Mood Swings During Pregnancy: Causes And Management

Mood Swings During Pregnancy

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Do you feel happy for some time and anxious and depressed later.? Do you get cranky and annoyed for trivial things or no reason?

If you are pregnant and have answered yes to these questions, worry not. Mood swings are common during pregnancy, owing to the hormonal, physical, and emotional changes happening within you. While you cannot avoid them, you can deal with them to make your pregnancy less stressful.

Read this MomJunction post to find out the reasons behind your many moods during pregnancy and how you can manage them.

Causes Of Mood Swings During Pregnancy

A lot of changes happening in the body, both physically and mentally, could be responsible for mood swings throughout the pregnancy.

  1. Hormonal fluctuation is perhaps the common cause of mood changes. When you get pregnant, the level of pregnancy hormones (progesterone and estrogen) increases. This usually results in feelings of anxiety, sadness, fear, and frustration, which can lead to depression (1).
  1. Extreme tiredness and morning sickness are generally experienced during the first and second trimesters. These could be responsible for changes in your mood. You may have a mix of emotions, such as forgetfulness, moodiness, and even anxiety (2).
  1. Lack of sleep due to the growing belly and other pregnancy changes is another cause of mood swings. Insufficient sleep can make you feel irritated and cranky.
  1. Health conditions such as hypothyroidism, gestational diabetes, and anemia could be responsible for mood swings as well. They are linked to feelings of depression, fear, irritation, and fatigue during pregnancy (1) (3) (4).

Irrespective of the causes behind them, mood swings are manageable.

[ Read: Measures To Control Anger During Pregnancy ]

How To Deal With Mood Swings During Pregnancy?

A healthy diet, combined with a few lifestyle changes, could help you relax and manage your mood better.

  1. Indulge in meditation and yoga: Most pregnant women go through feelings of anxiety, depression, and sadness. According to a study, yoga and meditation practices during pregnancy can help reduce the symptoms of depression (5).
  1. Get proper sleep: Lack of sleep is one of the common causes of mood swings. Try to minimize sleep disturbances by creating a comfortable sleep routine: wear loose/comfortable clothes, dim the lights in your room, avoid using gadgets before sleep, and use pillows for support.
  1. Get a prenatal massage: A prenatal massage can relieve your muscles and reduce pain, and aid in the functioning of the lymphatic and circulatory systems, thereby improving your mood and helping you stay calm (6).
  1. Pamper yourself: You can try simple yet fun activities like shopping, eating something that you are craving, going for a walk with your partner, watching a movie, or spending some quality time with your loved ones. Anything that makes you feel better works.
  1. Talk to your partner: Sometimes, just talking to your partner about your feelings can help you relax. Vent out when you need to and don’t stress yourself by overthinking about everything.
  1. Stay mindful of various pregnancy-related aspects: You might have a lot of fears about the pregnancy and childbirth. Some could be valid, but most could be irrational, due to lack of knowledge. So talk to your doctor and clear any doubts you have about the pregnancy, diet, tests, prenatal care, or health conditions, and make the right decisions.
  1. Stay healthy: Health conditions (gestational diabetes, hyperthyroidism, or anemia) could make you stressed as well. Do not neglect them or overthink about them. Instead, focus on managing them by taking medicines and following the suggestions of your doctor.

It’s okay to have mood swings

Know that it’s okay to feel whatever you feel during pregnancy. Don’t fight it or dwell on it. Accept how you feel and follow the tips to manage your moods for better psychological and physiological health. Knowing that your feelings can be managed can reduce stress significantly. All you need to do is make small lifestyle changes and find more ways to feel better and enjoy the pregnancy.

Do you have any experiences to share about your mood swings during pregnancy? Do let us know in the comments section below.

References:

1. Depression During & After Pregnancy: You Are Not Alone; healthychildren.org (2018)
2. Emotional Changes During Pregnancy; Michigan Medicine
3. Depression in early pregnancy linked to gestational diabetes, NIH study finds; National Institutes of Health (2016)
4. E. Yilmaz et al.; Relationship between anemia and depressive mood in the last trimester of pregnancy; The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine (2017)
5. H. Gong et al.; Yoga for prenatal depression: a systematic review and meta-analysis; BMC Psychiatry (2015)
6. A. Rothstein; Prenatal & Postpartum Massage: Massage for the Mind, Body & Spirit; Minnesota School of Cosmetology (2018)

 

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