Is It Safe To Take NyQuil When Pregnant?

Is It Safe To Take Nyquil When Pregnant

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NyQuil helps you fall asleep when you have a cold. The over-the-counter medication gives relief from the nighttime symptoms of common cold and flu, such as a sore throat, sneezing, a fever, headache, minor pains and aches, cough and a runny nose.

But can you take it when you are pregnant? MomJunction tells you whether or not you can have NyQuil during pregnancy, and if it has any effects on the unborn baby.

Can You Take NyQuil During Pregnancy?

Some forms of NyQuil are safe to use while some are not. The alcohol content in NyQuil Liquid has about 10% alcohol, and it is not advisable to take; NyQuil LiquiCaps and Alcohol-free NyQuil Cold & Flu Nighttime Relief Liquid can be taken (1).

NyQuil And Its Ingredients

NyQuil is available in three types – NyQuil Cold and Flu (2), NyQuil Severe Cold and Flu (3), and NyQuil Cough (4). Each of these contains a combination of active and inactive ingredients. The below table gives you the details of the ingredients in each type.

IngredientForms of NyQuil containing the ingredientSymptoms it could treat
Acetaminophen (5)
  • NyQuil Cold And Flu
  • NyQuil Severe Cold And Flu
Sore throat, fever, headache, minor aches and pains
Dextromethorphan (6)
  • NyQuil Cold And Flu
  • NyQuil Severe Cold And Flu
  • NyQuil Cough
Cough
Doxylamine (7)
  • NyQuil Cold And Flu
  • NyQuil Severe Cold And Flu
  • NyQuil Cough
Sneezing and runny nose
Phenylephrine (8)
  • NyQuil Severe Cold And Flu
Nasal congestion

Sinus pressure

AlcoholLiquid forms of:

  • NyQuil Cold And Flu
  • NyQuil Severe Cold And Flu
  • NyQuil Cough
None

Avoid NyQuil Severe Cold And Flu, and the liquid forms containing alcohol during pregnancy.

In the next section, we tell you about the positive and negative effects of each ingredient on pregnancy.

Effects Of NyQuil Ingredients During Pregnancy

The ingredients of NyQuil might have varied effects on pregnant women and their babies. This table tells you how each ingredient works and the likely side-effects it could have during pregnancy.

IngredientHow it works in pregnancySide effects
Acetaminophen
  • Relieves pain and fever
  • Safe for short-term use
  • Safe in all trimesters
High dosages or continuous intake could increase the risk of liver damage, rashes, itching, hoarseness, swelling of the face, tongue, lips, eyes, hands and feet, and breathing difficulties (5).
DextromethorphanSafe to use in all stages
  • Dizziness, nervousness, drowsiness, lightheadedness, restlessness, stomach pain, nausea and vomiting.
  • Rashes in severe conditions.
Doxylamine
  • Safe to use in all stages
  • Used in combination with pyridoxine for nausea and vomiting
  • Drowsiness, dry mouth, throat and nose, chest congestion, headache, nausea, nervousness and excitement.
  • Blurry vision and trouble while urinating in severe cases (7).
PhenylephrineRisk of birth defects in the first trimester
  • Dizziness, nervousness and sleeplessness.
  • Increased blood pressure in severe cases (8).

Alcohol Content In NyQuil: Its Effects On Pregnancy

Most of the liquid over-the-counter medications contain alcohol, and the same is the case with NyQuil. Alcohol could increase the risk of complications in pregnancy. The effects of alcohol on pregnancy include (9):

  • Low birth weight
  • Premature birth
  • Developmental disabilities
  • Physical disabilities

Therefore, do not take Liquid NyQuil unless suggested by your doctor. Instead, try some alternative measures to get relief from cold.

What Are The Alternatives To NyQuil?

If you want to avoid NyQuil or any other cold and flu medications, you may try some simple measures at home:

  • Use a humidifier to reduce nasal congestion. You can fix it in your bedroom or living area where you spend most of your time.
  • Use extra pillows to prop up your head. It clears the congestion in nasal passages and makes breathing easy.
  • Blow your nose gently by closing one nostril with your finger, and clearing the other. It prevents mucus accumulation in the nasal passages.
  • Rinse stuffy nose by squirting salt water solution into the nose.
  • Gargle with warm salt water to get temporary relief from sore throat.
  • Drink warm teas and plenty of fluids for relief from nasal congestion and sore throat.
  • Eat infection-fighting foods such as vitamin C foods, carrots, pepper, mustard, and cranberries.
  • Take up slight physical and breathing exercises.

These measures will give you temporary relief. Keep repeating them until the effects of cold and flu reduce.

When To Consult A Doctor?

A cold or flu can last up to two weeks but the intensity reduces within three to five days. See a doctor if the symptoms last more than ten days with no improvement, or if the symptoms are unusual or severe.

Be it NyQuil or any other medicine, you should take only if its benefits outweigh its risks to your pregnancy. If there is a need to take NyQuil, consult your doctor.

Remember:

  • Do not take NyQuil Severe Cold and Flu during the first trimester as it contains phenylephrine, and could lead to birth defects.
  • Do not take Liquid NyQuil as it contains alcohol.

Cold is annoying, no doubt. But it doesn’t last long. Also, you can try several home remedies which are safe and do not have an adverse effect on your pregnancy. Therefore, try them before you consider any medication.

Did you use NyQuil while pregnant? Let us know your experience in the comments section below.

This post is for informational purposes only and is not a replacement for a doctor’s consultation. Do not use any medication without talking to your doctor.

References:

1. What’s safe to take while pregnant; The Women’s Center at Southwest Health
2. Nyquil™ Hbp Cold & Flu Medicine; Official Vicks website
3. Nyquil™ Severe Cold & Flu Relief Liquid; Official Vicks website
4. Nyquil™ Cough Suppressant; Official Vicks website
5. Acetaminophen; U.S. National Library of Medicine (2017)
6. Dextromethorphan (DXM); University of Maryland
7. Doxylamine; U.S. National Library of Medicine (2018)
8. Phenylephrine; U.S. National Library of Medicine (2018)
9. Alcohol and pregnancy; Better Health Channel

 

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Rebecca Malachi

She is a Biotechnologist with a proficiency in areas of genetics, immunology, microbiology, bio-engineering, chemical engineering, medicine, pharmaceuticals to name a few. Her expertise in these fields has greatly assisted her in writing medical and life science articles. With 8+ years of work experience in writing for health and wellness, she is now a full-time contributor for Momjunction.com. She is passionate about giving research-based information to readers in need. Apart from writing, she is a foodie, loves travel, fond of gospel music and enjoys observing nature in silence. Know more about her at: linkedin.com/in/kothapalli-rebecca-35881628
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