenebayar

Meaning ‘treasure joy’ in Mongolian from the given name Erdenebayar, it is a patronymic surname.

144. Erdenechimegiin

A genitive version of the given name Erdenechimeg with the suffix -giin, this name means ‘jewel ornament’ in Mongolian.

145. Jadamba

Of Mongolian origin, the meaning of the given name and patronymic surname Jadamba is unknown. A notable person with this surname is Jadamba Narantungalag, a Mongolian professional mixed martial artist, kickboxer, and grappler.

146. Jamsrangiin

Derived from the Mongolian name Jamsran of unknown meaning, Jamsrangiin is a patronymic surname. It was the surname of Jamsrangiin Sambuu, chairman of the Presidium of the Mongolian People’s Republic People’s Great Khural from 1954.

147. Jamyangiin

Of Tibetan origin, Jamyangiin is derived from the Mongolian gender-neutral name Jamyan, meaning ‘gentle song’ in Tibetan.

148. Luvsandorjiin

Originating from Mongolia, Luvsandorjiin is derived from the given name Luvsandorj, of unknown meaning. The former coach of the Mongolian national football team, Luvsandorjiin Sandagdorj, is a notable bearer of this surname.

149. Myagmaryn

Myagmaryn is a patronymic version of the given name Myagmar, meaning ‘Tuesday’ or ‘planet Mars’ in Mongolian.

150. Myagmarjav

A surname and a given name, Myagmarjav means ‘Tuesday deliverance’ in Mongolian.

151. Naidangiin

A Mongolian surname, Naidangiin is a patronymic form of the masculine given name Naidan, meaning ‘to hope’ or ‘trust,’ combined with the suffix -giin. Naidangiin Otgonjargal, a Mongolian female wrestler who participated in the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, bears this surname.

152. Naranbaatar

Meaning ‘sunny hero’ in Mongolian, Naranbaatar is an interesting Mongolian patronymic surname.

153. Narangerel

Depicting the ‘sunny light’ in Mongolian, Narangerel is a bright patronymic surname among Mongolians.

154. Narmandakh

With the beautiful meaning of ‘sunrise’ in Mongolian, the surname and a given name Narmandakh is a patronymic one.

155. Natsagsürengiin

Taken from the given name Natsagsüren with the suffix -giin, Natsagsürengiin is a Mongolian patronymic surname.

156. Nyambayar

Derived from the gender-neutral Mongolian name Nyamba, this surname means ‘neat’ or ‘meticulous.’ A famous bearer of this surname is Tugstsogt Nyambayar, a Mongolian professional boxer.

157. Nyamdavaa

A day-inspired name and surname, Nyamdavaa means ‘Sunday and Monday’ in Mongolian.

158. Oyuntsetsegiin

Derived from the feminine given name Oyun, meaning ‘wisdom’ in Mongolian, Oyuntsetsegiin is a modern matronymic surname.

159. Urtnasan

Meaning ‘long life’ in Mongolian, the given name and surname Urtnasan is a Mongolian patronymic surname.

160. Zorigtyn

Denoting ‘braveness,’ the surname Zorigtyn is a patronymic version of the given name Zorigt.

Unique Mongolian Last Names

Given below are some unique Mongolian last names, which are quite rare in Mongolia. Check out!

161. Amgalanbaatar

Derived from Mongolian elements, the surname and given name Amgalanbaatar means ‘peaceful hero.’

162. Baasansüren

Meaning ‘radiant long life’ in Mongolian and Tibetan, Baasansüren is both a given name and a surname.

163. Badam

Badam is a rare given name and last name in Mongolia. Its actual meaning is unknown but it means ‘almond’ in Hindi and many Persian languages.

164. Bat

A variant of the given name Batu, meaning ‘strong’ and ‘firm,’ Bat is a patronymic surname in Mongolian.

165. Bat-Ochiryn

Derived from the Mongolian elements ‘batu’ and ‘ochir,’ the patronymic surname Bat-Ochiryn means ‘strong diamond.’

Mongolian Last Names, Bat-Ochiryn

Image: Momjunction Design Team

166. Battsetseg

Originating from Mongolian elements, the given name and surname Battsetseg means ‘strong flower’ in Mongolian.

167. Bayar

The given name and surname Bayar is a Mongolian patronymic, which means ‘happiness’ or ‘joy.’

168. Bayarmaa

Taken from the Mongolian elements, the given name and surname Bayarmaa means ‘happiness’ from ‘bayar,’ with the suffix -maa.

169. Bazar

Meaning ‘marketplace’ in Hindi, Mongolian, and other Persian languages, Bazar is a rare Mongolian surname.

170. Bud

Probably derived from the given name Buddha, it is a spiritually significant given name, which means ‘enlightened’ in the Sanskrit language.

171. Buluqhan

Derived from the Mongolian element ‘bulga,’ meaning ‘stable,’ Buluqhan is a rare Medieval Mongolian surname and a rare female given name.

172. Byambatsogt

Meaning ‘Saturday spirited’ in Mongolian, Byambatsogt is both a given name and patronymic surname in Mongolia.

173. Chagetai

Chagetai is a rare Medieval Mongolian family name of Mongolia.

174. Chuibekov

Chuibekov is a rare Mongolian surname that means ‘son of Chuib.’ It originates from Eastern Europe/Russia and is most prevalent in Central Asia, especially Kyrgyzstan and Mongolia.

