Mouth Ulcers During Pregnancy - 12 Causes & 7 Symptoms You Should Be Aware

Mouth Ulcers

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Are you assured that oral trouble wouldn’t cause any issue in pregnancy? Are you under the impression that mouth ulcers are pretty temporary and would vanish in a day or two? Or you know the effect of mouth sore’s but not sure what steps to be taken to get oral hygiene?

If we are on the same page, let’s get something straight and bust the myths of mouth ulcers in pregnancy. Just read along.

During pregnancy, you need to take care of your heath completely, which also includes oral health. To curb mouth ulcers when pregnant you must have oral hygiene as it is as important as your personal hygiene and if you take it lightly, it could really be troublesome.

What Are Mouth Ulcers or Canker Sores ?

A canker sore or Aphthous stomatitis is a condition you can see in any individual which is repetitive yet non-contagious. Mouth ulcers are open sores located inside your mouth. In an appearance, you would see a white or yellow colored spot encircled by red color. They are pretty painful while eating, drinking or brushing your teeth. [1]

What Causes Mouth Ulcers During Pregnancy?

The exact cause of canker sores is unknown.However during pregnancy, your body is undergoing a phenomenal change, which could lead to some issues as the body needs to adapt to these changes. So some of the common causes are: [2][3]

  1. Hormonal changes.
  2. Short age of ample vitamins like vitamin B-12, folic acid, zinc.
  3. Destabilized immunity.
  4. Stress.
  5. A severe health condition.
  6. And some of the causes which would apply to a normal and healthy individual as well.
  7. Eating/drinking hot and spicy food/beverage.
  8. Accidentally biting your cheek/tongue or lip,
  9. Wearing braces.
  10. Undertaking dental treatment.
  11. Usage of certain kinds of medication like pain killers or beta blockers.
  12. If you just quit smoking, you can get mouth ulcers in the early days.

What Are The Symptoms Of Mouth Ulcers In Pregnancy?

The very common symptom is the appearance of the eruption of a wound inside your mouth below the cheeks, tongue or around the lips. But some of the other symptoms which indicate a high severity are:

  1. Fever.
  2. Dribbling.
  3. Itchiness and irritation on the skin.
  4. Difficulty in consuming food or talking.
  5. Lethargy.
  6. Burning sensation on the tongue and the mouth area.
  7. Bad breath or mouth odor.

[ Read: Fever During Pregnancy ]

What Are The Different Types Of Mouth Ulcers ?

There are mainly three types of mouth ulcer:

1. Minor Ulcers:

These are the most common type seen in individuals. The wound is around 2-8mm in diameter and affects the borders of the tongue and the floor of the mouth. You might observe several ulcers appearing at the same time, or a single ulcer could exist. These ulcers don’t need an external treatment and go away by themselves in 10 days to 2 weeks.

2. Major Ulcers:

You can classify these as a subtype of minor ulcers but are bigger and deeper. The wound is usually more than 10 mm in diameter and has deep ulceration. As they are bigger in size, you may observe that they tend to take more time in healing. Apart from affecting the borders of tongue and floor of the mouth, you can also observe them on the top surface of the tongue, the gums and the back of the throat in some cases. They are often with a lift or an uneven border. This type of ulcer can take several weeks to heal and may leave a scar in the mouth.

3. Herpetiform Ulcers:

This ulcer has his name from herpes simplex virus, but the herpes virus does not cause it. They are less than 1 mm in diameter, but hundreds of them could erupt at the same time. Healing could happen within fifteen days, leaving a scar behind. This type of ulcer is a cluster of dozens of smaller sores the size of pinheads.

[ Read: Effects Of Herpes During Pregnancy ]

A Word Of Caution:

Mouth ulcers can happen in early pregnancy too.Any ulcer which lasts more than two weeks needs diagnosis; a case which was an eye-opener to many of the pregnant woman is worth reading.

Natalie Hurley was eight weeks pregnant and somehow due to stress, or a hectic schedule caused it. She was in no hurry of visiting a dentist. But when after two weeks, it didn’t go away she got suspicious. During her regular visit to the dentist, she asked her dentist to examine the ulcer as well. And the dentist referred her to a specialist. She took painkillers but it was of no help, and even the size was growing. Meanwhile, the doc took a biopsy and within few days she got a call and was asked to visit a specialist in of head and neck cancer. And the reports were positive mentioning that she had Mouth Cancer. Well, she underwent a chemo session and is fit and fine now. But it’s best to consult your physician for any symptoms which don’t go away in a week or so [4]

What Kind Of Treatments Offered?

There are many medications offered to treat mouth ulcers if an entity is not pregnant.A mouth ulcer during pregnancy has scores of treatment for it. However, you as a pregnant woman should never take any medication without the doctor’s prescription. A mouth ulcer in pregnancy is treatable.Some natural remedies and exercise is are good ways to treat sores for you [5].

  • Salt water gargles, twice a day could help a lot.
  • Practice yoga and meditation, it would calm you down and balance your changes.
  • Adequate and enough sleep is a must.
  • Following a healthy diet with fewer spices could also help.
  • Stay hydrated, drink enough water, it helps in digestion and keeps you cool.

Do you have a story to tell about your oral health issue? Just hit the comments section.

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