Seizures In Teens - 10 Causes, 13 Symptoms & 3 Treatments

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Do you find your teen staring into space for no reason? Does your teen fail to respond to you or your actions? If you nodded along in solemn agreement, it is likely your teen suffers from seizures. But, don’t worry just yet! Read our post to know what a seizure is and how can it affect your child.

What Is A Seizure?

A seizure is a neurological disorder. Teens with the disorder tend to suffer from jerks or muscle twitches. Seizures have three distinct types, namely juvenile myoclonic epilepsy, full-blown convulsive seizure, and staring spells i.e. absence seizures. One among every 14 teens suffers from juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. So it is important to learn more about seizures.

Teenage Epilepsy is a disorder of the central nervous system that causes the sudden loss of consciousness and seizures. It may result in involuntary movements of the limbs such as jerking or thrashing, etc. In general, epileptic seizures occur due to disruption of the electrical activity of the brain due to overactive electrical discharges that cause a temporary communication problem between the nerves.

What Causes Seizures In Teenagers:

There is no specific cause of the occurrence of seizure in teens. However, certain conditions can lead to seizures. Here is the list of health conditions that cause seizures in teens.

  1. A brain injury
  1. An ailment or infection that adversely affects brain development
  1. Lack of oxygen to the brain
  1. Brain strokes or tumors
  1. Alcohol or lead poisoning
  1. Lack of sleep
  1. Stress
  1. Certain medications
  1. Hyperventilation (Breathing too deeply or too fast)
  1. High fever (1)

Symptoms Of Seizures In Teens:

Seizure or juvenile myoclonic epilepsy begins in the adolescence. Its symptoms are quite apparent. Read on to learn about common seizure symptoms in teenagers.

  1. Convulsions
  1. Sudden muscle jerks
  1. Brief blackouts
  1. Sudden falls
  1. Trembling that raises up one side of the teen’s body
  1. Sudden shifts in mood
  1. Unexplained fear or anger
  1. Disturbed speech
  1. Lip smacking
  1. Lack of response to other individuals
  1. Teen utters repeated phrases
  1. Unaware of pain or danger
  1. Clumsy movements (2)

Diagnosing Seizures:

Different types of medical tests help doctors diagnose seizures in teens. However, Electroencephalogram (EEG) is the most effective diagnostic tool for seizures in teens. It records brain waves with the help of a painless test. Neurologists interpret EEG by referring to the pattern of waves and spikes. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and Computer Tomography (CT) are normal for teens suffering from seizures.

Treating Seizures In Teens:

Various treatments are effective in treating teenage seizures. Following the right line of treatment helps minimize your teen’s discomfort to a great extent. Here we list some highly effective treatments to minimize your teen’s discomfort.

1. Medications:

Medication is the most effective remedy for teens suffering from seizures. Depakote (valproic acid) is what doctors usually recommend for juvenile myoclonic epilepsy. It is a broad-spectrum, anti-seizure drug, which helps treat all three types of seizures in teens. Other drugs that help treat seizures are Topamax, Lamictal, and Keppra.

[ Read: Migraine In Teenagers ]

2. Surgery:

When seizure affects a single area of a teen’s brain, surgery is the effective treatment to cure seizure and to stop future seizures. Surgery is most effective when the seizure focus is present in the temporal lobe of the brain.

3. Other Treatments:

When surgery and medicines fail to treat seizures in teens, other treatments help minimize your teen’s discomfort. Vagus nerve stimulation and ketogenic diet great relieve the symptoms of seizures in affected teens. (3)

[ Read: Heartburn In Teens ]

Preventing Seizures In Teens:

There is no known way to prevent seizures in teenagers. However, some right effective medications aid in regulating the seizures in most cases.
Share the information with other mommies. Who knows, your post could help ease a worried mom’s comfort. After all, your child means the world to you. Do you have any experiences to share? Please tell us about them here. Leave a comment below.

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