Postpartum Anemia - 3 Causes, 4 Symptoms & 5 Treatments You Should Be Aware Of

Postpartum Anemia

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Are you tired and struggle to complete your maternal chores? Instead of enjoying the bliss of motherhood are you feeling low or even irritable? Well, if you can relate to the above situations it is time to give postpartum anemia a thought!

Postpartum anemia refers to the chronic iron deficiency in women after delivery. Do you know suffering from fatigue, weakness, and irritability is not normal for new moms? All these may be the warning signs of anemia! Are you aware that anemia after pregnancy, if not treated may lead to long-term health complications for mothers and babies too? Want to know more? Read on! [1]

Causes Of Postpartum Anemia:

Here are some possible causes of postpartum anemia:

1. Prepartum Anemia ( Iron deficiency during pregnancy): Menstruation and pregnancy, together put women at a higher risk of anemia. During pregnancy, a woman’s iron requirement increases threefold to support the growth of the fetal-placental unit and boost the red-cell mass. Approximately 40% women fail to meet the 300mg mark of iron reserves before pregnancy. Almost 25% women in western countries suffer from anemia during pregnancy. [2]

2. It may be due to acute bleeding during delivery. [3]

3. Multiple births may also lead to postpartum anemia.

Symptoms Of Postpartum Anemia:

Postpartum anemia symptoms you should watch out for:

  1. If tiredness is disabling you.
  2. If fatigue lasts for more than six weeks post delivery.
  3. Your irritability is worrying your family members.
  4. If you cannot perform your daily chores.

[ Read: Postnatal Insomnia ]

Side Effects Of Postpartum Anemia:

Anemia postpartum can lead to the following health issues:

  1. It increases the risk of postnatal depression.
  2. It makes you prone to frequent urinary tract infections.
  3. You may suffer from excessive fatigue and exhaustion.
  4. Insufficient milk syndrome during lactation.
  5. It may take a toll on the quality of your breast milk.

[ Read: How To Deal With Postnatal Depression ]

Does Postpartum Anemia In Mothers Adversely Affect The Health Of Infants?

Severe iron deficiency in mothers before and after delivery can be detrimental for babies in the following ways:

  • It can lead to premature birth and also cause low birthweight of babies.
  • It can lead to a transferred incidence of anemia in babies.
  • It can lead to a reduction in the quantity of iron content in the breastmilk.
  • It can increase the risk of neurocognitive dysfunction in infants. Hence, it can also lead to impair the development of learning, memory, and cognitive skills.

Treatment For Postpartum Anemia:

Here are a few measures you can take to keep postpartum anemia at bay.

  1. Make sure you consume an iron-rich diet. Also, add rich sources of Vitamin C, as the essential nutrient boosts the iron absorption in the body.
  2. You can also avoid eating calcium-rich food as it inhibits the absorption of iron.
  3. Consult your doctor and start taking iron supplements.
  4. Your doctor may recommend the administration of intravenous iron.
  5. In an extreme scenario, your doctor may advise blood transfusion.

The form of treatment will differ from patient to patient depending on their iron levels and medical condition.

What Are The Rich Sources Of Iron?

You can add the following foods to your diet to boost your iron levels and add more variety on your plate:

  • Oysters
  • Red meat
  • Liver
  • Turkey
  • Fish
  • Soy products
  • Lentils
  • Tofu
  • Spinach
  • Molasses

Iron-Rich Recipe For New Mums:

Here is a simple and healthy recipe to keep anemia at bay: [4]

You Will Need:

  • 1/2 a cup of Black Sesame Seeds
  • 1/2 a cup of Almonds (sliced)
  • 1/3rd cup of Jaggery (grated)
  • 1 Tsp Ghee

How To:

  1. Roast the sesame seeds and almonds in ghee separately.
  2. Melt the jaggery on a low flame and let it caramelize.
  3. Turn off the heat and add the roasted sesame seeds and almonds into the jaggery syrup.
  4. Grease a plate with ghee.
  5. Pour the mixture on the plate.
  6. Let it cool down and then cut it into square pieces.

Give a healthy twist to your postpartum diet and satisfy your cravings with some iron-rich snacks! You can combine iron-rich food and make some healthy recipes that will tantalize your taste buds too!

[ Read: Post Pregnancy Diet Plan ]

Now you know how to fight anemia and enjoy the company of your precious bundle of joy.

Did you suffer from postpartum anemia? Share with us your mantra to stay iron-fit post delivery.

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