Roseola In Children - Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

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Taking care of a child is no mean feat. You have to look after your kid, feed him, ensure that he is well-behaved, and keep him safe from infections. Sometimes though, despite getting your child vaccinated for most infections, your bundle of joy does contract a disease. And one such infection that affects children is the Roseola Infection. If you are looking for more information about Roseola in children, consider reading our post below. Here, we look at the Roseola infection and how it affects children:

What Is A Roseola Infection?

Roseola is a mild but contagious viral disease. It is caused by two common viruses that belong to the family of Herpes viruses. It is primarily caused by a virus called Human Herpes Virus 6 (HHV-6) and less commonly by Human Herpes Virus 7 (HHV-7).

But, it is noteworthy here that Roseola Viruses do not cause cold sores or genital infections, unlike other Herpes Simplex viruses.

[ Read: Glandular Fever In Children ]

Causes Of Roseola Infection In Children:

Roseola is one of the most common infections in children aged 6-24 months, with the average age around nine months. Older children and teenagers catch this infection less frequently. Unlike some other viral infections, Roseola infection occurs throughout the year without seasonal variation.

Here are some of the ways by which your child can contract the infection:

1. Infected Person:

If your child has come in contact with an infected person, then he is at a higher risk of catching the infection.

2. Body Secretions:

The roseola infection spreads through the tiny droplets of fluid from the nose and throat of an infected person when they laugh, talk, sneeze, or even cough. Also, Roseola in kids might spread from infected people who don’t show symptoms of this disease.

What Is The Incubation Period Of A Roseola Infection?

The incubation period of a Roseola infection between the period of exposure to the virus and onset of symptoms is nine to ten days. Also, humans are the only natural hosts for HHV-6 and HHV-7 that cause this infection.

Symptoms Of Roseola In Children:

Here are some common Roseola symptoms in children:

  1. Fever: If your child is suffering from a Roseola infection, then he will develop a sudden high fever. The fever lasts for about three to four days depending on the severity of the infection. Also, he might develop swollen lymph nodes along with other secondary symptoms viz. a sore throat, running nose and cough.
  1. Rashes: Another significant symptom is the appearance of rashes on the skin surface after the fever subsides. Rashes appear as pink coloured protruded spots on the dermis. They may be flat or might have a white outline around them. Rashes firstly appear on the neck, back and abdominal areas. These rashes can be itchy or non-itchy. The ones that are non-itchy remain visible for a few hours or even for a few days before they finally fade away.

Some of the other important symptoms of Roseola in kids that you should not ignore are:

  • Diarrhoea
  • Swollen Eyelids
  • Decreased Appetite
  • Irritability

[ Read: Skin Rashes In Children ]

Diagnosing Roseola Infection In Children:

Roseola infection is difficult to diagnose. The reason is that the initial signs and symptoms of the infection are similar to those of other common infections and cold. Following are some diagnosis for Roseola infection:

  1. Rashes: If your child has a fever and the diagnosis do not show signs of cold, Throat or Ear infection, or any other flu, then your doctor might want to notice the symptoms of rashes on your child’s skin.
  1. Blood Test: Your health expert might as well ask you to take your child for a blood test, to check for antibodies in the body against Roseola infection.

Treating Roseola Infection In Children:

There is no specific treatment for Roseola infection. However, your health expert might prescribe the following treatment methods:

1. Antiviral Medications:

The doctor will prescribe your child antiviral medicines viz. Ganciclovir (Cytovene) to treat the infection. Such medication is given to children who have a weak immune system. Also, regular antibiotics are not very effective in treating a viral illness like Roseola in child.

2. Medications:

Though, the fever subsides within a short time duration, in a Roseola infection. But, if the fever is too high, then the doctor will suggest you medicines to reduce fever.

When Should You Consult The Doctor?

You should immediately call your child’s health expert if you observe following changes in him:

  1. Seizures: If the temperature of your child has risen astonishingly, then he is at a higher risk of suffering from Seizures. If your child is already showing symptoms of seizures or convulsions, then consider it as an alarming stage and call your doctor without further delay.
  1. Very High Fever: If your child’s temperature refuses to come down even after your best efforts, then take medical help. If the temperature is more than 103 degrees Fahrenheit, then do not ignore it.
  1. Fever Duration: If the fever lasts for more than a week, it is high time you call your health expert or else your child’s case will become complicated.
  1. Persistent Rashes: If the rashes on your child’s body are persistent, then take him to the doctor for further examination.
  1. Weak Immunity: If your child has a weak immunity and he comes in contact with an infected person, it is possible that he might as well catch the infection. So, to rule out any such situation, visit your child’s doctor for a checkup.

While giving medicines to reduce fever during a Roseola infection, be a little cautious. Do not give Aspirin to cure fever. Though, Aspirin is medically approved for children above three years of age, but it sometimes causes Reye’s Syndrome in children that is rare but fatal.

[ Read: Scarlet Fever In Children ]

Did your child catch a Roseola Infection? What medicines did your doctor suggest him? Did his fever subside in a week or you gave him medicines for the same? Please share your story with other mommies and help someone fight against this viral infection. Also, if you found the above post informative, please drop a comment below.

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