Plant Parts For Kids: Interesting Facts And Functions

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Your kids may love to be around nature most of the time. Exploring the plants, trees, and world around them is exciting for kids. So you may begin to teach plant parts for kids from an early age to make them familiar with these most-loved green beings on the earth. This way, your kids may learn more about the foods that plants offer us and the various things we obtain from plants vital for our survival. In this post, we explain in detail the important parts of a plant in an exciting yet informative manner to educate your kids.

Diagram of plant parts for kids

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Parts Of A Plant For Kids: A Beginner’s Guide

The two main parts of a plant include the root system and the shoot system. The root system consists of roots, root hair, legumes, rhizomes, and tubers. The shoot system is made up of the parts that are above the ground, such as the stem, leaves, flowers, and fruits.

Let us learn about each part in detail.

1. Root

Root diagram, Plant parts for kids

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A vital part of the plant, the root is at the bottom of a plant. It is generally not visible since it is mainly found below the ground. Roots spread out into the soil to absorb nutrients and water, which are then transferred to the other plant parts. Roots also help in keeping the plant steady by securing it firmly to the ground.

Fun fact: In some plants, the roots also store food and nutrients for future use.

2. Stem

Stem diagram, Plant parts for kids

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The stem, a vital component of the shoot system in a plant, is an essential link between the root system and the upper parts of the plant. The stem carries nutrients from the roots to the leaves, which then prepare the plant’s food through photosynthesis. Once the leaves prepare the food, it’s distributed by the stem to all the plant parts.

Fun fact: The stem offers support to the plant body and keeps it from wilting. In some plants, such as the cactus, potato, and onion, the stems store food just like the roots!

3. Leaves

Types of leaves, Plant parts for kids

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Leaves are flat and of different shapes. Leaves are the ‘chefs’ of a plant since they make food for the entire plant.

They capture energy from the sunlight and carbon dioxide from the air and combine them with the water and nutrients that the stem brings to them. Using these ingredients and a substance called ‘chlorophyll,’ which is already present in leaves, they carry out a process called photosynthesis and produce oxygen and glucose. Glucose is distributed by the stem to the other plant parts, and the oxygen is released into the atmosphere.

The ability of plants to trap carbon dioxide and release oxygen into the air makes them immensely beneficial to animals and humans.

Fun fact: Leaves have veins! If you take a close look at a leaf, you’ll notice them. These help with the movement of nutrients and water. Leaves also provide shade to the stems and roots and protect them from excessive sunlight.

4. Flowers

Flowers, Plant parts for kids

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Besides being the most attractive parts of a plant, flowers help in propagation (reproduction of new plants) by producing new seeds. They have ‘male’ and ‘female’ parts called the stamen and pistil (carpel) respectively, located in the center of the flower.

Flowers also have petals, which are the colorful leaves, and the sepal, which provides support to the petals.

Fun Fact: Most flowers have a sweet fragrance and bright petals to attract insects and animals, which serve as pollinators. They help spread the pollen, the fine powder seen in flowers, from one flower to another. This leads to fertilization and results in seeds.

5. Fruit

Fruits, Plant parts for kids

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All flowering plants produce fruits, but not all fruits are edible. Thus, you should educate your child about what they should not eat. The primary function of a fruit is to protect the seed/seeds from drying or being dispersed.

Some fruits are fleshy, while others are hard. And while some fruits have multiple seeds in them, others have just one seed.

Fun Fact: Most fruits are sweet to taste – this is also one of nature’s tricks to attract animals to the fruit. Once an animal or bird eats the fruit, the seed falls to the ground and grows into a plant!

6. Seed

Seed, Plant parts for kids

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The seed is a small hard substance found in a fruit or other parts of a non-flowering plant. Seeds need to get transported for them to germinate and grow into a plant. This process of propagation is carried out by the wind, insects, animals, and birds.

Fun Fact: The coconut is all three – a fruit, a nut, and a seed!

What Are Vegetables?

Vegetables, Plant parts for kids

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Like fruits, vegetables are also the end product of a plant. They are the edible parts of a plant that humans and animals can consume. A vegetable can be any part of a plant, such as the seed, root, stem, leaf, tuber, or even flower.

Fun Fact: Tomatoes are fruits! Until the late 1800s, they were considered vegetables because of the way they are used in cooking.

Xylem And Phloem

Plants have two different types of tissues called xylem and phloem, which serve different purposes. The xylem is responsible for carrying water and nutrients from the roots to the different parts of a plant, while the phloem carries nutrients from the leaves to all parts of the plant.

Just as humans have different body parts for various functions, plants have different parts that serve specific functions. These work together and help the plants flourish.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How do you define a plant for kids?

For kids, plants can be defined as: a living thing that grows on the surface of the earth, has leaves and roots, and produces colorful flowers and fruits.

2. Which part of the plant is a potato?

A potato is the tuber of the potato plant. It is a root vegetable and grows under the soil.

3. What is the most common type of plant?

Phragmites australis, also known as the common reed, is the most common type of plant that can be seen (5).

4. What does a plant need to survive?

Like every other living organism, plants also need air, water, sunlight and minerals from the soil for survival.

You may explain plant parts to kids to improve their knowledge and enhance their love for nature. You may use a photograph or a natural plant to explain its parts and functions. Explain how each part aids the plant’s growth and yields flowers or fruits. You might explain to them the value of plants in air purification and how they benefit humans. Children may be interested in learning about how plants are propagated, such as by stems, roots, or seeds. You might involve them in gardening activities or take them on hikes or treks to learn more about plants.

Infographic: Plants Activities For Children

Plants are the life of our planet, providing oxygen while keeping the Earth clean and green. Since children are the torchbearers of the Earth’s future, they need to know the importance of plants to protect and nurture them. In this infographic, we bring you some interesting plant activity ideas to engage children in a fun learning process.

teach your children about plants [infographic]
Illustration: MomJunction Design Team

Key Pointers

  • The roots keep the plants steady and supported while helping them absorb water and nutrients from the soil.
  • The stem supports the plant body and some store food.
  • Leaves produce oxygen and glucose through a process called photosynthesis.


  1. Anthophyta: More on Morphology; University of California Museum of Paleontology
  2. Non-flowering Plants; North Florida Educational Institute
  3. Germination; Kids Growing Strong
  4. Is a coconut a fruit, nut or seed?; Library of Congress
  5. Phragmites australis (common reed); CABI
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Bharathi V

Bharathi is a content developer and writer with over 20 years of experience in creating original content for e-books, articles, websites, blogs, ads, brochures, company profiles, speeches, business presentations, instructional design and more. She has also edited financial papers and books. She writes kids’ education-based articles for MomJunction. Bharathi is associated with The Hindu group of publications in their STEP program,... more

Beth Sullivan

(M.Ed in Special Education)
Beth Sullivan is an education consultant and president of Deep Roots Learning Solutions, Inc. She specializes in literacy instruction and works primarily with students learning challenges, including dyslexia, ADHD and autism. After working in schools as a special educator for more than 10 years, Beth has shifted her focus to supporting individual students and their families through online tutoring. She... more