30 Best Phonics Games For Kids To Make Reading Easy

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Phonics games for kids help in learning to write and read languages. So, what is phonics? Simply put, phonics is a way to teach children how to read and write. It primarily helps them in listening, understanding, and using different sounds to differentiate one word from another. Consider English as a code. So, understanding how each letter and syllable sounds individually and when combined with others help the children ‘decode’ the words as they read or write.

For instance, the sound for the letter k can be pronounced as /c/, /ch/, /ck/, or /k/. At the same time, the child learns the sound of more letters and makes words from them, say /t/, /p/, /s/, or /a/, to form pat, taps, sat, spat, and more!
Wondering how you can make your children learn phonics? Try some fun phonics games and activities for kids.30 Phonics Games and Activities for Kids

In This Article

30 Best Phonics Games For Kids To Make Reading Easy

1. Pancake flip

If your child is a fan of pancakes, this game may be great for learning phonics! Take brown cardboard and cut it into circles. You can cut eight to 10 circles and write the letters you want to begin with. Give your child a spatula and ask them to flip over each pancake. As they flip, encourage them to pronounce the sound of that letter. That’s it! You can also include more letters.

Age group: 3 to 5 years

2. Mix and match cups

You just need some leftover plastic cups.

Image: IStock

For this phonics game, you just need some leftover plastic cups. Take small bits of paper and use a marker to write letters on the cups. Stick those pieces of paper with letters on the cups. Ask your child to rotate these cups to make different words and read them out loud. This game is particularly useful for consonant-vowel-consonant words or CVC words such as zip, cat, pen, rug.

Age group: 5 to 7 years

protip_icon Quick tip
After starting with consonant-vowel-consonant words, move on to more complex words involving one or more digraphs, such as SHOOT

3. Newspaper hunt

Now, who doesn’t love scavenger hunts? It gives children a burst of enthusiasm and energy to solve the mystery. So, why not channel this energy into learning phonics. Pick out some old newspapers or magazines and ask your child to identify images that begin with a specific sound or letter.

Age group: 4 to 6 years

4. Sound cups

For this simple and easy phonics game activity, all you need are 26 plastic cups. Label each cup with a unique letter, covering all 26. Now, collect a set of small objects or toys and place them in a basket. Ask your child to sort all these objects into respective cups based on the sounds these begin with.

Age group: 4 to 6 years

5. Pick the odd one out

This phonics game requires you to create or download freely available alphabet cards. Each of the cards will have a letter and corresponding objects. Encourage your child to go through each card, identify the sound and circle the image which does not begin with the same sound or is the wrong picture. For instance, for letter b, the three images can be of bear, boat, and dog. Children will mark the picture of the dog that does not belong to the letter b.

Age group: 3 to 5 years

6. Pick an ice cream stick

All you need is a bunch of ice cream sticks with all 26 letters written on one end of the stick. Now, get an empty cup and put all the ends of the stick with letters inside the cup. Encourage the child to pull out each stick and say a word aloud that begins with that sound.

Age group: 3 to 5 years

protip_icon Point to consider
Another variation of this game is to use 3-5 sticks per letter and then draw a little picture on the bottom to assist your child in identifying the sound.

7. Scavenger hunt

For this scavenger hunt, you can make your child get involved in some physical activity when online classes have become a norm. Ask them to pick a letter, identify the sound of the letter, and encourage them to scavenge for all the items in the house that begin with the same sound as the letter.

Age group: 3 to 6 years

Carissa Taylor, a mother and writer, recounts the delightful experience of engaging her nearly 4-year-old daughter in the game to practice phonics. She shares, “Just this morning, I was playing ‘Letter Sound Scavenger Hunt’ with my nearly 4-year-old. I can’t even describe her outbursts of pure glee whenever she picked up an object, said its name, and realized it had the letter sound she was looking for! Especially if she discovered it was tucked away in the middle of the word. Sheer joy (i).”

8. Alphabet ball

This phonics game may get your child moving! If your child loves to play outside, kick and chase balls, then it offers a perfect way to learn phonics. You call out a letter and the child says the word that begins with that letter. If the word is right, you pass on the ball to them, and then the child calls out a letter and you say the word. And, the game continues.

Age group: 3 to 5 years

9. Playdough letters

Using the playdough, kids have to make letters.

Image: IStock

For this engaging activity, you need some colorful play dough. Show your child a flashcard and let them identify the letter given. Now, using the playdough kids have to make that letter. This activity works especially well for kinesthetic learners.

Age group: 3 to 5 years

10. Phonics books

If your child enjoys reading, then straight away dig into phonics books. These books will help them improve reading comprehension. Making reading fun for them can also help your child inculcate good reading habits for life.

Age group: 3 to 6 years

11. Erase the sound

This phonics activity is as simple as it sounds. Draw a fun, creative picture on a whiteboard. For instance, you draw a snowman with a nose and label it with ‘N,’ buttons with ‘B,’ and a hat with ‘H.’ Ask your child to erase a part of the snowman that begins with the letter you call out, say H for a hat. Continue removing or erasing the picture as you explore newer words with your child!