175. Damdindorj

With the Mongolian element Damdin of uncertain meaning, and ‘dorj’ meaning ‘diamond,’ the given name and surname Damdindorj is a Mongolian patronymic surname.

176. Dolgorsüren

Signifying steadfastness in life, the Mongolian surname Dolgorsüren means ‘steadfast happiness’ in Mongolian.

177. Dügersüren

Of unknown origin and meaning, Dügersüren is a patronymic surname in Mongolian.

178. Enkhtsetseg

Representing peacefulness, the surname Enkhtsetseg means ‘peace flower’ in Mongolian.

179. Énuò

Of Chinese origin, the Mongolian surname Énuò is taken from the Chinese name Enuo, meaning ‘to be beautiful and elegant.’ This surname depicts gracefulness.

180. Ganchimeg

Representing strength, the Mongolian surname Ganchimeg means ‘steel ornament’ in Mongolian.

181. Jambaldorj

The Mongolian surname Jambaldorj is associated with the Mongolian element ‘dorj,’ meaning ‘diamond’ or ‘vajra.’

182. Jamiyansüren

Jamiyansüren is probably a rare and unique variation of Jamyangiin, a patronymic surname derived from the name Jamyan.

183. Jigjidin

Derived from the Mongolian given name Jigjid, the surname Jigjidin is a patronymic version, with unknown meaning.

184. Jigjidsuren

Another genitive surname derived from the Mongolian given name Jigjid, Jigjidsuren has no known meaning.

185. Khaliuny

A color-inspired name and surname, Khaliuny is derived from the name Khaliun, which means ‘creamy color’ or ‘brown’ in Mongolian.

186. Kurdujin

Kurdujin is a rare medieval Mongolian surname, borne by the Ilkhanid princess and ruler of Kerman and Shiraz, Kurdujin Khatun.

187. Mönkhbatyn

Derived from the Mongolian given name Mönkhbat, meaning ‘eternal firmity,’ Mönkhbatyn is a patronymic version of this name.

188. Mönkhtsetseg

Meaning ‘eternal flower’ in Mongolian, Mönkhtsetseg is a patronymic surname in Mongolian.

189. Natsagiin

Of Mongolian origin with unknown meaning, Natsagiin is a patronymic surname. Notable bearer is the second President of Mongolia, Natsagiin Bagabandi.

190. Ölziibayaryn

Derived from the Mongolian given name Ölziibayar, meaning ‘good luck celebration,’ this surname represents festivities and joy.

191. Oyuuntsetseg

Meaning ‘flower of wisdom’ in Mongolian, Oyuuntsetseg is both a given name and patronymic surname in Mongolia.

192. Sükhbat

The Mongolian name and surname Sükhbat means ‘strong axe,’ representing strength and power.

193. Tengis

Of Russian origin, Tengis may come from a Turco-Mongol word, which means ‘sea.’ This surname might have been derived from the name of the Tengis River in northern Mongolia.

194. Togochog

Might be associated with the Mongolian given name Tögöldör, meaning ’perfect,’ Togochog is a unique Mongolian surname.

195. Togtokh

Meaning ‘set’ or ‘established’ in Mongolian, Togtokh is an interesting patronymic surname in Mongolian.

196. Tsengeltiin

Evolved from the Mongolian given name Tsengel, the surname means ‘happiness’ or ‘joy’ in Mongolian. Tsengeltiin is a patronymic surname.

197. Tsetsegmaa

Mainly a feminine given name, the last name means ‘flower’ with a suffix -maa. Tsetsegmaa is a unique Mongolian patronymic surname.

Mongolian Last Names, Tsetsegmaa

Image: Momjunction Design Team

198. Tsogbadrakhyn

Derived from the Mongolian given name Tsogbadrakh, which means ‘thriving energy’ or ‘glowing coals,’ Tsogbadrakhyn is the patronymic form of this name.

199. Tsogtsaikhan

The given name and surname Tsogtsaikhan means ‘beautifully spirited.’ It is a Mongolian patronymic surname.

200. Tüvshinjargalyn

Taken from the Mongolian given name Tüvshinjargal, the surname means ‘level of happiness’ with the suffix -yn.

201. Uranchimegiin

Meaning ‘artistic decoration’ in Mongolian, Uranchimeg is the patronymic surname from the name Uranchimeg.

Discover More Names

When you have to choose a name for your baby, a few hundreds of names may not be just enough. Keep digging our mine of baby names until you find that one precious gem.

Mongolian last names are usually of Mongolian origin; however, a few are derived from the Tibetan and Chinese languages. Many Mongolian surnames or last names are patronymic, taken from the given name and added with the suffix -giin or -yn, such as Dashzevegiin and Buttulgyn. There are also a few ancient Mongolian last names derived from clan names, such as Naiman and Besud. Overall, it can be concluded that Mongolian surnames are deeply rooted in the land’s heritage and traditions, which help us learn more about the family lineages and political history.

References

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  1. Mongolia Naming Customs.
    https://www.familysearch.org/en/wiki/Mongolia_Naming_Customs
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Reshmi Das has over four years of experience as a clinical coordinator, medical content writer and medical conference coordinator. Her continuous interest in medical journals and writing makes her write well-researched articles for MomJunction.
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