Age group: 3 to 4 years

12. Letter swatting

You just need a few sticky notes and a fly swatter to make this activity work. Write some letters on these sticky notes and stick them on a floor or a table. The rest of the job is for your child. Call out a letter sound and ask your child to swat on the letter that matches the sound.

Age group: 3 to 5 years

protip_icon Quick tip
After your kids have swatted the letter, they can keep the card. The goal should be to gather as many cards as possible. It will help you test your kid’s understanding.

13. Learned Spy

In this classic game, ask your child to spy for words that begin with the sound of the letter you want them to learn. For instance, say, “I spy with my little eye, something beginning with /ck/ or /mm/.” Your child will then say words beginning with that sound.

Age group: 4 to 7 years

14. Letter ping pong

This phonics activity requires some plastic cups and ping pong balls. Firstly, label the cups with different letter combinations or consonant blends such as /ck/, /ch/, /ae/, /ai/, /br/, and more. Arrange these cups on the table in a triangular shape and let your child throw ping pong balls into these cups, one at a time. Each time the ball falls into a cup, your child needs to say a word beginning with that letter sound. For instance, for the sound /br/, they can say break or brown.

Age group: 5 to 7 years

15. Word Walking

This phonics game activity is apt if your child is super energetic and enjoys being outdoors. Just grab the word list your child is learning in school. Now, take a piece of chalk and write these words randomly on the pavement. As you say out the words loudly while articulating the sounds of the given word, your child will go to that specific word. They keep moving and jumping to newer words they learn.

Age group: 4 to 6 years

16. Rolling words

This phonics activity is a twist to the flashcards. You will need a ball and a complete set of alphabet flashcards. Place the cards backward on a table or a floor. Then flip the flashcard and roll the ball towards your child. Your child will then say out the sound of that letter and a word beginning with that sound. Now, they will roll the ball back to you and you will add one more word from that sound and roll over the ball. You can repeat these three to four times for a single letter before switching to the next flashcard

Age group: 4 to 6 years

17. Rainbow hop

Rainbow hope phonics games for kids

Image: IStock

Collect some colorful papers inspired by the shades of a rainbow. Cut these papers into circles and write one letter on each of them. Now, arrange these letters in a rainbow pattern ie., a semi-circle. The child initially stands on circle ‘a’ and rolls the dice. Based on the number, ask them to move the spaces. They can either walk or hop to that letter. Every time they move to a new letter, encourage them to speak out its sound aloud.

Age group: 4 to 7 years

18. Spin and Rhyme

For this activity, you would need a tissue paper roll, hanger, and a marker to begin with. Cut the roll into cylindrical pieces. Now, make two sets of pieces and write combined letters such as ‘an’ or ‘at’ on one piece and consonants such as ‘p,’ ‘f,’ ‘m’, ‘n,’ etc. on the other piece. Add these to the hanger and let them spin. This way children can learn new words as well as they learn phonics!

Age group: 4 to 7 years

19. Flip the Top

Surprisingly for this phonics game, all you need are the lids of some wet wipe packages. Remove the top lids from the packages and stick them on a piece of paper with glue. Now, place an image sticker on each cover and write the first letter of that image under the lid. That’s it! Encourage your child to identify the image on the sticker and guess the first letter of that word. They can then flip the lid to see if they got it right.

Age group: 5 to 7 years

20. Phonics dice

This phonics activity requires dice with letters written on them. In case you don’t have it, fret not! You may use a pair of small wooden blocks. You can write a letter on each side of that block. Then, let your child roll those blocks. Now, whichever letter appears on the block, the child has to mention its sound.

Age group: 5 to 7 years

21. Lock and key

To organize this game, take the keys and label them with the letter sounds of the first half of the word. Then, mark the locks with the letter sounds of the second half of the word. For instance, if you have the word ‘boat,’ the key will have ‘bo,’ and the lock will have ‘at.’ Continue doing this for multiple words. Just say the word loud and let them match the correct key with the lock.

Age group: 5 to 7 years

22. Words on a string

For this phonics activity, you will need an elastic band, a piece of paper, and a marker. Cut the paper in small square bits and write all the 26 letters on it. Now, stick words on the elastic band. You can choose similar word families such as cat, bat, rat, and more. Jumble these up and let the child pick a rubber band. Ask them to stretch the band to be able to see the words properly and say them out aloud.

Age group: 3 to 5 years

23. Twisted hopscotch

Hopscotch has been a cult favorite of many children. So, why not tweak it to make them learn phonics. Draw hopscotch on the ground and write letters or a combination of letters in the boxes. As they hop on the squares, ask them to speak out the letters and one corresponding word.

Age group: 4 to 6 years

24. Matching rhymes

You will need a corkboard, elastic bands, and some pins for this activity. Now, make a list of words on one side of the sheet of paper, and on the other side, list the words that rhyme with those words but in random order. Then, stick these pins to each of these words. Encourage your child to match the rhyming words on each side of the page by putting rubber bands on these pins to connect the right pair.

Age group: 5 to 7 years

25. Letter Races

You would need a magnetic board and magnetic letters for this phonics activity. Set this magnetic board on one side of the wall and then place the magnetic letters in a basket. Now, say a word and ask your child to pick the correct letters and run towards the magnetic board to stick. Isn’t it super fun and simple?

Age group: 3 to 5 years

26. Mystery bag

This is more like a tactile activity with good scope to learn new words. Take a bag and place some random items in that bag. You can place a ball, button, or some toys in the bag. Ask your child to explore and name the items in the bag to identify the “mystery letter”, which is the common starting letter for all the objects. You can make such little bags for a single letter as well as a combination of letters.

Age group: 3 to 5 years

27. Two words

In this activity, kids have to stand up when you say two words with a similar sound as fast as they can and remain seated if you say two words with different sounds. You can play this activity with more than one child to make it more competitive.

Age group: 3 to 5 years

28. Picture taking

Ask them to click pictures of random objects.

Image: IStock

Give your child a camera and ask them to click pictures of random objects. For instance, they can click a picture of an apple or a zip. You can then help them make their own picture book with different letters and phonics. This is also a good activity to try during your family trips and vacations.

Age group: 3 to 7 years

29. Worksheets

You can print online phonics worksheets for your children. These worksheets can help in working independently and encourage your kids to become more confident as they move from reading to writing words. This will also help you take me-time breaks as they indulge in some self-learning fun!

Age group: 3 to 7 years

30. Stomp it out

For this phonics activity, you would need a sheet of foam and a pair of scissors. Now, cut the foam in the shape of a foot and write different letters on each of them. You can also write a combination of letters for older children. Now, say a word out loud and ask your child to stomp on the letters that form the word.

Age group: 3 to 7 years

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is Jolly Phonics?

The program Jolly Phonics is popular for educating students to speak English as their first language. The literature has noted that it has helped expedite reading and writing and is composed of several sequential phases for teaching letter sounds (1). In Jolly Phonics, each of the 42 English letter sounds is introduced together with action, song, and narrative.

2. What are the main advantages and disadvantages of phonics?

The most significant benefit is that phonics may assist all kids in learning to read. Additionally, the child’s ability to decipher words is impacted by phonics expertise. The most significant drawback is that effective phonics education is teacher-dependent and cannot be controlled. An instructor with difficulty grasping pronunciation will find it challenging (2).

3. Are there any online phonics games suitable for kids to play at home?

There are many online phonics games children can enjoy at home. These games strengthen phonics skills through interactive tasks like identifying letters, constructing words, and blending sounds. Platforms such as Phonics Play, Reading Eggs, and Fun Fonix offer various captivating activities to help children practice phonics with fun.

4. What are some common mistakes parents make when using phonics games with their kids?

Having unrealistic expectations for immediate progress, failing to customize games to their child’s needs and abilities, relying solely on technology, and not ensuring the games are captivating and interactive enough to maintain the child’s engagement are common mistakes parents make when using phonic games.

Phonics games for kids help them understand the letters and sounds better and enhance their writing and reading skills. Scavenger hunt, picking the odd one out, alphabet ball, phonic books, etc., are some of the best phonic games for kids. You may use a phonics game in steps like beginning with letter identification games and moving on to the sounds. These games and puzzles help your child master their reading and comprehension skills from a young age, which may contribute to their vocabulary, spelling, and grammar skills later. You may also teach some basic language rules in English since this is not a phonetic language.

Infographic: Advantages Of Phonics Learning For Children

Teaching phonics to children allows them to learn the sound of the letters rather than just knowing the letter. It differs from the traditional approach to learning to read and write. Scroll through this infographic as we present some of the benefits of teaching phonics to children.

how to teah phonics for children (infographic)

Illustration: Momjunction Design Team

Key Pointers

  • Make phonics easier with games such as “Newspaper Hunt” and “Alphabet Ball.”
  • For children who love to read, phonic books are a good option.
  • Add a touch of phonics to regular childhood games such as a scavenger hunt, ping pong, or hopscotch to make it educational.

Incorporate phonics into your ESL lessons with these 6 exciting activities! Transform phonics learning into a delightful experience for your kindergarteners with these engaging and interactive games.

Personal Experience: Source


MomJunction's articles are written after analyzing the research works of expert authors and institutions. Our references consist of resources established by authorities in their respective fields. You can learn more about the authenticity of the information we present in our editorial policy.
  1. Emad Albaaly (2015); A ’Jolly Phonics’-Based Training Program for EFL Teachers of Young Learners
  2. Kelly Waldo (2006); Teaching young children how to read: phonics vs. whole language
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Elisa Yi

Elisa YiEarly childhood educator

Elisa has 17 years of experience in early childhood education as a teacher and a director. With a passion to work with young kids, she did her post graduation in Education and received her online teaching certificate from California State University, East Bay.
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